insect repellents

Summary

Summary: Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Comparative efficacy of insect repellents against mosquito bites
    Mark S Fradin
    Chapel Hill Dermatology, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:13-8. 2002
  2. ncbi Field evaluation of traditionally used plant-based insect repellents and fumigants against the malaria vector Anopheles darlingi in Riberalta, Bolivian Amazon
    Sarah J Moore
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    J Med Entomol 44:624-30. 2007
  3. ncbi Adulticidal activity of essential oil of Lantana camara leaves against mosquitoes
    V K Dua
    National Institute of Malaria Research ICMR, Field Unit, Haridwar, India
    Indian J Med Res 131:434-9. 2010
  4. ncbi Botanical repellents and pesticides traditionally used against hematophagous invertebrates in Lao People's Democratic Republic: a comparative study of plants used in 66 villages
    Hugo de Boer
    Department of Systematic Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Med Entomol 47:400-14. 2010
  5. pmc Avoiding DEET through insect gustatory receptors
    Youngseok Lee
    Department of Biological Chemistry, Center for Sensory Biology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neuron 67:555-61. 2010
  6. pmc Ultra-prolonged activation of CO2-sensing neurons disorients mosquitoes
    Stephanie Lynn Turner
    Cellular, Molecular, and Developmental Biology Program, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Nature 474:87-91. 2011
  7. pmc Plant based insect repellent and insecticide treated bed nets to protect against malaria in areas of early evening biting vectors: double blind randomised placebo controlled clinical trial in the Bolivian Amazon
    N Hill
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 335:1023. 2007
  8. ncbi Insect odorant receptors are molecular targets of the insect repellent DEET
    Mathias Ditzen
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behavior, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 63, New York, NY 10065 USA
    Science 319:1838-42. 2008
  9. pmc Mosquitoes smell and avoid the insect repellent DEET
    Zainulabeuddin Syed
    Honorary Maeda Duffey Laboratory, Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, 1 Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13598-603. 2008
  10. ncbi Multiple activities of insect repellents on odorant receptors in mosquitoes
    J D Bohbot
    Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, Plant Sciences Institute, U S Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service USDA ARS, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD, U S A
    Med Vet Entomol 25:436-44. 2011

Detail Information

Publications246 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Comparative efficacy of insect repellents against mosquito bites
    Mark S Fradin
    Chapel Hill Dermatology, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:13-8. 2002
    ..diseases, with their associated morbidity and mortality, underscores the need for effective insect repellents. Multiple chemical, botanical, and "alternative" repellent products are marketed to consumers...
  2. ncbi Field evaluation of traditionally used plant-based insect repellents and fumigants against the malaria vector Anopheles darlingi in Riberalta, Bolivian Amazon
    Sarah J Moore
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    J Med Entomol 44:624-30. 2007
    Inexpensive insect repellents may be needed to supplement the use of impregnated bed-nets in the Amazon region, where the primary malaria vector, Anopheles darlingi (Root), is exophilic and feeds in the early evening...
  3. ncbi Adulticidal activity of essential oil of Lantana camara leaves against mosquitoes
    V K Dua
    National Institute of Malaria Research ICMR, Field Unit, Haridwar, India
    Indian J Med Res 131:434-9. 2010
    ..In the present study we have investigated the insecticidal activity of essential oil isolated from the leaves of Lantana camara against mosquito vectors...
  4. ncbi Botanical repellents and pesticides traditionally used against hematophagous invertebrates in Lao People's Democratic Republic: a comparative study of plants used in 66 villages
    Hugo de Boer
    Department of Systematic Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Med Entomol 47:400-14. 2010
    ....
  5. pmc Avoiding DEET through insect gustatory receptors
    Youngseok Lee
    Department of Biological Chemistry, Center for Sensory Biology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neuron 67:555-61. 2010
    ..Since 0.02% DEET elicited action potentials, we conclude that DEET directly activates of GRNs. We suggest that the effectiveness of DEET in pest control owes to its dual action in inducing avoidance simultaneously via GRNs and ORNs...
  6. pmc Ultra-prolonged activation of CO2-sensing neurons disorients mosquitoes
    Stephanie Lynn Turner
    Cellular, Molecular, and Developmental Biology Program, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Nature 474:87-91. 2011
    ..The three classes of CO(2)-response-modifying odours offer powerful instruments for developing new generations of insect repellents and lures, which even in small quantities can interfere with the ability of mosquitoes to seek humans.
  7. pmc Plant based insect repellent and insecticide treated bed nets to protect against malaria in areas of early evening biting vectors: double blind randomised placebo controlled clinical trial in the Bolivian Amazon
    N Hill
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 335:1023. 2007
    ..To determine the effectiveness in reducing malaria of combining an insect repellent with insecticide treated bed nets compared with the nets alone in an area where vector mosquitoes feed in the early evening...
  8. ncbi Insect odorant receptors are molecular targets of the insect repellent DEET
    Mathias Ditzen
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behavior, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 63, New York, NY 10065 USA
    Science 319:1838-42. 2008
    ..The identification of candidate molecular targets for the action of DEET may aid in the design of safer and more effective insect repellents.
