charcoal

Summary

Summary: An amorphous form of carbon prepared from the incomplete combustion of animal or vegetable matter, e.g., wood. The activated form of charcoal is used in the treatment of poisoning. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Top Publications

  1. doi Indications for single-dose activated charcoal administration in acute overdose
    Geoffrey K Isbister
    Department of Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Calvary Mater Newcastle and Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Curr Opin Crit Care 17:351-7. 2011
  2. ncbi Recovery of Flavobacterium psychrophilum viable cells using a charcoal-based solid medium
    B Alvarez
    Area de Microbiologia, Departamento de Biologia Funcional, Facultad de Medicina, IUBA, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
    Lett Appl Microbiol 44:569-72. 2007
  3. ncbi Differences between organophosphorus insecticides in human self-poisoning: a prospective cohort study
    Michael Eddleston
    South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Centre for Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 366:1452-9. 2005
  4. ncbi The population pharmacokinetics of citalopram after deliberate self-poisoning: a Bayesian approach
    Lena E Friberg
    School of Pharmacy, University of Queensland, Brishane, Australia
    J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn 32:571-605. 2005
  5. doi Charcoal emissions as a source of CO and carcinogenic PAH in mainstream narghile waterpipe smoke
    Bassel Monzer
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
    Food Chem Toxicol 46:2991-5. 2008
  6. doi Life cycle assessment of biochar systems: estimating the energetic, economic, and climate change potential
    Kelli G Roberts
    College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:827-33. 2010
  7. ncbi Biochar and the nitrogen cycle: introduction
    Tim J Clough
    Dep of Soil and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, P O Box 84, Lincoln Univ, Lincoln 7647, New Zealand
    J Environ Qual 39:1218-23. 2010
  8. pmc Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change
    Dominic Woolf
    School of the Environment and Society, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    Nat Commun 1:56. 2010
  9. doi Comorbid psychiatric diagnoses in suicide attempt by charcoal burning: a 10-year study in a general hospital in Taiwan
    Chemin Lin
    Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 34:552-6. 2012
  10. ncbi Adsorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions by activated carbon prepared from apricot stone
    M Kobya
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Gebze Institute of Technology, Turkey
    Bioresour Technol 96:1518-21. 2005

Research Grants

  1. Craig A Elmets; Fiscal Year: 2014
  2. Waterpipe tobacco smoke: toxicant exposure and effects
    THOMAS EVAN EISSENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
  3. BLAIR JOHNSON WYLIE; Fiscal Year: 2016
  4. Bhagavatula Moorthy; Fiscal Year: 2015
  5. Alan Shihadeh; Fiscal Year: 2015
  6. Standardization of Methods to Measure Waterpipie Smoke Emissions and Exposure
    Pamela I Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
  7. DEVELOPMENT OF A NOVEL BIOARTIFICIAL LIVER
    Jacek Rozga; Fiscal Year: 2002
  8. MDR1 IN HUMAN INTESTINE
    Kenneth Lown; Fiscal Year: 1999
  9. S.T.R.A.P Sonos Transportable Renal Application Product
    Martin Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2005
  10. IMMUNOADSORBENTS FOR SPECIFIC IMMUNOTHERAPY
    David Terman; Fiscal Year: 1980

Detail Information

Publications372 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Indications for single-dose activated charcoal administration in acute overdose
    Geoffrey K Isbister
    Department of Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Calvary Mater Newcastle and Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    Curr Opin Crit Care 17:351-7. 2011
    ..There has been a significant decrease in the use of single-dose activated charcoal (SDAC) in recent years based on little new evidence and possibly because the overall mortality in overdose ..
  2. ncbi Recovery of Flavobacterium psychrophilum viable cells using a charcoal-based solid medium
    B Alvarez
    Area de Microbiologia, Departamento de Biologia Funcional, Facultad de Medicina, IUBA, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
    Lett Appl Microbiol 44:569-72. 2007
    ..This micro-organism is somewhat fastidious being difficult to isolate and culture. The aim of this study was to develop a new solid medium which improves the recovery of viable cells from a sample...
  3. ncbi Differences between organophosphorus insecticides in human self-poisoning: a prospective cohort study
    Michael Eddleston
    South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Centre for Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 366:1452-9. 2005
    ..We aimed to determine whether the three most common organophosphorus insecticides used for self-poisoning in Sri Lanka differ in the clinical features and severity of poisoning they cause...
  4. ncbi The population pharmacokinetics of citalopram after deliberate self-poisoning: a Bayesian approach
    Lena E Friberg
    School of Pharmacy, University of Queensland, Brishane, Australia
    J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn 32:571-605. 2005
    ..Activated charcoal was administered between 0.5 and 4 h after 17 overdose events...
  5. doi Charcoal emissions as a source of CO and carcinogenic PAH in mainstream narghile waterpipe smoke
    Bassel Monzer
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon
    Food Chem Toxicol 46:2991-5. 2008
    Burning charcoal is normally placed atop the tobacco to smoke the narghile waterpipe...
  6. doi Life cycle assessment of biochar systems: estimating the energetic, economic, and climate change potential
    Kelli G Roberts
    College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:827-33. 2010
    ..Biochar may at present only deliver climate change mitigation benefits and be financially viable as a distributed system using waste biomass...
  7. ncbi Biochar and the nitrogen cycle: introduction
    Tim J Clough
    Dep of Soil and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, P O Box 84, Lincoln Univ, Lincoln 7647, New Zealand
    J Environ Qual 39:1218-23. 2010
    ..This research needs to be performed at both field plot and microbial scales...
  8. pmc Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change
    Dominic Woolf
    School of the Environment and Society, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    Nat Commun 1:56. 2010
    ..Biochar has a larger climate-change mitigation potential than combustion of the same sustainably procured biomass for bioenergy, except when fertile soils are amended while coal is the fuel being offset...
  9. doi Comorbid psychiatric diagnoses in suicide attempt by charcoal burning: a 10-year study in a general hospital in Taiwan
    Chemin Lin
    Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 34:552-6. 2012
    Over the last decade, charcoal burning has become a common method of suicide in Taiwan; however, the underlying psychiatric diagnoses and gender differences have yet to be examined.
  10. ncbi Adsorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions by activated carbon prepared from apricot stone
    M Kobya
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Gebze Institute of Technology, Turkey
    Bioresour Technol 96:1518-21. 2005
    ..Adsorption capacities for the metal ions were obtained in the descending order of Cr(VI) > Cd(II) > Co(II) > Cr(III) > Ni(II) > Cu(II) > Pb(II) for the activated carbon prepared from apricot stone (ASAC)...
