Summary: Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.
Publications246 found, 100 shown here
- Comparative efficacy of insect repellents against mosquito bitesMark S Fradin
Chapel Hill Dermatology, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
N Engl J Med 347:13-8. 2002..diseases, with their associated morbidity and mortality, underscores the need for effective insect repellents. Multiple chemical, botanical, and "alternative" repellent products are marketed to consumers...
- Field evaluation of traditionally used plant-based insect repellents and fumigants against the malaria vector Anopheles darlingi in Riberalta, Bolivian AmazonSarah J Moore
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
J Med Entomol 44:624-30. 2007Inexpensive insect repellents may be needed to supplement the use of impregnated bed-nets in the Amazon region, where the primary malaria vector, Anopheles darlingi (Root), is exophilic and feeds in the early evening...
- Adulticidal activity of essential oil of Lantana camara leaves against mosquitoesV K Dua
National Institute of Malaria Research ICMR, Field Unit, Haridwar, India
Indian J Med Res 131:434-9. 2010..In the present study we have investigated the insecticidal activity of essential oil isolated from the leaves of Lantana camara against mosquito vectors...
- Botanical repellents and pesticides traditionally used against hematophagous invertebrates in Lao People's Democratic Republic: a comparative study of plants used in 66 villagesHugo de Boer
Department of Systematic Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
J Med Entomol 47:400-14. 2010....
- Avoiding DEET through insect gustatory receptorsYoungseok Lee
Department of Biological Chemistry, Center for Sensory Biology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Neuron 67:555-61. 2010..Since 0.02% DEET elicited action potentials, we conclude that DEET directly activates of GRNs. We suggest that the effectiveness of DEET in pest control owes to its dual action in inducing avoidance simultaneously via GRNs and ORNs...
- Ultra-prolonged activation of CO2-sensing neurons disorients mosquitoesStephanie Lynn Turner
Cellular, Molecular, and Developmental Biology Program, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
Nature 474:87-91. 2011..The three classes of CO(2)-response-modifying odours offer powerful instruments for developing new generations of insect repellents and lures, which even in small quantities can interfere with the ability of mosquitoes to seek humans.
- Plant based insect repellent and insecticide treated bed nets to protect against malaria in areas of early evening biting vectors: double blind randomised placebo controlled clinical trial in the Bolivian AmazonN Hill
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
BMJ 335:1023. 2007..To determine the effectiveness in reducing malaria of combining an insect repellent with insecticide treated bed nets compared with the nets alone in an area where vector mosquitoes feed in the early evening...
- Insect odorant receptors are molecular targets of the insect repellent DEETMathias Ditzen
Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behavior, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 63, New York, NY 10065 USA
Science 319:1838-42. 2008..The identification of candidate molecular targets for the action of DEET may aid in the design of safer and more effective insect repellents.
- Mosquitoes smell and avoid the insect repellent DEETZainulabeuddin Syed
Honorary Maeda Duffey Laboratory, Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, 1 Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13598-603. 2008..In a sugar-feeding assay, both female and male mosquitoes avoided DEET. In addition, mosquitoes responding only to physical stimuli avoided DEET...
- Multiple activities of insect repellents on odorant receptors in mosquitoesJ D Bohbot
Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, Plant Sciences Institute, U S Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service USDA ARS, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD, U S A
Med Vet Entomol 25:436-44. 2011..We describe the molecular effects of 10 insect repellents and a pyrethroid insecticide with known repellent activity on two highly specific Aedes aegypti (Diptera: ..
- DEET mosquito repellent provides personal protection against malaria: a household randomized trial in an Afghan refugee camp in PakistanMark Rowland
HealthNet International, Peshawar, Pakistan
Trop Med Int Health 9:335-42. 2004..There is a case for giving repellents more prominence in public health as a preventive measure in regions where vectors bite in the early evening or in emergency situations such as epidemics or newly established refugee camps...
- A natural polymorphism alters odour and DEET sensitivity in an insect odorant receptorMaurizio Pellegrino
Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behaviour, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 63, New York, New York 10065, USA
Nature 478:511-4. 2011..b>Insect repellents containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) are highly effective, but the mechanism by which this chemical ..
- Target product profile choices for intra-domiciliary malaria vector control pesticide products: repel or kill?Gerry F Killeen
Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Kilombero District, Morogoro Region, Tanzania
Malar J 10:207. 2011....
- Evidence for inhibition of cholinesterases in insect and mammalian nervous systems by the insect repellent deetVincent Corbel
Laboratoire de Lutte contre les Insectes Nuisibles, Institut de Recherche pour Développement, F 34 394 Montpellier, France
BMC Biol 7:47. 2009N,N-Diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet) remains the gold standard for insect repellents. About 200 million people use it every year and over 8 billion doses have been applied over the past 50 years...