  9. pmc Mosquitoes smell and avoid the insect repellent DEET
    Zainulabeuddin Syed
    Honorary Maeda Duffey Laboratory, Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, 1 Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13598-603. 2008
    ..In a sugar-feeding assay, both female and male mosquitoes avoided DEET. In addition, mosquitoes responding only to physical stimuli avoided DEET...
  10. ncbi Multiple activities of insect repellents on odorant receptors in mosquitoes
    J D Bohbot
    Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, Plant Sciences Institute, U S Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service USDA ARS, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD, U S A
    Med Vet Entomol 25:436-44. 2011
    ..We describe the molecular effects of 10 insect repellents and a pyrethroid insecticide with known repellent activity on two highly specific Aedes aegypti (Diptera: ..
  11. ncbi DEET mosquito repellent provides personal protection against malaria: a household randomized trial in an Afghan refugee camp in Pakistan
    Mark Rowland
    HealthNet International, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Trop Med Int Health 9:335-42. 2004
    ..There is a case for giving repellents more prominence in public health as a preventive measure in regions where vectors bite in the early evening or in emergency situations such as epidemics or newly established refugee camps...
  12. pmc A natural polymorphism alters odour and DEET sensitivity in an insect odorant receptor
    Maurizio Pellegrino
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behaviour, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 63, New York, New York 10065, USA
    Nature 478:511-4. 2011
    ..b>Insect repellents containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) are highly effective, but the mechanism by which this chemical ..
  13. pmc Target product profile choices for intra-domiciliary malaria vector control pesticide products: repel or kill?
    Gerry F Killeen
    Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Kilombero District, Morogoro Region, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:207. 2011
    ....
  14. pmc Evidence for inhibition of cholinesterases in insect and mammalian nervous systems by the insect repellent deet
    Vincent Corbel
    Laboratoire de Lutte contre les Insectes Nuisibles, Institut de Recherche pour Développement, F 34 394 Montpellier, France
    BMC Biol 7:47. 2009
    N,N-Diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet) remains the gold standard for insect repellents. About 200 million people use it every year and over 8 billion doses have been applied over the past 50 years...
  15. ncbi Risk perceptions regarding ticks and Lyme disease: a national survey
    James E Herrington
    Office of Global Health, Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Prev Med 26:135-40. 2004
    ..Aside from anecdotal and indirect evidence, little empirical evidence exists regarding what the U.S. public knows, says, or does about preventing LD...
  16. ncbi Estimating a mosquito repellent's potential to reduce malaria in communities
    A E Kiszewski
    Natural and Applied Sciences, Bentley University, Waltham, MA, USA
    J Vector Borne Dis 47:217-21. 2010
    ..To provide a means for estimating the epidemiological efficacy of mosquito repellents in communities, we developed a simple mathematical model...
  17. ncbi A novel high-throughput screening system to evaluate the behavioral response of adult mosquitoes to chemicals
    John P Grieco
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 21:404-11. 2005
    ..The system is compact in size, easy to decontaminate, and requires only a minute quantity of chemical compound...
  18. ncbi Shoo fly, don't bother me! Efficacy of traditional methods of protecting cattle from tsetse
    S J Torr
    Agriculture, Health and Environment Department, Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 25:192-201. 2011
    ..The practical benefits and difficulties of using repellents and/or housing to manage trypanosomiases are discussed...
  19. ncbi Repellent activity of essential oils: a review
    Luz Stella Nerio
    Environmental and Computational Chemistry Group, Campus of Zaragocilla, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
    Bioresour Technol 101:372-8. 2010
    ....
  20. ncbi Insect repellents: historical perspectives and new developments
    Tracy M Katz
    Department of Dermatology, University of Texas at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Am Acad Dermatol 58:865-71. 2008
    ..Various characteristics and individual product advantages may lead physicians to recommend one agent over another...
  21. pmc Border malaria in China: knowledge and use of personal protection by minority populations and implications for malaria control: a questionnaire-based survey
    Sarah J Moore
    DCVBU, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:344. 2008
    ..Understanding barriers to uptake will inform malaria control programmes on targets for improvement of delivery...
  22. ncbi Repellency of volatile oils from plants against three mosquito vectors
    A Tawatsin
    National Institute of Health, Department of Medical Sciences, Ministry of Public Health, 88/7 Tiwanon Rd, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
    J Vector Ecol 26:76-82. 2001
    ..The three volatile oils can be formulated with vanillin as mosquito repellents in various forms to replace deet (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide), the most common chemical repellent currently available...
  23. pmc Synergy between repellents and organophosphates on bed nets: efficacy and behavioural response of natural free-flying An. gambiae mosquitoes
    Cedric Pennetier
    UR016 Caractérisation et contrôle des populations de vecteurs, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
    PLoS ONE 4:e7896. 2009
    ..Mixing a repellent and a non-pyrethroid insecticide seemed to be a promising tool as mixtures in the laboratory showed the same features as pyrethroids...
  24. ncbi Learning and orientation to odor in the bug Rhodnius prolixus Stal 1859 under laboratory conditions
    E Aldana
    Laboratorio de Entomologia Herman Lent, Departamento de Biologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Núcleo La Hechicera, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida, Venezuela
    Parasitol Res 103:587-94. 2008
    ..In contrast, the most variable number of paths occurred with exposure to ruda. Exposure to almizcle elicited straight line paths but other paths were evident, although not as variable as that observed with ruda...