  11. ncbi Influence of smoking charcoal filter tipped cigarettes on various biomarkers of exposure
    Gerhard Scherer
    ABF Analytisch biologisches Forschungslabor GmbH, Muenchen, Germany
    Inhal Toxicol 18:821-9. 2006
    b>Charcoal (CC) filters of cigarettes are known to significantly reduce a series of volatile constituents in mainstream smoke, including reactive alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes such as acrolein and crotonaldehyde...
  12. ncbi Administration of oral charcoal adsorbent (AST-120) suppresses low-turnover bone progression in uraemic rats
    Yoshiko Iwasaki
    Department of Health Sciences, Oiya University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Oita 870 1201, Japan
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 21:2768-74. 2006
    ..In this study, focusing on indoxyl sulphate (IS) as a representative UTx, we analysed the effect of an oral charcoal adsorbent AST-120, which removes uraemic toxins and their precursors from the gastrointestinal tract, on bone ..
  13. ncbi Pharmacokinetics of quetiapine in overdose and the effect of activated charcoal
    G K Isbister
    Department of Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Newcastle Mater Hospital, Newcastle and Tropical Toxinology Unit, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 81:821-7. 2007
    The aim of the study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine overdose and the effect of charcoal. The data set included 204 concentration-time points from 54 quetiapine overdose events (median dose 2,700 mg (300-24,000 mg))...
  14. pmc The evolution of the epidemic of charcoal-burning suicide in Taiwan: a spatial and temporal analysis
    Shu Sen Chang
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000212. 2010
    An epidemic of carbon monoxide poisoning suicide by burning barbecue charcoal has occurred in East Asia in the last decade...
  15. doi Removal of residual colonic ciprofloxacin in the rat by activated charcoal entrapped within zinc-pectinate beads
    Mouhamad Khoder
    Univ Paris Sud, UMR CNRS 8612, Chatenay Malabry, France
    Eur J Pharm Sci 41:281-8. 2010
    ..the selection of ciprofloxacin resistance, intestine or colon-targeted zinc-pectinate beads containing activated charcoal (AC) were designed for the inactivation of residual ciprofloxacin in the gastrointestinal tract of rats...
  16. pmc Oral activated charcoal adsorbent (AST-120) ameliorates extent and instability of atherosclerosis accelerated by kidney disease in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice
    Suguru Yamamoto
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 26:2491-7. 2011
    ..The oral charcoal adsorbent, AST-120, currently used to delay start of dialysis, reduces circulating and tissue uremic toxins, ..
  17. ncbi Sorption hysteresis of benzene in charcoal particles
    Washington J Braida
    Department of Soil and Water, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, P O Box 1106, New Haven, Connecticut 06504 1106, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 37:409-17. 2003
    b>Charcoal is found in water, soil, and sediment where it may act as a sorbent of organic pollutants. The sorption of organic compounds to natural solids often shows hysteresis...
  18. doi Comment on "Fire-derived charcoal causes loss of forest humus"
    Johannes Lehmann
    Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, 909 Bradfield Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 321:1295; author reply 1295. 2008
    Wardle et al. (Brevia, 2 May 2008, p. 629) reported that fire-derived charcoal can promote loss of forest humus and belowground carbon (C)...
  19. pmc The impact of media reporting on the emergence of charcoal burning suicide in Taiwan
    Ying Yeh Chen
    Taipei City Psychiatric Center, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei City, Taiwan
    PLoS ONE 8:e55000. 2013
    We investigated the association of the intensity of newspaper reporting of charcoal burning suicide with the incidence of such deaths in Taiwan during 1998-2002...
  20. doi Investigating the enteroenteric recirculation of apixaban, a factor Xa inhibitor: administration of activated charcoal to bile duct-cannulated rats and dogs receiving an intravenous dose and use of drug transporter knockout rats
    Donglu Zhang
    Bristol Myers Squibb, F13 01, Princeton, NJ 08543, USA
    Drug Metab Dispos 41:906-15. 2013
    ..v. doses together with oral administration of activated charcoal (AC)...
  21. ncbi Removal of lead from aqueous solutions on palm shell activated carbon
    Gulnaziya Issabayeva
    Chemical Engineering Department, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Bioresour Technol 97:2350-5. 2006
    ..The diffuse layer surface complexation model was applied to predict the extent of adsorption. The model prediction was found to be in concordance with the experimental values...
  22. ncbi Factors affecting the choice of cooking fuel, cooking place and respiratory health in the Accra metropolitan area, Ghana
    Kwasi Owusu Boadi
    Department of Biological and Environmental Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Biosoc Sci 38:403-12. 2006
    ..About 65.3% of respondents use charcoal and 4.2% use unprocessed wood. A total of 241 (25...
  23. doi The contribution of charcoal burning to the rise and decline of suicides in Hong Kong from 1997-2007
    C K Law
    Hong Kong Institute of Asia Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 507, Esther Lee Building, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:797-803. 2011
    ..The recent emergence and growth of suicide using carbon monoxide poisoning resulting from burning charcoal in an enclosed space (hereafter, "charcoal burning") was related to an increase in the overall suicide rate in ..
  24. ncbi [Respiratory symptoms in charcoal production workers in the cities of Lindolfo Collor, Ivoti and Presidente Lucena, Brazil]
    Rafael Machado de Souza
    Centro Universitário Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS, Brasil
    J Bras Pneumol 36:210-7. 2010
    To determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and smoking, as well as pulmonary function parameters among charcoal production workers in three cities in southern Brazil.
  25. ncbi Activated charcoal filter effectively reduces p-benzosemiquinone from the mainstream cigarette smoke and prevents emphysema
    Neekkan Dey
    Department of Biotechnology and Dr B C Guha Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University College of Science, Kolkata 700019, India
    J Biosci 35:217-30. 2010
    ..and pathophysiological effects of mainstream smoke from cellulose acetate (CA)-filtered cigarettes with that of charcoal-filtered cigarettes developed in our laboratory...
  26. ncbi Position paper: Single-dose activated charcoal
    P A Chyka
    Tennessee Poison Center, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, VUMC Nashville, TN 37232 4632, USA
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 43:61-87. 2005
    Single-dose activated charcoal therapy involves the oral administration or instillation by nasogastric tube of an aqueous preparation of activated charcoal after the ingestion of a poison...
