Fernando Chaves

Summary

Country: Spain

Publications

  1. pmc Nosocomial spread of a Staphylococcus hominis subsp. novobiosepticus strain causing sepsis in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Fernando Chaves
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 43:4877-9. 2005
  2. pmc False-positive PCR detection of Tropheryma whipplei in cerebrospinal fluid and biopsy samples from a child with chronic lymphocytic meningitis
    Daniel Goyo
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, Madrid 28041, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 47:3783-4. 2009
  3. pmc Meningitis due to mixed infection with penicillin-resistant and penicillin-susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Fernando Chaves
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 41:512-3. 2003
  4. pmc Molecular characterization of resistance to mupirocin in methicillin-susceptible and -resistant isolates of Staphylococcus aureus from nasal samples
    Fernando Chaves
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, 28041 Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 42:822-4. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and clonality of methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus causing bacteremia in a tertiary-care hospital in Spain
    Fernando Chaves
    The authors are from Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:150-6. 2005
  6. pmc VIM-2-producing multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ST175 clone, Spain
    Esther Viedma
    Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:1235-41. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Relationship between agr dysfunction and reduced vancomycin susceptibility in methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus causing bacteraemia
    Esther Viedma
    Microbiology Department, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
    J Antimicrob Chemother 69:51-8. 2014
  8. doi request reprint Long-term evolution of multiple outbreaks of Serratia marcescens bacteremia in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Jennifer Villa
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:1298-300. 2012
  9. pmc Clinical and molecular characteristics of infections with CO2-dependent small-colony variants of Staphylococcus aureus
    Carmen Gomez-Gonzalez
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, Madrid 28041, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2878-84. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Nosocomial spread of linezolid-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus infections in an intensive care unit
    Almudena Rodríguez-Aranda
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 63:398-402. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. pmc Nosocomial spread of a Staphylococcus hominis subsp. novobiosepticus strain causing sepsis in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Fernando Chaves
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 43:4877-9. 2005
    ..All isolates from neonates had an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern. Our data support SHN as an important nosocomial pathogen in neonates...
  2. pmc False-positive PCR detection of Tropheryma whipplei in cerebrospinal fluid and biopsy samples from a child with chronic lymphocytic meningitis
    Daniel Goyo
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, Madrid 28041, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 47:3783-4. 2009
    ..PCR targeting another specific sequence of Tropheryma whipplei and sequencing of the initially amplified 16S rRNA fragment did not confirm the results...
  3. pmc Meningitis due to mixed infection with penicillin-resistant and penicillin-susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Fernando Chaves
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 41:512-3. 2003
    ..pneumoniae: one penicillin-resistant strain of serotype 9V and one penicillin-susceptible strain of serotype 7. The two strains exhibited different pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles...
  4. pmc Molecular characterization of resistance to mupirocin in methicillin-susceptible and -resistant isolates of Staphylococcus aureus from nasal samples
    Fernando Chaves
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, 28041 Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 42:822-4. 2004
    ..A total of 14 (93%) isolates exhibiting high-level Mup(r) belonged to a single clone. Horizontal plasmid transfer and transmission of Mup(r) strains contribute to a high incidence of Mup(r) MRSA at our institution...
  5. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and clonality of methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus causing bacteremia in a tertiary-care hospital in Spain
    Fernando Chaves
    The authors are from Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:150-6. 2005
    ..aureus isolates, as determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and antimicrobial resistance patterns...
  6. pmc VIM-2-producing multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ST175 clone, Spain
    Esther Viedma
    Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:1235-41. 2012
    ..ST175 isolates were susceptible to only amikacin (75%) and colistin (100%). Emergence of the ST175 clone represents a major health problem because it compromises therapy for treatment of P. aeruginosa nosocomial infections...
  7. doi request reprint Relationship between agr dysfunction and reduced vancomycin susceptibility in methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus causing bacteraemia
    Esther Viedma
    Microbiology Department, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
    J Antimicrob Chemother 69:51-8. 2014
    ..This study investigated the clinical and molecular epidemiology of MSSA causing bacteraemia, with emphasis on the reduced susceptibility to vancomycin (RSV) phenotype (MIC ≥ 1.5 mg/L) and its relationship with agr dysfunction...
  8. doi request reprint Long-term evolution of multiple outbreaks of Serratia marcescens bacteremia in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Jennifer Villa
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:1298-300. 2012
    ..2% of cases. Given that these infections are potentially preventable, even the appearance of 1 case of bacteremia should be an indicator for outbreak management...
