Chao Qin

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi Afferent pathway and neuromodulation of superficial and deeper thoracic spinal neurons receiving noxious pulmonary inputs in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Auton Neurosci 131:77-86. 2007
  2. ncbi Afferent pathways and responses of T3-T4 spinal neurons to cervical and thoracic esophageal distensions in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Auton Neurosci 109:10-20. 2003
  3. pmc Modulatory effects and afferent pathways of gastric electrical stimulation on rat thoracic spinal neurons receiving input from the stomach
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Neurosci Res 57:29-39. 2007
  4. doi Comparison of activity characteristics of the cuneate nucleus and thoracic spinal neurons receiving noxious cardiac and/or somatic inputs in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1346:102-11. 2010
  5. ncbi Responses of thoracic spinal neurons to activation and desensitization of cardiac TRPV1-containing afferents in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 291:R1700-7. 2006
  6. pmc Characterization of thoracic spinal neurons with noxious convergent inputs from heart and lower airways in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Brain Res 1141:84-91. 2007
  7. ncbi Cross-organ sensitization of lumbosacral spinal neurons receiving urinary bladder input in rats with inflamed colon
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190, USA
    Gastroenterology 129:1967-78. 2005
  8. pmc Spinal cord stimulation modulates intraspinal colorectal visceroreceptive transmission in rats
    C Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, United States
    Neurosci Res 58:58-66. 2007
  9. ncbi Gastric electrical stimulation modulates neuronal activity in nucleus tractus solitarii in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, United States
    Auton Neurosci 119:1-8. 2005
  10. pmc Characterization of T9-T10 spinal neurons with duodenal input and modulation by gastric electrical stimulation in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1152:75-86. 2007

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi Afferent pathway and neuromodulation of superficial and deeper thoracic spinal neurons receiving noxious pulmonary inputs in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Auton Neurosci 131:77-86. 2007
    ..Additionally, C1-C2 spinal neurons, supraspinal sites and vagal afferents modulated the thoracic spinal neuronal responses to lower airway irritation...
  2. ncbi Afferent pathways and responses of T3-T4 spinal neurons to cervical and thoracic esophageal distensions in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Auton Neurosci 109:10-20. 2003
    ..These data showed that the upper thoracic spinal cord received sensory information from the esophagus through cervical and/or thoracic spinal visceral afferent pathways...
  3. pmc Modulatory effects and afferent pathways of gastric electrical stimulation on rat thoracic spinal neurons receiving input from the stomach
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Neurosci Res 57:29-39. 2007
    ..The modulatory effect of GES involved thoracic spinal (sympathetic) afferent fibers containing vanilloid receptor-1...
  4. doi Comparison of activity characteristics of the cuneate nucleus and thoracic spinal neurons receiving noxious cardiac and/or somatic inputs in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1346:102-11. 2010
    ..01, P<0.01, P<0.05), respectively. These results indicate that the cuneate nucleus neurons play a relatively minor role in transmission of cardiac nociceptive information in comparison to upper thoracic spinal neurons...
  5. ncbi Responses of thoracic spinal neurons to activation and desensitization of cardiac TRPV1-containing afferents in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 291:R1700-7. 2006
    ..Intraspinal signaling for cardiac nociception was mediated through CAP-sensitive afferent fibers innervating the heart...
  6. pmc Characterization of thoracic spinal neurons with noxious convergent inputs from heart and lower airways in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Brain Res 1141:84-91. 2007
    ..The convergence of pulmonary and cardiac nociceptive signaling in the spinal cord may be relevant to situations where a disease process in one organ influences the behavior of the other...
  7. ncbi Cross-organ sensitization of lumbosacral spinal neurons receiving urinary bladder input in rats with inflamed colon
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190, USA
    Gastroenterology 129:1967-78. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the spinal neuronal mechanisms responsible for potential cross talk between these visceral organs...
  8. pmc Spinal cord stimulation modulates intraspinal colorectal visceroreceptive transmission in rats
    C Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, United States
    Neurosci Res 58:58-66. 2007
    ....