  25. pmc Odour receptors and neurons for DEET and new insect repellents
    Pinky Kain
    1 Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA 2
    Nature 502:507-12. 2013
    ..Our findings pave the way to discover new generations of repellents that will help fight deadly insect-borne diseases worldwide. ..
  26. ncbi Effects of natal habitat odour, reinforced by adult experience, on choice of oviposition site in the mosquito Aedes aegypti
    C E Hamilton
    Department of Biology, Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada
    Med Vet Entomol 25:428-35. 2011
    ..This adult experience-reinforced NHPI (AER-NHPI) is discussed in terms of its adaptive significance for container breeders, the possible timing mechanism and sensory basis of induction and potential practical consequences...
  27. pmc Generic insect repellent detector from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster
    Zainulabeuddin Syed
    Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17705. 2011
    b>Insect repellents are prophylactic tools against a number of vector-borne diseases...
  28. ncbi Olfactometric evaluation of spatial repellents for Aedes aegypti
    Daniel L Kline
    Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, USDA ARS, Gainesville, FL 32604, USA
    J Med Entomol 40:463-7. 2003
    ..Highest spatial repellency (33.6%) was observed using a combination of linalool and dehydrolinalool. Deet did not manifest spatial repellency, whereas linalool and dehydrolinalool alone, and in combination, exhibited spatial repellency...
  29. pmc Insect repellents: modulators of mosquito odorant receptor activity
    Jonathan D Bohbot
    Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Plant Sciences Institute, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e12138. 2010
    DEET, 2-undecanone (2-U), IR3535 and Picaridin are widely used as insect repellents to prevent interactions between humans and many arthropods including mosquitoes...
  30. ncbi Adverse events associated with the use of insect repellents containing N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET)
    T G Osimitz
    Science Strategies, LLC, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 56:93-9. 2010
    DEET is the major component of most topically applied insect repellents used in the US...
  31. ncbi Gustatory receptor neuron responds to DEET and other insect repellents in the yellow-fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti
    Jillian L Sanford
    Plant Sciences Institute, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Naturwissenschaften 100:269-73. 2013
    ..spike responded to the feeding deterrent, quinine, as well as N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide and other insect repellents. Two other neurons with differing spikes responded to salt (NaCl) and sucrose...
  32. ncbi Adaptation of the repellency response to DEET in Rhodnius prolixus
    Valeria Sfara
    Centro de Investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas CONICET, Juan Bautista de La Salle 4397, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Insect Physiol 57:1431-6. 2011
    ..These results suggest that exposure to DEET produces adaptation in R. prolixus nymphs, and that the behavioural response elicited by DEET occurs via olfaction when no other stimuli are present...
  33. ncbi Odorant receptor modulation: ternary paradigm for mode of action of insect repellents
    Jonathan D Bohbot
    United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Henry A Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Plant Sciences Institute, Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Neuropharmacology 62:2086-95. 2012
    ..insect behavior for the purpose of controlling the spread of infectious diseases has been the task of a few insect repellents for which the mechanistic modes of action on odorant receptors (ORs) are unclear...
  34. ncbi Insect repellents and associated personal protection for a reduction in human disease
    M Debboun
    Department of Preventive Health Services, Academy of Health Sciences, US Army Medical Department Center and School, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Med Vet Entomol 27:1-9. 2013
    Personal protection measures against biting arthropods include topical insect repellents, area repellents, insecticide-treated bednets and treated clothing...
  35. pmc Can topical insect repellents reduce malaria? A cluster-randomised controlled trial of the insect repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) in Lao PDR
    Vanessa Chen-Hussey
    Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e70664. 2013
    ..Topical insect repellents may be able to protect users from outdoor biting, thereby providing additional protection above the current ..
  36. ncbi Field trial on the spatial repellency of metofluthrin-impregnated plastic strips for mosquitoes in shelters without walls (beruga) in Lombok, Indonesia
    Hitoshi Kawada
    Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    J Vector Ecol 30:181-5. 2005
    ..The technique was found to be a practical long-term solution for the prevention of mosquito bites without using electricity or heat to evaporate the metofluthrin...
  37. pmc Identification of mosquito repellent odours from Ocimum forskolei
    Teun Dekker
    Division of Chemical Ecology, Department of Crop Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences PO 44, Alnarp, SE 23053, Sweden
    Parasit Vectors 4:183. 2011
    ..We verified whether active repellent compounds could be identified using gas-chromatography coupled electroantennogram recordings (GC-EAD) with headspace extracts of crushed plants...
  38. ncbi The role of the United States military in the development of vector control products, including insect repellents, insecticides, and bed nets
    Lynn W Kitchen
    Military Infectious Diseases Research Program, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, MD 21702, USA
    J Vector Ecol 34:50-61. 2009
    ..g., undetectable, long-lasting in multiple climates) in order to protect its service members, many Department of Defense vector control products have had global impacts on endemic disease control...
  39. ncbi Learning and memory in the mosquito Aedes aegypti shown by conditioning against oviposition deterrence
    J S Kaur
    Environmental Health Institute, National Environment Agency, Singapore
    Med Vet Entomol 17:457-60. 2003
    ..This demonstrates learning and memory in the mosquito Ae. aegypti, with implications for dengue vector surveillance and control...
