Jim Toouli

Summary

Affiliation: Flinders University
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis
    J Toouli
    Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 17:S15-39. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Biliary scintigraphy versus sphincter of Oddi manometry in patients with post-cholecystectomy pain: is it time to disregard the scan?
    James Toouli
    Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, South Australia
    Curr Gastroenterol Rep 7:154-9. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Biliary Dyskinesia
    James Toouli
    Professor of Surgery, Flinders University of South Australia, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford, Park, South Australia 5042, Australia
    Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 5:285-291. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Training surgeon scientists
    James Toouli
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 73:630-2. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Management of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency: Australasian Pancreatic Club recommendations
    James Toouli
    Department of Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Med J Aust 193:461-7. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Gallstones
    J Toouli
    Department of Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA
    Med J Aust 169:166-71. 1998
  7. doi request reprint Sphincter of Oddi: Function, dysfunction, and its management
    James Toouli
    Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Bedford Park SA 5042, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 24:S57-62. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Efficacy of a low-pressure laparoscopic adjustable gastric band for morbid obesity: patients at long term in a multidisciplinary center
    Jim Toouli
    Adelaide Bariatric Center and Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 4:S31-8. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Change in liver size and fat content after treatment with Optifast very low calorie diet
    Mark C Lewis
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
    Obes Surg 16:697-701. 2006
  10. doi request reprint Abdominal adiposity and liver fat content 3 and 12 months after gastric banding surgery
    Madeleine L Heath
    Department of Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Bedford Park 5042, South Australia
    Metabolism 58:753-8. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint Guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis
    J Toouli
    Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 17:S15-39. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Biliary scintigraphy versus sphincter of Oddi manometry in patients with post-cholecystectomy pain: is it time to disregard the scan?
    James Toouli
    Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, South Australia
    Curr Gastroenterol Rep 7:154-9. 2005
    ..Consequently, the quest for development of a noninvasive investigation for diagnosis of SO dysfunction continues. In the mean time, improved manometric techniques that enhance reproducibility and reduce complications have been developed...
  3. ncbi request reprint Biliary Dyskinesia
    James Toouli
    Professor of Surgery, Flinders University of South Australia, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford, Park, South Australia 5042, Australia
    Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 5:285-291. 2002
    ..When manometric stenosis is diagnosed, these patients should undergo division of both the biliary and pancreatic duct sphincter. This treatment results in relief of symptoms in more than 80% of patients...
  4. ncbi request reprint Training surgeon scientists
    James Toouli
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 73:630-2. 2003
    ..A significant number of publications have resulted from the College-funded research. At this early stage, the programme for creating surgeon scientists appears to be on track...
  5. ncbi request reprint Management of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency: Australasian Pancreatic Club recommendations
    James Toouli
    Department of Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Med J Aust 193:461-7. 2010
    ..Medium-chain triglycerides do not provide any clear nutritional advantage over long-chain triglycerides, but can be trialled in patients who fail to gain or to maintain adequate bodyweight in order to increase energy intake...
  6. ncbi request reprint Gallstones
    J Toouli
    Department of Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA
    Med J Aust 169:166-71. 1998
    ..Bile duct stones are mostly diagnosed by operative cholangiography at cholecystectomy. Open surgery is used when minimal-access techniques are dangerous, unsuitable or impossible...
  7. doi request reprint Sphincter of Oddi: Function, dysfunction, and its management
    James Toouli
    Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Bedford Park SA 5042, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 24:S57-62. 2009
    ..The most effective treatment once an abnormal basal pressure is identified is division of the sphincter. This is associated with good long-term results...
  8. doi request reprint Efficacy of a low-pressure laparoscopic adjustable gastric band for morbid obesity: patients at long term in a multidisciplinary center
    Jim Toouli
    Adelaide Bariatric Center and Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 4:S31-8. 2008
    ..The current study sought to determine the long-term safety and efficacy of a low-pressure LAGB...
  9. ncbi request reprint Change in liver size and fat content after treatment with Optifast very low calorie diet
    Mark C Lewis
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
    Obes Surg 16:697-701. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the effects of 6 weeks Optifast VLCD on liver volume and fat content...
