Gene Symbol: TNF-alpha
Description: tumor necrosis factor
Alias: DIF, TNF-alpha, TNFA, TNFSF2, TNLG1F, tumor necrosis factor, APC1 protein, TNF, macrophage-derived, TNF, monocyte-derived, TNF-a, cachectin, tumor necrosis factor ligand 1F, tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Species: human

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Induction of TNF receptor I-mediated apoptosis via two sequential signaling complexes
    Olivier Micheau
    Institute of Biochemistry, University of Lausanne, BIL Biomedical Research Center, Chemin des Boveresses 155, CH 1066 Epalinges, Switzerland
    Cell 114:181-90. 2003
  2. doi TNF-alpha induces two distinct caspase-8 activation pathways
    Lai Wang
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
    Cell 133:693-703. 2008
  3. ncbi The TNF receptor 1-associated protein TRADD signals cell death and NF-kappa B activation
    H Hsu
    Tularik, Incorporated, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA
    Cell 81:495-504. 1995
  4. doi Recruitment of the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex stabilizes the TNF-R1 signaling complex and is required for TNF-mediated gene induction
    Tobias L Haas
    Division of Apoptosis Regulation, German Cancer Research Center DKFZ, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Mol Cell 36:831-44. 2009
  5. pmc Interleukin-1 and TNF-alpha polymorphisms and Helicobacter pylori in a Brazilian Amazon population
    Hivana Patricia Melo Barbosa
    Laboratory of Immunogenetics, Federal University of Para, 66075 110 Belem, Brazil
    World J Gastroenterol 15:1465-71. 2009
  6. doi The glucagon-like peptide 1 analog liraglutide reduces TNF-α-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in endothelial cells
    Aya Shiraki
    Saga University Faculty of Medicine Department of Cardiovascular and Renal Medicine, 5 1 1 Nabeshima, Saga 849 8501, Japan
    Atherosclerosis 221:375-82. 2012
  7. doi TNF-alpha gene polymorphism and TNF-alpha levels in obese Asian Indians with obstructive sleep apnea
    Bharat Bhushan
    Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Respir Med 103:386-92. 2009
  8. doi HIV-1 proteins preferentially activate anti-inflammatory M2-type macrophages
    Takashi Chihara
    Center for AIDS Research, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto 860 0811, Japan
    J Immunol 188:3620-7. 2012
  9. pmc Tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha polymorphisms and severe malaria in African populations
    Taane G Clark
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Nuffield Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 199:569-75. 2009
  10. pmc Human interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-2 is essential for Toll-like receptor-mediated transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of tumor necrosis factor alpha
    Sinead M Flannery
    School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
    J Biol Chem 286:23688-97. 2011

Detail Information

Publications688 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Induction of TNF receptor I-mediated apoptosis via two sequential signaling complexes
    Olivier Micheau
    Institute of Biochemistry, University of Lausanne, BIL Biomedical Research Center, Chemin des Boveresses 155, CH 1066 Epalinges, Switzerland
    Cell 114:181-90. 2003
    ..Thus, TNFR1-mediated-signal transduction includes a checkpoint, resulting in cell death (via complex II) in instances where the initial signal (via complex I, NF-kappa B) fails to be activated...
  2. doi TNF-alpha induces two distinct caspase-8 activation pathways
    Lai Wang
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
    Cell 133:693-703. 2008
    ..These findings revealed that TNF-alpha is able to induce apoptosis via two distinct caspase-8 activation pathways that are differentially regulated by cIAP1/2 and c-FLIP...
  3. ncbi The TNF receptor 1-associated protein TRADD signals cell death and NF-kappa B activation
    H Hsu
    Tularik, Incorporated, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA
    Cell 81:495-504. 1995
    Many diverse activities of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) are signaled through TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1)...
  4. doi Recruitment of the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex stabilizes the TNF-R1 signaling complex and is required for TNF-mediated gene induction
    Tobias L Haas
    Division of Apoptosis Regulation, German Cancer Research Center DKFZ, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Mol Cell 36:831-44. 2009
    ..Finally, we demonstrate that sustained stability of the TNF-RSC requires LUBAC's enzymatic activity, thereby adding a third form of ubiquitin linkage to the triggering of TNF signaling by the TNF-RSC...
  5. pmc Interleukin-1 and TNF-alpha polymorphisms and Helicobacter pylori in a Brazilian Amazon population
    Hivana Patricia Melo Barbosa
    Laboratory of Immunogenetics, Federal University of Para, 66075 110 Belem, Brazil
    World J Gastroenterol 15:1465-71. 2009
    To study the association between Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha polymorphisms, infection by Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) and the development of gastrointestinal diseases.
  6. doi The glucagon-like peptide 1 analog liraglutide reduces TNF-α-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in endothelial cells
    Aya Shiraki
    Saga University Faculty of Medicine Department of Cardiovascular and Renal Medicine, 5 1 1 Nabeshima, Saga 849 8501, Japan
    Atherosclerosis 221:375-82. 2012
    ..However, the effects upon endothelial cells and the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We assessed the hypothesis that GLP-1 has protective effects against inflammation and oxidative stress on human endothelial cells...
  7. doi TNF-alpha gene polymorphism and TNF-alpha levels in obese Asian Indians with obstructive sleep apnea
    Bharat Bhushan
    Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
    Respir Med 103:386-92. 2009
    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is emerging as a significant disorder in India. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is an important marker of inflammation. Recent data indicate that inflammation may be an important correlate of OSA...
  8. doi HIV-1 proteins preferentially activate anti-inflammatory M2-type macrophages
    Takashi Chihara
    Center for AIDS Research, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto 860 0811, Japan
    J Immunol 188:3620-7. 2012
  9. pmc Tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha polymorphisms and severe malaria in African populations
    Taane G Clark
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Nuffield Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 199:569-75. 2009
    The tumor necrosis factor gene (TNF) and lymphotoxin-alpha gene (LTA) have long attracted attention as candidate genes for susceptibility traits for malaria, and several of their polymorphisms have been found to be associated with severe ..
  10. pmc Human interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-2 is essential for Toll-like receptor-mediated transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of tumor necrosis factor alpha
    Sinead M Flannery
    School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
    J Biol Chem 286:23688-97. 2011
    ..Collectively, these data demonstrate for the first time an essential role for IRAK-2 in primary human cells for both transcriptional and post-transcriptional TLR responses...
  11. ncbi Expression of 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1) and the level of p53 and TNF-αlpha proteins in peripheral lymphocytes of patients with Alzheimer's disease
    Mateusz Dezor
    Laboratory of Neurobiology, Department of Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
    Folia Neuropathol 49:123-31. 2011
    ..It is possible that OGG1 and p53 and TNF-α proteins together or separately may be involved in pathogenesis of AD by repair of oxidative DNA damage and/or apoptosis...
  12. ncbi IRAK-M is a novel member of the Pelle/interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) family
    H Wesche
    Tularik Inc, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA
    J Biol Chem 274:19403-10. 1999
    ..The discovery of IRAK-M adds another level of complexity to our understanding of signaling by members of the Toll/IL-1 receptor family...
  13. ncbi The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Vpu protein inhibits NF-kappa B activation by interfering with beta TrCP-mediated degradation of Ikappa B
    S Bour
    Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, NIAID, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 0460, USA
    J Biol Chem 276:15920-8. 2001
    ..However, in the presence of Vpu, this HIV-mediated NF-kappaB activation was markedly reduced. These results suggest that Vpu modulates both virus- and cytokine-induced activation of NF-kappaB in HIV-1-infected cells...
