anonymous testing

Summary

Summary: Testing in which the source of the specimen or the person being tested is not individually identified.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Behavioral and biological risks of women seeking HIV test in an anonymous testing center
    Ayrton Daniel Ribeiro Filho
    Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Braz J Infect Dis 15:360-4. 2011
  2. ncbi Rapid HIV antibody testing in the New York State Anonymous HIV Counseling and Testing Program: experience from the field
    Mara San Antonio-Gaddy
    New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute, Corning Tower Rm 315, Albany, NY 12237, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:446-50. 2006
  3. doi Changing epidemiology of HIV anonymous testing in Switzerland for 1996-2006
    L R Prasad
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 139:256-63. 2009
  4. ncbi The elimination of anonymous HIV testing: a case study in North Carolina
    Brian C Castrucci
    Division of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 8:30-7. 2002
  5. pmc India announces plan to inform HIV infected blood donors
    Ganapati Mudur
    BMJ 325:1380. 2002
  6. ncbi Establishment of a method of anonymization of DNA samples in genetic research
    Kazuo Hara
    Department of Clinical Bioinformatics, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    J Hum Genet 48:327-30. 2003
  7. ncbi Designing an HIV counseling and testing program for bathhouses: the Seattle experience with strategies to improve acceptability
    Freya Spielberg
    Department of Family Medicine, Center for AIDS and STDs, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    J Homosex 44:203-20. 2003
  8. ncbi Treating asymptomatic sexually transmitted diseases at anonymous HIV counseling and testing sites
    James W Dilley
    AIDS Health Project, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0884, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:874-5. 2003
  9. ncbi Does name-based HIV reporting deter high-risk persons from HIV testing? Results from San Francisco
    Sandra Schwarcz
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, 25 Van Ness Avenue, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:93-6. 2004
  10. ncbi Prevalence of HIV in workforces in southern Africa, 2000-2001
    Clive Evian
    Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
    S Afr Med J 94:125-30. 2004

Detail Information

Publications147 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Behavioral and biological risks of women seeking HIV test in an anonymous testing center
    Ayrton Daniel Ribeiro Filho
    Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Braz J Infect Dis 15:360-4. 2011
    ..Due to the high prevalence and morbidity sexually transmitted diseases are highly relevant to public health, especially for women...
  2. ncbi Rapid HIV antibody testing in the New York State Anonymous HIV Counseling and Testing Program: experience from the field
    Mara San Antonio-Gaddy
    New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute, Corning Tower Rm 315, Albany, NY 12237, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:446-50. 2006
    ..To assess rapid and conventional HIV test use, client satisfaction, and counselors' comfort...
  3. doi Changing epidemiology of HIV anonymous testing in Switzerland for 1996-2006
    L R Prasad
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 139:256-63. 2009
    To assess whether the prevalence of HIV positive tests in clients at five anonymous testing sites in Switzerland had increased since the end of the 1990s, and ascertain whether there had been any concurrent change in the proportions of ..
  4. ncbi The elimination of anonymous HIV testing: a case study in North Carolina
    Brian C Castrucci
    Division of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 8:30-7. 2002
    ..However, between 13 and 24 months after the policy change, the number of tests administered returned to near pre-policy levels. Understanding North Carolina's experience can assist others considering similar policy changes...
  5. pmc India announces plan to inform HIV infected blood donors
    Ganapati Mudur
    BMJ 325:1380. 2002
  6. ncbi Establishment of a method of anonymization of DNA samples in genetic research
    Kazuo Hara
    Department of Clinical Bioinformatics, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    J Hum Genet 48:327-30. 2003
    ..All institutions engaged in genetic research may wish to take measures such as the one described here to ensure the privacy and confidentiality of the participants in their genetic studies...
  7. ncbi Designing an HIV counseling and testing program for bathhouses: the Seattle experience with strategies to improve acceptability
    Freya Spielberg
    Department of Family Medicine, Center for AIDS and STDs, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    J Homosex 44:203-20. 2003
    ..Use of FDA approved, new rapid tests that do not require venipuncture, centrifugation, or laboratory oversight will further decrease barriers to testing and facilitate implementation of bathhouse testing programs in other communities...
  8. ncbi Treating asymptomatic sexually transmitted diseases at anonymous HIV counseling and testing sites
    James W Dilley
    AIDS Health Project, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0884, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:874-5. 2003
  9. ncbi Does name-based HIV reporting deter high-risk persons from HIV testing? Results from San Francisco
    Sandra Schwarcz
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, 25 Van Ness Avenue, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:93-6. 2004
    ..Previous studies of a deterrent effect of HIV reporting were not conducted in areas with high HIV infection rates and politically active populations...