  27. doi Restricting the means of suicide by charcoal burning
    Paul S F Yip
    HKJC Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Br J Psychiatry 196:241-2. 2010
    We conducted an exploratory controlled trial to examine the efficacy of restricting access to charcoal in preventing suicides from carbon monoxide poisoning by charcoal burning in Hong Kong...
  28. doi Suicide by charcoal burning in Taiwan, 1995-2006
    Yi Ju Pan
    Taiwan Suicide Prevention Center, Department of Health, Taiwan
    J Affect Disord 120:254-7. 2010
    We sought to identify risk factors and trends that might underlie the greatly increased incidence of charcoal-burning suicide in Taiwan and to learn whether the increasing accessibility of a single suicide method can increase overall ..
  29. doi Impact of biochar application to a Mediterranean wheat crop on soil microbial activity and greenhouse gas fluxes
    S Castaldi
    Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Seconda Universita degli Studi di Napoli, Via Vivaldi 43, Caserta, Italy
    Chemosphere 85:1464-71. 2011
    ..Overall the char treatments showed a minimal impact on microbial parameters and GHG fluxes over the first 14 months after biochar incorporation...
  30. ncbi Oral or intravenous N-acetylcysteine: which is the treatment of choice for acetaminophen (paracetamol) poisoning?
    N A Buckley
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Australia
    J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 37:759-67. 1999
    ..It has been stated on the basis of a selected post-hoc analysis that oral N-acetylcysteine is superior to intravenous N-acetylcysteine in presentations later than 15 hours...
  31. doi Barbecue charcoal combustion as a potential source of aromatic volatile organic compounds and carbonyls
    Ehsanul Kabir
    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Sejong University, Seoul 143 747, Republic of Korea
    J Hazard Mater 174:492-9. 2010
    ..organic compounds (VOCs) and carbonyl compounds were quantified during the combustion of commonly used barbecue charcoal. The concentrations of VOC and carbonyls were determined by gas chromatography coupled with thermal desorption ..
  32. ncbi Determination of benzo[a]pyrene in charcoal grilled meat samples by HPLC with fluorescence detection
    S Fatma Aygün
    Science and Arts Faculty, Department of Chemistry, Ondokuz Mayis University, 55139 Kurupelit, Samsun, Turkey
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 56:581-5. 2005
    In this study, an HPLC procedure for the quantitative determination of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) in charcoal grilled meat samples has been applied to the analysis of the Turkish meat samples...
  33. ncbi How long after drug ingestion is activated charcoal still effective?
    R Green
    University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 39:601-5. 2001
    ..Toxicology/European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists position statement on activated charcoal stated "there are insufficient data to support or exclude its use after 1 hour of ingestion...
  34. ncbi Calibration of diffusion barrier charcoal detectors using a semi-empirical expression
    M E Montero Cabrera
    Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados, SC, Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, Miguel de Cervantes 120, Chihuahua, Chih 31109, Mexico
    Appl Radiat Isot 59:281-7. 2003
    Several calibration settings of diffusion barrier charcoal canister (DBCC) detectors for measuring radon concentration in air were studied...
  35. ncbi Dermal exposure assessment to benzene and toluene using charcoal cloth pads
    Berna van Wendel de Joode
    Department of Chemical Exposure Assessment, TNO Chemistry, Zeist, The Netherlands
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 15:47-50. 2005
    b>Charcoal cloth pads have been used to assess volatile chemicals on the skin in a laboratory setting; however, they have not yet been applied to measure dermal exposure in occupational settings...
  36. ncbi Urinary biomarkers in charcoal workers exposed to wood smoke in Bahia State, Brazil
    Mina Kato
    FUNDACENTRO CRBA, CEP 41280 770, Salvador BA, Brzail
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:1005-12. 2004
    b>Charcoal is an important source of energy for domestic and industrial use in many countries...
  37. pmc Charcoal burning is also popular for suicide pacts made on the internet
    Dominic T S Lee
    BMJ 330:602. 2005
  38. ncbi Characterization of aromatic compound sorptive interactions with black carbon (charcoal) assisted by graphite as a model
    Dongqiang Zhu
    Department of Soil and Water, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut 06504, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:2033-41. 2005
    Molecular interactions controlling the sorption of pollutants to environmental black carbons (soot, charcoal) are not well-resolved...
  39. doi Effects of manufacturing conditions on the adsorption capacity of heavy metal ions by Makino bamboo charcoal
    Song Yung Wang
    School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, College of Bio Resource and Agriculture, National Taiwan University, No 1, Sec 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, ROC
    Bioresour Technol 99:7027-33. 2008
    ..the effects of manufacturing conditions on the adsorption capacity of heavy metal ions by Makino bamboo charcoal. Results show that the specific surface area and iodine number of bamboo charcoal activated at 900 degrees C were ..
  40. doi The role of activated charcoal in plant tissue culture
    T Dennis Thomas
    Research Department of Botany, St Thomas College, Pala, Arunapuram P O, PIN 686574, Kottayam Dt, Kerala, India
    Biotechnol Adv 26:618-31. 2008
    Activated charcoal has a very fine network of pores with large inner surface area on which many substances can be adsorbed. Activated charcoal is often used in tissue culture to improve cell growth and development...
  41. doi Removal of ciprofloxacin in simulated digestive media by activated charcoal entrapped within zinc-pectinate beads
    Mouhamad Khoder
    Universite Paris Sud, UMR 8612, Chatenay Malabry, F 92290, France
    Int J Pharm 379:251-9. 2009
    Beads made of a zinc-pectinate matrix containing activated charcoal were designed for the adsorption of colonic residual antibiotics responsible of the emergence of resistance...
  42. doi Economic fluctuations and suicide: a comparison of Taiwan and Hong Kong
    Ying Yeh Chen
    Taipei City Psychiatric Centre, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Soc Sci Med 71:2083-90. 2010
    ..for Hong Kong; whereas the suicide rate in Taiwan still remained at a high level due to the increasing number of charcoal burning suicide deaths despite improvements in employment conditions...
  43. doi Environmental contextualisation of potential toxic elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in biochar
    Alessia Freddo
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Environ Pollut 171:18-24. 2012
    ..Collectively, results suggest that environmental impacts attributable to metals, metalloids and PAHs associated with biochar following its application to soil are likely to be minimal...