  14. pmc Inflammatory mediators in breast cancer: coordinated expression of TNFα & IL-1β with CCL2 & CCL5 and effects on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition
    Gali Soria
    Department of Cell Research and Immunology, George S Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
    BMC Cancer 11:130. 2011
    ..In this study, we wished to determine whether there are associations between these factors along stages of breast cancer progression, and to identify the possible implications of these factors to disease course...
  15. pmc TNFα and SOCS3 regulate IRS-1 to increase retinal endothelial cell apoptosis
    Youde Jiang
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Cell Signal 24:1086-92. 2012
    ..Resolution of the hyperglycemia-induced TNFα levels in retinal endothelial cells may prevent apoptosis through disinhibition of insulin receptor signaling...
  16. ncbi c-Src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of IKKbeta is involved in tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression
    Wei Chien Huang
    Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10018, Taiwan
    J Biol Chem 278:9944-52. 2003
    The signaling pathway involved in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression was further studied in human A549 epithelial cells...
  17. ncbi Association of polymorphism of IL-10 and TNF-A genes with gastric cancer in Korea
    Ja Young Lee
    Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical Center, 445, Kildong, Kangdong gu, Seoul 134 701, South Korea
    Cancer Lett 225:207-14. 2005
    ..pylori infection status, location of GC, and histologic type of GC. In conclusion, IL-10-1082/-592 and TNF-A-308 genetic polymorphisms may not be the important contributors to GC in Korea...
  18. pmc Egr-1 inhibits the expression of extracellular matrix genes in chondrocytes by TNFalpha-induced MEK/ERK signalling
    Jason S Rockel
    Canadian Institutes of Health Research Group in Skeletal Development and Remodeling, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A5C1, Canada
    Arthritis Res Ther 11:R8. 2009
    ..TNFalpha activates mitogen-activated kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) in chondrocytes; however, the overall functional relevance of MEK/ERK to TNFalpha-regulated gene expression in chondrocytes is unknown...
  19. pmc Lysine 63-linked polyubiquitination of TAK1 at lysine 158 is required for tumor necrosis factor alpha- and interleukin-1beta-induced IKK/NF-kappaB and JNK/AP-1 activation
    Yihui Fan
    Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
    J Biol Chem 285:5347-60. 2010
    Transforming growth factor-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) plays an essential role in the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)- and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced IkappaB kinase (IKK)/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and c-Jun N-..
  20. doi HO-1 underlies resistance of AML cells to TNF-induced apoptosis
    Stuart A Rushworth
    School of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Blood 111:3793-801. 2008
    In human monocytes, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) induces a proinflammatory response. In NF-kappaB-inhibited monocytes, TNF stimulates cell death/apoptosis...
  21. pmc Inflammatory response gene polymorphisms and their relationship with colorectal cancer risk
    Janina Suchy
    International Hereditary Cancer Center Department of Genetics and Pathology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
    BMC Cancer 8:112. 2008
    ..This fact suggests that genetic variations in inflammatory response genes may act as CRC disease risk modifiers...
  22. pmc Serum concentrations of markers of TNFalpha and Fas-mediated pathways and renal function in nonproteinuric patients with type 1 diabetes
    Monika A Niewczas
    Research Division of Joslin Diabetes Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 4:62-70. 2009
    ..The aim of our study was to examine serum markers of the TNF and Fas pathways for association with cystatin-C based estimated glomerular filtration rate (cC-GFR) in subjects with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and no proteinuria...
  23. pmc Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and activin type II receptors balance BMP9 signals mediated by activin receptor-like kinase-1 in human pulmonary artery endothelial cells
    Paul D Upton
    Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke s and Papworth Hospitals, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
    J Biol Chem 284:15794-804. 2009
    ..This differential signaling may contribute to the contrasting pathologies of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and pulmonary arterial hypertension...
  24. doi Maternal and umbilical serum levels of interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in normal pregnancies and in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia
    Migraci Tosun
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 23:880-6. 2010 investigate the relationship of maternal and umbilical cord interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) serum levels with the existence and severity of preeclampsia...
  25. doi The TNF-α, IL-1B and IL-10 polymorphisms and risk for hepatocellular carcinoma: a meta-analysis
    Yu Yang
    Department of Oncology, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, People s Republic of China
    J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 137:947-52. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to determine more precise estimations for the relationship between TNF-α, IL-1B, and IL-10 polymorphisms and the risk for HCC by meta-analysis...
  26. pmc TNFα enhances the motility and invasiveness of prostatic cancer cells by stimulating the expression of selective glycosyl- and sulfotransferase genes involved in the synthesis of selectin ligands
    Prakash Radhakrishnan
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 409:436-41. 2011
    ..These results support the hypothesis that inflammation contributes to cancer metastasis...
  27. doi Inhibition of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 exacerbates HIV-1 gp120-induced oxidative and inflammatory response: role in HIV associated neurocognitive disorder
    Pichili Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy
    Department of Immunology, Institute of Neuroimmune Pharmacology, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
    Neurochem Res 37:1697-706. 2012
    ..of NOX2, a subunit of NADPH oxidase, and also an upregulated expression of nuclear factor kappa B, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)...
  28. doi META060 attenuates TNF-α-activated inflammation, endothelial-monocyte interactions, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression, and inhibits NF-κB and AP-1 in THP-1 monocytes
    Anuradha Desai
    Metagenics, Inc, Gig Harbor, WA 98332, USA
    Atherosclerosis 223:130-6. 2012
    ..A modified hop extract, META060, was identified as an inhibitor of inflammatory mediators in human rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts...
  29. doi Adiponectin affects lung epithelial A549 cell viability counteracting TNFα and IL-1ß toxicity through AdipoR1
    Ersilia Nigro
    CEINGE Biotecnologie Avanzate scarl, Naples, Italy
    Int J Biochem Cell Biol 45:1145-53. 2013
    ..Further studies are needed to fully elucidate the Acrp30 lung effects in vivo but our results confirm this adipokine as a promising therapeutic target in lung diseases...
  30. pmc TNF and IL-1 exhibit distinct ubiquitin requirements for inducing NEMO-IKK supramolecular structures
    Nadine Tarantino
    Unité de Signalisation Moléculaire et Activation Cellulaire and 2 Laboratoire Trafic Membranaire et Division Cellulaire, Institut Pasteur, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique URA 2582, Paris 75015, France
    J Cell Biol 204:231-45. 2014
    ..Thus, different mechanisms are involved in the recruitment of NEMO into supramolecular complexes, which appear to be essential for NF-κB activation. ..
  31. doi Systemic cytokine response in patients with community-acquired pneumonia
    H Endeman
    Department of Internal Medicine, St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
    Eur Respir J 37:1431-8. 2011
    ..IL-1RA, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 are acute phase proteins, independent of genotype. Their levels are influenced by the nature of the causative microorganism and the start of corticosteroids therapy...
  32. ncbi Tumor necrosis factor alpha polymorphism associated with increased susceptibility to development of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma in human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 carriers
    K Tsukasaki
    Division of Hematology Oncology, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine, 90024, USA
    Cancer Res 61:3770-4. 2001
    ..and CYP1A1, the "proapoptotic" polymorphism in BCL2, and the five "high-production" polymorphisms in tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) using PCR-based genotyping assays...
  33. ncbi The G-308A promoter variant of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene is associated with hypertension in adolescents harboring the metabolic syndrome
    Silvia Sookoian
    Cardiologia Molecular, Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas A Lanari, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Am J Hypertens 18:1271-5. 2005
    b>Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) has been associated with obesity, obesity-related hypertension, and metabolic syndrome...
