FT

Summary

Gene Symbol: FT
Description: PEBP (phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein) family protein
Alias: F5I14.3, F5I14_3, FLOWERING LOCUS T, REDUCED STEM BRANCHING 8, RSB8
Species: thale cress

Top Publications

  1. ncbi FD, a bZIP protein mediating signals from the floral pathway integrator FT at the shoot apex
    Mitsutomo Abe
    Department of Botany, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Science 309:1052-6. 2005
  2. ncbi FT protein acts as a long-range signal in Arabidopsis
    Katja E Jaeger
    John Innes Centre, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:1050-4. 2007
  3. pmc Specification of reproductive meristems requires the combined function of SHOOT MERISTEMLESS and floral integrators FLOWERING LOCUS T and FD during Arabidopsis inflorescence development
    Harley M S Smith
    Center for Plant Cell Biology, Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, 4202B Genomics, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    J Exp Bot 62:583-93. 2011
  4. doi Promotion of flowering and reduction of a generation time in apple seedlings by ectopical expression of the Arabidopsis thaliana FT gene using the Apple latent spherical virus vector
    Noriko Yamagishi
    Plant Pathology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Ueda 3 18 8, Morioka, 020 8550, Japan
    Plant Mol Biol 75:193-204. 2011
  5. doi Genetic and spatial interactions between FT, TSF and SVP during the early stages of floral induction in Arabidopsis
    Seonghoe Jang
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Plant J 60:614-25. 2009
  6. ncbi Export of FT protein from phloem companion cells is sufficient for floral induction in Arabidopsis
    Johannes Mathieu
    Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Department of Molecular Biology, Spemannstrasse 37 39, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 17:1055-60. 2007
  7. doi AGAMOUS-LIKE 17, a novel flowering promoter, acts in a FT-independent photoperiod pathway
    Ping Han
    Plant Functional Genomics Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, 117543, Singapore
    Plant J 55:253-65. 2008
  8. doi The balance between CONSTANS and TEMPRANILLO activities determines FT expression to trigger flowering
    Cristina Castillejo
    Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics, CSIC IRTA UAB, Jordi Girona 18, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Biol 18:1338-43. 2008
  9. doi Long-distance, graft-transmissible action of Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T protein to promote flowering
    Michitaka Notaguchi
    Department of Botany, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto, 606 8502, Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 49:1645-58. 2008
  10. pmc Repression of FLOWERING LOCUS C and FLOWERING LOCUS T by the Arabidopsis Polycomb repressive complex 2 components
    Danhua Jiang
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore
    PLoS ONE 3:e3404. 2008

Scientific Experts

  • M Koornneef
  • Philip A Wigge
  • Sally Adams
  • Toshinori Kinoshita
  • Rod W King
  • Takashi Araki
  • Ji Hoon Ahn
  • Mitsutomo Abe
  • Jae Hoon Jung
  • Sabrina Iñigo
  • Young Hun Song
  • George Coupland
  • Chung Mo Park
  • Ayako Yamaguchi
  • Katja E Jaeger
  • Sara Farrona
  • Yasufumi Daimon
  • Seung Kwan Yoo
  • Soo Cheul Yoo
  • Yoo Sun Noh
  • Pil Joon Seo
  • Nien Chen Huang
  • Seong Jeon Yoo
  • Jessika Adrian
  • Ilha Lee
  • Franziska Turck
  • Seonghoe Jang
  • Motomu Endo
  • Jeong Hwan Lee
  • L Duplat-Bermúdez
  • Michitaka Notaguchi
  • Sang Yeol Kim
  • Min Young Kang
  • Daniel P Wickland
  • Shulin Deng
  • Min Jeong Kang
  • Bryan C Thines
  • Shuanghe Cao
  • Zhongyuan Bu
  • Chang Quan Wang
  • Scott D Michaels
  • Jae Yong Ryu
  • Kazuhisa Hiraoka
  • Masaki Niwa
  • Roisin C McGarry
  • Hye Seung Jung
  • Lu Liu
  • Pablo D Cerdán
  • Tien Shin Yu
  • Steve A Kay
  • Kuan Ju Lu
  • Takato Imaizumi
  • Bosl Noh
  • Manuel Lopez-Vernaza
  • Ju Yun
  • Ana Lazaro
  • Jae Joon Kim
  • Justin Goodrich
  • Eunjoo Seo