  44. doi Mineral composition and charcoal determine the bacterial community structure in artificial soils
    Guo Chun Ding
    Julius Kühn Institut JKI, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Braunschweig, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 86:15-25. 2013
    ..minerals montmorillonite (M) and illite (I), the metal oxides ferrihydrite (F) and aluminum hydroxide (A), and charcoal (C) on soil bacterial communities, seven artificial soils with identical texture provided by quartz (Q) were ..
  45. doi Randomised clinical trial: a herbal preparation of myrrh, chamomile and coffee charcoal compared with mesalazine in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis--a double-blind, double-dummy study
    J Langhorst
    Department for Integrative Gastroenterology, Kliniken Essen Mitte, University of Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 38:490-500. 2013
    The herbal treatment with myrrh, dry extract of chamomile flowers and coffee charcoal has anti-inflammatory and antidiarrhoeal potential and might benefit patients with UC...
  46. ncbi Household wood and charcoal smoke increases risk of otitis media in childhood in Maputo
    Joao Leopoldo da Costa
    Department of Community Health, Faculdade de Medicina UEM, Maputo, Mozambique
    Int J Epidemiol 33:573-8. 2004
    This study examined the association of otitis media in children <6 years old and the exposure to wood and charcoal smoke, as well as to other risk factors, in Maputo.
  47. ncbi Charcoal haemoperfusion in a child with amitriptyline poisoning
    Ismail Islek
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, 55139 Samsun, Turkey
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 19:3190-1. 2004
  48. ncbi Characterization of charcoal adsorption sites for aromatic compounds: insights drawn from single-solute and bi-solute competitive experiments
    Michael Sander
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Environmental Engineering Program, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:1606-15. 2005
    b>Charcoal, the residue of incomplete biomass burning that is found in many soils and sediments, is considered a high affinity sorbent for organic pollutants. However, little is known about the microscopic processes controlling sorption...
  49. pmc Influence of activated charcoal on the pharmacokinetics of moxifloxacin following intravenous and oral administration of a 400 mg single dose to healthy males
    H Stass
    Bayer AG, Pharma Research Centre, ICP, 42096 Wuppertal, Germany
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 59:536-41. 2005
    ..circulation contributes to moxifloxacin bioavailability in healthy, males by administration of activated charcoal and to evaluate the efficacy of activated charcoal administration in decreasing systemic concentrations of ..
  50. ncbi Adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions on activated charcoal
    Muhammad J Iqbal
    Department of Chemistry, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
    J Hazard Mater 139:57-66. 2007
    ..methylene blue, eriochrome black-T, malachite green, phenol red and methyl violet from aqueous media on activated charcoal has been investigated...
  51. ncbi Foreign body granuloma of activated charcoal
    Young Kon Kim
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chonbuk National University Hospital and Medical School, Keum Am Dong, Jeonju, South Korea
    Abdom Imaging 33:94-7. 2008
    We present foreign body granulomas induced by activated charcoal from intraperitoneal chemotherapy and mimicked peritoneal metastases in the patients with gastric cancer...
  52. ncbi Activated charcoal decreases the risk of QT prolongation after citalopram overdose
    Geoffrey K Isbister
    Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia
    Ann Emerg Med 50:593-600, 600.e1-46. 2007
    We determine whether single-dose activated charcoal (SDAC) administration after citalopram overdose reduces the proportion of patients developing abnormal QT prolongation.
  53. pmc Multiple-dose activated charcoal in acute self-poisoning: a randomised controlled trial
    Michael Eddleston
    Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 371:579-87. 2008
    ..We therefore aimed to assess whether routine treatment with multiple-dose activated charcoal, to interrupt enterovascular or enterohepatic circulations, offers benefit compared with no charcoal in such an ..
  54. doi Charcoal haemoperfusion in amitriptyline poisoning: experience in 20 children
    Kenan Bek
    Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Samsun, Turkey
    Nephrology (Carlton) 13:193-7. 2008
    ..Amitriptyline (AT) is one of the most commonly prescribed TCAs. Current guidelines do not recommend charcoal haemoperfusion (HP) for AT overdose due to high protein binding and large volume of distribution...
  55. doi Fire-derived charcoal causes loss of forest humus
    David A Wardle
    Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE901 83 Umeå, Sweden
    Science 320:629. 2008
    ..driver of carbon storage and converts a substantial proportion of plant biomass to black carbon (for example, charcoal), which remains in the soil for thousands of years...
  56. doi An integrative suicide prevention program for visitor charcoal burning suicide and suicide pact
    Paul W C Wong
    HKJC Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 39:82-90. 2009
    An integrative suicide prevention program was implemented to tackle an outbreak of visitor charcoal burning suicides in Cheung Chau, an island in Hong Kong, in 2002. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the program...
  57. ncbi Reconstructing Holocene fire history in a southern Appalachian forest using soil charcoal
    Kurt A Fesenmyer
    Nicholas School of the Environment, Box 90328, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Ecology 91:662-70. 2010
    ..Here we used 82 radiocarbon ages for soil charcoal collected from local depositional sites along a topographic gradient from mixed hardwood (Liriodendron tulipifera ..
  58. doi Charcoal hemoperfusion in an infant with supraventricular tachycardia and seizures secondary to amitriptyline intoxication
    Mehmet Mutlu
    Department of Pediatrics, Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey
    Hum Exp Toxicol 30:254-6. 2011
    ..Although antiarrhythmic and anticonvulsive agents were administrated, SVT and seizures persisted. Charcoal hemoperfusion (HP) was performed for 4 hours...
  59. doi Infliximab attenuates activated charcoal and polyethylene glycol aspiration-induced lung injury in rats
    Aygul Guzel
    Department of Chest Disease, Samsun Chest Disease and Chest Surgery Hospital, Samsun, Turkey
    Exp Lung Res 38:147-56. 2012
    ..Therefore, the authors investigated the attenuation by infliximab (INF) on activated charcoal (AC)- and polyethylene glycol (PEG)-induced lung injury in rat model...
  60. doi Biochar and hydrochar effects on greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane) fluxes from soils
    Claudia Kammann
    Department of Plant Ecology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
    J Environ Qual 41:1052-66. 2012
    ..In the second experiment, 0% (control) or 8% (w/w) of BC (peanut hull, maize, wood chip, or charcoal) or 8% HC (beet chips or bark) was mixed into a soil and incubated at 65% water-holding capacity (WHC) for 140 d...
