external ear

Summary

Summary: The outer part of the hearing system of the body. It includes the shell-like EAR AURICLE which collects sound, and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL, the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE, and the EXTERNAL EAR CARTILAGES.

Top Publications

  1. Higuchi Y, Maeda T, Guan J, Oyama J, Sugano M, Makino N. Diagonal earlobe crease are associated with shorter telomere in male Japanese patients with metabolic syndrome. Circ J. 2009;73:274-9 pubmed
    ....
  2. Markou K, Karasmanis I, Vlachtsis K, Petridis D, Nikolaou A, Vital V. Primary pleomorphic adenoma of the external ear canal. Report of a case and literature review. Am J Otolaryngol. 2008;29:142-6 pubmed publisher
    Primary neoplasms of the external ear canal are rare, and 5% of these tumors are of glandular origin...
  3. Sforza C, Laino A, D Alessio R, Grandi G, Tartaglia G, Ferrario V. Soft-tissue facial characteristics of attractive and normal adolescent boys and girls. Angle Orthod. 2008;78:799-807 pubmed publisher
    ..To identify possible esthetic canons in facial size and shape of Italian adolescent boys and girls...
  4. Selcuk A, Ensari S, Cetin M, Sak S, Dere H. Ceruminous gland carcinoma of the external auditory canal presenting as chronic otitis media. B-ENT. 2007;3:195-9 pubmed
    Ceruminous neoplasms of the external ear canal are rare. Classification, clinical behavior, and management of these tumours are controversial...
  5. Moore M, Deschler D, McKenna M, Varvares M, Lin D. Management outcomes following lateral temporal bone resection for ear and temporal bone malignancies. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;137:893-8 pubmed
    ..To evaluate clinical outcomes following lateral temporal bone resection (LTBR) for management of malignancies involving the ear or temporal bone...
  6. Schnupp J, Booth J, King A. Modeling individual differences in ferret external ear transfer functions. J Acoust Soc Am. 2003;113:2021-30 pubmed
    ....
  7. Magliulo G, Parrotto D, Sardella B, Della Rocca C, Re M. Cavernous hemangioma of the tympanic membrane and external ear canal. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007;28:180-3 pubmed
    ..The aims of this study are to document the occurrence of a cavernous hemangioma of the tympanic membrane (TM) and external auditory canal (EAC) that invaded the middle ear spaces and to review the relevant literature...
  8. Chiu C, Moss C. The role of the external ear in vertical sound localization in the free flying bat, Eptesicus fuscus. J Acoust Soc Am. 2007;121:2227-35 pubmed
    The role of the external ear in sonar target localization for prey capture was studied by deflecting the tragus of six big brown bats, Eptesicus fuscus...
  9. Priwin C, Jönsson R, Magnusson L, Hultcrantz M, Granström G. Audiological evaluation and self-assessed hearing problems in subjects with single-sided congenital external ear malformations and associated conductive hearing loss. Int J Audiol. 2007;46:162-71 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, a high degree of hearing difficulty was reported. Therefore, active treatment, surgery, or hearing amplification, might be considered...
  10. Meijerman L, van der Lugt C, Maat G. Cross-sectional anthropometric study of the external ear. J Forensic Sci. 2007;52:286-93 pubmed
    This cross-sectional anthropometric study was aimed at estimating expansion of the external ear during adult life, in order to evaluate the extent to which anatomical features appearing in earprints may vary with time...

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. Higuchi Y, Maeda T, Guan J, Oyama J, Sugano M, Makino N. Diagonal earlobe crease are associated with shorter telomere in male Japanese patients with metabolic syndrome. Circ J. 2009;73:274-9 pubmed
    ....
  2. Markou K, Karasmanis I, Vlachtsis K, Petridis D, Nikolaou A, Vital V. Primary pleomorphic adenoma of the external ear canal. Report of a case and literature review. Am J Otolaryngol. 2008;29:142-6 pubmed publisher
    Primary neoplasms of the external ear canal are rare, and 5% of these tumors are of glandular origin...
  3. Sforza C, Laino A, D Alessio R, Grandi G, Tartaglia G, Ferrario V. Soft-tissue facial characteristics of attractive and normal adolescent boys and girls. Angle Orthod. 2008;78:799-807 pubmed publisher
    ..To identify possible esthetic canons in facial size and shape of Italian adolescent boys and girls...
  4. Selcuk A, Ensari S, Cetin M, Sak S, Dere H. Ceruminous gland carcinoma of the external auditory canal presenting as chronic otitis media. B-ENT. 2007;3:195-9 pubmed
    Ceruminous neoplasms of the external ear canal are rare. Classification, clinical behavior, and management of these tumours are controversial...