  • Mariko Sawa
  • Yoshimi Hori
  • Chuan Yu Hsu
  • Noriko Yamagishi
  • Harley M S Smith
  • Joanne Chory
  • Shiv B Tiwari
  • Mingli Xu
  • Hao Yu
  • Ju Hee Jeong
  • Christopher Schwartz
  • Sung Myun Hong
  • Ping Han
  • Norman Warthmann
  • Cristina Castillejo
  • Hongtao Liu
  • Jong Seob Lee
  • Xuhong Yu
  • Danhua Jiang
  • Tamotsu Hisamatsu
  • Detlef Weigel
  • Xiaojun Kang
  • Johannes Mathieu
  • Richard M Amasino
  • Laurent Corbesier
  • Yasushi Kobayashi
  • Sang Gyu Kim
  • Lionel Gissot
  • Stephan Wenkel
  • So Yeon Yoo
  • Alon Samach

Detail Information

Publications73

  1. ncbi FD, a bZIP protein mediating signals from the floral pathway integrator FT at the shoot apex
    Mitsutomo Abe
    Department of Botany, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Science 309:1052-6. 2005
    b>FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is a conserved promoter of flowering that acts downstream of various regulatory pathways, including one that mediates photoperiodic induction through CONSTANS (CO), and is expressed in the vasculature of cotyledons ..
  2. ncbi FT protein acts as a long-range signal in Arabidopsis
    Katja E Jaeger
    John Innes Centre, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:1050-4. 2007
    ..This mobile signal was later termed "florigen," but its nature has been unclear. The gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is a major output of both the photoperiod and the vernalization pathways controlling the floral ..
  3. pmc Specification of reproductive meristems requires the combined function of SHOOT MERISTEMLESS and floral integrators FLOWERING LOCUS T and FD during Arabidopsis inflorescence development
    Harley M S Smith
    Center for Plant Cell Biology, Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, 4202B Genomics, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    J Exp Bot 62:583-93. 2011
    ..meristems are specified on the periphery of the inflorescence meristem by the combined activities of the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)-FD complex and the flower meristem identity gene LEAFY...
  4. doi Promotion of flowering and reduction of a generation time in apple seedlings by ectopical expression of the Arabidopsis thaliana FT gene using the Apple latent spherical virus vector
    Noriko Yamagishi
    Plant Pathology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Ueda 3 18 8, Morioka, 020 8550, Japan
    Plant Mol Biol 75:193-204. 2011
    ..of rapid flowering in apple seedlings using the Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) vector expressing a FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene from Arabidopsis thaliana. Apple seedlings could be flowered at 1...
  5. doi Genetic and spatial interactions between FT, TSF and SVP during the early stages of floral induction in Arabidopsis
    Seonghoe Jang
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Plant J 60:614-25. 2009
    ..We studied the interactions in Arabidopsis between three of these integrators, flowering locus T (FT), twin sister of FT (TSF) and suppressor of overexpression of constans 1 (SOC1), as well as their ..
  6. ncbi Export of FT protein from phloem companion cells is sufficient for floral induction in Arabidopsis
    Johannes Mathieu
    Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Department of Molecular Biology, Spemannstrasse 37 39, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 17:1055-60. 2007
    ..and molecular analyses, primarily in Arabidopsis thaliana and rice, have shown that CONSTANS (CO) and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) play central roles in photoperiod-dependent flowering...
  7. doi AGAMOUS-LIKE 17, a novel flowering promoter, acts in a FT-independent photoperiod pathway
    Ping Han
    Plant Functional Genomics Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, 117543, Singapore
    Plant J 55:253-65. 2008
    ..In contrast, another target of CO, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), did not affect AGL17 expression, and vice versa...