  61. doi Metal oxides, clay minerals and charcoal determine the composition of microbial communities in matured artificial soils and their response to phenanthrene
    Doreen Babin
    Julius Kühn Institut, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Braunschweig, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 86:3-14. 2013
    ..This study aimed to elucidate the long-term effect of the soil mineral composition and charcoal on the microbial community composition established in matured artificial soils and their response to phenanthrene...
  62. doi Global charcoal mobilization from soils via dissolution and riverine transport to the oceans
    Rudolf Jaffé
    Southeast Environmental Research Center, and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    Science 340:345-7. 2013
    Global biomass burning generates 40 million to 250 million tons of charcoal every year, part of which is preserved for millennia in soils and sediments...
  63. ncbi Phase II study of activated charcoal to prevent irinotecan-induced diarrhea
    Michael Michael
    Department of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 22:4410-7. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to assess whether activated charcoal (AC), possibly by adsorbing free lumenal SN38, can reduce irinotecan-induced diarrhea (CID) and optimize its dose-..
  64. doi Removal of malachite green from aqueous solution using low-cost chlorella-based biomass
    Wen Tien Tsai
    Graduate Institute of Bioresources, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, No 1, Shuehfu Rd, Neipu, Pingtung 912, Taiwan
    J Hazard Mater 175:844-9. 2010
    ....
  65. doi Charcoal addition to soils in NE England: a carbon sink with environmental co-benefits?
    M J Bell
    Dept of Earth Sciences, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham, England, DH1 3LE, UK
    Sci Total Environ 409:1704-14. 2011
    Interest in the application of biochar (charcoal produced during the pyrolysis of biomass) to agricultural land is increasing across the world, recognised as a potential way to capture and store atmospheric carbon...
  66. ncbi Biochar incorporation into pasture soil suppresses in situ nitrous oxide emissions from ruminant urine patches
    Arezoo Taghizadeh-Toosi
    Dep of Soil and Physical Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, P O Box 84, Lincoln Univ, Lincoln, 7647 NZ, USA
    J Environ Qual 40:468-76. 2011
    ..Further work is required to determine the persistence of the observed effect and to fully understand the mechanism(s) of the observed reduction in N2O fluxes...
  67. ncbi Manipulation of the onset of ectomycorrhiza formation by indole-3-acetic acid, activated charcoal or relative humidity in the association between oak microcuttings and Piloderma croceum: influence on plant development and photosynthesis
    Sylvie Herrmann
    Institute of General Botany, Department of Plant Physiology, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Dornburger Strasse 159, D 07743 Jena, Germany
    J Plant Physiol 161:509-17. 2004
    ..Addition of indole-3-acetic acid or activated charcoal to the medium caused an early and more intensive EM formation coupled with suppression of most developmental ..
  68. ncbi Removal of nitrate-nitrogen from drinking water using bamboo powder charcoal
    Kei Mizuta
    Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1 21 40, Korimoto, Kagoshima 890 0065, Japan
    Bioresour Technol 95:255-7. 2004
    The adsorption effectiveness of bamboo powder charcoal (BPC); made from the residual of Moso bamboo manufacturing; in removing nitrate-nitrogen from water has been investigated...
  69. ncbi Charcoal-burning suicide in post-transition Hong Kong
    Kathy P M Chan
    HKJC Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Br J Psychiatry 186:67-73. 2005
    b>Charcoal-burning, a new suicide method, emerged in Hong Kong during the latest economic recession. Within 2 months charcoal-burning had become the third most common suicide method.
  70. ncbi Adsorption of chromium from aqueous solution by activated alumina and activated charcoal
    Suman Mor
    Department of Energy and Environmental Science, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa, Haryana 125 055, India
    Bioresour Technol 98:954-7. 2007
    ..ions from aqueous solution under different conditions was investigated using activated alumina (AA) and activated charcoal (AC) as adsorbents...
  71. ncbi Bench-scale and packed bed sorption of methylene blue using treated olive pomace and charcoal
    F Banat
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
    Bioresour Technol 98:3017-25. 2007
    A combination of olive pomace after solvent extraction and charcoal produced from the solid waste of olive oil press industry was used as an adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye from aqueous solutions...
  72. doi Problems in estimating the number of suicides by charcoal burning in Taiwan
    Jin Jia Lin
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:566. 2008
  73. doi Indoor charcoal smoke and acute respiratory infections in young children in the Dominican Republic
    Leonelo E Bautista
    Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:572-80. 2009
    The authors investigated the effect of charcoal smoke exposure on risks of acute upper and lower respiratory infection (AURI and ALRI) among children under age 18 months in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (1991-1992)...
  74. doi Trapping and decomposing of color compounds from recycled water by TiO(2) coated activated carbon
    Bo Zhu
    Institute for Sustainability and Innovation, Victoria University, P O Box 14428, Melbourne, VIC 8001, Australia
    J Environ Manage 90:3217-25. 2009
    ..Finally, it was found that this regeneration process could be greatly enhanced with the assistance of H(2)O(2) and ultrasound by reducing the required regeneration time...
  75. doi Effects of bamboo charcoal and bamboo vinegar on nitrogen conservation and heavy metals immobility during pig manure composting
    Ying Xu Chen
    Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory for Water Pollution Control and Environmental Safety, Hangzhou, PR China
    Chemosphere 78:1177-81. 2010
    ..In this study the effects of bamboo charcoal (BC) and bamboo vinegar (BV) added to composting piles on nitrogen conservation and immobility of Cu and Zn ..
  76. doi Effects of charcoal on the absorption and elimination of the antiepileptic drugs lamotrigine and oxcarbazepine
    Tapani Keränen
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
    Arzneimittelforschung 60:421-6. 2010
    The effects of single and repeated doses of oral activated charcoal (OAC) on the absorption and elimination of the antiepileptic drugs, lamotrigine (CAS 84057-84-1, LTG, Lamictal) and oxcarbazepine (CAS 28721-07-5, OXC, Trileptal) were ..
  77. ncbi Wildfire and charcoal enhance nitrification and ammonium-oxidizing bacterial abundance in dry montane forest soils
    P N Ball
    Microbial Ecology Program, Division of Biological Sciences, The Univ of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
    J Environ Qual 39:1243-53. 2010
    All forest fire events generate some quantity of charcoal, which may persist in soils for hundreds to thousands of years...