  9. pmc Clinical and molecular characteristics of infections with CO2-dependent small-colony variants of Staphylococcus aureus
    Carmen Gomez-Gonzalez
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, Madrid 28041, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2878-84. 2010
    ..Further studies are necessary to determine the incidence of CO(2) auxotrophs of S. aureus, the factors that select these strains in the host, and the genetic basis of this type of auxotrophy...
  10. doi request reprint Nosocomial spread of linezolid-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus infections in an intensive care unit
    Almudena Rodríguez-Aranda
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 63:398-402. 2009
    ..All linezolid-resistant isolates had the same G2576T mutation in at least 1 copy of the 23S rRNA gene...
  11. doi request reprint Staphylococcus aureus abscesses: methicillin-resistance or Panton-Valentine leukocidin presence?
    Marta Barrios López
    Department of Paediatrics, Hospital Universitario12 de Octubre de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Arch Dis Child 98:608-10. 2013
    ....
  12. pmc Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Harboring OXA-24 carbapenemase, Spain
    Joshi Acosta
    Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1064-7. 2011
    ..This strain spread rapidly and caused a large outbreak in the hospital. Clinicians should be alert for this strain because its spread would have serious health consequences...
  13. pmc High vancomycin MIC and complicated methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia
    Jose Maria Aguado
    University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1099-102. 2011
    ..High vancomycin MIC (>1.5 ug/mL) was the only independent risk factor for development of complicated bacteremia caused by methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (odds ratio 22.9, 95% confidence interval 6.7-78.1)...
  14. pmc Long persistence of methicillin-susceptible strains of Staphylococcus aureus causing sepsis in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Carmen Gomez-Gonzalez
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, Madrid 28041, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 45:2301-4. 2007
    ..Some clones persisted or reappeared throughout the study. Three bacteremic clones were found colonizing health care workers (HCWs), particularly clone C, which was harbored by at least 15% of HCWs...
  15. doi request reprint Community-associated Staphylococcus aureus infections in children
    Pablo Rojo
    Department of Pediatrics, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 8:541-54. 2010
    ..In cases of severe infection, a combination of antibiotics, including at least one molecule active against protein synthesis such as clindamycin or linezolid, will be needed...
  16. doi request reprint [Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in medical students: importance in nosocomial transmission]
    Sara López-Aguilera
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Espana
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 31:500-5. 2013
    ..The aims of the study were to determine the rate of nasal carriage of S.aureus susceptible and resistant to methicillin (MRSA) and evaluate the knowledge and adherence that students had about hand hygiene...
  17. ncbi request reprint [Emergence of a single clone of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in southern Madrid children]
    Amparo Broseta
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 24:31-5. 2006
    ..The possibility of some of them being community-acquired focused particularly our attention...
  18. doi request reprint Clinical significance of Candida colonization of intravascular catheters in the absence of documented candidemia
    Francisco López-Medrano
    Unit of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación Hospital 12 de Octubre I 12, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 73:157-61. 2012
    ..The risk of invasive disease in patients with isolated IVC colonization by Candida seems to be low. Nevertheless, the initiation of systemic antifungal therapy should be carefully considered in such context...
  19. pmc Bacteremia due to clonally derived methicillin-resistant, gentamicin-susceptible isolates and methicillin-susceptible, gentamicin-resistant isolates of Staphylococcus aureus
    Maria Daskalaki
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, Madrid 28041, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 45:3446-8. 2007
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint [Failure of levofloxacin therapy in two cases of community-acquired pneumonia caused by fluoroquinolone-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae and complicated with empyema]
    Ana Belén Carlavilla
    Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 23:270-3. 2005
    ..Patients with CAP who have received quinolones in the weeks before the development of pneumonia should not been treated empirically with these antibiotics because of the risk of resistance development...
  21. pmc Conjunctivitis with regional lymphadenopathy in a trainee microbiologist
    Adela Alcolea
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Unit, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Av Cordoba s n 28041, Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 47:3043-4. 2009
    ..The resident strain was analyzed by DNA fingerprinting, and an identical pattern was found in an isolate from sputum handled by the resident. After 6 months of treatment, the patient was cured...
  22. doi request reprint Multiclonal spread of VIM-1-producing Enterobacter cloacae isolates associated with In624 and In488 integrons located in an IncHI2 plasmid
    Jennifer Villa
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, Madrid 28041, Spain
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 43:451-5. 2014
    ..These results have implications for infection control programmes in the hospital...