- Risk perceptions regarding ticks and Lyme disease: a national surveyJames E Herrington
Office of Global Health, Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Am J Prev Med 26:135-40. 2004..Aside from anecdotal and indirect evidence, little empirical evidence exists regarding what the U.S. public knows, says, or does about preventing LD...
- Estimating a mosquito repellent's potential to reduce malaria in communitiesA E Kiszewski
Natural and Applied Sciences, Bentley University, Waltham, MA, USA
J Vector Borne Dis 47:217-21. 2010..To provide a means for estimating the epidemiological efficacy of mosquito repellents in communities, we developed a simple mathematical model...
- A novel high-throughput screening system to evaluate the behavioral response of adult mosquitoes to chemicalsJohn P Grieco
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 21:404-11. 2005..The system is compact in size, easy to decontaminate, and requires only a minute quantity of chemical compound...
- Shoo fly, don't bother me! Efficacy of traditional methods of protecting cattle from tsetseS J Torr
Agriculture, Health and Environment Department, Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, UK
Med Vet Entomol 25:192-201. 2011..The practical benefits and difficulties of using repellents and/or housing to manage trypanosomiases are discussed...
- Repellent activity of essential oils: a reviewLuz Stella Nerio
Environmental and Computational Chemistry Group, Campus of Zaragocilla, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
Bioresour Technol 101:372-8. 2010....
- Insect repellents: historical perspectives and new developmentsTracy M Katz
Department of Dermatology, University of Texas at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
J Am Acad Dermatol 58:865-71. 2008..Various characteristics and individual product advantages may lead physicians to recommend one agent over another...
- Border malaria in China: knowledge and use of personal protection by minority populations and implications for malaria control: a questionnaire-based surveySarah J Moore
DCVBU, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
BMC Public Health 8:344. 2008..Understanding barriers to uptake will inform malaria control programmes on targets for improvement of delivery...
- Repellency of volatile oils from plants against three mosquito vectorsA Tawatsin
National Institute of Health, Department of Medical Sciences, Ministry of Public Health, 88/7 Tiwanon Rd, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
J Vector Ecol 26:76-82. 2001..The three volatile oils can be formulated with vanillin as mosquito repellents in various forms to replace deet (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide), the most common chemical repellent currently available...
- Synergy between repellents and organophosphates on bed nets: efficacy and behavioural response of natural free-flying An. gambiae mosquitoesCedric Pennetier
UR016 Caractérisation et contrôle des populations de vecteurs, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
PLoS ONE 4:e7896. 2009..Mixing a repellent and a non-pyrethroid insecticide seemed to be a promising tool as mixtures in the laboratory showed the same features as pyrethroids...
- Learning and orientation to odor in the bug Rhodnius prolixus Stal 1859 under laboratory conditionsE Aldana
Laboratorio de Entomologia Herman Lent, Departamento de Biologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Núcleo La Hechicera, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida, Venezuela
Parasitol Res 103:587-94. 2008..In contrast, the most variable number of paths occurred with exposure to ruda. Exposure to almizcle elicited straight line paths but other paths were evident, although not as variable as that observed with ruda...
- Odour receptors and neurons for DEET and new insect repellentsPinky Kain
1 Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA 2
Nature 502:507-12. 2013..Our findings pave the way to discover new generations of repellents that will help fight deadly insect-borne diseases worldwide. ..
- Effects of natal habitat odour, reinforced by adult experience, on choice of oviposition site in the mosquito Aedes aegyptiC E Hamilton
Department of Biology, Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada
Med Vet Entomol 25:428-35. 2011..This adult experience-reinforced NHPI (AER-NHPI) is discussed in terms of its adaptive significance for container breeders, the possible timing mechanism and sensory basis of induction and potential practical consequences...
- Generic insect repellent detector from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogasterZainulabeuddin Syed
Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e17705. 2011b>Insect repellents are prophylactic tools against a number of vector-borne diseases...
- Olfactometric evaluation of spatial repellents for Aedes aegyptiDaniel L Kline
Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, USDA ARS, Gainesville, FL 32604, USA
J Med Entomol 40:463-7. 2003..Highest spatial repellency (33.6%) was observed using a combination of linalool and dehydrolinalool. Deet did not manifest spatial repellency, whereas linalool and dehydrolinalool alone, and in combination, exhibited spatial repellency...
- Insect repellents: modulators of mosquito odorant receptor activityJonathan D Bohbot
Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Plant Sciences Institute, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e12138. 2010DEET, 2-undecanone (2-U), IR3535 and Picaridin are widely used as insect repellents to prevent interactions between humans and many arthropods including mosquitoes...