  34. ncbi Cytokine gene polymorphism in sympathetic ophthalmia
    Denize Atan
    Academic Unit of Ophthalmology, Clinical Sciences South Bristol, Bristol Eye Hospital, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4245-50. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether polymorphisms in the cytokine genes are important markers for disease severity and outcome in patients with SO...
  35. ncbi Induction of high-molecular-weight (HMW) tumor necrosis factor(TNF) alpha by hepatitis C virus (HCV) non-structural protein 3 (NS3) in liver cells is AP-1 and NF-kappaB-dependent activation
    Mohamed Hassan
    Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duesseldorf, Mooren Strasse 5, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany
    Cell Signal 19:301-11. 2007
    ..patients is associated with the production of serum and interhepatic inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)...
  36. pmc Comparative proteomic analysis of PAI-1 and TNF-alpha-derived endothelial microparticles
    Danielle B Peterson
    Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin and Children s Research Institute, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Proteomics 8:2430-46. 2008
    ..umbilical vein endothelial cells by stimulation with plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and subjected to proteomic analysis by LC/MS...
  37. pmc Follicular dendritic cells and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transcription in CD4+ T cells
    Tyler C Thacker
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Room C 211A BNSN, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
    J Virol 83:150-8. 2009
    ..FDCs produced soluble tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) ex vivo, and the addition of a blocking soluble TNF receptor ablated FDC-mediated HIV ..
  38. doi Genomewide association study of an AIDS-nonprogression cohort emphasizes the role played by HLA genes (ANRS Genomewide Association Study 02)
    Sophie Limou
    Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, Universite Paris 7, Paris, France
    J Infect Dis 199:419-26. 2009
    ..The present study, the first GWAS of HIV-1 nonprogressors, underscores the potential for some HLA genes to control disease progression soon after infection...
  39. ncbi The recurrence of leprosy reactional episodes could be associated with oral chronic infections and expression of serum IL-1, TNF-alpha, IL-6, IFN-gamma and IL-10
    Ana Carolina F Motta
    Division of Dermatology, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
    Braz Dent J 21:158-64. 2010
    ..05). These results suggest that oral infection could be involved as a maintenance factor in the pathogenesis of leprosy reactional episodes...
  40. pmc Interleukin-17 synergizes with IFNγ or TNFα to promote inflammatory mediator release and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in human intervertebral disc cells
    Mostafa A Gabr
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Orthop Res 29:1-7. 2011
    Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a cytokine recently shown to be elevated, along with interferon-γ (IFNγ) and tumor necrosis factor (TNFα), in degenerated and herniated intervertebral disc (IVD) tissues, suggesting a role for these cytokines ..
  41. doi TIMP-1 interaction with αvβ3 integrin confers resistance to human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 against TNF-α-induced apoptosis
    Ioanna Tsagaraki
    Institute of Biology, National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos, 15310 Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece
    Cell Tissue Res 342:87-96. 2010
    b>Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a pleiotropic cytokine affecting diverse cellular responses...
  42. doi PTEN differentially regulates expressions of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 through PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β/GATA-6 signaling pathways in TNF-α-activated human endothelial cells
    Konstantin Tsoyi
    Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, and Biomedical Center BK21, Gyeongsang National University, 92 Chilam dong, Jinju 660 751, Republic of Korea
    Atherosclerosis 213:115-21. 2010
    ..It is concluded that PTEN selectively inhibits expression of VCAM-1 but not ICAM-1 through modulation of PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β/GATA-6 signaling cascade in TNF-α-treated ECs...
  43. doi Human nucleus pulposus cells react to IL-6: independent actions and amplification of response to IL-1 and TNF-α
    Rebecca K Studer
    VA Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:593-9. 2011
    ..CONCLUSION.: The results suggest maneuvers to diminish IL-6 production in the disc could provide some protection against the adverse effects of IL-1 and TNF-α, thus, helping preserve disc composition, structure, and function...
  44. doi Hck tyrosine kinase regulates TLR4-induced TNF and IL-6 production via AP-1
    Maria J Smolinska
    Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, Oxford University, London W6 8LH, United Kingdom
    J Immunol 187:6043-51. 2011
    ..These data highlight the importance of Hck as an active component in LPS-induced TLR signaling and suggest the possibility of targeting this kinase for the alleviation of excessive inflammation...
  45. doi IL-17 and tumour necrosis factor α combination induces a HIF-1α-dependent invasive phenotype in synoviocytes
    Arnaud Hot
    Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology and Immunogenomics and Inflammation Research Unit, Hopital Edouard Herriot, University of Lyon 1, Lyon, France
    Ann Rheum Dis 71:1393-401. 2012
    ..To examine the effect of interleukin-17 (IL-17) on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synoviocyte migration and invasiveness...
  46. ncbi Association of TNF-alpha polymorphism with susceptibility to and severity of non-small cell lung cancer
    Chuen Ming Shih
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, No 2, Yuh Der Road, Taichung 404, Taiwan
    Lung Cancer 52:15-20. 2006
    Genetic polymorphisms in the promoter region of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene are involved in the regulation of expression levels and have been associated with various inflammatory and malignant conditions...
  47. doi Interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha differentially affect cytokine expression and migration properties of mesenchymal stem cells
    Hatim Hemeda
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    Stem Cells Dev 19:693-706. 2010
    ..Altogether, our data show that properties of MSCs depend on local environmental factors. In particular, we have shown that IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha differentially regulate cytokine expression and migration of MSCs...
  48. ncbi Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus activates immune cells via Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2, lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), and CD14, whereas TLR-4 and MD-2 are not involved
    Nicolas W J Schröder
    Institut für Mikrobiologie und Hygiene, Universitatsklinikum Charite, Medizinische Fakultat der Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin, Dorotheenstrasse 96, D 10117 Berlin, Germany
    J Biol Chem 278:15587-94. 2003
    ..However, the involvement of TLR-4 and MD-2 in this process was ruled out...
  49. ncbi Interleukin-6 (IL-6) induces insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and is, like IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, overexpressed in human fat cells from insulin-resistant subjects
    Victoria Rotter
    Department of Internal Medicine, Lundberg Laboratory for Diabetes Research, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg University, SE 413 45 Goteborg, Sweden
    J Biol Chem 278:45777-84. 2003
    ..and cross-talk with insulin, 3T3-L1 adipocytes were cultured for different times with IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)...
  50. doi Anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy inhibits pancreatic tumor growth and metastasis
    Jan Hendrik Egberts
    Division of Molecular Oncology, Department of General Surgery and Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Cancer Res 68:1443-50. 2008
    ..In the present work, we investigated the role of the major proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in the malignancy of PDAC cells in vitro and in vivo...
  51. doi Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induces integrin CD11b/CD18 (Mac-1) up-regulation and migration to the CC chemokine CCL3 (MIP-1alpha) on human neutrophils through defined signalling pathways
    Fabrizio Montecucco
    Laboratory of Phagocyte Physiopathology, First Clinic of Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties, University of Genoa Medical School, Genoa, Italy
    Cell Signal 20:557-68. 2008
    ..Although highly speculative, ERK 1/2 p44 may represent a selective target for the pharmacologic manipulation of neutrophil-mediated adverse activities in TNF-alpha-mediated inflammatory states...
  52. pmc S6K directly phosphorylates IRS-1 on Ser-270 to promote insulin resistance in response to TNF-(alpha) signaling through IKK2
    Jin Zhang
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    J Biol Chem 283:35375-82. 2008
    ..We present a new mechanism for TNF-alpha to induce insulin resistance that involves activation of S6K by an IKK2-dependent pathway. S6K directly phosphorylates IRS-1 on multiple serine residues to inhibit insulin signaling...