  23. pmc Molecular characterization of Achromobacter isolates from cystic fibrosis and non-cystic fibrosis patients in Madrid, Spain
    Laura Barrado
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 51:1927-30. 2013
    ..Achromobacter xylosoxidans was the most frequently isolated species among CF patients...
  24. doi request reprint Clonal diversity among Burkholderia cepacia complex isolates from cystic fibrosis patients in a reference unit
    Laura Barrado
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 31:665-8. 2013
    ..The epidemiology of Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) in cystic fibrosis (CF) is not widely known...
  25. doi request reprint Endoluminal colonization as a risk factor for coagulase-negative staphylococcal catheter-related bloodstream infections in haemodialysis patients
    Almudena Rodríguez-Aranda
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida de Cordoba sn, Madrid 28041, Spain
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 26:948-55. 2011
    ..Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) are a major risk in this population. The objective of our study was to determine whether endoluminal catheter colonization (ECC) predicts CRBSI...
  26. pmc Safety and efficacy of moxifloxacin monotherapy for treatment of orthopedic implant-related staphylococcal infections
    Rafael San Juan
    Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Carretera de Andalucia Km 5 4, Madrid 28041, Spain
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:5161-6. 2010
    ..Comparative studies with rifampin-containing regimens are warranted...
  27. ncbi request reprint Protean manifestations of pleural empyema caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in adults
    María José Fernández-Cotarelo
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Avda, de Córdoba s n, 28041 Madrid, Spain
    Eur J Intern Med 18:141-5. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of pleural empyema caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae...
  28. pmc Draft Whole-Genome Sequence of OXA-48-Producing Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae KP_ST11_OXA-48
    Jennifer Villa
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Genome Announc 2:. 2014
    ..Sequence analysis showed 121 genes related to antibiotic and antiseptic resistance, including blaOXA-48, which was located in an IncL/M plasmid. ..
  29. doi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a hospital in Madrid: Successful establishment of an OXA-48 ST11 clone
    Patricia Brañas
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 46:111-6. 2015
    ....
  30. pmc Nosocomial spread of colistin-only-sensitive sequence type 235 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates producing the extended-spectrum beta-lactamases GES-1 and GES-5 in Spain
    Esther Viedma
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:4930-3. 2009
    ..This work is the first to describe GES enzymes in Spain and adds them to the growing list of beta-lactamases of concern (PER, VIM, and OXA) detected in ST235 clone isolates...
  31. doi request reprint Usefulness of endoluminal catheter colonization surveillance cultures to reduce catheter-related bloodstream infections in hemodialysis
    Patricia Brañas
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Am J Infect Control 42:1182-7. 2014
    ..To evaluate the use of surveillance cultures (SCs) to prevent catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in asymptomatic hemodialysis (HD) patients...
  32. ncbi request reprint [Molecular epidemiology of Listeria monocytogenes infections in a health district of Madrid in a 3-year period (2001-2003)]
    Mónica García-Álvarez
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Espana
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 24:86-9. 2006
    ..The objectives of this study were to review the clinical characteristics of the cases diagnosed from 2001 to 2003 and to investigate clonal relationships among the clinical isolates of Listeria monocytogenes...
  33. ncbi request reprint Staphylococcus aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis: description of two distinct acquisition pathways with different potential preventive approaches
    Rafael San Juan
    Unit of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:670-6. 2007
    ..Determining the acquisition routes of infection is crucial to designing specific preventive approaches against Staphylococcus aureus poststernotomy mediastinitis...
  34. doi request reprint Comparative activities of daptomycin and several agents against staphylococcal blood isolates. Glycopeptide tolerance
    Juan J Picazo
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 70:373-9. 2011
    ..Vancomycin MICs by the Etest were slightly higher than those obtained by broth microdilution. Daptomycin retained activity against isolates that were not susceptible to linezolid, teicoplanin, or quinupristin-dalfopristin...
  35. pmc New real-time PCR able to detect in a single tube multiple rifampin resistance mutations and high-level isoniazid resistance mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    Dario Garcia de Viedma
    Servicio de Microbiologia y Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Gregorio Maranon, Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 40:988-95. 2002
    ..Our design could be a model for new, rapid genotypic methods able to simultaneously detect a wide variety of antibiotic resistance mutations...