  40. ncbi Host-seeking and blood-feeding behavior of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) exposed to vapors of geraniol, citral, citronellal, eugenol, or anisaldehyde
    Huiling Hao
    Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Rd, Shanghai 200032, China
    J Med Entomol 45:533-9. 2008
    ..These initial laboratory results clearly showed that anisaldehyde and geraniol could be promising spatial repellents against Ae. albopictus that they could play a major role in new repellent technology...
  41. ncbi Field evaluation of spatial repellency of metofluthrin-impregnated plastic strips against Anopheles gambiae complex in Bagamoyo, coastal Tanzania
    Hitoshi Kawada
    Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 24:404-9. 2008
    ..Based on the present results, the pyrethrum spray sheet collection was the better of the 2 collection methods...
  42. ncbi Are mosquitoes diverted from repellent-using individuals to non-users? Results of a field study in Bolivia
    S J Moore
    DCVBU, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 12:532-9. 2007
    ..The results also have implications for repellent-efficacy assay design, as protection will appear magnified when mosquitoes are given a choice between repellent-users and non-users...
  43. ncbi Insecticidal, acaricidal and repellent effects of DEET- and IR3535-impregnated bed nets using a novel long-lasting polymer-coating technique
    Michael K Faulde
    Department of Medical Entomology Zoology, Central Institute of the Bundeswehr Armed Forces Medical Service, Koblenz, Germany
    Parasitol Res 106:957-65. 2010
    ..First results on bioactivity and long-lasting efficacy show that the new LLRTN technique is highly promising as a potential candidate for future malaria control strategies, especially in areas where pyrethroid resistance occurs...
  44. ncbi Field investigation on the repellent activity of some aromatic plants by traditional means against Anopheles arabiensis and An. pharoensis (Diptera: Culicidae) around Koka, central Ethiopia
    Sisay Dugassa
    Department of Biology, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Acta Trop 112:38-42. 2009
    ..However, feasibility and actual impact on disease transmission need to be known on these and other potentially useful plants...
  45. ncbi Irritancy and repellency behavioral responses of three strains of Aedes aegypti exposed to DDT and alpha-cypermethrin
    Kanutcharee Thanispong
    Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
    J Med Entomol 46:1407-14. 2009
    ..aegypti strains show that behavioral responses that can interrupt human-vector contact still occur regardless of degree of physiological susceptibility to compounds tested...
  46. ncbi Characterization of spatial repellent, contact irritant, and toxicant chemical actions of standard vector control compounds
    Nicole L Achee
    Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25:156-67. 2009
    ..Studies similar to that presented here can be used as baseline evidence for expected vector responses and support best approaches for more detailed behavioral research...
  47. ncbi Assessment of knowledge and usage custom of traditional insect/mosquito repellent plants in Addis Zemen Town, South Gonder, North Western Ethiopia
    Kaliyaperumal Karunamoorthi
    Unit of Vector Biology and Control, School of Environmental Health Science, Faculty of Public Health, Jimma University, P O Box No 378, Jimma, Ethiopia
    J Ethnopharmacol 121:49-53. 2009
    ..A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out to assess the knowledge and usage custom of traditional insect/mosquitoes repellent plants among the inhabitants in Addis Zemen Town, Ethiopia...
  48. ncbi Repellency and toxicity of aromatic plant extracts against the mosquito Culex pipiens molestus (Diptera: Culicidae)
    Abdallah F Traboulsi
    Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
    Pest Manag Sci 61:597-604. 2005
    ..Terpineol and 1,8-cineole were the most effective against Culex pipiens molestus bites offering complete protection for 1.6 and 2 h, respectively...
  49. ncbi Laboratory evaluation of traditional insect/mosquito repellent plants against Anopheles arabiensis, the predominant malaria vector in Ethiopia
    Kaliyaperumal Karunamoorthi
    Unit of Vector Biology and Control, School of Environmental Health Science, Public Health Faculty, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
    Parasitol Res 103:529-34. 2008
    ..Since people have been using these plants for some medicinal purposes, no side effects have been found...
  50. ncbi Toxic effects of mosquito coil (a mosquito repellent) smoke on rats. I. Properties of the mosquito coil and its smoke
    W K Liu
    Department of Anatomy, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT
    Toxicol Lett 39:223-30. 1987
    ..Therefore, a lengthy exposure to this smoke will cause adverse effects on the consumers...
  51. pmc Synthesis and bioassay of improved mosquito repellents predicted from chemical structure
    Alan R Katritzky
    Center for Heterocyclic Compounds, Department of Chemistry, 127 Chemistry Research Building, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 7200, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:7359-64. 2008
    ..The newly measured durations of repellency were used to obtain a superior correlation equation relating mosquito repellency to molecular structure...
  52. ncbi Toxic encephalopathy associated with use of DEET insect repellents: a case analysis of its toxicity in children
    G Briassoulis
    Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Hum Exp Toxicol 20:8-14. 2001
    ..Additionally, since the potential toxicity of DEET is high, less toxic preparations should be probably substituted for DEET-containing repellents, whenever possible...
  53. ncbi Morbidity assessment in sand flea disease (tungiasis)
    Judith Dorothea Kehr
    Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charite University Medicine, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 27, 12203, Berlin, Germany
    Parasitol Res 100:413-21. 2007
    ..The degree of acute morbidity is directly related to the number of embedded sand fleas. When transmission is interrupted, the chronic morbidity reflects the infestation rates individuals have experienced in the past...
