CONSTANS

Summary

Gene Symbol: CONSTANS
Description: B-box type zinc finger protein with CCT domain-containing protein
Alias: B-box domain protein 1, BBX1, CONSTANS, F14F8.220, F14F8_220
Species: thale cress

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The CONSTANS gene of Arabidopsis promotes flowering and encodes a protein showing similarities to zinc finger transcription factors
    J Putterill
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, England
    Cell 80:847-57. 1995
  2. pmc CONSTANS and the CCAAT box binding complex share a functionally important domain and interact to regulate flowering of Arabidopsis
    Stephan Wenkel
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:2971-84. 2006
  3. pmc DAY NEUTRAL FLOWERING represses CONSTANS to prevent Arabidopsis flowering early in short days
    Karl Morris
    Warwick HRI, Warwick University, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 22:1118-28. 2010
  4. doi The flowering time regulator CONSTANS is recruited to the FLOWERING LOCUS T promoter via a unique cis-element
    Shiv B Tiwari
    Mendel Biotechnology Inc, 3935 Point Eden Way, Hayward, CA 94545, USA
    New Phytol 187:57-66. 2010
  5. pmc FLOWERING BHLH transcriptional activators control expression of the photoperiodic flowering regulator CONSTANS in Arabidopsis
    Shogo Ito
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 1800, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:3582-7. 2012
  6. pmc FKF1 conveys timing information for CONSTANS stabilization in photoperiodic flowering
    Young Hun Song
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 336:1045-9. 2012
  7. pmc COP1-mediated ubiquitination of CONSTANS is implicated in cryptochrome regulation of flowering in Arabidopsis
    Li Jun Liu
    National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
    Plant Cell 20:292-306. 2008
  8. ncbi RFI2, a RING-domain zinc finger protein, negatively regulates CONSTANS expression and photoperiodic flowering
    Mingjie Chen
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, 55108, USA
    Plant J 46:823-33. 2006
  9. pmc Distinct roles of GIGANTEA in promoting flowering and regulating circadian rhythms in Arabidopsis
    Tsuyoshi Mizoguchi
    Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Plant Cell 17:2255-70. 2005
  10. ncbi CONSTANS mediates between the circadian clock and the control of flowering in Arabidopsis
    P Suárez-López
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Nature 410:1116-20. 2001

Patents

  1. GENETIC CONTROL OF FLOWERING

Scientific Experts

  • Mariko Sawa
  • M Koornneef
  • Young Hun Song
  • Takato Imaizumi
  • George Coupland
  • Ana Lazaro
  • Stephan Wenkel
  • Seonghoe Jang
  • Jose A Jarillo
  • Federico Valverde
  • Sang Yeol Lee
  • Fabio Fornara
  • Kishore C S Panigrahi
  • Shogo Ito
  • Feng Xu
  • Moritz Graeff
  • Min Young Kang
  • Bailong Zhang
  • Khoa Thi Nguyen
  • Liron Sarid-Krebs
  • Ulises Rosas
  • Zhongyuan Bu
  • Chang Quan Wang
  • Xingliang Hou
  • Yin Liu
  • Tsuyoshi Mizoguchi
  • Ilha Lee
  • Manuel Piñeiro
  • Soon Kap Kim
  • Motomu Endo
  • Eigo Ando
  • Hong Li Lian
  • Jae Hoon Jung
  • Hong Quan Yang
  • Sabrina Iñigo
  • Pablo D Cerdán
  • Jong Chan Hong
  • Karl Morris
  • Barbara Strasser
  • Shiv B Tiwari
  • Jeong Hwan Lee
  • C Robertson McClung
  • Cristina Castillejo
  • Amanda C Wollenberg
  • Sang Yeol Kim
  • Li Jun Liu
  • Lionel Gissot
  • Xiaojun Kang
  • Virginie Marchal
  • P Sjödin
  • Norihito Nakamichi
  • Min Ni
  • José Le Gourrierec
  • Mingjie Chen
  • Sascha Laubinger
  • Woe Yeon Kim
  • Seung Kwan Yoo
  • Yosuke Fukamatsu
  • Brian G Ayre
  • Tong Seung Tseng
  • Peng Bo Xu
  • Vandasue Rodrigues
  • Sha sha DU
  • Ulla Dolde
  • Tenai Eguen
  • Ting Li
  • Ling Li
  • Daniel Straub
  • Ronny Brandt
  • Liping Zeng
  • Jeongmoo Park
  • Nam Chon Paek
  • Yoo Sun Noh
  • Jung Nam Cho
  • Yasuyuki Takahashi
  • Byoung Doo Lee