  10. doi request reprint Abdominal adiposity and liver fat content 3 and 12 months after gastric banding surgery
    Madeleine L Heath
    Department of Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Bedford Park 5042, South Australia
    Metabolism 58:753-8. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Effects of diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin on motor function of the duodenum and biliary system in the Australian brush-tailed possum in vivo
    H Konomi
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 296:1067-73. 2001
    ..DCLHb-induced changes were not evident in the presence of L-NAME. These findings suggest that DCLHb affects duodenal and trans-sphincteric flow predominantly by NO scavenging...
  12. pmc Evaluation of the Swedish adjustable gastric band VC (SAGB-VC) in an Australian population: early results
    Jennifer B Keogh
    The Australian Institute of Weight Control, Adelaide, Australia
    Can J Surg 56:15-20. 2013
    ..The Swedish adjustable gastric band VC (SAGB-VC) has been in use in Australia since 2007. We evaluated its efficacy and safety...
  13. ncbi request reprint The early effects of weight loss surgery on regional adiposity
    Madeleine L Phillips
    Department of Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, South Australia
    Obes Surg 15:1449-55. 2005
    ..Because the rate of weight loss is greatest in the first 3 months after LAGB, we investigated the impact of LAGB on changes in regional lipid deposition and insulin sensitivity over this period...
  14. ncbi request reprint Exogenous adenosine triphosphate and adenosine stimulate proximal sphincter of oddi motility via neural mechanisms in the anesthetized Australian possum
    C M Woods
    Pancreatobiliary Research Group, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia
    Dig Dis Sci 51:1347-56. 2006
    ..Adenosine triphosphate may further modulate sphincter motility via nicotinic and nitrergic pathways...
  15. ncbi request reprint Scorpion venom stimulates biliary/duodenal motility and pancreatic exocrine secretion
    J W C Chen
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Pancreatobiliary Research Group, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 16:447-54. 2004
    ..These changes may contribute to gastrointestinal symptoms associated with early phases of envenomation...
  16. ncbi request reprint Endothelin-1 stimulates sphincter of Oddi motility and decreases trans-sphincteric flow: a possible mechanism contributes to cholestasis in disease states
    J W C Chen
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Digestive Sciences, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 15:393-400. 2003
    ..001). In vitro studies showed a significant increase in mean SO motility index, and frequency of contractions at higher ET-1 concentrations (10-9-10-7 mol L-1). ET-1 is a potent stimulator of SO motility resulting in a reduction in TSF...
  17. pmc A2A and A3 receptors mediate the adenosine-induced relaxation in spontaneously active possum duodenum in vitro
    C M Woods
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University of South Australia, PO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, Australia
    Br J Pharmacol 138:1333-9. 2003
    ..5. In conclusion, exogenous adenosine reduced duodenal longitudinal motor activity via A(2A) and A(3) receptors. Our findings suggest that endogenous purines may modulate spontaneous duodenal motor activity...
  18. ncbi request reprint Exogenous purines induce differential responses in the proximal and distal regions of the possum sphincter of Oddi
    C M Woods
    Pancreatobiliary Research Group, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia
    Auton Autacoid Pharmacol 27:27-38. 2007
    ..7. Exogenous purines modulate SO motility, acting primarily in the proximal region of the SO, via neural and non-neural mechanisms and multiple purine receptor subtypes...
  19. ncbi request reprint Relative effects of dihydropyridine L-type calcium channel antagonism on biliary, duodenal, and vascular tissues: an in vivo and in vitro analysis in Australian brush-tailed possum
    A G Craig
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University, Bedford Park, South Australia
    Dig Dis Sci 47:2029-36. 2002
    ..In conclusion, in the possum we found that L-type channel antagonism in vivo was more potent to the vasculature than the sphincter of Oddi but this was not confirmed in vitro...
  20. ncbi request reprint Endothelin-1 induces contraction of human and Australian possum gallbladder in vitro
    B O Al-Jiffry
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Digestive Science and Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University of South Australia, PO Box 2100, SA 5001, Adelaide, Australia
    Regul Pept 102:31-9. 2001
    ..Endothelin-1 (ET-1) stimulates guinea pig gallbladder (GB) muscle strip contractility; however, the role and source of ET-1 in the GB remains to be elucidated...