  54. ncbi Evaluation of contact irritant and spatial repellent behavioral responses of male Aedes aegypti to vector control compounds
    Sukhaynah H Said
    University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25:436-41. 2009
    ....
  55. ncbi Mosquito repellents: a review of chemical structure diversity and olfaction
    Gretchen Paluch
    Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Pest Manag Sci 66:925-35. 2010
    ..Even with these advances, there is still a large amount of information contained in the early works on insect repellents. Many of the standard test methods and chemicals that are still used for evaluating active repellents were ..
  56. ncbi Risk assessments for the insect repellents DEET and picaridin
    Frank B Antwi
    Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, 334 Leon Johnson Hall, Bozeman, MT 59717 3120, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 51:31-6. 2008
    For the use of topical insect repellents, DEET and picaridin, human health risk assessments were conducted for various population subgroups. Acute, subchronic, and chronic dermal exposures were examined...
  57. ncbi DEET mosquito repellent sold through social marketing provides personal protection against malaria in an area of all-night mosquito biting and partial coverage of insecticide-treated nets: a case-control study of effectiveness
    Mark Rowland
    HealthNet International, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Trop Med Int Health 9:343-50. 2004
    ..It was shown that Mosbar prevented biting throughout this period. In regions where mosquito vectors bite during evening and night, repellents could have a useful supplementary role to ITN and their use should be more widely encouraged...
  58. ncbi Novel carboxamides as potential mosquito repellents
    Alan R Katritzky
    Center for Heterocyclic Compounds, University of Florida, Department of Chemistry, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    J Med Entomol 47:924-38. 2010
    ..5 d for deet). Only one of the carboxamides, hexahydro-1-(l-oxohexyl)-1H-azepine, had a minimum effective dosage that was equivalent or slightly better than that of deet (0.033 micromol/cm2 versus 0.047 micromol/cm2)...
  59. ncbi Genomics spawns novel approaches to mosquito control
    Robin W Justice
    W M Keck Science Center, Claremont Colleges, Claremont 91711, USA
    Bioessays 25:1011-20. 2003
    ..Such products have the potential to provide more complete, safer and longer lasting protection than conventional repellents, preventing disease transmission by interrupting the parasite life cycle...
  60. pmc Control of tungiasis through intermittent application of a plant-based repellent: an intervention study in a resource-poor community in Brazil
    John Buckendahl
    Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charite University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e879. 2010
    ..Sand flea disease is associated with a broad spectrum of clinical pathology and severe sequels are frequent. Treatment options are limited...
  61. pmc Proboscis conditioning experiments with honeybees, Apis mellifera caucasica, with butyric acid and DEET mixture as conditioned and unconditioned stimuli
    Charles I Abramson
    Laboratory of Behavioral Biology and Comparative Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA
    J Insect Sci 10:122. 2010
    ..These results again demonstrate that DEET or butyric acid are not olfactory repellents, and in addition, conditioned suppression is influenced by feeding state of the bee...
  62. ncbi Human Exposures to N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide insect repellents reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers 1993-1997
    John W Bell
    PEGUS Research, Inc, Salt Lake City, Utah 84105, USA
    Int J Toxicol 21:341-52. 2002
    ..For the cases reported to poison control centers and included in this analysis, the risk of serious medical effects for labeled use of insect repellants containing N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide appears to be low...
  63. ncbi Longitudinal evaluation of repellent activity of Ocimum gratissimum (Labiatae) volatile oil against Simulium damnosum
    L P E Usip
    Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 101:201-5. 2006
    ..Human-vector contact and onchocerciasis transmission could be reduced by the topical application of the volatile oil during the peak biting periods of the vector..
  64. ncbi Altered behavioral responses of Sindbis virus-infected Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) to DEET and non-DEET based insect repellents
    Whitney A Qualls
    Anastasia Mosquito Control District, St Augustine, FL, United States
    Acta Trop 122:284-90. 2012
    ..Taken together, a decrease in TFB and time to complete the four bloodfeeding stages will lessen the prey-status, and enhance both the chances of mosquito survival and arbovirus transmission...
  65. ncbi Mosquito density, biting rate and cage size effects on repellent tests
    D R Barnard
    Centre for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, U S Department of Agriculture, Gainesville, FL 32604, USA
    Med Vet Entomol 12:39-45. 1998
    ..The shortest MDPBs were obtained in large cages with high densities of mosquitoes and longest protection times occurred in medium sized cages with low mosquito densities...
  66. pmc A systematic review of mosquito coils and passive emanators: defining recommendations for spatial repellency testing methodologies
    Sheila B Ogoma
    Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, United Republic of Tanzania
    Parasit Vectors 5:287. 2012
    ....
  67. ncbi Mosquito biting behavior: statistical power and sources of variation in toxicity and repellent bioassays
    Matthew Kramer
    Biometrical Consulting Service, USDA ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Med Entomol 47:199-204. 2010
    ....
  68. ncbi Formulation of an effective mosquito-repellent topical product from lemongrass oil
    A O Oyedele
    Department of Pharmaceutics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    Phytomedicine 9:259-62. 2002
    ..Base properties of the lemongrass oil formulations influenced their effectiveness. The oil demonstrated efficacy from the different bases in the order of hydrophilic base > emulsion base > oleaginous base...