  53. ncbi Interleukins-1, -4, -6, -10, tumor necrosis factor, transforming growth factor-beta, FAS, and mannose-binding protein C gene polymorphisms in Australian women: Risk of preterm birth
    Margaret F Annells
    Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:2056-67. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between preterm birth and 22 single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes that encode cytokines and mediators of apoptosis and host defense...
  54. ncbi Autoimmunity and tuberculosis. Opposite association with TNF polymorphism
    Paula A Correa
    Cellular Biology and Immunogenetics Unit, Corporacion para Investigaciones Biologicas CIB, Medellin, Colombia
    J Rheumatol 32:219-24. 2005
    To examine the influence of the -308 and -238 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of tumor necrosis factor-a gene (TNF) on patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS), ..
  55. ncbi TNF gene polymorphisms are associated with reduced survival in severe Chagas' disease cardiomyopathy patients
    Sandra A Drigo
    Heart Institute InCor, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar 44, Bloco 2, 9 andar, CEP 05403 001 São Paulo, Brazil
    Microbes Infect 8:598-603. 2006
    ..We typed the TNFa microsatellite and the -308 TNF promoter polymorphism and then analyzed the survival curves of 42 patients with ..
  56. doi Moraxella catarrhalis lipooligosaccharide selectively upregulates ICAM-1 expression on human monocytes and stimulates adjacent naïve monocytes to produce TNF-alpha through cellular cross-talk
    Hang Xie
    Vaccine Research Section, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Cell Microbiol 10:1453-67. 2008
    ..These results suggest that M. catarrhalis LOS could induce excessive middle ear inflammation through a cellular cross-talk mechanism during OME...
  57. doi Tumor necrosis factor-alpha is a common genetic risk factor for asthma, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus in a Mexican pediatric population
    Silvia Jiménez-Morales
    Genomic of Complex Diseases Laboratory, Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genomica, SS, Mexico City, Mexico
    Hum Immunol 70:251-6. 2009
    There is a great deal of evidence that points to the association of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene as a common genetic factor in the pathogenesis of diseases that are caused by inflammatory and/or autoimmune etiologies...
  58. pmc Synergistic induction of endothelin-1 by tumor necrosis factor alpha and interferon gamma is due to enhanced NF-kappaB binding and histone acetylation at specific kappaB sites
    Stephen J Wort
    Department of Critical Care, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London SW3 6LY, United Kingdom
    J Biol Chem 284:24297-305. 2009
    ..synergistic induction of preproET-1 message RNA and release of mature peptide by a combination of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and interferon gamma (IFNgamma) in primary human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells...
  59. pmc TNF inhibits Notch-1 in skeletal muscle cells by Ezh2 and DNA methylation mediated repression: implications in duchenne muscular dystrophy
    Swarnali Acharyya
    Human Cancer Genetics and Department of Molecular Virology, Immunology and Medical Genetics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e12479. 2010
    ..This regulation coincides with elevated levels of muscle derived TNFalpha that is also under IKKbeta and NF-kappaB control...
  60. ncbi Association of TNF2, a TNF-alpha promoter polymorphism, with septic shock susceptibility and mortality: a multicenter study
    J P Mira
    Intensive Care Unit, Cochin Port Royal University Hospital, Paris, France
    JAMA 282:561-8. 1999
    b>Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is believed to be a cytokine central to pathogenesis of septic shock...
  61. pmc Bruton's tyrosine kinase is required for lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha production
    Nicole J Horwood
    Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology Division, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London W6 8LH, United Kingdom
    J Exp Med 197:1603-11. 2003
    Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a product of Gram-negative bacteria, is potent mediator of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha production by myeloid/macrophage cells...
  62. ncbi The influence of genetic variation in the HLA-DRB1 and LTA-TNF regions on the response to treatment of early rheumatoid arthritis with methotrexate or etanercept
    Lindsey A Criswell
    Rosalind Russell Medical Research Center for Arthritis, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 50:2750-6. 2004
    ..To examine the roles of specific genetic polymorphisms as predictors of response to treatment of early rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
  63. ncbi Advanced glycation end products increases matrix metalloproteinase-1, -3, and -13, and TNF-alpha in human osteoarthritic chondrocytes
    Seong Su Nah
    Division of Allergy and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, 388 1, Pungnap dong, Songpa Gu, Seoul 138 736, Republic of Korea
    FEBS Lett 581:1928-32. 2007
    ..In conclusion, accumulation of AGE may have a role in the development of osteoarthritis by increasing MMP-1, -3, and -13, and TNF-alpha...
  64. doi Implications of cross-talk between tumour necrosis factor and insulin-like growth factor-1 signalling in skeletal muscle
    Miranda D Grounds
    School of Anatomy and Human Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 35:846-51. 2008
  65. doi Association of TNFA -308 G/A and TNFRI +36 A/G gene polymorphisms with glaucoma
    Mohammad Reza Razeghinejad
    Department of Ophthalmology, Shiraz Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
    Ophthalmic Res 42:118-24. 2009
    ..Therefore, the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TNFRI gene and the promoter region of the TNFA gene with glaucoma susceptibility was investigated in the present study.
  66. ncbi Tumor necrosis factor alpha -308 gene locus promoter polymorphism: an analysis of association with health and disease
    Maqsood M Elahi
    Department of Human Sciences, Human Genetics Laboratory, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1792:163-72. 2009
    b>Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a potent immunomediator and proinflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a large number of human diseases...
  67. ncbi Adiponectin induces TNF-alpha and IL-6 in macrophages and promotes tolerance to itself and other pro-inflammatory stimuli
    Christos Tsatsanis
    Department of Clinical Chemistry Biochemistry, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete GR 710 03, Greece
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 335:1254-63. 2005
    ..Our data suggest that adiponectin constant presence in the circulation in high levels (in lean subjects) renders macrophages resistant to pro-inflammatory stimuli, including its own...
  68. doi Association of TNF-α polymorphism with prediction of response to TNF blockers in spondyloarthritis and inflammatory bowel disease: a meta-analysis
    Qiang Tong
    Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Yangpu District, No 168 Changhai Road, Shanghai 200433, China
    Pharmacogenomics 14:1691-700. 2013
    ..To explore whether TNF-α promoter -308 A/G and -857 C/T polymorphisms have an association with responsiveness to TNF blockers in spondyloarthritis and inflammatory bowel disease...
  69. doi Tumor necrosis factor region polymorphisms are associated with AIDS and with cytomegalovirus retinitis
    Neifi H S Deghaide
    Division of Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    AIDS 23:1641-7. 2009
    The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene is located within the highly polymorphic major histocompatibility complex region, exhibiting the -308 GA promoter region polymorphism and six microsatellites (TNFa-f) spanning the region nearby the ..
  70. doi Tumor necrosis factor-α induces ADAMTS-4 expression in human osteoarthritis chondrocytes
    Juan Xue
    Department of Urology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, P R China
    Mol Med Rep 8:1755-60. 2013
    b>Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 4 (ADAMTS-4) are important in osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage degradation...
  71. ncbi Cytokine promoter polymorphisms in Taiwanese patients with Graves' disease
    Ming Yuh Shiau
    Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Clin Biochem 40:213-7. 2007
  72. ncbi Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (CD147) is a novel receptor on platelets, activates platelets, and augments nuclear factor kappaB-dependent inflammation in monocytes
    Roland Schmidt
    Deutsches Herzzentrum und I Medizinische Klinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitat Munchen, Lazarettstr 36, 80636 München, Germany
    Circ Res 102:302-9. 2008
    ..activation (according to Western blot) in monocytes with increased MMP-9 (zymography), interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha secretion (according to ELISA) by monocytes...