  78. pmc Effect of charcoal filter on the emergence from sevoflurane anesthesia in a semi-closed rebreathing circuit
    Dong Jin Chang
    Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 250 Seongsan ro, Seodaemun gu, Seoul 120 752, Korea
    Yonsei Med J 52:668-72. 2011
    A charcoal filter attached within the anesthetic circuit has been shown to efficiently adsorb halothane or isoflurane, thus hastening anesthetic recovery in low or minimal flow system...
  79. doi Synergetic effect between photocatalytic degradation and adsorption processes on the removal of phenolic compounds from olive mill wastewater
    Katie Baransi
    The Galilee Society, Institute of Applied Research, P O Box 437, Shefa Amr 20200, Israel
    Water Res 46:789-98. 2012
    ..87% removal of total polyphenols, compared to 58% of COD, was achieved after 24h of exposure to 365nm irradiation (7.6W/m(2)) in the presence of a suspended mixture of TiO(2) and PAC, indicating "self-selectivity" of polyphenols...
  80. doi Characterization of biochars to evaluate recalcitrance and agronomic performance
    Akio Enders
    Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Bioresour Technol 114:644-53. 2012
    ..In contrast to stability, agronomic utility of biochars is not an absolute value, as it needs to meet local soil constraints. Woody feedstock demonstrated the greatest versatility with pH values ranging from 4 to 9...
  81. ncbi Direct identification of bacteria from charcoal-containing blood culture bottles using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry
    N Wüppenhorst
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, University Medical Centre Freiburg, Hermann Herder Straße 11, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 31:2843-50. 2012
    ..Identification rates are high and results are accurate for the BACTEC™ system and for charcoal-free bottles...
  82. doi Frequency and clinical features of patients who attempted suicide by charcoal burning in Japan
    Koji Kato
    Department of Psychiatry, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara shi, Kanagawa 259 1143, Japan
    J Affect Disord 145:133-5. 2013
    To date, the clinical features between patients in Japan who have attempted suicide by charcoal burning and those who have attempted suicide by other methods in the context of a mental disorder diagnosis as assessed by structured ..
  83. doi Suicide by burning barbecue charcoal in England
    Ying Yeh Chen
    Taipei City Psychiatric Center, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Public Health (Oxf) 35:223-7. 2013
    Suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning from burning barbecue charcoal has become a common method of suicide in several Asian countries over the last 15 years...
  84. doi Preconcentration and determination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in environmental water samples by solid-phase microextraction with Fe3O4-coated bamboo charcoal fibers prior to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
    Ru Song Zhao
    Key Laboratory for Applied Technology of Sophisticated Analytical Instruments of Shandong Province, Analysis and Test Center, Shandong Academy of Sciences, Jinan 250014, China
    Anal Chim Acta 769:65-71. 2013
    ..The results indicate that bamboo charcoal/Fe3O4 as an SPME coating material coupled with gas chromatography-negative chemical ionization-mass spectrometry ..
  85. doi Biochar properties regarding to contaminants content and ecotoxicological assessment
    Patryk Oleszczuk
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, 3 Maria Curie Skłodowska Square, 20 031 Lublin, Poland
    J Hazard Mater 260:375-82. 2013
    ..magna. Relatively the least sensitive to extracts from the biochars proved to be S. capricornutum and T. thermophila. A significant correlation between the content of PAHs and toxicity was noted only in the case of D. magna...
  86. ncbi Comparison on pore development of activated carbon produced from palm shell and coconut shell
    Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Daud
    Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Bioresour Technol 93:63-9. 2004
    ..However, for coconut-shell-based activated carbon, the change in macropore volume with burn-off was almost negligible but the absolute macropore volume decreased with burn-off...
  87. doi Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from waste biomass
    Turgay Tay
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey
    J Hazard Mater 165:481-5. 2009
    ..The ash and sulphur contents of the activated carbons obtained with chemical activation by K(2)CO(3) were lower than those by chemical activation with KOH...
  88. ncbi Removal of iodine by solid phase adsorption to charcoal following iodine oxidation of acetamidomethyl-protected peptide precursors to their disulfide bonded products: oxytocin and a Pre-S1 peptide of hepatitis B virus illustrate the method
    D Sahal
    Recombinant Gene Products Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi, India
    J Pept Res 53:91-7. 1999
    ..It has been found that charcoal effectively, selectively and rapidly removes iodine by solid phase extraction from reaction mixtures in which it ..
  89. ncbi Charcoal suspension for tumor labelling modifies macrophage activity in mice
    L Bonhomme-Faivre
    Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Service Pharmacie, Hopital Paul Brousse, Villejuif, France
    Life Sci 66:817-27. 2000
    We have previously developed a charcoal suspension for injection into human breast cancers in order to facilitate their location during surgery...
  90. ncbi [Paraquat poisoning and hemoperfusion with activated charcoal]
    A M López Lago
    Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Clinico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela
    An Med Interna 19:310-2. 2002
    ..They were treated with with orogastric lavage, activated charcoal, N-acetylcysteine, Fuller's earth, cathartics, support measures and hemoperfusion with activated charcoal...
  91. ncbi Removal of trivalent chromium from tannery waste waters using bone charcoal
    S Dahbi
    Unité de Recherche Electrochimie et Chimie de l Evironnement, Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Appliquée, Universite Hassan II Ain Chock, Faculte des Sciences, BP 5366, Maarif, Casablanca, Morocco
    Anal Bioanal Chem 374:540-6. 2002
    The ability of bone charcoal to remove Cr(III) from aqueous solutions by adsorption has been investigated. The adsorbent used was first characterised and then the adsorption was studied as a function of time and amount of charcoal...
  92. ncbi Multidose activated charcoal for yellow oleander poisoning
    David N Juurlink
    Lancet 362:581; author reply 581. 2003
  93. ncbi Effects of fasting on evaluation of gastrointestinal transit with charcoal meal
    S W Mittelstadt
    Drug Safety Assessment, Procter and Gamble Pharmaceuticals, Miami Valley Innovation Center, Cincinnati, OH 45252, USA
    J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods 52:154-8. 2005
    At the present time, most studies investigating gastrointestinal transit time with charcoal are conducted in fasted rats...
  94. ncbi Tattooing breast cancers treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy
    Marie Christine Mathieu
    Department of Pathology, Institut Gustave Roussy, rue Camille Desmoulins, 94800 Villejuif, France
    Ann Surg Oncol 14:2233-8. 2007
    ..A well-tolerated, low-diffusion charcoal suspension has been designed to tattoo breast tumors...