  9. ncbi Gastric electrical stimulation modulates neuronal activity in nucleus tractus solitarii in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, United States
    Auton Neurosci 119:1-8. 2005
    ..This modulatory effect of GES on the central neurons receiving vagal inputs may contribute to the neural mechanisms of GES therapy for the treatment of patients with obesity and gastric motility disorders...
  10. pmc Characterization of T9-T10 spinal neurons with duodenal input and modulation by gastric electrical stimulation in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1152:75-86. 2007
    ....
  11. ncbi Descending modulation of thoracic visceroreceptive transmission by C1-C2 spinal neurons
    C Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, United States
    Auton Neurosci 114:11-6. 2004
    ..Data showed that intraspinal descending modulation of C1-C2 neurons primarily produced descending inhibition of excitatory responses of thoracic spinal neurons to noxious visceral stimuli...
  12. ncbi Gastrocardiac afferent convergence in upper thoracic spinal neurons: a central mechanism of postprandial angina pectoris
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190, USA
    J Pain 8:522-9. 2007
    ..These data showed that a gastric stimulus excited T3 spinal neurons with noxious cardiac input primarily by way of intraspinal ascending pathways...
  13. ncbi Acute colitis enhances responsiveness of lumbosacral spinal neurons to colorectal distension in rats
    C Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Dig Dis Sci 53:141-8. 2008
    ....
  14. ncbi Viscerovisceral convergence of urinary bladder and colorectal inputs to lumbosacral spinal neurons in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Neuroreport 15:467-71. 2004
    ..In conclusion, responses of superficial and deeper lumbosacral spinal neurons to convergent inputs from urinary bladder and colon suggested that these neurons might contribute to the cross-talk that occurs between visceral organs...
  15. ncbi Responses and afferent pathways of C1-C2 spinal neurons to cervical and thoracic esophageal stimulation in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190, USA
    J Neurophysiol 91:2227-35. 2004
    ..These results supported a concept that C(1)-C(2) spinal neurons play a role in integrating visceral information from cervical and thoracic esophagus...
  16. pmc Cross-organ sensitization of thoracic spinal neurons receiving noxious cardiac input in rats with gastroesophageal reflux
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 298:G934-42. 2010
    ..5%, P < 0.01). These results indicate that acute GER enhanced the excitatory responses of thoracic spinal neurons in deeper laminae of the dorsal horn to noxious cardiac stimulus...
  17. ncbi Effects of urinary bladder distension on activity of T3-T4 spinal neurons receiving cardiac and somatic noxious inputs in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 971:210-20. 2003
    ..Results showed that T(3)-T(4) spinal neurons processing cardiac and somatic nociceptive information were primarily inhibited by input from the urinary bladder through either supraspinal structures or direct intraspinal pathways...
  18. pmc Modulation of neuronal activity in dorsal column nuclei by upper cervical spinal cord stimulation in rats
    C Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Neuroscience 164:770-6. 2009
    ..These data suggested that cSCS significantly modulates neuronal activity in DCN. These nuclei might serve as a neural relay for cSCS-induced effects on cerebral dysfunction and diseases...
  19. ncbi Responses and afferent pathways of C(1)-C(2) spinal neurons to gastric distension in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Auton Neurosci 104:128-36. 2003
    ..Results of these data supported the concept that a group of C(1)-C(2) spinal neurons might play a role in processing sensory information from the stomach that travels in vagal and spinal visceral afferent fibers...
  20. ncbi Visceromotor and spinal neuronal responses to colorectal distension in rats with aldosterone onto the amygdala
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190, USA
    J Neurophysiol 90:2-11. 2003
    ..Our findings suggest that, in the amygdala, MR receptor-mediated mechanisms are likely involved in descending pathways onto lumbosacral spinal neurons that induce colorectal hypersensitivity to luminal distension...