  8. doi The balance between CONSTANS and TEMPRANILLO activities determines FT expression to trigger flowering
    Cristina Castillejo
    Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics, CSIC IRTA UAB, Jordi Girona 18, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Biol 18:1338-43. 2008
    ..Those inductive photoperiods are perceived in leaves [1] and initiate a long-distance signaling mediated by CO and FT. CO is expressed in the phloem according to a circadian rhythm [2-4]...
  9. doi Long-distance, graft-transmissible action of Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T protein to promote flowering
    Michitaka Notaguchi
    Department of Botany, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto, 606 8502, Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 49:1645-58. 2008
    ..However, the nature of florigen has long remained elusive. Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is expressed in cotyledons and leaves in response to inductive long days (LDs)...
  10. pmc Repression of FLOWERING LOCUS C and FLOWERING LOCUS T by the Arabidopsis Polycomb repressive complex 2 components
    Danhua Jiang
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Republic of Singapore
    PLoS ONE 3:e3404. 2008
    ..Furthermore, we show that during vegetative development CLF and FIE strongly repress the expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), a key flowering-time integrator, and that CLF also directly interacts with and mediates the deposition ..
  11. doi Photoexcited CRY2 interacts with CIB1 to regulate transcription and floral initiation in Arabidopsis
    Hongtao Liu
    Department of Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Science 322:1535-9. 2008
    ..However, CIB1 stimulates FT messenger RNA expression, and it interacts with chromatin DNA of the FT gene that possesses various E-box elements ..
  12. pmc A distal CCAAT/NUCLEAR FACTOR Y complex promotes chromatin looping at the FLOWERING LOCUS T promoter and regulates the timing of flowering in Arabidopsis
    Shuanghe Cao
    Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019
    Plant Cell 26:1009-17. 2014
    ..Photoperiod-dependent flowering depends on timely expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT); however, the coordination of various cis-regulatory elements in the FT promoter is not well understood...
  13. pmc Cis-regulatory changes at FLOWERING LOCUS T mediate natural variation in flowering responses of Arabidopsis thaliana
    Christopher Schwartz
    Plant Biology Laboratory, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Salk Institute for Biological Sciences, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Genetics 183:723-32, 1SI-7SI. 2009
    ..Mutant analysis and subsequent molecular studies have revealed that one of these integrator genes, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), responds to photoperiod and temperature cues, two environmental parameters that greatly influence ..
  14. ncbi A pair of related genes with antagonistic roles in mediating flowering signals
    Y Kobayashi
    Department of Botany, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Science 286:1960-2. 1999
    ..b>FT, together with LFY, promotes flowering and is positively regulated by CO...
  15. pmc Repression of FLOWERING LOCUS T chromatin by functionally redundant histone H3 lysine 4 demethylases in Arabidopsis
    Ju Hee Jeong
    School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    PLoS ONE 4:e8033. 2009
    b>FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) plays a key role as a mobile floral induction signal that initiates the floral transition. Therefore, precise control of FT expression is critical for the reproductive success of flowering plants...
  16. doi The flowering time regulator CONSTANS is recruited to the FLOWERING LOCUS T promoter via a unique cis-element
    Shiv B Tiwari
    Mendel Biotechnology Inc, 3935 Point Eden Way, Hayward, CA 94545, USA
    New Phytol 187:57-66. 2010
    ..This element is present in tandem within the FLOWERING LOCUS T promoter and is sufficient for CO binding and activity...
  17. doi The florigen genes FT and TSF modulate lateral shoot outgrowth in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Kazuhisa Hiraoka
    Division of Integrated Life Science, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Yoshida konoe cho, Sakyo ku, Kyoto, 606 8501 Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 54:352-68. 2013
    ..Growth analysis of lateral shoots in mutants of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF) revealed a delay in the onset of outgrowth and a reduction of the growth ..
  18. pmc FKF1 conveys timing information for CONSTANS stabilization in photoperiodic flowering
    Young Hun Song
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 336:1045-9. 2012
    ..In addition, FKF1 simultaneously removes CYCLING DOF FACTOR 1 (CDF1), which represses CO and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) transcription...