  21. ncbi request reprint Development of a sleeve sensor for measurement of sphincter of Oddi motility
    A G Craig
    Dept of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia 5042
    Endoscopy 33:651-7. 2001
    ..The sleeve sensor is a perfused channel which records the highest pressure point along its length. The aim of the study was to develop and evaluate a prototype sleeve sensor for SO manometry...
  22. pmc Inhibitory motor innervation of the gall bladder musculature by intrinsic neurones containing nitric oxide in the Australian brush-tailed possum (Trichosurus vulpecula)
    A C Meedeniya
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Digestive Health and Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University of South Australia, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia
    Gut 49:692-8. 2001
    ..Data are available on the neurochemical composition of intrinsic and extrinsic nerves innervating the gall bladder but are lacking on specific functional classes of gall bladder neurones...
  23. ncbi request reprint Secretin induces variable inhibition of motility in different parts of the Australian possum sphincter of Oddi
    B O Al-Jiffry
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 13:449-55. 2001
    ..TTX enhanced the secretin-induced response to the same level at the four sites (P < 0.02). We conclude that secretin inhibits the motility of the possum SO in a nonuniform manner and is modulated by neural activity...
  24. ncbi request reprint Sphincter of Oddi function and dysfunction
    J Toouli
    Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia
    Can J Gastroenterol 14:411-9. 2000
    ..Division of the sphincter is an effective treatment for patients with manometrically proven SO stenosis for either the biliary or pancreatic form of the disorder. Other forms of SO dysfunction may benefit from pharmacotherapy...
  25. ncbi request reprint Effects of acute pancreatic duct obstruction on pancreatic perfusion: implication of acute pancreatic duct decompression
    C X Shi
    Dept of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, Australia
    Scand J Gastroenterol 37:1328-33. 2002
    ..In this study, we determined if (1) PD obstruction altered PP and (2) PD decompression or L-arginine administration reversed this change...
  26. ncbi request reprint Distribution of nitric oxide synthase and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide immunoreactivity in the sphincter of Oddi and duodenum of the possum
    M E Simula
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Center, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia
    Cell Tissue Res 304:31-41. 2001
    ..Thus, the possum possesses an extensive NOS innervation of the SO and duodenum, with a significantly higher proportion of NOS-IR neurons within the SO, a subset of which contains VIP...
  27. ncbi request reprint Selective iNOS inhibition enhances spontaneous gallbladder motility in the Australian possum
    C M Woods
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 19:497-503. 2007
    ..AR-C may be a beneficial treatment for patients suffering from acute cholecystitis...
  28. ncbi request reprint Induction of duodenal motility activates the sphincter of Oddi (SO)-duodenal reflex in the Australian possum in vitro
    H Konomi
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Digestive Sciences and the Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, PO Box 2100, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia
    Auton Autacoid Pharmacol 22:109-17. 2002
    ..These findings support the role for the SO-duodenal reflex in preventing duodenobiliary/pancreatic reflux during periods of elevated duodenal activity...
  29. ncbi request reprint Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction associated with choledochal cyst
    A G Craig
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Center, Adelaide, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 16:230-4. 2001
    ..This report suggests an association between the choledochal cyst and sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, and may suggest that SO dysfunction plays a role in choledochal cyst formation...
  30. ncbi request reprint Endogenous endothelin increases gallbladder tone and leads to acute cholecystitis in the Australian possum
    B O Al-Jiffry
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Center for Digestive Science, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 16:125-33. 2004
    ..This increase was reduced by tezosentan treatment. Gallbladder endothelin production is an early event in acute cholecystitis, increases gallbladder tone and plays a crucial role in the inflammatory process...
  31. pmc Scintigraphy versus manometry in patients with suspected biliary sphincter of Oddi dysfunction
    A G Craig
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University, South Australia, Australia
    Gut 52:352-7. 2003
    ..Non-invasive scintigraphy in cholecystectomised patients using a complex scoring system or the transit time from the hepatic hilum to the duodenum (HDTT) have been promoted as sensitive and specific alternatives...
  32. ncbi request reprint Characterization of the intrinsic and extrinsic innervation of the gall bladder epithelium in the Australian Brush-tailed possum (Trichosurus vulpecula)
    A C B Meedeniya
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 15:383-92. 2003
    ..Some of the NOS-immunoreactive neurones of the subepithelial plexus also contained VIP and/or SP. Gall bladder subepithelial plexus neurones, containing NOS and/or VIP/SP, innervate the epithelium, as do extrinsic neurones...