  10. ncbi Prevalence of HIV in workforces in southern Africa, 2000-2001
    Clive Evian
    Department of Community Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
    S Afr Med J 94:125-30. 2004
    ..We surveyed workforces in southern Africa to determine HIV prevalence among formally employed, largely male populations...
  11. ncbi Consent to HIV testing and consequentialism in health care ethics
    Michael Parker
    Oxford Genetics Knowledge Park, Ethox Centre, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LF
    HEC Forum 16:45-52. 2004
  12. ncbi Trends in HIV prevalence among public sexually transmitted disease clinic attendees in the Western region of the United States (1989-1999)
    Nina T Harawa
    Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, CA 90005 4001, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1206-15. 2004
    ..Using data from anonymous unlinked testing of routinely collected sera, trends in HIV are compared among sexually transmitted disease patients in 4 Western urban centers...
  13. ncbi Estimation of HIV incidence among repeat anonymous testers in Catalonia, Spain
    Cristiane Murta Ramalho Nascimento
    Center for Epidemiological Studies on HIV AIDS in Catalonia, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 20:1145-7. 2004
    A retrospective cohort study of 2124 repeat HIV testers attending at anonymous testing sites (ATS) of Catalonia between 1995 and 2001 registered 3273 person-years (PY) of follow-up and 76 seroconversions (incidence density of 2...
  14. ncbi Anonymous versus confidential HIV testing: client and provider decision making under uncertainty
    Oscar Grusky
    Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1551, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 19:157-66. 2005
    ..studies of HIV testing sites were undertaken in order to improve understanding of confidential and anonymous testing. Three sites offered only confidential testing (a large health maintenance organization's Urgent Care clinic,..
  15. ncbi Prevention of mother-to-child transmission and voluntary counseling and testing programme data: what is their utility for HIV surveillance?
    Wolfgang Hladik
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 19:S19-24. 2005
    Antenatal clinic (ANC)-based surveillance through unlinked anonymous testing (UAT) for HIV without informed consent provides solid long-term trend data in resource-constrained countries with generalized epidemics...
  16. pmc Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of health care workers regarding alternatives to prolonged breast-feeding (ANRS 1201/1202, Ditrame Plus, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire)
    Renaud Becquet
    Unité INSERM 593, Institut de Santé Publique Epidémiologie Développement, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 40:102-5. 2005
    ..However, proposing alternatives to prolonged breast-feeding causes difficulties for health care workers that should be taken into account when tailoring such complex interventions...
  17. ncbi Consistency of reported alcohol use by pregnant women: anonymous versus confidential questionnaires with item nonresponse differences
    Astrid Alvik
    Sogn Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Ulleval University Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:1444-9. 2005
    ..Self-report is the best method to attain information about moderate alcohol consumption. However, reported alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy is sensitive to response bias...
  18. ncbi HIV incidence during a cluster-randomized trial of two strategies providing voluntary counselling and testing at the workplace, Zimbabwe
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 21:483-9. 2007
    ..Counselling may promote beneficial behavioural change, although knowledge of negative status does not appear to contribute further benefit...
  19. ncbi HIV incidence and HIV testing behavior in men who have sex with men: using three incidence sources, The Netherlands, 1984-2005
    Nicole H T M Dukers
    Department of Research, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Health Service of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS 21:491-9. 2007
    ..Given a general rise in sexually transmitted infections (STI) and risky sexual behavior, we examine the HIV incidence among MSM in the Netherlands with data from three different sources...
  20. ncbi [High time for wide application of an opting-out strategy for HIV testing]
    N H T Dukers-Muijrers
    GGD, cluster Infectieziekten, Amsterdam
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 151:2661-5. 2007
    ..The opting-out system was initiated in the Amsterdam STI clinic in 2007 in order to further reduce the number of undiagnosed HIV infections...
  21. ncbi Anonymous HIV tests made available in Manitoba
    Alison Symington
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 12:31. 2007
  22. doi Can we improve recruitment of oocyte donors with loss of donor anonymity? A hospital-based survey
    Sanora Brett
    Assisted Conception Unit, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK
    Hum Fertil (Camb) 11:101-7. 2008
    ..This survey aims to examine the impact of loss of anonymity on willingness to donate oocytes and strategies to improve recruitment...