  19. pmc FTIP1 is an essential regulator required for florigen transport
    Lu Liu
    Department of Biological Sciences and Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001313. 2012
    ..Although the proteins encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) in Arabidopsis and its orthologs in other plants are identified as the long-sought florigen, whether ..
  20. pmc Antagonistic roles of SEPALLATA3, FT and FLC genes as targets of the polycomb group gene CURLY LEAF
    Manuel Lopez-Vernaza
    Institute for Molecular Plant Sciences, School of Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e30715. 2012
    ..We show that the suppressors correspond to mutations in FPA and FT, two genes promoting flowering, and in SEPALLATA3 (SEP3) which encodes a co-factor for AG protein...
  21. pmc Tissue-specific expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T in Arabidopsis is maintained independently of polycomb group protein repression
    Sara Farrona
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Plant Cell 23:3204-14. 2011
    ..Here, we show the role of PcG proteins in the spatial regulation of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), a main activator of flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana exclusively expressed in the vasculature...
  22. ncbi FT protein movement contributes to long-distance signaling in floral induction of Arabidopsis
    Laurent Corbesier
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Science 316:1030-3. 2007
    ..The identity of the long-distance signal has yet to be determined. In Arabidopsis, activation of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) transcription in leaf vascular tissue (phloem) induces flowering...
  23. ncbi Activation tagging of the floral inducer FT
    I Kardailsky
    Plant Biology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Science 286:1962-5. 1999
    b>FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), which acts in parallel with the meristem-identity gene LEAFY (LFY) to induce flowering of Arabidopsis, was isolated by activation tagging...
  24. pmc SPINDLY and GIGANTEA interact and act in Arabidopsis thaliana pathways involved in light responses, flowering, and rhythms in cotyledon movements
    Tong Seung Tseng
    Department of Plant Biology and Plant Molecular Genetics Institute, University of Minesota, St Paul, Minesota 55108, USA
    Plant Cell 16:1550-63. 2004
    ..GI acts in the long-day flowering pathway upstream of CONSTANS (CO) and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT). Loss of GI function causes late flowering and reduces CO and FT RNA levels...
  25. pmc Integration of flowering signals in winter-annual Arabidopsis
    Scott D Michaels
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Plant Physiol 137:149-56. 2005
    ..integrate signals from the photoperiod and vernalization pathways, we have examined activation-tagged alleles of FT and the FT homolog, TSF (TWIN SISTER OF FT), in a winter-annual background...
  26. ncbi Analysis of flowering pathway integrators in Arabidopsis
    Jihyun Moon
    Department of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 742, Korea
    Plant Cell Physiol 46:292-9. 2005
    ..The key genes integrating multiple flowering pathways are FT, SOC1 and LFY. To elucidate the interactions among these integrators, genetic analyses were performed...
  27. pmc Distinct roles of GIGANTEA in promoting flowering and regulating circadian rhythms in Arabidopsis
    Tsuyoshi Mizoguchi
    Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Plant Cell 17:2255-70. 2005
    ..a circadian clock-controlled flowering pathway comprising the genes GIGANTEA (GI), CONSTANS (CO), and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) promotes flowering specifically under long days...
  28. ncbi Integration of spatial and temporal information during floral induction in Arabidopsis
    Philip A Wigge
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Science 309:1056-9. 2005
    ..An important integrator of these inputs is the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene, which encodes a small, possibly mobile protein...
  29. pmc The flowering integrator FT regulates SEPALLATA3 and FRUITFULL accumulation in Arabidopsis leaves
    Paula Teper-Bamnolker
    Robert H Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Plant Cell 17:2661-75. 2005
    ..Transcripts of the Arabidopsis thaliana flowering-promoting gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) are present in leaf tissue but can also promote flowering when artificially introduced into the ..