- Adverse events associated with the use of insect repellents containing N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET)T G Osimitz
Science Strategies, LLC, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 56:93-9. 2010DEET is the major component of most topically applied insect repellents used in the US...
- Gustatory receptor neuron responds to DEET and other insect repellents in the yellow-fever mosquito, Aedes aegyptiJillian L Sanford
Plant Sciences Institute, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
Naturwissenschaften 100:269-73. 2013..spike responded to the feeding deterrent, quinine, as well as N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide and other insect repellents. Two other neurons with differing spikes responded to salt (NaCl) and sucrose...
- Adaptation of the repellency response to DEET in Rhodnius prolixusValeria Sfara
Centro de Investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas CONICET, Juan Bautista de La Salle 4397, Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Insect Physiol 57:1431-6. 2011..These results suggest that exposure to DEET produces adaptation in R. prolixus nymphs, and that the behavioural response elicited by DEET occurs via olfaction when no other stimuli are present...
- Odorant receptor modulation: ternary paradigm for mode of action of insect repellentsJonathan D Bohbot
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Plant Sciences Institute, Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
Neuropharmacology 62:2086-95. 2012..insect behavior for the purpose of controlling the spread of infectious diseases has been the task of a few insect repellents for which the mechanistic modes of action on odorant receptors (ORs) are unclear...
- Insect repellents and associated personal protection for a reduction in human diseaseM Debboun
Department of Preventive Health Services, Academy of Health Sciences, US Army Medical Department Center and School, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
Med Vet Entomol 27:1-9. 2013Personal protection measures against biting arthropods include topical insect repellents, area repellents, insecticide-treated bednets and treated clothing...
- Can topical insect repellents reduce malaria? A cluster-randomised controlled trial of the insect repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) in Lao PDRVanessa Chen-Hussey
Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 8:e70664. 2013..Topical insect repellents may be able to protect users from outdoor biting, thereby providing additional protection above the current ..
- Field trial on the spatial repellency of metofluthrin-impregnated plastic strips for mosquitoes in shelters without walls (beruga) in Lombok, IndonesiaHitoshi Kawada
Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
J Vector Ecol 30:181-5. 2005..The technique was found to be a practical long-term solution for the prevention of mosquito bites without using electricity or heat to evaporate the metofluthrin...
- Identification of mosquito repellent odours from Ocimum forskoleiTeun Dekker
Division of Chemical Ecology, Department of Crop Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences PO 44, Alnarp, SE 23053, Sweden
Parasit Vectors 4:183. 2011..We verified whether active repellent compounds could be identified using gas-chromatography coupled electroantennogram recordings (GC-EAD) with headspace extracts of crushed plants...
- The role of the United States military in the development of vector control products, including insect repellents, insecticides, and bed netsLynn W Kitchen
Military Infectious Diseases Research Program, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, MD 21702, USA
J Vector Ecol 34:50-61. 2009..g., undetectable, long-lasting in multiple climates) in order to protect its service members, many Department of Defense vector control products have had global impacts on endemic disease control...
- Learning and memory in the mosquito Aedes aegypti shown by conditioning against oviposition deterrenceJ S Kaur
Environmental Health Institute, National Environment Agency, Singapore
Med Vet Entomol 17:457-60. 2003..This demonstrates learning and memory in the mosquito Ae. aegypti, with implications for dengue vector surveillance and control...
- Host-seeking and blood-feeding behavior of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) exposed to vapors of geraniol, citral, citronellal, eugenol, or anisaldehydeHuiling Hao
Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Rd, Shanghai 200032, China
J Med Entomol 45:533-9. 2008..These initial laboratory results clearly showed that anisaldehyde and geraniol could be promising spatial repellents against Ae. albopictus that they could play a major role in new repellent technology...
- Field evaluation of spatial repellency of metofluthrin-impregnated plastic strips against Anopheles gambiae complex in Bagamoyo, coastal TanzaniaHitoshi Kawada
Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 24:404-9. 2008..Based on the present results, the pyrethrum spray sheet collection was the better of the 2 collection methods...
- Are mosquitoes diverted from repellent-using individuals to non-users? Results of a field study in BoliviaS J Moore
DCVBU, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Trop Med Int Health 12:532-9. 2007..The results also have implications for repellent-efficacy assay design, as protection will appear magnified when mosquitoes are given a choice between repellent-users and non-users...
- Insecticidal, acaricidal and repellent effects of DEET- and IR3535-impregnated bed nets using a novel long-lasting polymer-coating techniqueMichael K Faulde
Department of Medical Entomology Zoology, Central Institute of the Bundeswehr Armed Forces Medical Service, Koblenz, Germany
Parasitol Res 106:957-65. 2010..First results on bioactivity and long-lasting efficacy show that the new LLRTN technique is highly promising as a potential candidate for future malaria control strategies, especially in areas where pyrethroid resistance occurs...