  21. ncbi Corticosterone acts directly at the amygdala to alter spinal neuronal activity in response to colorectal distension
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190, USA
    J Neurophysiol 89:1343-52. 2003
    ..In conclusion, our data support the hypothesis that central stimulation of the amygdala by corticosterone sensitizes the lumbosacral spinal neurons that mediate visceromotor reflexes to CRD...
  22. ncbi Inhalation of a pulmonary irritant modulates activity of lumbosacral spinal neurons receiving colonic input in rats
    Chao Qin
    Dept of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 293:R2052-8. 2007
    ..These results indicated that irritation of the lower airways modulated activity of lumbosacral spinal neurons with colorectal input. It might contribute to intraspinal cross talk between the colon and lungs...
  23. ncbi Spinal neuronal responses to urinary bladder stimulation in rats with corticosterone or aldosterone onto the amygdala
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190, USA
    J Neurophysiol 90:2180-9. 2003
    ....
  24. ncbi Spinal cord stimulation modulates activity of lumbosacral spinal neurons receiving input from urinary bladder in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Neurosci Lett 428:38-42. 2007
    ..These results suggested that SCS might have a potential therapeutic effect for patients with hypersensitivity and/or pain of cystitis and other urinary bladder disorders...
  25. ncbi Chemical activation of C(1)-C(2) spinal neurons modulates activity of thoracic respiratory interneurons in rats
    C Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 283:R843-52. 2002
    ..Phrenic nerve activity was unaffected by chemical activation of C(1)-C(2) in this preparation. Besides supraspinal input, TRIN activity may be influenced by upper cervical modulatory pathways...
  26. pmc Neuromodulation of thoracic intraspinal visceroreceptive transmission by electrical stimulation of spinal dorsal column and somatic afferents in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73910, USA
    J Pain 9:71-8. 2008
    ..ICNS suppressed excitatory responses of 9/12 spinal neurons to IB and 17/22 neurons to ED. These data showed that SCS and ICNS modulated excitatory responses of T3 spinal neurons to noxious stimulation of the heart and esophagus...
  27. pmc Duodenal afferent input converges onto T9-T10 spinal neurons responding to gastric distension in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1186:180-7. 2007
    ..Gastroduodenal convergent spinal neurons might contribute to intraspinal sensory transmission for cross-organ afferent-afferent communication between the stomach and duodenum and play a role in visceral nociception and reflexes...
  28. doi Intraesophageal chemicals enhance responsiveness of upper thoracic spinal neurons to mechanical stimulation of esophagus in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 294:G708-16. 2008
    ....
  29. pmc Characterization of upper thoracic spinal neurons responding to esophageal distension in diabetic rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Auton Neurosci 145:27-34. 2009
    ....
  30. ncbi Upper thoracic respiratory interneurons integrate noxious somatic and visceral information in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:2215-23. 2002
    ..The results suggested that TRINs participate in intraspinal processing and integration of nociceptive information from somatic fields and visceral organs...
  31. pmc Roles of peripheral terminals of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 containing sensory fibers in spinal cord stimulation-induced peripheral vasodilation
    Mingyuan Wu
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1156:80-92. 2007
    ..Our previous studies show that antidromic activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) containing sensory fibers importantly contributes to SCS-induced vasodilation...
  32. doi Is constant current or constant voltage spinal cord stimulation superior for the suppression of nociceptive visceral and somatic stimuli? A rat model
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Neuromodulation 15:132-42; discussion 143. 2012
    ....
  33. ncbi Spinal inhibitory effects of cardiopulmonary afferent inputs in monkeys: neuronal processing in high cervical segments
    Margaret J Chandler
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    J Neurophysiol 87:1290-302. 2002
    ..Results of these studies were consistent with the idea that modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission might involve neuronal connections in high cervical segments...
  34. ncbi Convergent pathways for cardiac- and esophageal-somatic motor reflexes in rats
    C Jerry Jou
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, OK 73190, USA
    Auton Neurosci 99:70-7. 2002
    ..The spinotrapezius muscle contractions evoked by esophageal distension are produced in part by activation of esophageal afferent fibers found in upper thoracic sympathetic nerves, but not by activation of the vagus nerves...