  30. pmc CONSTANS activates SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 through FLOWERING LOCUS T to promote flowering in Arabidopsis
    Seung Kwan Yoo
    Plant Signaling Network Research Center, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul
    Plant Physiol 139:770-8. 2005
    CONSTANS (CO) regulates flowering time by positively regulating expression of two floral integrators, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CO 1 (SOC1), in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)...
  31. pmc A divergent external loop confers antagonistic activity on floral regulators FT and TFL1
    Ji Hoon Ahn
    Plant Biology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA
    EMBO J 25:605-14. 2006
    The Arabidopsis genes FT and TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1) encode related proteins with similarity to human Raf kinase inhibitor protein...
  32. pmc CONSTANS and the CCAAT box binding complex share a functionally important domain and interact to regulate flowering of Arabidopsis
    Stephan Wenkel
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:2971-84. 2006
    ..This phenotype was correlated with reduced abundance of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) mRNA and no change in CO mRNA levels...
  33. pmc cis-Regulatory elements and chromatin state coordinately control temporal and spatial expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T in Arabidopsis
    Jessika Adrian
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Koeln, Germany
    Plant Cell 22:1425-40. 2010
    Flowering time of summer annual Arabidopsis thaliana accessions is largely determined by the timing of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) expression in the leaf vasculature...
  34. doi PFT1, the MED25 subunit of the plant Mediator complex, promotes flowering through CONSTANS dependent and independent mechanisms in Arabidopsis
    Sabrina Iñigo
    Fundacion Instituto Leloir, IIBBA CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Plant J 69:601-12. 2012
    ..A low R:FR decreases active phyB and consequently increases active CO, which in turn activates the expression of FT, the plant florigen. Other phytochromes like phyD and phyE seem to have redundant roles with phyB...
  35. pmc Regulation of arabidopsis flowering by the histone mark readers MRG1/2 via interaction with CONSTANS to modulate FT expression
    Zhongyuan Bu
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    PLoS Genet 10:e1004617. 2014
    ..model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, the transcription factor CONSTANS (CO) promotes expression of the florigen FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), constituting a key flowering pathway under long-day photoperiods...
  36. pmc Transcriptomic analysis of Arabidopsis overexpressing flowering locus T driven by a meristem-specific promoter that induces early flowering
    L Duplat-Bermúdez
    Departamento de Biotecnologia y Bioingenieria, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Av IPN 2508 San Pedro Zacatenco, 07360 Mexico City, Mexico
    Gene 587:120-31. 2016
    Here we analyzed in leaves the effect of FT overexpression driven by meristem-specific KNAT1 gene homolog of Arabidopsis thaliana (Lincoln et al., 1994; Long et al., 1996) on the transcriptomic response during plant development...
  37. doi The SOC1-SPL module integrates photoperiod and gibberellic acid signals to control flowering time in Arabidopsis
    Jae Hoon Jung
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    Plant J 69:577-88. 2012
    ..Intriguingly, the SPL genes are also regulated transcriptionally by FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)-mediated photoperiod signals. However, it is unknown how photoperiod regulates the SPL genes...
  38. doi The FLOWERING LOCUS T/TERMINAL FLOWER 1 Gene Family: Functional Evolution and Molecular Mechanisms
    Daniel P Wickland
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Mol Plant 8:983-97. 2015
    ..the flowering transition and inflorescence architecture are modulated by two homologous proteins, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TERMINAL FLOWER 1 (TFL1)...
  39. pmc Negative regulatory roles of DE-ETIOLATED1 in flowering time in Arabidopsis
    Min Young Kang
    Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
    Sci Rep 5:9728. 2015
    ..Notably, DET1 interacts with GI and binding of GI to the FT promoter increases in det1-1 mutants, suggesting that DET1 mainly restricts GI function, directly promoting FT ..
  40. doi Repression of flowering under a noninductive photoperiod by the HDA9-AGL19-FT module in Arabidopsis
    Min Jeong Kang
    School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 747, Korea
    New Phytol 206:281-94. 2015
    ..early under noninductive short-day (SD) conditions and had increased expression of the floral integrator FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and the floral activator AGAMOUS-LIKE 19 (AGL19) compared with the wild-type...