- Field investigation on the repellent activity of some aromatic plants by traditional means against Anopheles arabiensis and An. pharoensis (Diptera: Culicidae) around Koka, central EthiopiaSisay Dugassa
Department of Biology, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Acta Trop 112:38-42. 2009..However, feasibility and actual impact on disease transmission need to be known on these and other potentially useful plants...
- Irritancy and repellency behavioral responses of three strains of Aedes aegypti exposed to DDT and alpha-cypermethrinKanutcharee Thanispong
Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
J Med Entomol 46:1407-14. 2009..aegypti strains show that behavioral responses that can interrupt human-vector contact still occur regardless of degree of physiological susceptibility to compounds tested...
- Characterization of spatial repellent, contact irritant, and toxicant chemical actions of standard vector control compoundsNicole L Achee
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25:156-67. 2009..Studies similar to that presented here can be used as baseline evidence for expected vector responses and support best approaches for more detailed behavioral research...
- Assessment of knowledge and usage custom of traditional insect/mosquito repellent plants in Addis Zemen Town, South Gonder, North Western EthiopiaKaliyaperumal Karunamoorthi
Unit of Vector Biology and Control, School of Environmental Health Science, Faculty of Public Health, Jimma University, P O Box No 378, Jimma, Ethiopia
J Ethnopharmacol 121:49-53. 2009..A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out to assess the knowledge and usage custom of traditional insect/mosquitoes repellent plants among the inhabitants in Addis Zemen Town, Ethiopia...
- Repellency and toxicity of aromatic plant extracts against the mosquito Culex pipiens molestus (Diptera: Culicidae)Abdallah F Traboulsi
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Pest Manag Sci 61:597-604. 2005..Terpineol and 1,8-cineole were the most effective against Culex pipiens molestus bites offering complete protection for 1.6 and 2 h, respectively...
- Laboratory evaluation of traditional insect/mosquito repellent plants against Anopheles arabiensis, the predominant malaria vector in EthiopiaKaliyaperumal Karunamoorthi
Unit of Vector Biology and Control, School of Environmental Health Science, Public Health Faculty, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Parasitol Res 103:529-34. 2008..Since people have been using these plants for some medicinal purposes, no side effects have been found...
- Toxic effects of mosquito coil (a mosquito repellent) smoke on rats. I. Properties of the mosquito coil and its smokeW K Liu
Department of Anatomy, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT
Toxicol Lett 39:223-30. 1987..Therefore, a lengthy exposure to this smoke will cause adverse effects on the consumers...
- Synthesis and bioassay of improved mosquito repellents predicted from chemical structureAlan R Katritzky
Center for Heterocyclic Compounds, Department of Chemistry, 127 Chemistry Research Building, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 7200, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:7359-64. 2008..The newly measured durations of repellency were used to obtain a superior correlation equation relating mosquito repellency to molecular structure...
- Toxic encephalopathy associated with use of DEET insect repellents: a case analysis of its toxicity in childrenG Briassoulis
Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece
Hum Exp Toxicol 20:8-14. 2001..Additionally, since the potential toxicity of DEET is high, less toxic preparations should be probably substituted for DEET-containing repellents, whenever possible...
- Morbidity assessment in sand flea disease (tungiasis)Judith Dorothea Kehr
Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charite University Medicine, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203, Berlin, Germany
Parasitol Res 100:413-21. 2007..The degree of acute morbidity is directly related to the number of embedded sand fleas. When transmission is interrupted, the chronic morbidity reflects the infestation rates individuals have experienced in the past...
- Evaluation of contact irritant and spatial repellent behavioral responses of male Aedes aegypti to vector control compoundsSukhaynah H Said
University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25:436-41. 2009....
- Mosquito repellents: a review of chemical structure diversity and olfactionGretchen Paluch
Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
Pest Manag Sci 66:925-35. 2010..Even with these advances, there is still a large amount of information contained in the early works on insect repellents. Many of the standard test methods and chemicals that are still used for evaluating active repellents were ..
- Risk assessments for the insect repellents DEET and picaridinFrank B Antwi
Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, 334 Leon Johnson Hall, Bozeman, MT 59717 3120, USA
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 51:31-6. 2008For the use of topical insect repellents, DEET and picaridin, human health risk assessments were conducted for various population subgroups. Acute, subchronic, and chronic dermal exposures were examined...
- DEET mosquito repellent sold through social marketing provides personal protection against malaria in an area of all-night mosquito biting and partial coverage of insecticide-treated nets: a case-control study of effectivenessMark Rowland
HealthNet International, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
Trop Med Int Health 9:343-50. 2004..It was shown that Mosbar prevented biting throughout this period. In regions where mosquito vectors bite during evening and night, repellents could have a useful supplementary role to ITN and their use should be more widely encouraged...