  73. doi Mechanism of TNF-α-induced migration and hepatocyte growth factor production in human mesenchymal stem cells
    Aibin Zhang
    Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310003, China
    J Cell Biochem 111:469-75. 2010
    ..b>Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) plays a central role in induction of proinflammatory signaling and paradoxically activates ..
  74. ncbi Tumour necrosis factor-alpha single nucleotide polymorphisms are not independent of HLA class I in UK Caucasians with adult onset idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
    H Chinoy
    The University of Manchester, Rheumatic Diseases Centre, Hope Hospital, Salford, M6 8HD
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:1411-6. 2007
    ..To investigate haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) gene, in UK Caucasian idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) patients...
  75. ncbi Genetic polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor-alpha modify the association between dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and fasting HDL-cholesterol and apo A-I concentrations
    Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson
    Department of Nutritional Sciences and Nutrition, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:768-74. 2007
    ..b>Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a proinflammatory cytokine that can induce hyperlipidemia and is known to be ..
  76. pmc Associations between tumor necrosis factor-α polymorphisms and risk of psoriasis: a meta-analysis
    Le Zhuang
    Department of Dermatology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, China
    PLoS ONE 8:e68827. 2013
    b>Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) may play an important role in the recalcitrant inflammatory and hyperproliferative dermatosis of psoriasis, and there may be a relationship between TNF-α polymorphisms and psoriasis risk.
  77. ncbi Protein kinase D specifically mediates apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1-JNK signaling induced by H2O2 but not tumor necrosis factor
    Wei Zhang
    Interdepartmental Program in Vascular Biology and Transplantation, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
    J Biol Chem 280:19036-44. 2005
    Although both tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and H2O2 induce activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) kinase cascades, it is not known whether they utilize distinct intracellular signaling pathways...
  78. ncbi Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK-1/ERK) inhibitors sensitize reduced glucocorticoid response mediated by TNFalpha in human epidermal keratinocytes (HaCaT)
    Kenji Onda
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, 1432 1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192 0392, Japan
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 351:266-72. 2006
    ..Here, we report that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha reduces GC-induced transactivation of endogenous genes as well as a reporter plasmid which ..
  79. pmc Increased skeletal muscle tumor necrosis factor-alpha and impaired insulin signaling persist in obese women with gestational diabetes mellitus 1 year postpartum
    Jacob E Friedman
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Denver, P O Box 6511, MS 8106, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Diabetes 57:606-13. 2008
    ..However, the cellular mechanisms underlying this insulin resistance are unknown...
  80. doi Increased serum levels of inflammatory markers in chronic institutionalized patients with schizophrenia
    Fernanda Matos Coelho
    Group of Neuroimmunology, Laboratory of Immunopharmacology, Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    Neuroimmunomodulation 15:140-4. 2008
    ..However, associations between the levels of cytokines and the severity of symptoms have not been completely established...
  81. doi HIV-1 Tat addresses dendritic cells to induce a predominant Th1-type adaptive immune response that appears prevalent in the asymptomatic stage of infection
    Emanuele Fanales-Belasio
    National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Immunol 182:2888-97. 2009
  82. doi Genetic variability in the severity and outcome of community-acquired pneumonia
    Jordi Sole-Violan
    Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr Negrin, Barranco de la Ballena s n, 35020 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    Respir Med 104:440-7. 2010
    ..Several studies have investigated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in candidate genes associated with susceptibility, severity or outcome in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) with conflicting results...
  83. doi Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, transforming growth factor-β1, and interleukin-10 gene polymorphisms: implication in protection or susceptibility to dengue hemorrhagic fever
    Ana B Perez
    PAHO WHO Collaborating Center for the Study of Dengue and its Vector, Institute for Tropical Medicine Pedro Kouri, Havana, Cuba
    Hum Immunol 71:1135-40. 2010
    ..Human leukocyte antigen (HLA), FcγR, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and dendritic cell-specific intracellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN), ..
  84. doi Tumor necrosis factor-α levels correlate with postoperative pain severity in lumbar disc hernia patients: opposite clinical effects between tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 and 2
    Pablo Andrade
    Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pain 152:2645-52. 2011
    ..In this context, we investigated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1), and TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2) expression at the time of surgery in LDH ..
  85. pmc Natural killer cell-produced IFN-γ and TNF-α induce target cell cytolysis through up-regulation of ICAM-1
    Ruipeng Wang
    Laboratory of Immunogenetics, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    J Leukoc Biol 91:299-309. 2012
    ..Their preferential induction in the lysis of insensitive NK target cells suggests that IFN-γ and TNF-α are functionally linked to and should be regarded as an integral part of NK cytolytic function...
  86. pmc Measurement of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, Fas ligand, interleukin-1α, and interleukin-1β in the aqueous humor of patients with open angle glaucoma using multiplex bead analysis
    Andreas Borkenstein
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Graz, Austria
    Mol Vis 19:2306-11. 2013
    Various cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), Fas ligand (FasL), interleukin-1α (IL-1α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), contribute to the pathogenesis of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG)...
  87. ncbi Critical role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and NF-kappa B in interferon-gamma -induced CD40 expression in microglia/macrophages
    Vince T Nguyen
    Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    J Biol Chem 277:13796-803. 2002
    CD40 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily. CD40 expression on antigen-presenting cells (including macrophages and microglia) is crucial for T-cell activation...
  88. pmc HIV-1 coinfection and morphine coexposure severely dysregulate hepatitis C virus-induced hepatic proinflammatory cytokine release and free radical production: increased pathogenesis coincides with uncoordinated host defenses
    Nazira El-Hage
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, 1217 East Marshall Street, Richmond, VA 23298 0613, USA
    J Virol 85:11601-14. 2011
    ..5.1 cell populations. HCV increased tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) release and augmented production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), ..
  89. ncbi Production of TNF-α and IL-1β by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in carriers of different allele variants of the gene
    A N Silkov
    Institute of Clinical Immunology, Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia
    Bull Exp Biol Med 153:68-71. 2012
  90. pmc Differential regulation of microRNA-146a and microRNA-146b-5p in human retinal pigment epithelial cells by interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interferon-γ
    R Krishnan Kutty
    Laboratory of Retinal Cell and Molecular Biology, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Mol Vis 19:737-50. 2013
    ..The aim of the present study is to investigate the expression of miR-146a and miR-146b-5p in human RPE cells and their response to proinflammatory cytokines...
  91. ncbi Polymorphisms in the interleukin-10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and transforming growth factor-beta1 genes in chronic hepatitis C patients treated with interferon and ribavirin
    Pedro G Vidigal
    Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Internal Medicine Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA
    J Hepatol 36:271-7. 2002
    ..we determined the frequency of the genotypes associated with polymorphisms of the interleukin-10 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene promoters, and transforming growth factor-beta 1 gene leader sequence, and investigated their ..
  92. pmc Tumor necrosis factor-alpha induces fractalkine expression preferentially in arterial endothelial cells and mithramycin A suppresses TNF-alpha-induced fractalkine expression
    So Young Ahn
    Biomedical Research Center and Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
    Am J Pathol 164:1663-72. 2004
    Fractalkine is an unusual tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced chemokine. The molecule is tethered to cells that express it and produces strong and direct adhesion to leukocytes expressing fractalkine receptor...
  93. ncbi The role of cytokine gene polymorphisms in colorectal cancer and their interaction with aspirin use in the northeast of Scotland
    Mairi Macarthur
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:1613-8. 2005
    ..These results suggest that host genetics may play a role in predicting response to chemopreventive strategies. Confirmation of these findings in other populations is required...