  5. Moore M, Deschler D, McKenna M, Varvares M, Lin D. Management outcomes following lateral temporal bone resection for ear and temporal bone malignancies. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;137:893-8 pubmed
    ..To evaluate clinical outcomes following lateral temporal bone resection (LTBR) for management of malignancies involving the ear or temporal bone...
  6. Schnupp J, Booth J, King A. Modeling individual differences in ferret external ear transfer functions. J Acoust Soc Am. 2003;113:2021-30 pubmed
    ....
  7. Magliulo G, Parrotto D, Sardella B, Della Rocca C, Re M. Cavernous hemangioma of the tympanic membrane and external ear canal. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007;28:180-3 pubmed
    ..The aims of this study are to document the occurrence of a cavernous hemangioma of the tympanic membrane (TM) and external auditory canal (EAC) that invaded the middle ear spaces and to review the relevant literature...
  8. Chiu C, Moss C. The role of the external ear in vertical sound localization in the free flying bat, Eptesicus fuscus. J Acoust Soc Am. 2007;121:2227-35 pubmed
    The role of the external ear in sonar target localization for prey capture was studied by deflecting the tragus of six big brown bats, Eptesicus fuscus...
  9. Priwin C, Jönsson R, Magnusson L, Hultcrantz M, Granström G. Audiological evaluation and self-assessed hearing problems in subjects with single-sided congenital external ear malformations and associated conductive hearing loss. Int J Audiol. 2007;46:162-71 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, a high degree of hearing difficulty was reported. Therefore, active treatment, surgery, or hearing amplification, might be considered...
  10. Meijerman L, van der Lugt C, Maat G. Cross-sectional anthropometric study of the external ear. J Forensic Sci. 2007;52:286-93 pubmed
    This cross-sectional anthropometric study was aimed at estimating expansion of the external ear during adult life, in order to evaluate the extent to which anatomical features appearing in earprints may vary with time...
  11. Cafarchia C, Gallo S, Capelli G, Otranto D. Occurrence and population size of Malassezia spp. in the external ear canal of dogs and cats both healthy and with otitis. Mycopathologia. 2005;160:143-9 pubmed
    ..work was to evaluate the occurrence, risk factors and population size of different species of Malassezia in the external ear canal of dogs and cats with and without otitis externa...
  12. de Moura T, Novais F, Oliveira F, Clarencio J, Noronha A, Barral A, et al. Toward a novel experimental model of infection to study American cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis. Infect Immun. 2005;73:5827-34 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that this model shall be useful to address questions related to the concomitant immunity to reinfection and parasite persistence leading to mucocutaneous leishmaniasis...
  13. Manni J, Berénos Riley L. Ossification of the external ear: a case report and review of the literature. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;262:961-4 pubmed
    A rare case of idiopathic bilateral ossification of the auricular cartilage and cartilage of the external ear canal is reported...
  14. De Lucia A, Gambardella T, Carra P, Motta G. A case of highly aggressive adenoid cystic carcinoma of the external auditory canal. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2004;24:354-6 pubmed
    ..A rare case of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the external ear is reported. The patient, a 75-year-old male, had right intermittent otorrhea for 6 years...
  15. Babuccu O, Kargi E, Hosnuter M, Doğan B. Atypical presentation of Kaposi's sarcoma in the external ear. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2003;11:17-20 pubmed
    We presented a case of Kaposi's sarcoma that occurred in the external ear of a 36-year-old Caucasian man. He was otherwise healthy without a history of any predisposing factors...
  16. Stites P, Boyd A, Zic J. Auricular ossificans (ectopic ossification of the auricle). J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003;49:142-4 pubmed
    ..Ectopic ossification was detected on both radiologic and histologic examination. The previously reported cases are reviewed and possible causative factors are discussed...
  17. Pockaj B, Jaroszewski D, DiCaudo D, Hentz J, Buchel E, Gray R, et al. Changing surgical therapy for melanoma of the external ear. Ann Surg Oncol. 2003;10:689-96 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic variables and clinical ramifications of melanoma of the ear...
  18. Klaiber S, Weerda H. [BAHA (bone-anchored hearing aid) in bilateral external ear dysplasia and congenital ear atresia]. HNO. 2002;50:949-59 pubmed
  19. Brucker M, Patel J, Sullivan P. A morphometric study of the external ear: age- and sex-related differences. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003;112:647-52; discussion 653-4 pubmed
    ..In addition, lobular width decreased significantly with age. This study establishes normative data for ear morphology and clearly demonstrates the changes in earlobe morphology that occur with advancing age...