  41. doi Overexpression of FT in cotton affects architecture but not floral organogenesis
    Roisin C McGarry
    Department of Biological Sciences University of North Texas Denton, TX USA
    Plant Signal Behav 8:e23602. 2013
    ..to determinate plant growth, and this developmental transition involves the activity of the Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene product and its orthologs...
  42. pmc Interlocking feedback loops govern the dynamic behavior of the floral transition in Arabidopsis
    Katja E Jaeger
    Sainsbury Laboratory, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB2 1LR, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 25:820-33. 2013
    ..We show that FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1) act through FD and FD PARALOG to regulate the transition...
  43. doi Phloem long-distance delivery of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) to the apex
    Soo Cheul Yoo
    Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Plant J 75:456-68. 2013
    Cucurbita moschata FLOWERING LOCUS T-LIKE 2 (hereafter FTL2) and Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), components of the plant florigenic signaling system, move long-distance through the phloem from source leaves to ..
  44. pmc The time of day effects of warm temperature on flowering time involve PIF4 and PIF5
    Bryan C Thines
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Exp Bot 65:1141-51. 2014
    ..Flowering in each condition relied to varying degrees on the activity of CO , FT , PIF4 , and PIF5 , as well as the action of unknown genes...
  45. doi FE, a phloem-specific Myb-related protein, promotes flowering through transcriptional activation of FLOWERING LOCUS T and FLOWERING LOCUS T INTERACTING PROTEIN 1
    Mitsutomo Abe
    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, 113 0033, Japan
    Plant J 83:1059-68. 2015
    ..In Arabidopsis thaliana, the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) protein is an essential component of florigen, which is synthesized in leaf phloem companion cells and ..
  46. pmc BBX19 interacts with CONSTANS to repress FLOWERING LOCUS T transcription, defining a flowering time checkpoint in Arabidopsis
    Chang Quan Wang
    Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, California 95616
    Plant Cell 26:3589-602. 2014
    ..we show that the circadian-controlled expression of the Arabidopsis thaliana floral transition regulators FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and CONSTANS (CO) is antiphasic to that of BBX19, a transcription factor with two B-Box motifs...
  47. doi Inverted-Repeat RNAs Targeting FT Intronic Regions Promote FT Expression in Arabidopsis
    Shulin Deng
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, The Rockefeller University, 1230, York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Plant Cell Physiol 56:1667-78. 2015
    ..Here, we confirmed that promoter methylation of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) led to gene silencing; in contrast, we found that intragenic methylation triggered by RNA-directed DNA ..
  48. doi Arabidopsis BLADE-ON-PETIOLE1 and 2 promote floral meristem fate and determinacy in a previously undefined pathway targeting APETALA1 and AGAMOUS-LIKE24
    Mingli Xu
    Department of Biology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, K1S 5B6, Canada
    Plant J 63:974-89. 2010
    ..These data reveal an important supporting role for BOP1/2 in remodeling shoot architecture during the floral transition...
  49. pmc CONSTANS and ASYMMETRIC LEAVES 1 complex is involved in the induction of FLOWERING LOCUS T in photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis
    Young Hun Song
    Division of Applied Life Science BK21 program, Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Graduate School of Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660 701, Korea
    Plant J 69:332-42. 2012
    ..The day-length specific induction of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) regulated by CONSTANS (CO) is the crucial aspect of photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana...
  50. doi The Arabidopsis floral repressor BFT delays flowering by competing with FT for FD binding under high salinity
    Jae Yong Ryu
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    Mol Plant 7:377-87. 2014
    ..In this work, we found that BFT delays flowering under high salinity by competing with FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) for binding to the FD transcription factor...
  51. pmc The Arabidopsis E3 ubiquitin ligase HOS1 negatively regulates CONSTANS abundance in the photoperiodic control of flowering
    Ana Lazaro
    Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain
    Plant Cell 24:982-99. 2012
    ..Accordingly, hos1 causes a shift in the regular long-day pattern of expression of flowering locus T (FT) transcript, starting to rise 4 h after dawn in the mutant...