  94. pmc Relation between common polymorphisms in genes related to inflammatory response and colorectal cancer
    George Theodoropoulos
    1st Propaideutic Surgical Department, Hippocration University Hospital, University of Athens, Greece
    World J Gastroenterol 12:5037-43. 2006
    ..polymorphisms (SNPs) in inflammatory response-related genes such as interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), intercellular adhesion ..
  95. ncbi Release of TNF-alpha during stent implantation into saphenous vein aortocoronary bypass grafts and its relation to plaque extrusion and restenosis
    Dirk Bose
    Department of Cardiology, University of Essen Medical School, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45147 Essen, Germany
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 292:H2295-9. 2007
    ..71, P = 0.001). The periprocedural release of plaque-derived TNF-alpha possibly represents the amount and activity of the atherosclerotic process and might be a predictor for restenosis...
  96. ncbi Tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene and cerebral aneurysms
    Marco Fontanella
    Department of Neuroscience, Division of Neurosurgery, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
    Neurosurgery 60:668-72; discussion 672-3. 2007
    ..Recent studies have suggested that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), one of the main proinflammatory cytokines, may play a key role in the formation and ..
  97. ncbi How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease
    Ian A Clark
    School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Cytokine Growth Factor Rev 18:335-43. 2007
    ..This connection was made following the original 1975 TNF (tumor necrosis factor) publication from New York describing how activated macrophages kill tumors...
  98. ncbi Interleukin-10 inhibits the down-regulation of ATP binding cassette transporter A1 by tumour necrosis factor-alpha in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells
    Chun li Mei
    Department of Cardiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1277 Jie Fang Avenue, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430022, China
    Cell Biol Int 31:1456-61. 2007
  99. doi Tumor necrosis factor-alpha upregulates 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 expression by CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-beta in HepG2 cells
    Irena D Ignatova
    Depts of Nephrology and Hypertension and Clinical Research, Freiburgstrasse 15, Univ Hospital, Berne, CH 3010 Berne, Switzerland
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 296:E367-77. 2009
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first study showing involvement of p38 MAPK in the TNF-alpha-mediated 11beta-HSD1 regulation, and that TNF-alpha stimulates enzyme activity in vivo...
  100. ncbi Possible involvements of nuclear factor-kappa B and activator protein-1 in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-12 in human alveolar epithelial A549 cell line
    Yingyan Yu
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Hoshi University, Japan
    J Pharmacol Sci 112:83-8. 2010
    ..b>Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is known to cause an upregulation of MMP-12 via an activation of activator protein-1 (AP-..
  101. ncbi Association of 22 cytokine gene polymorphisms with tuberculosis in Macedonians
    Dejan Trajkov
    Institute of Immunobiology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University St Kiril and Metodij, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
    Indian J Tuberc 56:117-31. 2009
    ..To examine the possible role of 22 cytokine gene polymorphisms in host susceptibility to or protection against tuberculosis (TB) in Macedonians...

Research Grants109 found, 100 shown here

  1. Pathogenesis and Therapy of HIV-Related Neuropathic Pain
    Shuanglin Hao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..through the CXCR4 receptor can: 1) stimulate Schwann cells to release RANTES and then induce release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF1) from dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron;and 2) activate glia to release TNF1...
  2. Obesity, Inflammation and Response to Therapy in Asthma
    EVERETT RAND SUTHERLAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..asthmatics to demonstrate systemic inflammation, resulting in increased expression of interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) and other proinflammatory cytokines and leading to GC insensitivity...
  3. Optoid Analgesics: Modulation of Trigeminal & Spinal Glial Activation
    Linda Watkins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and microglia) oppose the analgesic effects of morphine, through the release of proinflammatory cytokines: tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-1 (IL1) &interleukin-6 (IL6)...
  4. Pathogenic Mechanisms of Shiga Toxins
    Vernon L Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Prior studies have shown that the cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) sensitize vascular endothelial cells to the cytotoxic action of Stxs ..
  5. Innate Immune Bacterial Recognition and Osteoclastogenesis
    Caroline A Genco; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..contribute to the acceleration of bone resorption by the production of proinflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and receptor activator of nuclear factor B ligand (RANKL) (54,94,104)...
    John M Kyriakis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..GCK is also required for these PAMPs to stimulate, in macrophages, stabilization of the mRNA for tumor necrosis factor (TNF), the release of TNF, and the induction of a large number of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines, ..
    Fabio Cominelli; Fiscal Year: 2009
    There is increasing evidence that cytokines, in general, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF), in particular, may play a key role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD), one of the known idiopathic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)s...
  8. Cytoprotective cytokine signaling and reperfusion injury
    DOUGLAS LOWELL MANN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Studies from this laboratory have shown that the cytoprotective effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) are conveyed by both the type 1 (TNFR1) and type 2 (TNFR2) TNF receptors...
  9. IL-1?? as a mediator of maternal infection-induced effects on offspring neuroinfl
    Heping Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a major component of Gram-negative bacteria cell wall, attenuated the mRNA expression of cytokines, namely tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-???? interleukin (IL)-1??, and IL-6, and chemokines, namely macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1??..
  10. Role of Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein (MCP)-1 in Liver Regeneration
    KRISTEN ANDREA MITCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such soluble mediators include tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-??and interleukin (IL)-6, which are produced by Kupffer cells, and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), ..
  11. HIV-1 regulation by MTb: pathogen and host factor
    Anne Goldfeld; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These signals mediate the induction of proinflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and IL-6...
  12. Macrophages and TLR4 in Ischemic Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
    JOHN ROBERT HARTONO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..applicant): Macrophages play a role in acute renal failure by releasing proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IL-1, IL-6 which are downstream of the TLR (Toll-like receptor) 4 pathway...
  13. Intrinsic Repair of the Knee Meniscus
    Farshid Guilak; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..synthesis;(3) determine the interaction of mechanical stress with interleukin 1, interleukin 17, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, and (4) determine the interaction between the NO and ..
  14. Targeting host response to DAMP for therapy of Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Dexing Fang; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..confirm the therapeutic effect of CD24Fc and compare CD24Fc with Enbrel, the clinically used soluble receptor for TNFa. In addition, we will establish an in vitro model to demonstrate the mode of action of the CD24Fc, as detailed in ..
  15. PARP-1 in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis-associated IL-10 Promoter Polymorphisms
    Jianguo Liu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..production of proinflammatory cytokines and suppresses the effects of proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a)...
  16. Can Lifestyle Modify Fatigue in Breast Cancer Survivors?
    Wendy Y Chen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..survivors with fatigue have higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-1), and circulating T lymphocytes compared with survivors without fatigue...
  17. Negative regulation of NF-kB and inflammation by TAX1BP1
    Edward W Harhaj; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..NF-kB activation by proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) or interleukin-1 (IL-1), and bacterial products such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is normally ..
  18. Adenosine Receptors and Atherogenesis
    Katya Ravid; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Augmentation of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-[unreadable] (TNF-[unreadable]), is the underlying mechanism for an observed upregulation of leukocyte ..
  19. Stage-specific Impact of TNF-alpha Receptor Signaling in Alzheimer's Disease
    SARA LYNN MONTGOMERY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We have previously shown that the potent pro-inflammatory molecule, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), is up-regulated in 3xTg-AD mice at ages preceding the development of hallmark amyloid ..
  20. Immunopathogenesis in Histoplasmosis
    George S Deepe; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..infection with Hc in mice induces apoptosis of CD45+ lung leukocytes;apoptosis is controlled largely by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-1 and Fas-Fas ligand interaction...