  20. Ozturk O, Tokmak A, Demirci L, Silan F, Guclu E. Branchio-oculo-facial syndrome with the atresia of external ear. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;69:1575-8 pubmed
    We report an 8-year-old child with branchio-oculo-facial syndrome. He showed atresia of external ear, preauricular pit, maxillar and mandibular hypoplasia, mild ptosis on the left side, lacrimal duct obstruction, unilateral branchial cyst,..
  21. Dost P, Lehnerdt G, Kling R, Wagner S. [Surgical therapy of malignant melanoma of the external ear]. HNO. 2004;52:33-7 pubmed
    ..The data from our patients of the last 10 years were evaluated in relation to survival and recurrence...
  22. Baba S, Ikezono T, Pawankar R, Yagi T. Congenital malformations of the middle ear with an intact external ear: a review of 38 cases. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2004;66:74-9 pubmed
    ..All patients had congenital ossicular malformations but with an intact external ear. On the basis of our intra-operative observations, 15 cases were assigned to group A (single malformation) and ..
  23. High W, Larson M, Hoang M. Idiopathic bilateral auricular ossificans: a case report and review of the literature. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2004;128:1432-4 pubmed
    ..Histologic sampling demonstrated ossification with deposition of trabecular bone in proximity to normal elastic cartilage...
  24. Gierek T, Zbrowska Bielska D, Smółka W, Kajor M, Witkowska M. [Hidradenoma of external ear]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2004;58:1141-2 pubmed
    The authors present a rare case of hidradenoma of the external ear and discussed the clinical picture, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
  25. Zanation A, Ebert C, Coffey C, Dubin M, Rose A. Precursor B-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma presenting as an isolated external ear swelling in a two-year-old child. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;69:695-9 pubmed
    ..In summary, the otolaryngologist and pediatrician should be cognizant of potential for NHL in atypical lesions of the head and neck in children...
  26. Palma S, Cavazzini L, Bovo R, Padovani D, Bugli A, Borrelli M, et al. Merkel cell tumour of the external ear. Report of a case. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2007;34:229-32 pubmed
    ..To our best knowledge 20 cases originated from the auricle have been described, 2 of them arising from external ear canal...
  27. Bozkir M, Karakaş P, Yavuz M, Dere F. Morphometry of the external ear in our adult population. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2006;30:81-5 pubmed
    ..2 +/- 1.8 mm, 26.3 +/- 1.9 mm, 17 +/- 2.3 mm, and 33.3 +/- 2.2 mm for the left ear, and 62.9 +/- 3.5 mm, 18.4 +/- 1.7 mm, 19.8 +/- 1.9 mm, 17.2 +/- 1.8 mm, 26.6 +/- 1.9 mm, 17.6 +/- 2.1 mm, and 33.1 +/- 2.1 mm for the right ear...
  28. Firzlaff U, Schuller G. Spectral directionality of the external ear of the lesser spear-nosed bat, Phyllostomus discolor. Hear Res. 2003;181:27-39 pubmed
    ..The special influence of the tragus on the position of the pinna gain axis and the spectral notches is demonstrated. The functional implications of the spectral notch for hearing in P. discolor are discussed...
  29. Devaney K, Boschman C, Willard S, Ferlito A, Rinaldo A. Tumours of the external ear and temporal bone. Lancet Oncol. 2005;6:411-20 pubmed
    ..The external ear can be the site of development of squamous carcinomas and basal-cell carcinomas; the middle ear and inner ear ..
  30. Wiatr M, Składzień J. [Benign tumors of the external and middle ear from data collected at the Otolaryngologyst Department of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow between 1992-2001]. Przegl Lek. 2007;64:1004-5 pubmed
    ..In our population the most common tumor was osteoma located in external ear canal. The best kind of treatment is radical surgical resection of the lesion...
  31. Lin P, Chiang Y, Hsieh C, Jeng S. Microsurgical replantation and salvage procedures in traumatic ear amputation. J Trauma. 2010;69:E15-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study is to present our experience with patients who underwent traumatic ear amputation...
  32. Kirkim G, Erdag T, Serbetçioğlu M. [Audiological evaluation of a child with Klippel-Feil syndrome]. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2008;18:171-4 pubmed
    ....