- Novel carboxamides as potential mosquito repellentsAlan R Katritzky
Center for Heterocyclic Compounds, University of Florida, Department of Chemistry, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
J Med Entomol 47:924-38. 2010..5 d for deet). Only one of the carboxamides, hexahydro-1-(l-oxohexyl)-1H-azepine, had a minimum effective dosage that was equivalent or slightly better than that of deet (0.033 micromol/cm2 versus 0.047 micromol/cm2)...
- Genomics spawns novel approaches to mosquito controlRobin W Justice
W M Keck Science Center, Claremont Colleges, Claremont 91711, USA
Bioessays 25:1011-20. 2003..Such products have the potential to provide more complete, safer and longer lasting protection than conventional repellents, preventing disease transmission by interrupting the parasite life cycle...
- Control of tungiasis through intermittent application of a plant-based repellent: an intervention study in a resource-poor community in BrazilJohn Buckendahl
Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charite University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e879. 2010..Sand flea disease is associated with a broad spectrum of clinical pathology and severe sequels are frequent. Treatment options are limited...
- Proboscis conditioning experiments with honeybees, Apis mellifera caucasica, with butyric acid and DEET mixture as conditioned and unconditioned stimuliCharles I Abramson
Laboratory of Behavioral Biology and Comparative Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA
J Insect Sci 10:122. 2010..These results again demonstrate that DEET or butyric acid are not olfactory repellents, and in addition, conditioned suppression is influenced by feeding state of the bee...
- Human Exposures to N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide insect repellents reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers 1993-1997John W Bell
PEGUS Research, Inc, Salt Lake City, Utah 84105, USA
Int J Toxicol 21:341-52. 2002..For the cases reported to poison control centers and included in this analysis, the risk of serious medical effects for labeled use of insect repellants containing N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide appears to be low...
- Longitudinal evaluation of repellent activity of Ocimum gratissimum (Labiatae) volatile oil against Simulium damnosumL P E Usip
Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 101:201-5. 2006..Human-vector contact and onchocerciasis transmission could be reduced by the topical application of the volatile oil during the peak biting periods of the vector..
- Altered behavioral responses of Sindbis virus-infected Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) to DEET and non-DEET based insect repellentsWhitney A Qualls
Anastasia Mosquito Control District, St Augustine, FL, United States
Acta Trop 122:284-90. 2012..Taken together, a decrease in TFB and time to complete the four bloodfeeding stages will lessen the prey-status, and enhance both the chances of mosquito survival and arbovirus transmission...
- Mosquito density, biting rate and cage size effects on repellent testsD R Barnard
Centre for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, U S Department of Agriculture, Gainesville, FL 32604, USA
Med Vet Entomol 12:39-45. 1998..The shortest MDPBs were obtained in large cages with high densities of mosquitoes and longest protection times occurred in medium sized cages with low mosquito densities...
- A systematic review of mosquito coils and passive emanators: defining recommendations for spatial repellency testing methodologiesSheila B Ogoma
Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, United Republic of Tanzania
Parasit Vectors 5:287. 2012....
- Mosquito biting behavior: statistical power and sources of variation in toxicity and repellent bioassaysMatthew Kramer
Biometrical Consulting Service, USDA ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
J Med Entomol 47:199-204. 2010....
- Formulation of an effective mosquito-repellent topical product from lemongrass oilA O Oyedele
Department of Pharmaceutics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Phytomedicine 9:259-62. 2002..Base properties of the lemongrass oil formulations influenced their effectiveness. The oil demonstrated efficacy from the different bases in the order of hydrophilic base > emulsion base > oleaginous base...
- Repellency of IR3535, KBR3023, para-menthane-3,8-diol, and deet to black salt marsh mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Everglades National ParkDonald R Barnard
USDA ARS, Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, FL 32604, USA
J Med Entomol 39:895-9. 2002....
- Spatial repellents: from discovery and development to evidence-based validationNicole L Achee
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Malar J 11:164. 2012....
- Repellent activities of essential oils and monoterpenes against Culex pipiens pallensWon Sik Choi
Department of Life Science, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam 337 745, Republic of Korea
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 18:348-51. 2002..A spray-type solution containing 2% alpha-terpinene was tested for its repellent activity against Cx. pipiens. This solution showed stronger repellent activity than the currently used repellent N,N-diethyl-m-methylbenzamide (deet)...