  • Vicky Tilmes
  • Hye Young Kwon
  • Soo Cheul Yoo
  • Chao Zhang
  • Liang Wang
  • Giltsu Choi
  • Ryosuke Hayama
  • Hong Ma
  • Eunae Park
  • Alfonso Mouriz
  • Yanchao Liu
  • Jonathan M Flowers
  • Yu Mei
  • Jiannan Zhou

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. ncbi The CONSTANS gene of Arabidopsis promotes flowering and encodes a protein showing similarities to zinc finger transcription factors
    J Putterill
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, England
    Cell 80:847-57. 1995
    ..The onset of flowering is promoted by long photoperiods, but the constans (co) mutant flowers later than wild type under these conditions...
  2. pmc CONSTANS and the CCAAT box binding complex share a functionally important domain and interact to regulate flowering of Arabidopsis
    Stephan Wenkel
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:2971-84. 2006
    The CCT (for CONSTANS, CONSTANS-LIKE, TOC1) domain is found in 45 Arabidopsis thaliana proteins involved in processes such as photoperiodic flowering, light signaling, and regulation of circadian rhythms...
  3. pmc DAY NEUTRAL FLOWERING represses CONSTANS to prevent Arabidopsis flowering early in short days
    Karl Morris
    Warwick HRI, Warwick University, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 22:1118-28. 2010
    The photoperiodic response in Arabidopsis thaliana requires the precise regulation of CONSTANS (CO) expression in relation to the light period during the day...
  4. doi The flowering time regulator CONSTANS is recruited to the FLOWERING LOCUS T promoter via a unique cis-element
    Shiv B Tiwari
    Mendel Biotechnology Inc, 3935 Point Eden Way, Hayward, CA 94545, USA
    New Phytol 187:57-66. 2010
    b>CONSTANS is an evolutionarily-conserved central component of the genetic pathway that controls the onset of flowering in response to daylength...
  5. pmc FLOWERING BHLH transcriptional activators control expression of the photoperiodic flowering regulator CONSTANS in Arabidopsis
    Shogo Ito
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 1800, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:3582-7. 2012
    ..In Arabidopsis thaliana, transcriptional regulation of the CONSTANS (CO) gene and posttranslational regulation of CO protein are crucial mechanisms for proper day-length measurement ..
  6. pmc FKF1 conveys timing information for CONSTANS stabilization in photoperiodic flowering
    Young Hun Song
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 336:1045-9. 2012
    ..In Arabidopsis, the long day-specific expression of CONSTANS (CO) protein is crucial for flowering induction...
  7. pmc COP1-mediated ubiquitination of CONSTANS is implicated in cryptochrome regulation of flowering in Arabidopsis
    Li Jun Liu
    National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
    Plant Cell 20:292-306. 2008
    ..Under LDs, the transcription of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is activated by CONSTANS (CO) in leaf, and the FT protein moves to the shoot apex to induce flowering...
  8. ncbi RFI2, a RING-domain zinc finger protein, negatively regulates CONSTANS expression and photoperiodic flowering
    Mingjie Chen
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, 55108, USA
    Plant J 46:823-33. 2006
    ..The interactions and subsequent signalling steps upstream of the flowering genes such as CONSTANS (CO) and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) remain largely unknown...
  9. pmc Distinct roles of GIGANTEA in promoting flowering and regulating circadian rhythms in Arabidopsis
    Tsuyoshi Mizoguchi
    Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Plant Cell 17:2255-70. 2005
    ..In Arabidopsis thaliana, a circadian clock-controlled flowering pathway comprising the genes GIGANTEA (GI), CONSTANS (CO), and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) promotes flowering specifically under long days...