  33. de Mendonça M, de Oliveira A, Araújo J, Silva M, Gamonal A. Nonsurgical technique for incomplete earlobe cleft repair. Dermatol Surg. 2009;35:446-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Earlobe cleft is a common problem caused by the wearing of jewelry or decorative objects. Incomplete earlobe clefts are usually bilateral and are often converted to complete clefts as part of the surgical repair procedure...
  34. Manolopoulos L, Papacharalampous G, Yiotakis I, Protopappas D, Vlastarakos P, Nikolopoulos T. Congenital aural atresia reconstruction: a surgical procedure with a long history. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63:774-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present article is to approach the whole problem as one (pinna malformation and aural atresia) and present the history as well as the current approaches in reconstruction...
  35. Bauer B. Reconstruction of microtia. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;124:14e-26e pubmed publisher
    ....
  36. Sone M, Naganawa S, Yoshida T, Nakata S, Nakashima T. Imaging findings in a case with cholesteatoma in complete aural atresia. Am J Otolaryngol. 2010;31:297-9 pubmed publisher
    ....
  37. Figueiredo M, Moura E, Costa M, Ribeiro V, Michalick M, Tafuri W, et al. Histopathological and parasitological investigations of ear healthy skin of dogs naturally and experimentally infected with Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi. Histol Histopathol. 2010;25:877-87 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, a profound difference was noted in the intensity of the inflammatory reaction and parasite load in the skin of experimental infected dogs...
  38. Pan B, Zhao Y, Zhuang H, Lin L, Liu L, Jiang H. Tumbling cartilage flap and free auricular composite tissue transplantation for correcting mild and moderate forms of constricted ear. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2010;12:241-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To report a new surgical approach that results in a natural size and contour of the external malformed constricted ear...
  39. Tarica D, Brajevic F. Duplication of an existing implant-supported bar for an auricular prosthesis. J Prosthet Dent. 2008;99:408-9 pubmed publisher
  40. Pérez Macias J. The correction of concha-mastoid angle in otoplasty. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2008;61:229 pubmed
  41. Chrisostomidis C, Konofaos P, Chrisostomidis G, Vasilopoulou A, Dimitroulis D, Frangoulis M, et al. Management of external ear keloids using form-pressure therapy. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2008;33:273-5 pubmed
    ..The purpose is to maintain the form of the folds of the pinna. The recommendation for this therapy is to maintain the pressure at 24-30 mmHg, and the duration of the form-pressure therapy in our patients was about 25 weeks...
  42. Okuyama R, Masu T, Kumasaka N, Aiba S, Tagami H. Amicrobial pustulosis of the folds affecting a young male without any accompanying autoimmune diseases. Dermatology. 2008;217:121-3 pubmed publisher
  43. Mourouzis C, Boynton A, Grant J, Umar T, Wilson A, Macpheson D, et al. Cutaneous head and neck SCCs and risk of nodal metastasis - UK experience. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2009;37:443-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To identify the risk of developing metastases to regional nodes in patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (CSCCs) of the head and neck...
  44. Tatara N, Koizumi H, Mino S, Hayashida S, Aihara K, Shimada J, et al. A novel blood pressure monitoring device for ubiquitous healthcare services. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2007;2007:5755-8 pubmed
    ..The developed device causes almost no discomfort and produces signals whose quality is high enough to be used for detecting BP values and useful for health care services...
  45. Jacques C, Perdu E, Duplan H, Jamin E, Canlet C, Debrauwer L, et al. Disposition and biotransformation of 14C-Benzo(a)pyrene in a pig ear skin model: ex vivo and in vitro approaches. Toxicol Lett. 2010;199:22-33 pubmed publisher
    ..This ex vivo model, which combines a functional skin barrier and active biotransformation capabilities, appears to represent a valuable alternative tool in transdermal exposure studies...
  46. Ciocca L, Mingucci R, Gassino G, Scotti R. CAD/CAM ear model and virtual construction of the mold. J Prosthet Dent. 2007;98:339-43 pubmed
    ..This procedure allows positioning of the ear straight onto the computer screen, eliminating the diagnostic waxing, and the fabrication of the stone mold is not necessary because of the rapid prototyping process...
  47. Maslauskas K, Astrauskas T, Viksraitis S, Samsanavidius D. Comparison of otoplasty outcomes using different types of suture materials. Int Surg. 2010;95:88-93 pubmed
    ..Using this type of suture material, some suture extrusions occurred, but this problem was easily solved by removing sutures. No recurrences of protrusion were documented in this group; therefore, no revision surgeries were necessary...
  48. Hussey A, Kelly J. Microsurgical replantation of an ear with no venous repair. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg. 2010;44:64-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Replantation of an avulsed ear was completely successful with only arterial repair (to the superficial temporal artery) and the use of medicinal leeches...