  36. doi request reprint [Molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae infection/colonisation in a hospital in Madrid]
    Patricia Brañas
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España Electronic address
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin . 2016
    ..A description is presented on the molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae infection in a tertiary hospital...
  37. pmc Comparison of local features from two Spanish hospitals reveals common and specific traits at multiple levels of the molecular epidemiology of metallo-β-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas spp
    Esther Viedma
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 58:2454-8. 2014
    ..Therefore, despite the global trends driving the epidemiology of MBL-producing Pseudomonas spp., the presence of local features has to be considered in order to understand this threat and implement proper control strategies. ..
  38. doi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus meningitis in adults: a multicenter study of 86 cases
    Vicente Pintado
    Infectious Diseases Service VP, RP, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
    Medicine (Baltimore) 91:10-7. 2012
    ..MRSA meningitis is associated with a high mortality, and the presence of spontaneous infection and coma are the most important prognostic factors...
  39. doi request reprint Chlorhexidine and mupirocin susceptibilities in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from bacteraemia and nasal colonisation
    Irene Muñoz-Gallego
    Servicio de Microbiologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
    J Glob Antimicrob Resist 4:65-9. 2016
    ..1%) belonged to ST125 clone. These results suggest that chlorhexidine has a higher potential to prevent infections caused by MRSA. In contrast, mupirocin treatment should be used cautiously to avoid the spread of HLMR MRSA. ..
  40. doi request reprint Streptococcus bovis bacteraemia revisited: clinical and microbiological correlates in a contemporary series of 59 patients
    Mario Fernández-Ruiz
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Avda de Cordoba s n, Madrid, Spain
    J Infect 61:307-13. 2010
    ..To characterise the clinical features, associations and outcome in a contemporary series of patients with Streptococcus bovis bacteraemia (SBB)...
  41. pmc Decreased tuberculosis incidence and declining clustered case rates, Madrid
    Jesús Iñigo
    Consejería de Sanidad Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1641-3. 2008
    ..9% immigrants). Case rates decreased in association with declining clustered case rates among Spanish-born persons. New strains were introduced through immigration...
  42. ncbi request reprint [Impact of a non-compulsory antibiotic control program (PACTA): cost reductions and decreases in some nosocomial infections]
    Francisco López-Medrano
    Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Espana
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 23:186-90. 2005
    ..We present the results of a non-compulsory program for the assessment and control of antibiotic treatment in the University Hospital 12 de Octubre in Madrid...
  43. pmc Horizontal transfer of the OXA-24 carbapenemase gene via outer membrane vesicles: a new mechanism of dissemination of carbapenem resistance genes in Acinetobacter baumannii
    Carlos Rumbo
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario La Coruna, 15006 La Coruna, Spain
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 55:3084-90. 2011
    ..baumannii may release OMVs as a mechanism of horizontal gene transfer whereby carbapenem resistance genes are delivered to surrounding A. baumannii bacterial isolates...
  44. ncbi request reprint [Necrotizing pneumonia due to community-acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a pediatric patient]
    Marta Barrios
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 26:398-9. 2008
  45. pmc Analysis of changes in recent tuberculosis transmission patterns after a sharp increase in immigration
    Jesús Iñigo
    Consejeria de Sanidad y Consumo, Comunidad de Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 45:63-9. 2007
    ....
  46. pmc Population genetics study of isoniazid resistance mutations and evolution of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    Manzour Hernando Hazbón
    Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:2640-9. 2006
    ..Our results suggest that isoniazid resistance and the evolution of multidrug-resistant strains are complex dynamic processes that may be influenced by interactions between genes and drug-resistant phenotypes...
  47. pmc New route of importation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype
    Dario Garcia de Viedma
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:169-70. 2006
  48. pmc Role of embB codon 306 mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis revisited: a novel association with broad drug resistance and IS6110 clustering rather than ethambutol resistance
    Manzour Hernando Hazbón
    Division of Infectious Disease, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 185 South Orange Avenue, MSB A920C, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49:3794-802. 2005
    ..tuberculosis isolates to the development of resistance to increasing numbers of antibiotics and may increase the ability of drug-resistant isolates to be transmitted between subjects...
  49. ncbi request reprint [Recent transmission of tuberculosis in an area with low incidence: epidemiological and molecular study]
    Jorge Elizaga
    Medicina Interna Hospital General de Segovia Spain
    Med Clin (Barc) 118:645-9. 2002
    ..Few reports have analysed the transmission of tuberculosis in rural areas with a low incidence of disease...