  95. ncbi Suicide by charcoal burning in Taiwan: implications for means substitution by a case-linkage study
    Chian Jue Kuo
    Department of General Psychiatry, Taipei City Psychiatric Center, Taipei, Taiwan
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:286-90. 2008
    ..This study estimated the incidence of suicide mortality among suicide attempters in Taiwan and assessed the extent of means substitution among subjects with a non-fatal attempt and a subsequent fatal attempt during the study period...
  96. doi Efficacy of hemodialysis and charcoal hemoperfusion in carbamazepine overdose
    Maricel Pilapil
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 46:342-3. 2008
  97. doi Mild and efficient H/D exchange of alkanes based on C-H activation catalyzed by rhodium on charcoal
    Tomohiro Maegawa
    Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, 5 6 1 Mitahora higashi Gifu 502 8585, Japan
    Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 47:5394-7. 2008
  98. doi Sorption of native polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to black carbon and amended activated carbon in soil
    Rahel C Brändli
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, Ulleval Stadion, Oslo, Norway
    Chemosphere 73:1805-10. 2008
    ....
  99. doi Sorption potential of impregnated charcoal for removal of heavy metals from phosphoric acid
    E A El-Sofany
    Hot Laboratory Center, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt
    J Hazard Mater 165:623-9. 2009
    The viability of some heavy ions removal from phosphoric acid solution by means of impregnated charcoal with triphenylphosphine sulphide extractant has been demonstrated in this work...
  100. doi Promethazine overdose: clinical effects, predicting delirium and the effect of charcoal
    C B Page
    Department of Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Calvary Mater Newcastle, NSW 2310, Australia
    QJM 102:123-31. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the clinical effects of promethazine in overdose and explore the relationship between delirium and possible predictor variables...
  101. doi Influence of activated charcoal amendment to contaminated soil on dieldrin and nutrient uptake by cucumbers
    Isabel Hilber
    Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, Ackerstrasse, CH 5070 Frick, Switzerland
    Environ Pollut 157:2224-30. 2009
    Activated charcoal (AC) amendments have been suggested as a promising, cost-effective method to immobilize organic contaminants in soil. We performed pot experiments over two years with cucumber (Cucumis sativus L...

Research Grants56

  1. Craig A Elmets; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..This is especially true for polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), carcinogens that are present in cigarette smoke, charcoal broiled food, and were found in burning oilfields during the Persian Gulf War...
  2. Waterpipe tobacco smoke: toxicant exposure and effects
    THOMAS EVAN EISSENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..head" with sweetened and flavored tobacco, covers it with perforated aluminum foil, and tops the foil with lit charcoal. Charcoal and tobacco smoke pass to the user via a half-filled water bowl, hose, and mouthpiece...
  3. BLAIR JOHNSON WYLIE; Fiscal Year: 2016
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) The majority of households in sub-Saharan Africa rely on solid biomass fuels (charcoal, wood, crop residues) for cooking...
  4. Bhagavatula Moorthy; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..by applicant): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are present in cigarette smoke, particulate matter, and in charcoal broiled meats...
  5. Alan Shihadeh; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..shisha) has a hose, water bowl, body, and a "head" filled with sweetened and flavored tobacco that is heated with charcoal. WP tobacco smoking is increasing in the U.S., especially among college students...
  6. Standardization of Methods to Measure Waterpipie Smoke Emissions and Exposure
    Pamela I Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of experienced WP smokers will smoke the standardized WP configuration, the standardized configuration with a charcoal filter, and the standardized configuration plus a bubble diffuser in random order...
  7. DEVELOPMENT OF A NOVEL BIOARTIFICIAL LIVER
    Jacek Rozga; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e., it should combine liver cell therapy and detoxification using sorbents (e.g., activated charcoal, exchange resin)...
  8. MDR1 IN HUMAN INTESTINE
    Kenneth Lown; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..also test the effects of diet on intestinal mdr1 expression by placing healthy volunteers on diets containing charcoal broiled beef or, in collaboration with Paul Watkins, grapefruit juice (flavonoids)...
  9. S.T.R.A.P Sonos Transportable Renal Application Product
    Martin Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..a zirconium oxide module, 4) Optimize removal of creatinine and other small to medium organics with an activated charcoal module, 5) Integrate these cartridges for 4 hours at 2L/hr of continuous removal of wastes from a model spent ..
  10. IMMUNOADSORBENTS FOR SPECIFIC IMMUNOTHERAPY
    David Terman; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Canine glomerular basement membrane antigen (GBM) has been physically entrapped in a collodion-charcoal immunoadsorbent which has resulted in extraction of circulating GBM antibody and attenuation or arrest of ..
  11. HORMONAL CONTROL OF THE OVIDUCT AND UTERUS
    HAROLD VERHAGE; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The steroid receptors will be quantitated using dextran coated charcoal and exchange assays. Morphological changes will be assessed by light and electron microscopy...
  12. PRODUCTION AND ABSORPTION OF INTESTINAL GAS
    Michael Levitt; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..for the malodor of flatus, and if this condition can be treated via the ingestion of or external use of activated charcoal; 3) Determine if sulfur gas production in the colon can be assessed via measurements of sulfur gases excreted in ..
  13. REBREATHING ABSORBER TO SPEED EMERGENCE FROM ANESTHESIA
    JOSEPH ORR; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The device contains activated charcoal that rapidly absorbs anesthetic vapor as it leaves the lungs to prevent it from being rebreathed...
  14. ANTIDOTES OF PHENCYCLIDINE TOXICITY
    PAUL CONSROE; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Finally, we have preliminary evidence that activated charcoal can antidote the toxic lethal effects of PCP in rats and dogs, when each drug is given at about the same time by ..
  15. THE ROLE OF CARNOSINE IN OLFACTION
    Joseph Harding; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The techniques of Dextran coated charcoal extraction, ultrafiltration, affinity chromatography, gel filtration, two-dimensional isolectric focusing - ..
  16. VALIDATION OF CAFFEINE/METHACETIN 13C BREATH TESTS
    David Wagner; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The effect of charcoal broiled beef and changes in protein/carbohydrate ratio on the hepatic metabolism of these substrates will be ..
  17. CYP1A1 AS A BIOMARKER OF EXPOSURE AND SUSCEPTIBILITY
    Seymour Garte; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..nasal epithelial cells, exfoliated bladder epithelial cells), of people exposed to cigarette smoke, creosote and charcoal broiled foods will be developed and validated...