- Tick bite protection with permethrin-treated summer-weight clothingNathan J Miller
Center for Vector Borne Disease, University of Rhode Island, 9 East Alumni Avenue, Suite 7, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
J Med Entomol 48:327-33. 2011..Results of this study demonstrate the potential of permethrin-treated summer clothing for significantly reducing tick bites and tick-borne pathogen transmission...
- Insecticidal and larvicidal activities of medicinal plant extracts against mosquitoesChinnaperumal Kamaraj
Unit of Nanotechnology and Bioactive Natural Products, Post Graduate and Research Department of Zoology, C Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam, Vellore District, Tamil Nadu, India
Parasitol Res 107:1337-49. 2010..52 ppm), respectively, after 24 h. The plant extracts are potential to be used as an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of the Japanese encephalitis vector, C. gelidus, and lymphatic filariasis vector, C. quinquefasciatus...
- Laboratory and field evaluation of SS220 and deet against mosquitoes in Queensland, AustraliaStephen P Frances
Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, Queensland 4051, Australia
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25:174-8. 2009..Seven hours after application, SS220 provided greater than 96.0% protection against all mosquitoes, whereas 20% deet provided 58.9% protection...
- Isolation of a deet-insensitive mutant of Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae)N L Reeder
Corporate Research Division, Procter and Gamble Company, Cincinnati, OH 45253-8707, USA
J Econ Entomol 94:1584-8. 2001..The mutant was repelled by other repellents, benzaldehyde and citronellal. The mutation was recessive and located on the X chromosome...
- Biting deterrent activity of a deet analog, two DEPA analogs, and SS220 applied topically to human volunteers compared with deet against three species of blood-feeding fliesJerome A Klun
USDA ARS, BA, PSI, Chemical Affecting Insect Behavior Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
J Med Entomol 43:1248-51. 2006..Ultimately, we surmise that in vivo testing methods with humans must be used to discriminate among compounds that superficially seem effective when screened using an in vitro method...
- Drugs and personal care products as ubiquitous pollutants: occurrence and distribution of clofibric acid, caffeine and DEET in the North SeaStefan Weigel
Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Hamburg, Germany
Sci Total Environ 295:131-41. 2002..Diclofenac and ibuprofen were found in the estuary of the river Elbe (6.2 and 0.6 ng/L, respectively) but in none of the marine samples. Ketoprofen was below the detection limit in all samples...
- Medical entomology. Keeping the bugs at bayKevin Krajick
Science 313:36-8. 2006
- Excito-repellency properties of essential oils from Melaleuca leucadendron L., Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Persoon, and Litsea salicifolia (Nees) on Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoesAtirach Noosidum
Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
J Vector Ecol 33:305-12. 2008..aegypti and deserve further investigation for possible use as active ingredients in topical (skin) and indoor dispersed repellent systems...
- Malaria outbreak control in an African village by community application of 'deet' mosquito repellent to ankles and feetD N Durrheim
Communicable Disease Control, Department of Health, Nelspruit, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
Med Vet Entomol 16:112-5. 2002..This encouraging outcome should be attempted in other outbreak-prone settings where infective mosquito bites are sporadic and malaria has unstable endemicity...
- Oviposition-deterrent, ovicidal, and repellent activities of indigenous plant extracts against Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae)G Elango
Unit of Bioactive Natural Products, P G and Research Department of Zoology, C Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam, 632 509, Tamil Nadu, India
Parasitol Res 105:1567-76. 2009..Therefore, this study provides first report on the oviposition, ovicidal, and repellent activities against malaria vector, Anopheles subpictus of plant extracts from Southern India...
- The effect of repellents Ocimum forskolei and deet on the response of Anopheles stephensi to host odoursM Waka
Department of Entomology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
Med Vet Entomol 20:373-6. 2006..The results indicate that use of O. forskolei as a repellent would be beneficial in reducing vector biting if used in communities in areas with partially zoophilic mosquito species such as An. stephensi, and where animals are present...
- Comparative field evaluation of repellent formulations containing deet and IR3535 against mosquitoes in Queensland, AustraliaS P Frances
Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, Queensland 4051, Australia, USA
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25:511-3. 2009..The study showed that ADF deet provided significantly better protection against mosquitoes than Avon Bug Guard (IR3535)...
- In vitro repellency of N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide and N,N-diethylphenylacetamide analogs against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae)Mustapha Debboun
Department of Entomology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
J Med Entomol 41:430-4. 2004..Overall, two DEPA analogs and a single DEET analog provided better repellency than DEET against both mosquito species and warrant future laboratory and field evaluation...
- Use of repellents as prophylactic agentsGünther Nentwig
Bayer AG, Bayer Crop Science, Environmental Science, Environmental Health, 51368 Leverkusen, Germany
Parasitol Res 90:S40-8. 2003..To date, neither strategy has led to successful solutions...