  35. ncbi Transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor-1 does not contribute to slowly adapting airway receptor activation by inhaled ammonia
    Mingyuan Wu
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Auton Neurosci 133:121-7. 2007
    ..However, when TRPV1 containing nerve endings were initially activated by RTX, the release of mediators may have affected SAR discharges...
  36. doi Effects of spinal cord stimulation with "standard clinical" and higher frequencies on peripheral blood flow in rats
    Jie Gao
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1313:53-61. 2010
    ..It is unclear whether spinal cord stimulation (SCS) at higher frequencies induces further increases in vasodilation and enhances clinical efficacy...
  37. pmc Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and protein kinase B (AKT) pathways involved in spinal cord stimulation (SCS)-induced vasodilation
    Mingyuan Wu
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1207:73-83. 2008
    ..However the mechanisms are not fully understood. The present study investigated whether blockade of ERK and AKT activation modulated SCS-induced vasodilation...
  38. ncbi Chemical activation of cardiac receptors affects activity of superficial and deeper T3-T4 spinal neurons in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 959:77-85. 2003
    ..Some characteristics of subgroups of superficial neurons were quantitatively different from deeper neurons. Thoracic spinal neurons processing cardiac nociceptive information were under tonic descending inhibition...
  39. ncbi c-Fos expression in rat brain stem and spinal cord in response to activation of cardiac ischemia-sensitive afferent neurons and electrostimulatory modulation
    Fang Hua
    Dept of Physiology, Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State Univ, Stanton Gerber Hall B 137, PO Box 70576, Johnson City, TN 37614 1708, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 287:H2728-38. 2004
    ....
  40. ncbi Intestinal electric stimulation modulates neuronal activity in the nucleus of the solitary tract in rats
    Ying Sun
    Transneuronix Inc and VA Medical Center, 921 NE 13th Street, VREF 151, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Neurosci Lett 385:64-9. 2005
    ..The modulatory effect of IES on the central neurons receiving vagal inputs may contribute to the neural mechanisms of IES therapy for the treatment of patients with obesity and gastrointestinal motility disorders...
  41. ncbi Esophagocardiac convergence onto thoracic spinal neurons: comparison of cervical and thoracic esophagus
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1008:193-7. 2004
    ..Esophagocardiac convergence on thoracic spinal neurons provided a spinal mechanism that might mediate viscerovisceral nociception and reflexes...
  42. ncbi Differential effects of urinary bladder distension on high cervical projection neurons in primates
    Margaret J Chandler
    Department of Physiology, BMSB 653, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 949:97-104. 2002
    ..Furthermore, results of this study indicated that effects of sensory inputs on spinal neurons might vary depending on axonal projections of the neurons examined...
  43. ncbi Sensory fibers containing vanilloid receptor-1 (VR-1) mediate spinal cord stimulation-induced vasodilation
    Mingyuan Wu
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA, and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Brain Res 1107:177-84. 2006
    ..However, the characteristics of sensory fibers involved in vasodilation are not fully known. This study investigated the contribution of vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR-1) containing fibers to SCS-induced vasodilation...
  44. ncbi Chemical activation of C1-C2 spinal neurons modulates intercostal and phrenic nerve activity in rats
    Fang Lu
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 286:R1069-76. 2004
    ..6 to 26.3 +/- 2.0 (mean +/- SE) breaths/min during C(1)-C(2) glutamate. These data suggested that upper cervical propriospinal neurons might play a role in descending modulation of thoracic respiratory and nonrespiratory motor activity...
  45. pmc Upper thoracic postsynaptic dorsal column neurons conduct cardiac mechanoreceptive information, but not cardiac chemical nociception in rats
    Melanie D Goodman-Keiser
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 1366:71-84. 2010
    ..None of the 200 PSDC neurons examined expressed c-fos-IR regardless of stimulus. Together, these results suggest that thoracic PSDC neurons transmit mechanical cardiac information, but they play a minimal role in cardiac nociception...