  69. ncbi Repellency of IR3535, KBR3023, para-menthane-3,8-diol, and deet to black salt marsh mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Everglades National Park
    Donald R Barnard
    USDA ARS, Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, FL 32604, USA
    J Med Entomol 39:895-9. 2002
    ....
  70. pmc Spatial repellents: from discovery and development to evidence-based validation
    Nicole L Achee
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Malar J 11:164. 2012
    ....
  71. ncbi Repellent activities of essential oils and monoterpenes against Culex pipiens pallens
    Won Sik Choi
    Department of Life Science, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Chungnam 337 745, Republic of Korea
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 18:348-51. 2002
    ..A spray-type solution containing 2% alpha-terpinene was tested for its repellent activity against Cx. pipiens. This solution showed stronger repellent activity than the currently used repellent N,N-diethyl-m-methylbenzamide (deet)...
  72. ncbi Tick bite protection with permethrin-treated summer-weight clothing
    Nathan J Miller
    Center for Vector Borne Disease, University of Rhode Island, 9 East Alumni Avenue, Suite 7, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    J Med Entomol 48:327-33. 2011
    ..Results of this study demonstrate the potential of permethrin-treated summer clothing for significantly reducing tick bites and tick-borne pathogen transmission...
  73. ncbi Insecticidal and larvicidal activities of medicinal plant extracts against mosquitoes
    Chinnaperumal Kamaraj
    Unit of Nanotechnology and Bioactive Natural Products, Post Graduate and Research Department of Zoology, C Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam, Vellore District, Tamil Nadu, India
    Parasitol Res 107:1337-49. 2010
    ..52 ppm), respectively, after 24 h. The plant extracts are potential to be used as an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of the Japanese encephalitis vector, C. gelidus, and lymphatic filariasis vector, C. quinquefasciatus...
  74. ncbi Laboratory and field evaluation of SS220 and deet against mosquitoes in Queensland, Australia
    Stephen P Frances
    Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, Queensland 4051, Australia
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25:174-8. 2009
    ..Seven hours after application, SS220 provided greater than 96.0% protection against all mosquitoes, whereas 20% deet provided 58.9% protection...
  75. ncbi Isolation of a deet-insensitive mutant of Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae)
    N L Reeder
    Corporate Research Division, Procter and Gamble Company, Cincinnati, OH 45253-8707, USA
    J Econ Entomol 94:1584-8. 2001
    ..The mutant was repelled by other repellents, benzaldehyde and citronellal. The mutation was recessive and located on the X chromosome...
  76. ncbi Biting deterrent activity of a deet analog, two DEPA analogs, and SS220 applied topically to human volunteers compared with deet against three species of blood-feeding flies
    Jerome A Klun
    USDA ARS, BA, PSI, Chemical Affecting Insect Behavior Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Med Entomol 43:1248-51. 2006
    ..Ultimately, we surmise that in vivo testing methods with humans must be used to discriminate among compounds that superficially seem effective when screened using an in vitro method...
  77. ncbi Drugs and personal care products as ubiquitous pollutants: occurrence and distribution of clofibric acid, caffeine and DEET in the North Sea
    Stefan Weigel
    Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Hamburg, Germany
    Sci Total Environ 295:131-41. 2002
    ..Diclofenac and ibuprofen were found in the estuary of the river Elbe (6.2 and 0.6 ng/L, respectively) but in none of the marine samples. Ketoprofen was below the detection limit in all samples...
  78. ncbi Medical entomology. Keeping the bugs at bay
    Kevin Krajick
    Science 313:36-8. 2006
  79. ncbi Excito-repellency properties of essential oils from Melaleuca leucadendron L., Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Persoon, and Litsea salicifolia (Nees) on Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes
    Atirach Noosidum
    Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
    J Vector Ecol 33:305-12. 2008
    ..aegypti and deserve further investigation for possible use as active ingredients in topical (skin) and indoor dispersed repellent systems...
  80. ncbi Malaria outbreak control in an African village by community application of 'deet' mosquito repellent to ankles and feet
    D N Durrheim
    Communicable Disease Control, Department of Health, Nelspruit, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
    Med Vet Entomol 16:112-5. 2002
    ..This encouraging outcome should be attempted in other outbreak-prone settings where infective mosquito bites are sporadic and malaria has unstable endemicity...
  81. ncbi Oviposition-deterrent, ovicidal, and repellent activities of indigenous plant extracts against Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae)
    G Elango
    Unit of Bioactive Natural Products, P G and Research Department of Zoology, C Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam, 632 509, Tamil Nadu, India
    Parasitol Res 105:1567-76. 2009
    ..Therefore, this study provides first report on the oviposition, ovicidal, and repellent activities against malaria vector, Anopheles subpictus of plant extracts from Southern India...
  82. ncbi The effect of repellents Ocimum forskolei and deet on the response of Anopheles stephensi to host odours
    M Waka
    Department of Entomology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    Med Vet Entomol 20:373-6. 2006
    ..The results indicate that use of O. forskolei as a repellent would be beneficial in reducing vector biting if used in communities in areas with partially zoophilic mosquito species such as An. stephensi, and where animals are present...