- The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest managementSamantha M Cook
Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK
Annu Rev Entomol 52:375-400. 2007..We describe the principles of the strategy, list the potential components, and present case studies reviewing work on the development and use of push-pull strategies in each of the major areas of pest control...
- Repellent activity of Ferronia elephantum Corr. (Rutaceae) leaf extract against Aedes aegypti (L.)M R Venkatachalam
Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608 002, India
Bioresour Technol 76:287-8. 2001..0 and 2.5 mg/cm2 concentrations gave 100% protection up to 2.14 +/- 0.16 h and 4.00 +/- 0.24 h, respectively. The total percentage protection of Ferronia elephantum was 45.8% at 1.0 mg/cm2 and 59.0% at 2.5 mg/cm2 for 10 h...
- Lethal and behavioural effects of three synthetic repellents (DEET, IR3535 and KBR 3023) on Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in laboratory assaysS Licciardi
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
Med Vet Entomol 20:288-93. 2006..The physiological and molecular mechanisms of repellents, especially DEET, should be investigated to ensure a better use of these molecules for skin applications and/or for treating materials against mosquitoes...
- A low-cost repellent for malaria vectors in the Americas: results of two field trials in Guatemala and PeruSarah J Moore
Ifakara Health Research and Development Center, Ifakara, Tanzania
Malar J 6:101. 2007..The chosen actives were a mixture of para-menthane-diol (PMD) and lemongrass oil (LG)...
- Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bitesYuwadee Trongtokit
Department of Medical Entomology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Phytother Res 19:303-9. 2005..As expected, the undiluted oil showed the highest protection in each case. Clove oil gave the longest duration of 100% repellency (2-4 h) against all three species of mosquito...
- A plant-based repellent protects against Tunga penetrans infestation and sand flea diseaseHermann Feldmeier
Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charite Medical School, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 27, D 12203 Berlin, Germany
Acta Trop 99:126-36. 2006..In conclusion, in a setting in which tungiasis is an important health threat, the daily application of a plant-based repellent prevented the infestation with T. penetrans and sand flea disease...
- Chemical odorant of colonial seabird repels mosquitoesH D Douglas
Institute of Marine Science, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
J Med Entomol 42:647-51. 2005..Our report is the first empirical evidence for an endogenous mosquito repellent in birds...
- Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, soft tissue sarcomas, insect repellents, and phenoxyherbicidesPunam Pahwa
Institute of Agricultural Rural and Environmental Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Canada
J Occup Environ Med 48:264-74. 2006....
- Evaluation of synthetic repellents on mosquito nets in experimental huts against insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoesRaphael N'Guessan
Gates Malaria Partnership, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 50 Bedford Square, London, UK
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:1091-7. 2006..Synthetic insect repellents are widely used for personal protection as skin or clothing applications...
- Mosquito repellents and superwarfarin rodenticides--are they really toxic in children?Dawn Boudrow Kendrick
Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
Curr Opin Pediatr 18:180-3. 2006..This review provides information on common mosquito repellents and rodenticides used in households and discusses their toxicity, in order to help pediatricians better advise their patients of their proper use...
- Synergy between repellents and non-pyrethroid insecticides strongly extends the efficacy of treated nets against Anopheles gambiaeCedric Pennetier
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Cotonou, Benin
Malar J 6:38. 2007..The residual efficacy and the inhibition of blood feeding conferred by these mixtures were assessed against Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes...
- Evaluation of extracts and oils of mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) repellent plants from Sweden and Guinea-BissauThomas G T Jaenson
Medical Entomology Unit, Department of Systematic Zoology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
J Med Entomol 43:113-9. 2006..millefolium leaves or inflorescences. The selected plant species contained numerous volatiles known to have insecticidal, acaricidal, "pesticidal," and/ or insect repellent properties...
- PMD, a registered botanical mosquito repellent with deet-like efficacyScott P Carroll
Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, and Carroll Loye Biological Research, 95616, USA
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 22:507-14. 2006..We conclude that not only is the CDC endorsement warranted but also that it probably underestimates the value of PMD as a deet alternative for public health applications...
- Repellency of essential oils of some plants from the Kenyan coast against Anopheles gambiaeJosiah O Odalo
Chemistry Department, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kenyatta University, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Acta Trop 95:210-8. 2005..The implication of these results in the utilization of the plants is discussed...
- Field efficacy of thermally expelled or live potted repellent plants against African malaria vectors in western KenyaAklilu Seyoum
International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya
Trop Med Int Health 8:1005-11. 2003..To estimate the effectiveness of live potted plants and thermal expulsion of plant materials in repelling African malaria vectors in traditional houses in western Kenya...