  23. ncbi [Detection of HCV infection among clients of an anonymous testing center for HIV infection]
    Slawomir Chlabicz
    Zakład Medycyny Rodzinnej i Pielegniarstwa Srodowiskowego Akademii Medycznej w Białymstoku, Białystok
    Przegl Epidemiol 59:21-9. 2005
    ..the study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for HCV infection among clients of the centre of anonymous testing for HIV infection...
  24. ncbi Prevalence of SIL and SCCA in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive women at anonymous clinic in Chonburi Hospital
    W Hluangdansakul
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chonburi Hospital, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 89:289-93. 2006
    ..p = 0.007) CONCLUSION: The present study showed a high prevalence of SIL and SCCA in-HIV-infected women at Chonburi Hospital...
  25. ncbi Ethical use of tissue samples in genetic research
    Kenneth S Azarow
    Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA
    Mil Med 168:437-41. 2003
    ..An algorithm was created to establish a system of checks and balances concerning privacy, protection and an appeals process...
  26. pmc Hepatitis E virus infection is highly prevalent among pregnant women in Accra, Ghana
    Andrew A Adjei
    Department of Pathology, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana
    Virol J 6:108. 2009
    ..Therefore we evaluated the prevalence of anti-HEV IgG and anti-HEV IgM among pregnant women seen between the months of January and May, 2008 at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana...
  27. ncbi Regional differences in HIV trends in The Gambia: results from sentinel surveillance among pregnant women
    Maarten F Schim van der Loeff
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, The Gambia
    AIDS 17:1841-6. 2003
    ..To monitor HIV-1 and HIV-2 trends in The Gambia, West Africa...
  28. ncbi Sexually transmitted diseases among teenagers in England and Wales
    N Connor
    PHLS AIDS and STD Centre, PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London
    Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev 7:R173-8. 1997
    ..Unlinked anonymous testing revealed HIV antibody in 7...
  29. ncbi Risk factors for HIV infection in a national adult population: evidence from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey
    Kiersten Johnson
    ORC Macro International, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:627-36. 2006
    ..To study demographic, social, behavioral, and biological variables as risk factors for HIV infection among men and women in Kenya...
  30. ncbi Ethical issues in human prion diseases
    S J Tabrizi
    Department of Neurodegenerative Disease MRC Prion Unit, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
    Br Med Bull 66:305-16. 2003
    ..In this chapter, we outline ethical questions posed by research, diagnostic procedures and therapy in the field of prion diseases...
  31. ncbi [Trend of HIV seroprevalence among mothers of new-born infants from 1996 to 1999]
    I Noguer
    Secretaría del Plan Nacional sobre el Sida Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo
    Med Clin (Barc) 115:772-4. 2000
    ..To analyze the evolution of HIV prevalence in mothers of Spanish new-borns...
  32. ncbi Does HIV reporting by name deter testing? MESH Study Group
    F M Hecht
    Positive Health Program HIV Section, University of California at San Francisco, 94110, USA
    AIDS 14:1801-8. 2000
    ..We sought to determine whether persons at risk of HIV infection knew their state's HIV reporting policy and whether they had delayed or avoided testing because of it...
  33. pmc Response rates for providing a blood specimen for HIV testing in a population-based survey of young adults in Zimbabwe
    A D McNaghten
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    BMC Public Health 7:145. 2007
    ..To determine differences among persons who provided blood specimens for HIV testing compared with those who did not among those interviewed for the population-based Zimbabwe Young Adult Survey (YAS)...
  34. ncbi AIDS, public health and the panic reaction (Part II)
    R Priya
    Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
    Natl Med J India 7:288-91. 1994
    ..should be made aware about the importance of informed consent and counseling to encourage voluntary and anonymous testing. The present WHO definition of AIDS for diagnosis is too general and is based on the African experience...
  35. ncbi Characteristics of clients attending confidential versus anonymous testing clinics for human immunodeficiency virus
    I Levi
    Infectious Disease Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 3:184-7. 2001
    To compare risk behavior between subjects attending anonymous and confidential clinics for human immunodeficiency virus testing, and to assess whether anonymous testing results in a higher accrual of persons at risk for HIV.
  36. pmc HIV prevalence among men and women admitted to a South African public psychiatric hospital
    Pamela Y Collins
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
    AIDS Care 21:863-7. 2009
    ..We conducted anonymous testing among 151 patients who were psychiatrically stable and able to give informed consent. Forty patients (26...