  83. ncbi Comparative field evaluation of repellent formulations containing deet and IR3535 against mosquitoes in Queensland, Australia
    S P Frances
    Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, Queensland 4051, Australia, USA
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25:511-3. 2009
    ..The study showed that ADF deet provided significantly better protection against mosquitoes than Avon Bug Guard (IR3535)...
  84. ncbi In vitro repellency of N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide and N,N-diethylphenylacetamide analogs against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae)
    Mustapha Debboun
    Department of Entomology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    J Med Entomol 41:430-4. 2004
    ..Overall, two DEPA analogs and a single DEET analog provided better repellency than DEET against both mosquito species and warrant future laboratory and field evaluation...
  85. ncbi Use of repellents as prophylactic agents
    Günther Nentwig
    Bayer AG, Bayer Crop Science, Environmental Science, Environmental Health, 51368 Leverkusen, Germany
    Parasitol Res 90:S40-8. 2003
    ..To date, neither strategy has led to successful solutions...
  86. ncbi The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest management
    Samantha M Cook
    Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK
    Annu Rev Entomol 52:375-400. 2007
    ..We describe the principles of the strategy, list the potential components, and present case studies reviewing work on the development and use of push-pull strategies in each of the major areas of pest control...
  87. ncbi Repellent activity of Ferronia elephantum Corr. (Rutaceae) leaf extract against Aedes aegypti (L.)
    M R Venkatachalam
    Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608 002, India
    Bioresour Technol 76:287-8. 2001
    ..0 and 2.5 mg/cm2 concentrations gave 100% protection up to 2.14 +/- 0.16 h and 4.00 +/- 0.24 h, respectively. The total percentage protection of Ferronia elephantum was 45.8% at 1.0 mg/cm2 and 59.0% at 2.5 mg/cm2 for 10 h...
  88. ncbi Lethal and behavioural effects of three synthetic repellents (DEET, IR3535 and KBR 3023) on Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in laboratory assays
    S Licciardi
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
    Med Vet Entomol 20:288-93. 2006
    ..The physiological and molecular mechanisms of repellents, especially DEET, should be investigated to ensure a better use of these molecules for skin applications and/or for treating materials against mosquitoes...
  89. pmc A low-cost repellent for malaria vectors in the Americas: results of two field trials in Guatemala and Peru
    Sarah J Moore
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Center, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 6:101. 2007
    ..The chosen actives were a mixture of para-menthane-diol (PMD) and lemongrass oil (LG)...
  90. ncbi Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites
    Yuwadee Trongtokit
    Department of Medical Entomology, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Phytother Res 19:303-9. 2005
    ..As expected, the undiluted oil showed the highest protection in each case. Clove oil gave the longest duration of 100% repellency (2-4 h) against all three species of mosquito...
  91. ncbi A plant-based repellent protects against Tunga penetrans infestation and sand flea disease
    Hermann Feldmeier
    Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charite Medical School, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 27, D 12203 Berlin, Germany
    Acta Trop 99:126-36. 2006
    ..In conclusion, in a setting in which tungiasis is an important health threat, the daily application of a plant-based repellent prevented the infestation with T. penetrans and sand flea disease...
  92. ncbi Chemical odorant of colonial seabird repels mosquitoes
    H D Douglas
    Institute of Marine Science, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
    J Med Entomol 42:647-51. 2005
    ..Our report is the first empirical evidence for an endogenous mosquito repellent in birds...
  93. ncbi Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, soft tissue sarcomas, insect repellents, and phenoxyherbicides
    Punam Pahwa
    Institute of Agricultural Rural and Environmental Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Canada
    J Occup Environ Med 48:264-74. 2006
    ....
  94. ncbi Evaluation of synthetic repellents on mosquito nets in experimental huts against insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes
    Raphael N'Guessan
    Gates Malaria Partnership, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 50 Bedford Square, London, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:1091-7. 2006
    ..Synthetic insect repellents are widely used for personal protection as skin or clothing applications...
  95. ncbi Mosquito repellents and superwarfarin rodenticides--are they really toxic in children?
    Dawn Boudrow Kendrick
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 18:180-3. 2006
    ..This review provides information on common mosquito repellents and rodenticides used in households and discusses their toxicity, in order to help pediatricians better advise their patients of their proper use...
  96. pmc Synergy between repellents and non-pyrethroid insecticides strongly extends the efficacy of treated nets against Anopheles gambiae
    Cedric Pennetier
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Cotonou, Benin
    Malar J 6:38. 2007
    ..The residual efficacy and the inhibition of blood feeding conferred by these mixtures were assessed against Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes...
  97. ncbi Evaluation of extracts and oils of mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) repellent plants from Sweden and Guinea-Bissau
    Thomas G T Jaenson
    Medical Entomology Unit, Department of Systematic Zoology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Med Entomol 43:113-9. 2006
    ..millefolium leaves or inflorescences. The selected plant species contained numerous volatiles known to have insecticidal, acaricidal, "pesticidal," and/ or insect repellent properties...
  98. ncbi PMD, a registered botanical mosquito repellent with deet-like efficacy
    Scott P Carroll
    Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, and Carroll Loye Biological Research, 95616, USA
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 22:507-14. 2006
    ..We conclude that not only is the CDC endorsement warranted but also that it probably underestimates the value of PMD as a deet alternative for public health applications...