  49. Sewnaik A, Kamarashev J, Peters N, Van Rijswijk J. A non-traumatic, blue-purple auricle: case report. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:804-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a typical case of earlobe lymphocytoma...
  50. Tamada I, Nakajima H, Ogata H, Nakajima T, Sakamoto T, Ishii T. How to revise and utilise the cephalogram for craniofacial dysostosis--modification of the porion and the McNamara line. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2010;38:441-51 pubmed publisher
    ..However, particularly in Case 2, both the cranio-maxillary and cranio-mandibular relationships were not entirely consistent with the lateral profile appearance even on modified McNamara line analysis...
  51. Wax D, Rubin P, Neustein S. A comparison of transmittance and reflectance pulse oximetry during vascular surgery. Anesth Analg. 2009;109:1847-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We compared the reliability and accuracy of the 2 types of probes in patients undergoing vascular surgery...
  52. Fekih Hassen M, Ayed S, Gharbi R, Ben Sik Ali H, Marghli S, Elatrous S. Bedside capillary blood glucose measurements in critically ill patients: influence of catecholamine therapy. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2010;87:87-91 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the effects of catecholamine therapy on the accuracy of capillary glucose measurements in hyperglycemic patients...
  53. Das A, Ray B, Das D, Das S. A case of Goldenhar-Gorlin syndrome with unusual association of hypoplastic thumb. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2008;56:150-2 pubmed
    ..The association of hypoplastic thumb with Goldenhar-Gorlin syndrome has not been documented in the past...
  54. Nayak J, Teot L, Vyas Y, Snyderman C, Toh E, Deleyiannis F. Head and neck epithelioid sarcoma in a child: diagnostic dilemma and anterolateral thigh free flap reconstruction. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;72:719-24 pubmed publisher
    The diagnostic dilemma is discussed of a child who presented with a granulomatous process of the external ear that was originally considered granuloma annulare and was later diagnosed as epithelioid sarcoma...
  55. Muller R, Lu H, Buck J. Sound-diffracting flap in the ear of a bat generates spatial information. Phys Rev Lett. 2008;100:108701 pubmed
    ....
  56. Abed Y, Har Zion G, Redlich M. Lip posture following debonding of labial appliances based on conventional profile photographs. Angle Orthod. 2009;79:235-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess changes in lip posture following debonding of labial appliances on the basis of a new soft tissue analysis performed by computerized tools with the use of conventional nonstandardized profile photographic pictures...
  57. Ghosh S, Bandyopadhyay D, Gupta S, Chatterjee G, Ghosh A. Rapidly growing extraocular sebaceous carcinoma occurring during pregnancy: a case report. Dermatol Online J. 2008;14:8 pubmed
    ..A case of a rapidly growing sebaceous carcinoma of the pinna occurring in a pregnant woman is reported here for its rarity...
  58. Vaiude P, Anthony E, Syed M, Ilyas S. A case report on the remodelling technique for the earlobe using a soft splint. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2008;61:451-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Correcting earlobe deformities often presents an aesthetic challenge to the surgeon. The described technique presents a simple, accurate and cost effective method of remodelling soft tissue defects of the earlobe using a soft splint...
  59. Hussain W, Chalmers R. Simplified surgical treatment of chondrodermatitis nodularis by cartilage trimming and sutureless skin closure. Br J Dermatol. 2009;160:116-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Many different treatment methods for it have been advocated but excision of cartilage alone has been shown to be therapeutically and cosmetically effective...
  60. Datta G, Carlucci S. Reconstruction of the retroauricular fold by 'nonpedicled' superficial mastoid fascia: details of anatomy and surgical technique. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2008;61 Suppl 1:S92-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This simple procedure allows one to obtain a good projection of the ear without involving the use of the superficial temporal fascia, which in addition is very useful in case of eventual complications such as cartilage extrusion...
  61. Kizhner V, Barak A. Framework changes using costal cartilage for microtia reconstruction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:768-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Since a known growth-of-cartilage framework is used for reconstruction of microtia under the Brent technique, we set out to address the behavior of the framework under the Nagata technique...
  62. Murayama R, Stuginski Barbosa J, Moraes N, Speciali J. Toothache referred from auriculotemporal neuralgia: case report. Int Endod J. 2009;42:845-51 pubmed publisher
    To present a 52-year-old male patient who complained of intense pain of short duration in the region of the left external ear and in the ipsilateral maxillary second molar that was relieved by blockade of the auriculotemporal nerve in the ..