  52. pmc The microRNA156-SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE3 module regulates ambient temperature-responsive flowering via FLOWERING LOCUS T in Arabidopsis
    Jae Joon Kim
    Creative Research Initiatives, Division of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 136 701, Korea
    Plant Physiol 159:461-78. 2012
    ..show that the microRNA156 (miR156)-SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE3 (SPL3) module directly regulates FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) expression in the leaf to control ambient temperature-responsive flowering...
  53. pmc The AT-hook motif-containing protein AHL22 regulates flowering initiation by modifying FLOWERING LOCUS T chromatin in Arabidopsis
    Ju Yun
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    J Biol Chem 287:15307-16. 2012
    ..that the AT-hook protein AHL22 (AT-hook motif nuclear localized 22) regulates flowering time by modifying FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) chromatin in Arabidopsis. AHL22 binds to a stretch of the AT-rich sequence in the FT locus...
  54. doi Long-distance movement of Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T RNA participates in systemic floral regulation
    Kuan Ju Lu
    Molecular and Biological Agricultural Sciences Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, National Chung Hsing University and Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
    RNA Biol 9:653-62. 2012
    ..Recent analyses of Arabidopsis and rice revealed FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) protein as a systemic florigenic signal...
  55. pmc BRANCHED1 interacts with FLOWERING LOCUS T to repress the floral transition of the axillary meristems in Arabidopsis
    Masaki Niwa
    Division of Integrated Life Science, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Plant Cell 25:1228-42. 2013
    ..Here, we report that BRC1 interacts with the florigen proteins FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF) but not with TERMINAL FLOWER1, a floral repressor...
  56. doi Arabidopsis thaliana CENTRORADIALIS homologue (ATC) acts systemically to inhibit floral initiation in Arabidopsis
    Nien Chen Huang
    Molecular and Biological Agricultural Sciences Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, National Chung Hsing University and Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan
    Plant J 72:175-84. 2012
    ..This remote-control system may integrate environmental cues to modulate floral initiation. Recently, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) was found to be a florigen...
  57. pmc Proteasome-mediated turnover of Arabidopsis MED25 is coupled to the activation of FLOWERING LOCUS T transcription
    Sabrina Iñigo
    Fundacion Instituto Leloir, IIBBA Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, C1405BWE Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Plant Physiol 160:1662-73. 2012
    ..and that proteasome-mediated PFT1 turnover is coupled to its role in stimulating the transcription of FLOWERING LOCUS T, the plant florigen, which is involved in the process of flowering induction...
  58. doi The cotyledons produce sufficient FT protein to induce flowering: evidence from cotyledon micrografting in Arabidopsis
    Seong Jeon Yoo
    Creative Research Initiatives, Division of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 136 701, Korea
    Plant Cell Physiol 54:119-28. 2013
    In Arabidopsis, long-distance movement of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) protein from the leaf to the shoot apex triggers flower development...
  59. doi Flowering and expression of flowering-related genes under long-day conditions with light-emitting diodes
    Yoshimi Hori
    Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, 1 1 Tsutsumidori Amamiyamachi, Aoba ku, Sendai, 981 8555, Japan
    Planta 234:321-30. 2011
    ..paniculata, while flowering was promoted by both light colors in Arabidopsis. FT homologs of G...
  60. ncbi HYPERSENSITIVE TO RED AND BLUE 1 and its C-terminal regulatory function control FLOWERING LOCUS T expression
    Xiaojun Kang
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Plant J 52:937-48. 2007
    ..mutant, hypersensitive to red and blue 1 (hrb1), flowered late and showed attenuated expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) over both long days and short days...
  61. pmc The nature of floral signals in Arabidopsis. I. Photosynthesis and a far-red photoresponse independently regulate flowering by increasing expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)
    Rod W King
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    J Exp Bot 59:3811-20. 2008
    ..These LD signals may include protein of the gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) while in short day (SD) with its slower flowering, signalling may involve sucrose and gibberellin...