  21. Tc-99m-Labled Cytokine Ligands and SPECT Inflammation Imaging of Ischemic Hearts
    Zhonglin Liu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..b>Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-1), Interleukin-1 (IL-12), and Interleukin-18 (IL-18) are the most potent proinflammatory cytokines ..
  22. Mechanisms of Pulmonary Mast Cell Recruitment and Maturation
    ..MCp in the allergen-challenged lung that depends on CD4+ cells and the cytokines interleukin (IL)-9 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) although not on Th1 or Th2 cells...
  23. 3D Culture of Adipose Tissue for Screening Obesity-related Drugs
    Kacey G Marra; Fiscal Year: 2012 MCP-1 (monocyte chemotactic protein-1, which can recruit macrophages to adipose tissue), TNF-1 (tumor necrosis factor-1, a pro-inflammatory mediator secreted by macrophages), and IL-8 (interleukin-8, a pro-inflammatory ..
  24. Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease with Ceramidase Inhibitors
    Lynn W Maines; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..key mediators of inflammation, and are known to mediate the effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF?) that are of central importance in IBD...
  25. Robert T Means; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..II acute phase protein, the expression of which is induced by interleukin (IL)-6, and down-regulated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)...
  26. Mark S Nanes; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..We previously showed that tumor necrosis factor-1 (TNF), a major inflammatory mediator in arthritis, potently inhibits OB differentiation, suggesting that ..
  27. DOUGLAS LOWELL MANN; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..We have previously shown that the cytoprotective effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) are conveyed by both the type 1 (TNFR1) and type 2 (TNFR2) TNF receptors...
  28. Steven D Crowley; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..the kidney coupled with enhanced renal expression of the M1 effector cytokines Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a)...
  29. Calcium Regulation in Airway Smooth Muscle
    Gary C Sieck; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..inflammation is a key aspect of airways disease, and exposure to several inflammatory mediators (such as tumor necrosis factor (TNFa) and interleukin-13 (IL-13)) increase ASM contractility...
  30. Astar Winoto; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..The Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor (TNF-R) family of death receptors can trigger apoptosis but also an alternative form of death ..
  31. Andrew H Miller; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..have been associated with IFN-alpha-induced increases in peripheral blood and/or CSF concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 and their soluble receptors as well as chemokines such as monocyte chemoattractant ..
  32. Histone deacetylase 7 and its interacting proteins in endothelial cells
    Hung Ying Kao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Endothelial cells reprogram their transcriptional network in response to cytokine stimulation such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF1), interleukin (IL), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or interferons (IFNs)...
  33. Cranial Stimulation for Chemotherapy Symptoms in Breast Cancer
    Deborah B McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exploratory aims are to (1) explore the relationships among selected markers of inflammation (tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-1], interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-IL1-2 [IL1-2], and C-reactive protein [CRP]), symptoms and ..
  34. Howard C Crawford; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..In Aim 3, we will use pharmacological inhibition of ADAM17 released cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) and interleukin 6 receptor (IL6R) to test for their influence on the etiology of pancreatic ..
  35. Suppression of vascular endothelial cell inflammation
    Xiao Feng Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..endothelial cells (ECs) are targets of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1b (IL-1b) and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a)...
  36. Ted A Bateman; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..from bone-marrow's early inflammatory response to radiation damage) of osteoclasts via the cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFa) and interleukin-1 (IL-1)...
  37. Yajaira Suarez; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Cytokines, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mediate this activation and play fundamental roles in the control of angiogenic and inflammatory ..
  38. Andrew P Lane; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..b>Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-1) is a prominent cytokine in CRS that also has diverse effects on neurons...
  39. Structural and functional studies of the IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex
    Hao Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013 response to ligation of many receptors including T-cell receptors, B-cell receptors, members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily and the Toll-like receptor/interleukin-1 receptor (TLR/IL-1R) superfamily...
  40. Cun Yu Wang; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Multiple pro-inflammatory molecules, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleulin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, IL-8, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), ..
  41. VALENTIN ATANASSOV PAVLOV; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..role of cholinergic activation in the brain in reducing systemic levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and high mobility group box1 (HMGB1) and improving survival during lethal inflammation...
  42. Andrew H Miller; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody that targets the inflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, which has been shown to be reliably elevated in patients with major depression...
  43. Lionel B Ivashkiv; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..arthritis (RA) is well established and has been validated by successful therapeutic targeting of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)...
  44. Dichotomous Roles of Thrombin in Acetaminophen Hepatotoxicity
    ROBERT ANDREW ROTH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Generation of nitric oxide and of cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin 1-beta are associated with early progression of APAP hepatotoxicity, and PAR-1 ..
  45. GPCR Kinase-2 in TNFalpha Signaling in Macrophages
    Narayanan Parameswaran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Preliminary data demonstrates that tumor necrosis factor- (TNF)-induced NFB signaling, and the consequent inflammatory mediator expression and survival of ..
  46. Joel A Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Activation of macrophages by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cytokines such as interferon-? (IFN?) and tumor necrosis factor-[unreadable] (TNF[unreadable]) increases their microbicidal activities but also increases damage to ..
  47. Salah Uddin Ahmed; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..IL-6 levels are several-fold higher than those of IL-1[unreadable] or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-[unreadable] in the serum and joints of adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats, and EGCG ameliorated ..
  48. Cyclic AMP, Cytokine Modulation and Alcoholic Liver Disease
    Craig J McClain; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Abnormal cytokine metabolism is a major feature of ALD. Elevated serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and TNF-inducible proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines, such as IL-8 and IL-18 have been reported in ..
  49. Debra E Lyon; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..disturbances;pain), inflammatory activation [(levels of C- reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1B), and interleukin 6 (IL- 6)], and epigenetic alterations in 75 women ..
  50. Ajit K Verma; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) via increased expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF1) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) which may directly promote the proliferation ..
  51. Steven D Crowley; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..into the kidney, and enhanced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interferon-g (IFN-g) and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a)...
  52. LAURA MARIE TONKS RAFFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..Our initial focus will be on the C1q and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily of genes...
  53. The involvement of IL-12 and IL-27 in immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    CORY MICHAEL ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The first aim utilizes molecular approaches to identify important cytokines and test the hypothesis that tumor necrosis factor and IFN-D are indispensable to this mechanism...
  54. Zhongcong Xie; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Neuroinflammation includes microglia activation and increases in pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-[unreadable], interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1[unreadable] in the brain...
  55. Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction as an Adjunctive Treatment for Psoriasis
    Jan A Moynihan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of many of the proinflammatory cytokines involved in psoriasis, including interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-1...
    ..In Aim 2 we will assess the ability of treatments that inhibit the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-[unreadable] (TNF-[unreadable]), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) to prevent structural ..
  57. ANDREA G NACKLEY NEELY; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..We show that COMT inhibition results in increased expression of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF1), interleukin-12 (IL-12), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as nitric oxide (NO), and that this ..
  58. Craig J McClain; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Both agents have anti-inflammatory activities and downregulate proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)...
  59. Mark R Opp; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..adults is fragmented, and sleep disruption is associated with increased production of cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)...
  60. The Role of Decidual Innate Immunity in the Pathogenesis of Preeclampsia
    Se Te Joseph Huang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In leukocyte-free first trimester decidual cells, we found that the pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-1) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-12), profoundly enhanced expression of macrophage-colony stimulating ..
  61. Tomoki Hashimoto; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..cell population in KitW-sh/W-sh mice by bone marrow-derived mast cells from mice lacking interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, or interferon-gamma...