- Repellency of aromatic turmeric Curcuma aromatica under laboratory and field conditionsBenjawan Pitasawat
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
J Vector Ecol 28:234-40. 2003..No adverse effects on human volunteers were observed 2 mo after application. Therefore, Cu. aromatica extract can be applied as an effective personal protection measure against mosquito bites...
- Disruption of Host-Seeking Behavior in Aedes and Culex Mosquitoes using OdorantsAnandasankar Ray; Fiscal Year: 2013..completion of the proposed studies will lead to the development of a new generation of effective and safe insect repellents and lures that act by modifying CO2 receptor function...
- TRPA1: a polymodal sensor for aversive stimuliCraig Montell; Fiscal Year: 2013..unravel the mechanisms through which insects respond to sensory cues, ranging from changes in temperature to insect repellents. These questions are of potential relevance to the control of insect pests, since mosquitoes that spread ..
- Role of the DSC1 family of cation channels in insect neurophysiology and neurotoxChun Fang Wu; Fiscal Year: 2012..Many insecticides and insect repellents used today target components of the insect nervous system, such as voltage-gated sodium channels and the ..
- Target-based rational design of new mosquito repellentsDaniel Woods; Fiscal Year: 2003..The proposed product should have widespread appeal in the consumer market (estimated at more than $500 million/year worldwide for insect repellents) as well as the United States military.
- 2003 Barrier Function of Mammalian Skin Gordon MeetingGerald Kasting; Fiscal Year: 2003..It will hopefully lead to immediate, practical consequences for patients with skin and other disorders as well as to new insights into the origin and maintenance of mammalian barrier function. ..
- 2005 GRC on Barrier Function of Mammalian SkinGerald Kasting; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Quantitating Absorption of Complex Chemical MixturesJim Riviere; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Molecular Epidemiology of Xenoestrogen ExposureSusan Teitelbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008..Furthermore, data analysis approaches applied in this research project will be applicable to a wide range of environmentally associated diseases. ..
- SECRETIONS OF ARTHROPODSThomas Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2008..Insects are major vectors of disease. An understanding of how insects depend on natural products for regulation of their biotic interactions is of broad applied significance to both medicine and agriculture. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Comparative In Vivo Biodistribution of Characterized Manufactured NanomaterialsNancy A Monteiro Riviere; Fiscal Year: 2010..These coordinated studies will provide data to link physical chemical characterizations to in vivo MNM disposition. ..
- Food Safety Task Force ConferenceTimothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005..Abstract Not Provided ..
- Brugia Infections in Mice: Role of EosinophilsTHIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..We believe that the studies proposed herein will help us understand the mechanisms by which mammalian hosts combat infectious agents that are far larger than their own effector cells. ..
- Formation of an Olfactory Sensory MapLESLIE VOSSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2006..The health relatedness of these studies is that cellular and molecular factors that regulate axonal pathfinding may have direct application to neurological and psychiatric disorders with a developmental basis. ..
- HOST IMMUNOMODULATION BY PARASITESRamaswamy Kalyanasundaram; Fiscal Year: 2004..Overall, the findings from these studies we believe might help improve per-cutaneous vaccination against this disease using defined candidate vaccine antigens against schistosomiasis. ..
- Casa A Campo: Pesticide Safety for Farmworkers' FamiliesThomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- MULTIVALENT VACCINE FOR LYMPHATIC FILARIASISRamaswamy Kalyanasundaram; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed studies are based on solid preliminary data and are hypotheses driven. Results from these studies, we believe will advance our knowledge towards developing a defined vaccine against lymphatic filariasis in the human. ..
- Community-Based Participatory Approach to Farmworker Housing, Exposures & HealthThomas A Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Ethnic Variation in CAM Use and Health Self Management among Rural Older AdultsThomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Farmwoker Environmental Health Research Comparable DataThomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004..The purpose of limiting the size of the conference is to facilitate active interaction, discussion and debate among leaders in the field. ..
- African American Men Prostate & Colorectal Cancer BeliefThomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2007..A preliminary framework of the intervention strategy for this R01 application will be developed and evaluated as part of this project. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH OF BRUGIA MALAVI IN SCID MICETHIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- GROWTH OF B MALAYI IN MURINE MODELS--ROLE OF NK CELLSTHIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2001..Identification of the molecule(s) involved in the interaction could help us formulate a rationale approach to immunoprophylaxis, as well as pharmacology of lymphatic filarial parasites. ..
- Differences in CAM Use Among Minority Older AdultsThomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Changes in the Skin Induced by Alcohol ConsumptionRhonda Brand; Fiscal Year: 2005..This work has important implications for the health and treatment for the millions of people who consume even moderate amounts of alcohol and who may be knowingly or unknowingly exposed to potentially toxic chemicals. ..
- FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH OF BRUGIA MALAYI IN SCID MICETHIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..