  18. LIGHTER COMPACT RESPIRATORS FOR TOXIC VAPOR PROTECTION
    Clinton Brown; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Preliminary studies indicate that substantial gains can be made relative to activated charcoal systems by use of an oscillatory flow system...
  19. MODULAR ANIMAL HOUSING UNITS FOR PRIMATE NURSEY
    Dallas Hyde; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, these two buildings will be equipped with high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) and activated charcoal filters to permit necessary expansion of the infant asthma research program.
  20. FINE TUNING BINOLS AND BINAPS FOR ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS
    Bruce Lipshutz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..From ligands of this type come further options, such as opportunities for polymer mounting, and potentially of greatest attention, conversion to substituted cyclo BINAPs. ..
  21. Metal-Mediated Routes to Biaryls
    Bruce Lipshutz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A particular, albeit representative, application of a novel substituted cyclo-NOBIN will be studied for selected asymmetric aldol reactions. ..
  22. Pheresis Treatment of Bioterrorism-Induced Sepsis
    Stephen Ash; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The safety systems of the existing PF system will be modified to meet the needs of the stand-alone system. Finally, an animal model of sepsis will be used to check efficacy and safety of the entire system. ..
  23. MethLock vs. heparin as dialysis catheter lock
    Stephen Ash; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In Phase II we will implement the protocol in a number of dialysis centers and complete the study as originally proposed or as modified after Phase I. ..
  24. ISEA 2004 Conference
    Junfeng Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Interferon and Raloxifene Effects on Cancer Cells
    CHERYL ROSENFELD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The University is in the process of developing a Comparative Oncology Program. The campus provides a rich mix of disciplines and a collaborative environment, in which Dr. Rosenfeld is expected to continue to thrive. ..
  26. GENOTOXICITY IN CYP1A2 DEFICIENT TRANSGENIC MICE
    Daniel Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..S. population. ..
  27. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BASIS OF HIV BASED THROMBOCYTOPEN
    Mariusz Ratajczak; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In toto, the studies proposed in this grant will increase the knowledge about pathogenesis of AIDS associated thrombocytopenia and may lead to development of new strategies for its treatment of prevention. (End of Abstract) ..
  28. AMD AND RISK FACTORS IN A HISPANIC POPULATION
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Such data will advance our understanding of the magnitude of AMD in this ethnic group, and the way in which risk factors relate to AMD in different populations. ..
  29. Pilot-scale Research of Novel Amendment Delivery for in-situ Sediment Remediation
    Upal Ghosh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This field research will evaluate the effectiveness of a novel approach to alter the binding capacity of sediments to reduce human exposure to such contaminants. ..
  30. Molecular Genetics of Cadmium Toxicity
    Daniel W Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  31. PAHs: Balance of Detoxication vs Metabolic Activation
    Daniel Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..dissemination of ingested BaP and will be informative in clinical studies in which we would determine which haplotypes of these three human genes might be associated with resistance vs. sensitivity to PAH-induced toxicity and cancer. ..
  32. Who drives safely? Visual/cognitive predictors in Elders
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study will provide critical data on the interactive role of vision, visual attention, and cognition in changing older persons driving behaviors, and the resulting effect on driver errors and risk of crashes. ..
  33. INTERVENTIONS FOR VISUAL LOSS IN NURSING HOME RESIDENTS
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This trial will answer timely questions of the impact on the functional status of the most frail elderly of modest, potentially sustainable inputs into improving the appropriate utilization of eye care services. ..
  34. Columbia-GHI Consortium for Claims-Based Cancer Studies
    STEVEN STELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Removal of Protein-Bound Solutes by Dialysis
    Timothy Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed ancillary study to the FHN will provide a unique opportunity to relate protein-bound solute levels to other chemical parameters and indices of well-being in a large group of hemodialysis patients. ..
  36. Latino Eye Health: A Communication Strategy for Diabetes
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Improvements in eye care seeking behaviors should help in avoiding visual loss from diabetic retinopathy and macula edema, the leading causes of visual loss in the working age Latino population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Cerebrovascular risk factors and late-life suicide
    SAU MAN CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The correlation between clinical and radiopathological CVRFs as well as the relationship between burden of CVRFs and impaired ECFs will be worked out by correlation statistics. ..
  38. Angiogenesis in the Pulmonary Microvasculature
    Denis English; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Maximize RAS Blockade in Diabetic Nephropathy
    Timothy Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..But the number of such trials which can be performed is limited. Short term trials, such as those described in this proposal, are urgently required to help identify treatment regimens which merit further, longer term study. ..
  40. Lipitor/Celebrex: effect on prostate cancer progression
    Xi Zheng; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This combination of drugs may significantly improve the management of prostate cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. 5-Year Survival Following Injury in Geriatric Patients
    Laura Criddle; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Contribution: This foundational study will provide basic information about the survival patterns of injured elders as a basis for the development of interventions to improve geriatric survival. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Pediatric Transplant Infections and Outcomes
    Vikas Dharnidharka; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Cataract: Health Disparity for Older African-Americans
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data will advance the goal of reducing health disparity in visual disability from cataract among older African Americans. ..
  44. Bound Solute Dialysis
    John Patzer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. TRIAL OF ANTIBIOTICS TO REDUCE RECURRENT TRICHIASIS
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Dermatopharmacokinetics: In Vivo Analysis of Solvents
    Karla Thrall; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To evaluate the kinetics and dermal bioavailability of ethylbenzene, styrene, and toluene vapor using F344 rats. ..
  47. CYP1A1 GENE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICITY
    Daniel Nebert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Yearly Mass Treatment C. Trachomatis: When Can We Stop?
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. The CXCR4-SDF-1 Axis in Metastatic Rhabdomyosarcoma
    Mariusz Ratajczak; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This work will be of relevance for designing strategies to block the SDF-1-CXCR4 axis to treat CXCR4-positive cancers. ..
  50. Mechanisms Progression in Renal Insufficiency
    Timothy Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies, like those of endocytosis, will employ knockout mice to assess the importance of potential mediators of injury which are not yet subject to pharmacologic manipulation. ..
  51. Donor Kidney Gene Expression and Delayed Graft Function
    Timothy Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Ultimately, better understanding of these mechanisms should provide a basis for treatment to prevent cadaver kidney injury and improve graft function. ..