  62. Progranulin Intervention in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
    Chuanju Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Among these cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has received the greatest attention because of its position at the apex of the inflammatory and ..
  63. Genes and Hormonal Fetal Antecedents to Sex Differencs in the Brain in Depression
    Jill M Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and bioactive androgens);and high levels of pro- inflammatory cytokines (interleukine (IL)-1p, IL-6 &tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a) during mid-gestation...
  64. Frank B Hu; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..axis (leptin, soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R), insulin, adiponectin, retinol binding protein 4 [RBP4], tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 [TNF-R2], and interleukin 6 [IL-6]) among 1,000 healthy NHS II participants who provided ..
  65. Genetic Regulation of Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase and Psychiatric Complications o
    Gregory F Oxenkrug; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..IDO activity and production of IFN-gamma (IFNG) (the strongest transcriptional inducer of IDO), and of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) that amplifies IFNG-induced IDO expression...
  66. M Kerry O'Banion; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..AD-related pathogenesis, we further hypothesize that antagonism of a key inflammatory regulator, namely tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a, will lessen exposure-related pathology...
  67. Interactions among Depressive Symptoms and Genetic Influences on Cardiac Outcomes
    Lorraine Q Frazier; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Inflammatory proteins and genes include: Interleukin (IL) 6, C-reactive protein (CRP), Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha (TNFa), E-Selectin (SELE) and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1)...
  68. Phase III infliximab for primary treatment of Kawasaki disease IND 11046 6/27/200
    Jane C Burns; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor a (TNFa) are elevated during acute KD and levels are highest in children in whom coronary artery aneurysms ..
  69. Stephen P Peters; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..trial in adults designed to test the hypothesis that severe asthmatics with specific genetic variants in tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor genes respond better to anti-TNF than patients without these variants...
  70. Ashraf Gorgey; Fiscal Year: 2016 fatty acids, serum total and free testosterone and IGF-1), and cytokines (c-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor alpha and IL-6 as inflammatory biomarkers) after 16 weeks of training+Tp and detraining...
  71. Control of Drug Delivery to the CNS: Modulating P-glycoprotein Activity
    William A Banks; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..P-gp at the brain endothelial cell is inhibited by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF)...
  72. C Yan Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Recent studies have shown that cytokines (e.g., tumor necrosis factor ?, TNF?, and transforming growth factor-?2/-3, TGF-?2 or -?3) have a disruptive effect on BTB integrity, ..
  73. JULIE MARIE VOSE; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble Interleukin-2 receptor (slL2r), lnterleukein-12 (ILI 2), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) in the post transplant period and correlate the results with the event-free survival (EFS) and ..
  74. DAVID ANTONETTI; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..of growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)...
  75. Opioidergic System: Its Role(s) in Glaucoma
    Shahid Husain; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..development of neuroprotection induced by ischemic preconditioning;and 3) Morphine inhibits production of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and MMP-2 from both the ocular hypertension and acute ischemia rat models...
  76. Preeclampsia, IUGR and Hypertension: Targets for Treatment
    Joey P Granger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placental growth factor (PlGF);inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF [unreadable]);and reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
  77. John J Krolewski; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..a novel magnetic resonance imaging (CHESS-MRI) protocol to quantitate prostate regression and found that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling is required, but not sufficient, for AWIA...
  78. Joseph M Zmuda; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..bone loss with age;4) determine if higher concentrations of pro-inflammatory biomarkers, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha and c-reactive protein, are each associated with accelerated loss of trabecular and cortical bone;and 5)..
  79. Effect of Antiviral CNS Penetration on CSF/Blood Cytokines and Depression in HIV
    Glenn J Treisman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that increased CPE will decrease CSF and blood cytokines (Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Interleukins-1, 6, and 12 and monocyte chemo attractant protein-1), thereby improving depression...
  80. Dietary Inflammatory Index and Risk of Cancer in Women
    FRED KINYUY TABUNG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of systemic inflammation: high-sensitivity C- reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha receptor 2 (TNF[unreadable]- 2) at baseline...
  81. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  82. Ellen A Lipstein; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..The research she proposes here uses the decision to initiate treatment with tumor necrosis factor-[unreadable] inhibitors (TNF[unreadable]i) as a model of complex pediatric treatment decisions...
  83. Mark J Czaja; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Studies have focused on how toxic injury alters hepatocyte responses to tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) which are two central mediators of liver injury...
  84. LINDSAY T MARJORAM; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..A central driver of the inflammatory response is tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a pro-inflammatory cytokine...
  85. Chandrasekhar Yallampalli; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..b>Tumor necrosis factor- [unreadable] (TNF) caused differential and selective decreases in RAMPs or CRLR in VSM and endothelial ..
  86. JOAN MARIE BATHON; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..The use of biologic agents that antagonize tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has resulted in decreased morbidity as well as clinically meaningful improvement in quality of life...
  87. Xiaogang Li; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..applicant): The objective of this proposal is to continue our studies on understanding the mechanisms of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF??) signaling in cystogenesis...
  88. Thomas Y Ma; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..b>Tumor necrosis factor-[unreadable] (TNF-[unreadable]), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, has been shown to play a central role in the ..
  89. Suzanne Gaudet; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..b>Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF), a regulator of inflammation, is a particularly interesting model system for signal transduction ..
  90. Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..years, considerable progress has been made in the therapy of CD and UC with monoclonal antibodies against tumor necrosis factor [unreadable] (anti-TNF) representing the most significant therapeutic breakthrough...
  91. Yong Shen; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor and its mediated signal transduction pathway is one potential target area, like TNF type II receptor (..
  92. Creating a 3D dynamic in vitro model of the tumor microenvironment to characteriz
    LUIS FERNANDO ALONZO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Of particular interest is TAM-derived tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-), which is believed to cause the downregulation of cell adhesion molecules (e.g...
  93. Opioid Impact on Trim37-Induced Restriction of HIV
    LAUREN BRITTANY BEACH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Notably, NF-KB is one of the major human transcription factors that transcribes HIV-1;tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and LPS both stimulate NF-KB's binding to DNA...
  94. Victoria M Pak; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..We hypothesize that a different frequency of polymorphisms in genes such as NOX-2, NOX p22phox, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?), and PDE4D, will modify the degree of sleepiness symptoms in individuals with similar ..
  95. John H Kempen; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Primary findings included: 1) a suggestion of substantially increased overall and cancer mortality with Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) inhibitor therapy;2) no increased risk of overall and cancer mortality with antimetabolite, T-cell ..
  96. A first-in-class orally active anti-TNF-alpha inhibitor to treat AD
    Marni E Harris-White; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this proposal is to develop tumor necrosis factor [unreadable] (TNF[unreadable])-inhibiting compounds as neuroprotectant drugs for treating Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
  97. Kaladhar B Reddy; Fiscal Year: 2014
  98. COREY SIEGEL; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Recent studies have taught us that earlier, more intensive therapy with immunomodulator and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) medications soon after diagnosis and before complications occur lead to better patient outcomes...
  99. Structural &Functional Studies of TLR/IL-1R Signaling
    Hao Wu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In the extrinsic cell death pathway, death receptors (members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily) such as Fas (also known as CD95 or APO-1) assemble into an oligomeric death ..
  100. Andre Levchenko; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..forward a detailed plan of a more realistic integrative analysis of signaling in response to a chemokine, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)...
    Paul Terranova; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The objective of this application is to delineate the mechanisms by which tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) and in receptor system inhibit gonadotropin-stimulated ovarian granulosa cell estradiol secretion using a mouse model...