  33. ncbi request reprint Acalculous biliary pain: cholecystectomy alleviates symptoms in patients with abnormal cholescintigraphy
    L Yap
    Department of Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia
    Gastroenterology 101:786-93. 1991
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint A simple scoring system for predicting bile duct stones in patients with cholelithiasis
    H M Soltan
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia
    J Gastrointest Surg 5:434-7. 2001
    ..The use of such a score may allow the development of preoperative strategies for treating patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
  35. ncbi request reprint Common duct exploration or endoscopic sphincterotomy for choledocholithiasis?
    C S Worthley
    Department of Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia
    Aust N Z J Surg 59:209-15. 1989
    ..In elderly patients with an intact GB, the bile-duct stones can be treated by ES; whether subsequent cholecystectomy is necessary should be assessed on the likelihood of future GB complications...
  36. ncbi request reprint Sphincter of Oddi function in the Australian brush-tailed possum is inhibited by intragastric ethanol
    Y Sonoda
    Pancreatobiliary Research Group, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 19:401-10. 2007
    ..We conclude that ethanol (and/or its metabolites) reduces TSF via humoral and neural mechanisms involving vagal pathways, muscarinic receptors and nitric oxide. Reduced TSF could contribute to the onset of AP...
  37. ncbi request reprint The sphincter of Oddi: understanding its control and function
    C M Woods
    Pancreatobiliary Research Group, Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 17:31-40. 2005
    ..This review summarizes the current knowledge regarding the control and regulation of SO motility, highlighting laboratory based and clinical research performed over the last 5 years...
  38. doi request reprint A novel preparation to study rat pancreatic spinal and vagal mechanosensitive afferents in vitro
    A C Schloithe
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 20:1060-9. 2008
    ..Chemosensitive spinal afferent nerve endings are present in the pancreas and respond to a variety of inflammatory and physiological mediators...
  39. ncbi request reprint Endoscopic decompression for acute cholangitis due to stones
    C S Worthley
    Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia
    Aust N Z J Surg 60:355-9. 1990
    ..This stabilizes the patient's general condition and facilitates subsequent open surgery when required...
  40. ncbi request reprint Pancreatobiliary afferent recordings in the anaesthetised Australian possum
    A C Schloithe
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, and Department Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, S A, 5042, Australia
    Auton Neurosci 126:292-8. 2006
    ..We conclude that mechanosensitive afferents in the pancreatobiliary system are relatively rare, particularly within the ducts, and/or that they are adapted to monitor stimuli other than luminal distension...
  41. doi request reprint Treatment of common bile duct stones discovered during cholecystectomy
    Edward H Phillips
    Department of Surgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8635 W Third St, Suite 795W, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA
    J Gastrointest Surg 12:624-8. 2008
    ..With all these options available, very few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been undertaken. This review analyzes those studies...
  42. doi request reprint The tripeptide analog feG ameliorates severity of acute pancreatitis in a caerulein mouse model
    Yusnita Rifai
    Dept of Surgery, Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
    Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 294:G1094-9. 2008
    ..We conclude that feG ameliorates experimental AP acting at least in part by modulating ICAM-1 expression in the pancreas...
  43. doi request reprint Long-term efficacy of a low-pressure adjustable gastric band in the treatment of morbid obesity
    Mohamed Anwar
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Center and Adelaide Bariatric Center, South Australia, Australia
    Ann Surg 247:771-8. 2008
    ..To determine the long-term efficacy and safety of a low-pressure adjustable gastric band in the treatment for morbid obesity and to detect whether age, gender, or preoperative body mass index (BMI) has an impact on the outcome...
  44. ncbi request reprint Functional gallbladder and sphincter of oddi disorders
    Jose Behar
    Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    Gastroenterology 130:1498-509. 2006
    ..The committee recommends that division of the biliary or pancreatic sphincters only be considered when the patient has severe symptoms, meets the required criteria, and other diagnoses are excluded...