  10. ncbi CONSTANS mediates between the circadian clock and the control of flowering in Arabidopsis
    P Suárez-López
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Nature 410:1116-20. 2001
    ..Here we show that expression of CONSTANS (CO), a gene that accelerates flowering in response to long days, is modulated by the circadian clock and day ..
  11. ncbi FKF1 F-box protein mediates cyclic degradation of a repressor of CONSTANS in Arabidopsis
    Takato Imaizumi
    Department of Cell Biology, Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Science 309:293-7. 2005
    The temporal control of CONSTANS (CO) expression and activity is a key mechanism in photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis...
  12. ncbi Arabidopsis SPA proteins regulate photoperiodic flowering and interact with the floral inducer CONSTANS to regulate its stability
    Sascha Laubinger
    Department of Plant Developmental and Molecular Biology, Geb 26 03 02, University of Dusseldorf, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    Development 133:3213-22. 2006
    ..Taken together, our results suggest, that SPA proteins regulate photoperiodic flowering by controlling the stability of the floral inducer CO...
  13. doi Arabidopsis DOF transcription factors act redundantly to reduce CONSTANS expression and are essential for a photoperiodic flowering response
    Fabio Fornara
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, Cologne, Germany
    Dev Cell 17:75-86. 2009
    Flowering of Arabidopsis is induced by long summer days (LDs). The transcriptional regulator CONSTANS (CO) promotes flowering, and its transcription is increased under LDs...
  14. doi The Arabidopsis RING Domain Protein BOI Inhibits Flowering via CO-dependent and CO-independent Mechanisms
    Khoa Thi Nguyen
    Department of Biological Sciences, KAIST, Daejeon 305 701, Korea
    Mol Plant 8:1725-36. 2015
    ..BOIs repress the expression of FT by CONSTANS (CO)-dependent and -independent mechanisms: in the CO-dependent mechanism, BOIs bind to CO, inhibit the targeting ..
  15. doi DELLA proteins physically interact with CONSTANS to regulate flowering under long days in Arabidopsis
    Feng Xu
    Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture South Ministry of Agriculture and School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, China
    FEBS Lett 590:541-9. 2016
    ..Here, we show through biochemical studies that DELLA proteins physically interact with CONSTANS (CO). Furthermore, the interaction of CO with NF-YB2 is inhibited by the DELLA protein, RGA...
  16. pmc Red Light-Mediated Degradation of CONSTANS by the E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HOS1 Regulates Photoperiodic Flowering in Arabidopsis
    Ana Lazaro
    Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, INIA UPM, Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria, 28223 Madrid, Spain
    Plant Cell 27:2437-54. 2015
    The regulation of CONSTANS (CO) gene expression is crucial to accurately measure changes in daylength, which influences flowering time in Arabidopsis thaliana...
  17. doi PFT1, the MED25 subunit of the plant Mediator complex, promotes flowering through CONSTANS dependent and independent mechanisms in Arabidopsis
    Sabrina Iñigo
    Fundacion Instituto Leloir, IIBBA CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Plant J 69:601-12. 2012
    ....
  18. doi Phosphorylation of CONSTANS and its COP1-dependent degradation during photoperiodic flowering of Arabidopsis
    Liron Sarid-Krebs
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, Cologne, D 50829, Germany
    Plant J 84:451-63. 2015
    Seasonal flowering involves responses to changes in day length. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the CONSTANS (CO) transcription factor promotes flowering in the long days of spring and summer...
  19. pmc TWIN SISTER OF FT, GIGANTEA, and CONSTANS have a positive but indirect effect on blue light-induced stomatal opening in Arabidopsis
    Eigo Ando
    Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464 8602, Japan
    Plant Physiol 162:1529-38. 2013
    ..We show in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) that TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF), CONSTANS (CO), and GIGANTEA (GI) provide a positive effect on stomatal opening...