  46. ncbi Bradykinin is involved in the mediation of cardiac nociception during ischemia through upper thoracic spinal neurons
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Curr Neurovasc Res 6:89-94. 2009
    ....
  47. ncbi Colonic inflammation increases Na+ currents in bladder sensory neurons
    Anna P Malykhina
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 940 Stanton L Young Blvd, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Neuroreport 15:2601-5. 2004
    ..These results suggest that colonic inflammation leads to increased excitability of nociceptive bladder neurons...
  48. ncbi Responses and afferent pathways of superficial and deeper c(1)-c(2) spinal cells to intrapericardial algogenic chemicals in rats
    C Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73190
    J Neurophysiol 85:1522-32. 2001
    ..Results of this study support the concept that C(1)-C(2) superficial and deeper spinal neurons play a role in integrating cardiac noxious inputs that travel in both the cervical vagal and/or thoracic sympathetic afferent nerves...
  49. pmc Spinal cord processing of cardiac nociception: are there sex differences between male and proestrous female rats?
    Janine M Little
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Brain Res 1413:24-31. 2011
    ..These results indicate there are no significant differences in the responses of T(3) spinal neurons to cardiosomatic stimulation between male and proestrous female rats, despite differences in estradiol levels...
  50. doi Neuromodulation of cardiac pain and cerebral vasculature: neural mechanisms
    Robert D Foreman
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 940 S L Young Blvd, Room 653, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Cleve Clin J Med 76:S75-9. 2009
    ..Spinal cord stimulation may have therapeutic effects, although the underlying mechanism is unclear...
  51. doi Comparison of burst and tonic spinal cord stimulation on spinal neural processing in an animal model
    Rurong Tang
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA Department of Anesthesiology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
    Neuromodulation 17:143-51. 2014
    ..The present translational study explored possible differences in mechanisms of burst and tonic SCS on nociceptive spinal networks and/or the gracile nucleus supraspinal relay...
  52. ncbi Hyperexcitability of convergent colon and bladder dorsal root ganglion neurons after colonic inflammation: mechanism for pelvic organ cross-talk
    A P Malykhina
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 18:936-48. 2006
    ..05), indicating increased excitability. The presence of a subpopulation of colon-bladder convergent DRG neurons and their persistent hyperexcitability after colonic inflammation provides a basis for pelvic organ cross-sensitization...
  53. ncbi Intrapericardial algogenic chemicals evoke cardiac-somatic motor reflexes in rats
    C J Jou
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190, USA
    Auton Neurosci 94:52-61. 2001
    ....
  54. ncbi Afferent pathways for cardiac-somatic motor reflexes in rats
    C J Jou
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 281:R2096-102. 2001
    ..Therefore, in addition to spinothalamic convergence of somatic and visceral afferents, activation of SCA to generate spasmlike muscle contractions could account in part for anginal pain, and VCA activation could attenuate this effect...
  55. ncbi Intrapericardiac injections of algogenic chemicals excite primate C1-C2 spinothalamic tract neurons
    M J Chandler
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 279:R560-8. 2000
    ..These results supported the concept that activation of cardiac vagal afferents might lead to the production of referred pain sensation in somatic fields innervated from high cervical segments...
  56. ncbi Convergence of trigeminal input with visceral and phrenic inputs on primate C1-C2 spinothalamic tract neurons
    M J Chandler
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Brain Res 829:204-8. 1999
    ..Results are consistent with the idea that pain referred to trigeminal areas could originate in thoracic organs...
  57. doi Somatic afferent modulation of thoracic (T9-T10) spinal neurons receiving gastric mechanical input in rats
    Chao Qin
    Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA and Veteran Research Foundation, VA Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
    Neuromodulation 13:77-86. 2010
    ..Thus, somatic afferent stimulation might be used to treat gastric pain and/or hypersensitivity...