  62. pmc Regulation of CONSTANS and FLOWERING LOCUS T expression in response to changing light quality
    Sang Yeol Kim
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Plant Physiol 148:269-79. 2008
    ....
  63. ncbi A membrane-associated NAC transcription factor regulates salt-responsive flowering via FLOWERING LOCUS T in Arabidopsis
    Sang Gyu Kim
    Molecular Signaling Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    Planta 226:647-54. 2007
    ..Accordingly, expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and its downstream genes was significantly reduced in the transgenic plants...
  64. ncbi Overexpression of COL9, a CONSTANS-LIKE gene, delays flowering by reducing expression of CO and FT in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Xiao Fei Cheng
    Forage Improvement Division, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA
    Plant J 43:758-68. 2005
    ..Compared with wild-type plants, the abundance of CO and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) mRNA was reduced in the COL9 overexpression lines...
  65. pmc Phytochrome B in the mesophyll delays flowering by suppressing FLOWERING LOCUS T expression in Arabidopsis vascular bundles
    Motomu Endo
    Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake cho, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Plant Cell 17:1941-52. 2005
    ..Furthermore, mesophyll phyB-GFP suppressed the expression of a key flowering regulator, FLOWERING LOCUS T, in the vascular bundles of cotyledons...
  66. ncbi The early-flowering mutant efs is involved in the autonomous promotion pathway of Arabidopsis thaliana
    W J Soppe
    Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, Dreijenlaan 2, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Development 126:4763-70. 1999
    ..By comparing the length of the juvenile and adult phases of vegetative growth for wild-type, efs and the double mutant plants, it is apparent that efs mainly reduces the length of the adult phase...
  67. pmc The nature of floral signals in Arabidopsis. II. Roles for FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and gibberellin
    Tamotsu Hisamatsu
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia
    J Exp Bot 59:3821-9. 2008
    Signals produced in leaves are transported to the shoot apex where they cause flowering. Protein of the gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is probably a long day (LD) signal in Arabidopsis...
  68. doi Interaction between the light quality and flowering time pathways in Arabidopsis
    Sally Adams
    Department of Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    Plant J 60:257-67. 2009
    ..Bla-6, FLC blocks promotion to flowering by reduced R/FR by inhibiting expression of the floral integrator FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) in a dose-dependent manner...
  69. doi AGAMOUS-LIKE 6 is a floral promoter that negatively regulates the FLC/MAF clade genes and positively regulates FT in Arabidopsis
    Seung Kwan Yoo
    Creative Research Initiatives, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136 701, Korea
    Plant J 65:62-76. 2011
    ..time by AGL6 through control of the transcription of both a subset of the FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) family genes and FT, two key regulators of flowering time...
  70. pmc WEREWOLF, a regulator of root hair pattern formation, controls flowering time through the regulation of FT mRNA stability
    Eunjoo Seo
    National Research Laboratory of Plant Developmental Genetics, School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    Plant Physiol 156:1867-77. 2011
    A key floral activator, FT, integrates stimuli from long-day, vernalization, and autonomous pathways and triggers flowering by directly regulating floral meristem identity genes in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)...
  71. pmc FLOWERING LOCUS T duplication coordinates reproductive and vegetative growth in perennial poplar
    Chuan Yu Hsu
    Department of Forestry, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:10756-61. 2011
    ..and FLOWERING LOCUS T2 (FT2), products of whole-genome duplication and homologs of Arabidopsis thaliana gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), coordinate the repeated cycles of vegetative and reproductive growth in woody perennial poplar (..
  72. pmc GIGANTEA directly activates Flowering Locus T in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Mariko Sawa
    Section of Cell and Developmental Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11698-703. 2011
    ..Arabidopsis flowers under long-day conditions through the CONSTANS (CO)-FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) regulatory module...
  73. doi FLOWERING LOCUS T regulates stomatal opening
    Toshinori Kinoshita
    Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464 8602, Japan
    Curr Biol 21:1232-8. 2011
    ..Here, we show that FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is expressed in guard cells and regulates stomatal opening...