  20. pmc Nucleolus-tethering system (NoTS) reveals that assembly of photobodies follows a self-organization model
    Yin Liu
    National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China
    Mol Biol Cell 25:1366-73. 2014
    ....
  21. pmc Variation in Arabidopsis flowering time associated with cis-regulatory variation in CONSTANS
    Ulises Rosas
    Department of Biology, Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Nat Commun 5:3651. 2014
    ..Here we identify and characterize natural variation in the cis-regulatory sequence in the transcription factor CONSTANS that underlies flowering time diversity in Arabidopsis...
  22. doi Nuclear factor Y-mediated H3K27me3 demethylation of the SOC1 locus orchestrates flowering responses of Arabidopsis
    Xingliang Hou
    Key Laboratory of South China Agricultural Plant Molecular Analysis and Genetic Improvement, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510650, China
    Nat Commun 5:4601. 2014
    ..We show that NF-Y interacts with CONSTANS in the photoperiod pathway and DELLAs in the gibberellin pathway, to directly regulate the transcription of SOC1, ..
  23. pmc Regulation of arabidopsis flowering by the histone mark readers MRG1/2 via interaction with CONSTANS to modulate FT expression
    Zhongyuan Bu
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    PLoS Genet 10:e1004617. 2014
    ..In the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, the transcription factor CONSTANS (CO) promotes expression of the florigen FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), constituting a key flowering pathway under long-..
  24. pmc BBX19 interacts with CONSTANS to repress FLOWERING LOCUS T transcription, defining a flowering time checkpoint in Arabidopsis
    Chang Quan Wang
    Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, California 95616
    Plant Cell 26:3589-602. 2014
    ..expression of the Arabidopsis thaliana floral transition regulators FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and CONSTANS (CO) is antiphasic to that of BBX19, a transcription factor with two B-Box motifs...
  25. pmc MicroProtein-Mediated Recruitment of CONSTANS into a TOPLESS Trimeric Complex Represses Flowering in Arabidopsis
    Moritz Graeff
    Center for Plant Molecular Biology, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    PLoS Genet 12:e1005959. 2016
    ..Here we show that two Arabidopsis thaliana microProteins, miP1a and miP1b, physically interact with CONSTANS (CO) a potent regulator of flowering time...
  26. pmc Negative regulatory roles of DE-ETIOLATED1 in flowering time in Arabidopsis
    Min Young Kang
    Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
    Sci Rep 5:9728. 2015
    ..Thus, we propose that DET1 is a strong repressor of flowering and has a pivotal role in maintaining photoperiod sensitivity in the regulation of flowering time. ..
  27. pmc Distinct roles of FKF1, Gigantea, and Zeitlupe proteins in the regulation of Constans stability in Arabidopsis photoperiodic flowering
    Young Hun Song
    Departments of Biology and Department of Life Sciences, Ajou University, Suwon 443 749, Korea and
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:17672-7. 2014
    ..In Arabidopsis, the day-length-dependent regulation of Constans (CO) protein stability is crucial to induce flowering locus T (FT) expression for flowering in long days...
  28. pmc Arabidopsis TOE proteins convey a photoperiodic signal to antagonize CONSTANS and regulate flowering time
    Bailong Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and Development, Institute of Plant Biology, Center for Evolutionary Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China
    Genes Dev 29:975-87. 2015
    ..In Arabidopsis, CONSTANS (CO) and FLAVIN-BINDING KELCH REPEAT F-BOX1 (FKF1) promote flowering by inducing FLOWER LOCUS T (FT) expression ..
  29. pmc PHYTOCHROME-DEPENDENT LATE-FLOWERING accelerates flowering through physical interactions with phytochrome B and CONSTANS
    Motomu Endo
    Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:18017-22. 2013
    ..cryptochrome 2; and flavin-binding, KELCH repeat, F-BOX 1, phyB delays flowering mainly by destabilizing the CONSTANS (CO) protein, whose reduction leads to decreased expression of a florigen gene, flowering locus T...