  99. ncbi Repellency of essential oils of some plants from the Kenyan coast against Anopheles gambiae
    Josiah O Odalo
    Chemistry Department, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kenyatta University, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
    Acta Trop 95:210-8. 2005
    ..The implication of these results in the utilization of the plants is discussed...
  100. ncbi Field efficacy of thermally expelled or live potted repellent plants against African malaria vectors in western Kenya
    Aklilu Seyoum
    International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 8:1005-11. 2003
    ..To estimate the effectiveness of live potted plants and thermal expulsion of plant materials in repelling African malaria vectors in traditional houses in western Kenya...
  101. ncbi Repellency of aromatic turmeric Curcuma aromatica under laboratory and field conditions
    Benjawan Pitasawat
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
    J Vector Ecol 28:234-40. 2003
    ..No adverse effects on human volunteers were observed 2 mo after application. Therefore, Cu. aromatica extract can be applied as an effective personal protection measure against mosquito bites...

Research Grants25

  1. Disruption of Host-Seeking Behavior in Aedes and Culex Mosquitoes using Odorants
    Anandasankar Ray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..completion of the proposed studies will lead to the development of a new generation of effective and safe insect repellents and lures that act by modifying CO2 receptor function...
  2. TRPA1: a polymodal sensor for aversive stimuli
    Craig Montell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..unravel the mechanisms through which insects respond to sensory cues, ranging from changes in temperature to insect repellents. These questions are of potential relevance to the control of insect pests, since mosquitoes that spread ..
  3. Role of the DSC1 family of cation channels in insect neurophysiology and neurotox
    Chun Fang Wu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Many insecticides and insect repellents used today target components of the insect nervous system, such as voltage-gated sodium channels and the ..
  4. Target-based rational design of new mosquito repellents
    Daniel Woods; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed product should have widespread appeal in the consumer market (estimated at more than $500 million/year worldwide for insect repellents) as well as the United States military.
  5. 2003 Barrier Function of Mammalian Skin Gordon Meeting
    Gerald Kasting; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It will hopefully lead to immediate, practical consequences for patients with skin and other disorders as well as to new insights into the origin and maintenance of mammalian barrier function. ..
  6. 2005 GRC on Barrier Function of Mammalian Skin
    Gerald Kasting; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Quantitating Absorption of Complex Chemical Mixtures
    Jim Riviere; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Molecular Epidemiology of Xenoestrogen Exposure
    Susan Teitelbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Furthermore, data analysis approaches applied in this research project will be applicable to a wide range of environmentally associated diseases. ..
  9. SECRETIONS OF ARTHROPODS
    Thomas Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Insects are major vectors of disease. An understanding of how insects depend on natural products for regulation of their biotic interactions is of broad applied significance to both medicine and agriculture. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Comparative In Vivo Biodistribution of Characterized Manufactured Nanomaterials
    Nancy A Monteiro Riviere; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These coordinated studies will provide data to link physical chemical characterizations to in vivo MNM disposition. ..
  11. Food Safety Task Force Conference
    Timothy Jones; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Abstract Not Provided ..
  12. Brugia Infections in Mice: Role of Eosinophils
    THIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We believe that the studies proposed herein will help us understand the mechanisms by which mammalian hosts combat infectious agents that are far larger than their own effector cells. ..
  13. Formation of an Olfactory Sensory Map
    LESLIE VOSSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The health relatedness of these studies is that cellular and molecular factors that regulate axonal pathfinding may have direct application to neurological and psychiatric disorders with a developmental basis. ..
  14. HOST IMMUNOMODULATION BY PARASITES
    Ramaswamy Kalyanasundaram; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Overall, the findings from these studies we believe might help improve per-cutaneous vaccination against this disease using defined candidate vaccine antigens against schistosomiasis. ..
  15. Casa A Campo: Pesticide Safety for Farmworkers' Families
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  16. MULTIVALENT VACCINE FOR LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS
    Ramaswamy Kalyanasundaram; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies are based on solid preliminary data and are hypotheses driven. Results from these studies, we believe will advance our knowledge towards developing a defined vaccine against lymphatic filariasis in the human. ..
  17. Community-Based Participatory Approach to Farmworker Housing, Exposures & Health
    Thomas A Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  18. Ethnic Variation in CAM Use and Health Self Management among Rural Older Adults
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  19. Farmwoker Environmental Health Research Comparable Data
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The purpose of limiting the size of the conference is to facilitate active interaction, discussion and debate among leaders in the field. ..
  20. African American Men Prostate & Colorectal Cancer Belief
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A preliminary framework of the intervention strategy for this R01 application will be developed and evaluated as part of this project. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH OF BRUGIA MALAVI IN SCID MICE
    THIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  22. GROWTH OF B MALAYI IN MURINE MODELS--ROLE OF NK CELLS
    THIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Identification of the molecule(s) involved in the interaction could help us formulate a rationale approach to immunoprophylaxis, as well as pharmacology of lymphatic filarial parasites. ..
  23. Differences in CAM Use Among Minority Older Adults
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Changes in the Skin Induced by Alcohol Consumption
    Rhonda Brand; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This work has important implications for the health and treatment for the millions of people who consume even moderate amounts of alcohol and who may be knowingly or unknowingly exposed to potentially toxic chemicals. ..
  25. FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH OF BRUGIA MALAYI IN SCID MICE
    THIRUCHANDURAI RAJAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..