  45. ncbi request reprint Effects of bioactive agents on biliary motor function
    Charmaine M Woods
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia 5042
    Curr Gastroenterol Rep 5:154-9. 2003
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Changes in gallbladder motility and gallstone formation following laparoscopic gastric banding for morbid obestity
    Bilal O Al-Jiffry
    Departmentof General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Can J Gastroenterol 17:169-74. 2003
    ..Morbid obesity is associated with cholesterol gallstone formation, a risk compounded by rapid weight loss. Laparoscopic gastric banding allows for a measured rate of weight loss, but the subsequent risk for developing gallstones is unknown...
  47. ncbi request reprint Endothelin-3 induces both human and opossum gallbladder contraction mediated mainly by endothelin-B receptor subtype in vitro
    Bilal O Al-Jiffry
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Digestive Science, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 17:324-31. 2002
    ..Endothelins are produced by gallbladder epithelial cells, suggesting a role in the regulation of gallbladder function...
  48. ncbi request reprint Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction: is there a role for medical therapy?
    Alexander Craig
    Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, Department of Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Adelaide, South Australia, 5042, Australia
    Curr Gastroenterol Rep 4:172-6. 2002
    ..The main drawback is that no drugs appear to be specific for the SO, long acting, and free of side effects...
  49. ncbi request reprint Increased gallbladder trypsin in acute cholecystitis indicates functional disorder in the sphincter of oddi and could make EPT a logical procedure
    James Toouli
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 13:314. 2003
  50. ncbi request reprint Surgical management of obesity using a soft adjustable gastric band
    Justin Greenslade
    Department of Surgery, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 74:195-9. 2004
    ..Laparoscopically inserted adjustable gastric bands are an effective means of weight reduction for obese patients...
  51. pmc The possum sphincter of Oddi pumps or resists flow depending on common bile duct pressure: a multilumen manometry study
    Marlene B Grivell
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Digestive Sciences, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders Drive, Bedford Park, South Australia 5042, Australia
    J Physiol 558:611-22. 2004
    ..The pump function promotes TSF at low CBD pressure and prevents bile stasis. At higher CBD pressure, the papilla-SO permits TSF along a pressure gradient, thereby maintaining a low pressure within the biliary tract...
  52. ncbi request reprint Second-generation recombinant hemoglobin molecules do not stimulate sphincter of Oddi, gallbladder or duodenal motility in the Australian brush-tailed possum
    Shunichi Takahata
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Neuroscience and the Centre for Digestive Science, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
    Can J Gastroenterol 18:441-8. 2004
    ..Recently, second-generation recombinant hemoglobin molecules with reduced NO scavenging ability have been developed...
  53. ncbi request reprint Endothelins induce gallbladder contraction independent of elevated blood pressure in vivo in the Australian possum
    Bilal O Al-Jiffry
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Centre for Digestive Health, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    J Gastrointest Surg 6:699-705. 2002
    ..05). Endothelins increase gallbladder motility in vivo, acting directly on the smooth muscle and independent of changes in blood pressure...
  54. ncbi request reprint Being CLEAR: evaluation of a module to teach critical appraisal to surgeons
    James Toouli
    Department of Surgery, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 74:69-70. 2004
    ..This paper describes briefly the way in which the module was developed and presents results of participant evaluation of the mature product, which indicate a high level of satisfaction...
  55. ncbi request reprint Characterization of circular muscle motor neurons of the duodenum and distal colon in the Australian brush-tailed possum
    Hiroyuki Konomi
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery and the Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia
    J Comp Neurol 443:15-26. 2002
    ..These two classes may underlie nonperistaltic motor patterns, which predominate within the duodenum. These findings demonstrate regional differences in the innervation of intestinal circular muscle...
  56. ncbi request reprint Highly selective inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase ameliorates experimental acute pancreatitis
    Per Sandstrom
    Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, University Hospital of Linkoping, Linkoping, Sweden
    Pancreas 30:e10-5. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment with the selective iNOS inhibitors AR-C (AR-C102222AA) and L-NIL (L-N6-(1-iminoethyl)-lysine) in experimental acute pancreatitis...
  57. doi request reprint Galanin in the regulation of pancreatic vascular perfusion
    Mark E Brooke-Smith
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia
    Pancreas 36:267-73. 2008
    ..Acute pancreatitis is associated with compromised pancreatic microcirculation. Galanin is a vasoactive neuropeptide, but its role in the regulation of pancreatic vascular perfusion (PVP) is unclear...