  30. pmc The Arabidopsis E3 ubiquitin ligase HOS1 negatively regulates CONSTANS abundance in the photoperiodic control of flowering
    Ana Lazaro
    Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain
    Plant Cell 24:982-99. 2012
    ..The esd6/hos1 mutation causes decreased flowering locus C expression and requires CONSTANS (CO) protein for its early flowering phenotype under long days...
  31. pmc The E3 ubiquitin ligase HOS1 regulates Arabidopsis flowering by mediating CONSTANS degradation under cold stress
    Jae Hoon Jung
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    J Biol Chem 287:43277-87. 2012
    ..Here, we report that intermittent cold treatments trigger the degradation of CONSTANS (CO), a central activator of photoperiodic flowering; daily treatments caused suppression of the floral ..
  32. doi The sequence variation responsible for the functional difference between the CONSTANS protein, and the CONSTANS-like (COL) 1 and COL2 proteins, resides mostly in the region encoded by their first exons
    Soon Kap Kim
    Plant Signaling Network Research Center, Division of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Plant Sci 199:71-8. 2013
    Although the protein CONSTANS (CO) and its close relatives CONSTANS-like (COL) 1 and COL2 exhibit high amino acid sequence similarities, only the CO protein regulates floral induction in Arabidopsis...
  33. pmc Arabidopsis COP1 shapes the temporal pattern of CO accumulation conferring a photoperiodic flowering response
    Seonghoe Jang
    Department of Plant Developmental Biology, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany
    EMBO J 27:1277-88. 2008
    The transcriptional regulator CONSTANS (CO) promotes flowering of Arabidopsis under long summer days (LDs) but not under short winter days (SDs)...
  34. ncbi HYPERSENSITIVE TO RED AND BLUE 1 and its C-terminal regulatory function control FLOWERING LOCUS T expression
    Xiaojun Kang
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Plant J 52:937-48. 2007
    ..Overexpression of HRB1 did not affect the expression of the central clock oscillators, TOC1 and CCA1. HRB1 therefore represents a signaling step that regulates FT expression downstream of red and blue light perception...
  35. pmc CONSTANS activates SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 through FLOWERING LOCUS T to promote flowering in Arabidopsis
    Seung Kwan Yoo
    Plant Signaling Network Research Center, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul
    Plant Physiol 139:770-8. 2005
    b>CONSTANS (CO) regulates flowering time by positively regulating expression of two floral integrators, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CO 1 (SOC1), in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)...
  36. pmc Acceleration of flowering during shade avoidance in Arabidopsis alters the balance between FLOWERING LOCUS C-mediated repression and photoperiodic induction of flowering
    Amanda C Wollenberg
    Graduate Program in Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Plant Physiol 148:1681-94. 2008
    ..A low red to far-red ratio required the photoperiod-pathway genes GIGANTEA (GI) and CONSTANS (CO) to fully accelerate flowering in long days and did not promote flowering in short days...
  37. ncbi The early-flowering mutant efs is involved in the autonomous promotion pathway of Arabidopsis thaliana
    W J Soppe
    Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, Dreijenlaan 2, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Development 126:4763-70. 1999
    ..By comparing the length of the juvenile and adult phases of vegetative growth for wild-type, efs and the double mutant plants, it is apparent that efs mainly reduces the length of the adult phase...
  38. ncbi Interactions of the developmental regulator ABI3 with proteins identified from developing Arabidopsis seeds
    S Kurup
    IACR Long Ashton Research Station, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Bristol, Long Ashton, UK
    Plant J 21:143-55. 2000
    ..All the AIPs show homology to existing transcription factors and therefore they may function with ABI3 within the network of transcriptional regulators that control embryo development in Arabidopsis...
  39. pmc SPINDLY and GIGANTEA interact and act in Arabidopsis thaliana pathways involved in light responses, flowering, and rhythms in cotyledon movements
    Tong Seung Tseng
    Department of Plant Biology and Plant Molecular Genetics Institute, University of Minesota, St Paul, Minesota 55108, USA
    Plant Cell 16:1550-63. 2004
    ..GI acts in the long-day flowering pathway upstream of CONSTANS (CO) and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT). Loss of GI function causes late flowering and reduces CO and FT RNA levels...
  40. pmc Graft transmission of a floral stimulant derived from CONSTANS
    Brian G Ayre
    Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Plant Physiol 135:2271-8. 2004
    ..b>CONSTANS (CO) is implicated as a mediator between photoperiod perception and the transition to flowering in Arabidopsis...
  41. ncbi Identification of LOV KELCH PROTEIN2 (LKP2)-interacting factors that can recruit LKP2 to nuclear bodies
    Yosuke Fukamatsu
    Division of Gene Research, Life Science Research Center, Kagawa University, 2393 Ikenobe, Miki cho Kita gun, Kagawa, 761 0795 Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 46:1340-9. 2005
    ..Furthermore, the CFP-LKP2 and YFP-CO signals co-localized with signals for pU2B''-mRFP, which is a marker for Cajal bodies. These results suggest the possibility that LKP2 functions with CO/COL family proteins in the nuclear bodies...
  42. pmc Independent roles for EARLY FLOWERING 3 and ZEITLUPE in the control of circadian timing, hypocotyl length, and flowering time
    Woe Yeon Kim
    Department of Plant Cellular and Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Plant Physiol 139:1557-69. 2005
    ..In contrast, ELF3 and ZTL overexpressors act similarly to control flowering time in long days through the CONSTANS/FLOWERING LOCUS T (CO/FT) pathway...
  43. ncbi Recent degeneration of an old duplicated flowering time gene in Brassica nigra
    P Sjödin
    Evolutionary Functional Genomics, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Heredity (Edinb) 98:375-84. 2007
    ..Two copies of the flowering time gene CONSTANS (COa and COb) have been identified in B. nigra, and previous studies showed that COa is functional...
  44. ncbi Arabidopsis clock-associated pseudo-response regulators PRR9, PRR7 and PRR5 coordinately and positively regulate flowering time through the canonical CONSTANS-dependent photoperiodic pathway
    Norihito Nakamichi
    Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa ku, Nagoya, 464 8602 Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 48:822-32. 2007
    ..In the long-day plant Arabidopsis thaliana, CONSTANS (CO) plays a crucial role in integrating the circadian rhythm and environmental light signals into the ..
  45. ncbi [Molecular mechanism by which plant determines flowering timing with circadian clock]
    Mariko Sawa
    Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 53:739-46. 2008
  46. ncbi Isolation of CONSTANS as a TGA4/OBF4 interacting protein
    Young Hun Song
    Environmental Biotechnology National Core Research Center, Division of Applied Life Science Brain Korea 21 Program, Plant Molecular Biology Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660 701, Korea
    Mol Cells 25:559-65. 2008
    ..Here we present evidence for a novel function of OBF4 as a regulator of flowering. We identified CONSTANS (CO), a positive regulator of floral induction, as an OBF4-interacting protein, in a yeast two-hybrid library ..
  47. pmc Regulation of CONSTANS and FLOWERING LOCUS T expression in response to changing light quality
    Sang Yeol Kim
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Plant Physiol 148:269-79. 2008
    ..Previous work has shown that the floral promoter CONSTANS (CO) plays a critical role in day-length perception and exhibits complex regulation; CO mRNA is regulated by the ..
  48. doi The balance between CONSTANS and TEMPRANILLO activities determines FT expression to trigger flowering
    Cristina Castillejo
    Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics, CSIC IRTA UAB, Jordi Girona 18, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Biol 18:1338-43. 2008
    ..We envision that this might be a general mechanism between long-day plants to ensure a tight regulation of flowering time...
  49. pmc CONSTANS and ASYMMETRIC LEAVES 1 complex is involved in the induction of FLOWERING LOCUS T in photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis
    Young Hun Song
    Division of Applied Life Science BK21 program, Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Graduate School of Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660 701, Korea
    Plant J 69:332-42. 2012
    ..The day-length specific induction of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) regulated by CONSTANS (CO) is the crucial aspect of photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana...

Patents1

  1. GENETIC CONTROL OF FLOWERING
    Patent Number: WO9614414-A1; Date:1996-05-17