  37. ncbi Prevalence of substance abuse among patients with physical diseases seen in an emergency room in Japan
    Naotsugu Hirabayashi
    National Center Hospital for Mental, Nervous, and Muscular Disorders, Tokyo 187 8551, Japan
    Am J Addict 13:398-404. 2004
    ..2%). It is necessary to look at the methodological differences between this study and previous studies; however, this finding supports the lower point prevalence of methamphetamine in an ER in Japan than in an ER in the United States...
  38. pmc Secrecy and risk among MSM in Tbilisi, Georgia
    Elizabeth C Costenbader
    Behavioral and Biomedical Research Department, Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    AIDS Care 21:591-7. 2009
    ..low, results from this qualitative study indicate that efforts to educate and to provide unobtrusive and anonymous testing and counseling services to MSM may be critical to the deterrence of an HIV epidemic in the Republic of ..
  39. ncbi Hepatitis C virus among genitourinary clinic attenders in Scotland: unlinked anonymous testing
    D Goldberg
    Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health, Glasgow, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 12:17-21. 2001
    ..Interventions to prevent the spread of HCV should be targeted mainly at injecting drug user (IDU) populations...
  40. ncbi Anonymous predictive testing for Huntington's disease in the United States
    C L Visintainer
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
    Genet Test 5:213-8. 2001
    ..We found that more men than women requested anonymous testing, for reasons that more often related to personal privacy than to insurance or discrimination concerns...
  41. ncbi Voluntary counseling, testing, and referral for HIV: new technologies, research findings create dynamic opportunities
    T Summers
    Progressive Health Partners, Inc, Washington, DC 20011, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:S128-35. 2000
    ..and effectiveness of VCT, the authors recommend that VCT programs employ outreach programs offering anonymous testing to reach those at heightened risk of HIV infection, and to make rapid use of new technologies and counseling ..
  42. ncbi Overcoming barriers to HIV testing: preferences for new strategies among clients of a needle exchange, a sexually transmitted disease clinic, and sex venues for men who have sex with men
    Freya Spielberg
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:318-27. 2003
    ..To determine strategies to overcome barriers to HIV testing among persons at risk...
  43. ncbi Prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis B and C infections among doctors and dentists in Nigeria
    I O Olubuyide
    Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
    East Afr Med J 74:357-61. 1997
    ..They were offered anonymous testing for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), antibodies to hepatitis B core ..
  44. ncbi Comparison of the clientele of an anonymous HIV test centre and persons tested in the general population
    I Rossi
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    AIDS Care 10:89-103. 1998
    ..The test centre sample has higher proportions of younger and single people. Attenders for anonymous testing were more likely to have acquired a new regular partner during the year preceding the interview (48...
  45. ncbi HIV infection and AIDS in the public health and health care systems: the role of law and litigation
    L O Gostin
    Georgetown Johns Hopkins Program on Law and Public Health, Washington, DC, USA
    JAMA 279:1108-13. 1998
    ..Considerable progress has been made, both socially and legally, during the first 2 decades of the epidemic, but much still needs to be accomplished to protect privacy, prevent discrimination, and promote tolerance...
  46. ncbi Multistate evaluation of anonymous HIV testing and access to medical care. Multistate Evaluation of Surveillance of HIV (MESH) Study Group
    A B Bindman
    Primary Care Research Center, San Francisco General Hospital, and Department of Medicine, University of California, 94110, USA
    JAMA 280:1416-20. 1998
    Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the only infectious disease for which anonymous testing is publicly funded, an exception that has been controversial.
  47. ncbi [Evaluation of counseling activities: analysis of a person-centered prevention perspective]
    S L Filgueiras
    Coordenação Nacional DST AIDS, Secretaria de Políticas de Saúde, Ministerio da Saude, Esplanada dos Ministérios, Ministerio da Saude, Bloco G, sobreloja, Brasília DF 70058 900, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 15:121-32. 1999
    ..The following institutional health services were assessed: four anonymous testing and counseling centers, one clinic specializing in treatment for people with HIV, and five STD clinics...
  48. ncbi [The management of patients who test positive for hepatitis C in a free and anonymous testing centre is critical for follow-up]
    Thomas Aparicio
    Gastroenterol Clin Biol 26:539-41. 2002
  49. pmc Changes in HIV testing after implementation of name-based HIV case surveillance in New Mexico
    Amy Lansky
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1757. 2002
  50. ncbi HIV/AIDS surveillance in Germany
    Osamah Hamouda
    Robert Koch Institute Infektionsepidemiologie Stresemannstr, Berlin, Germany
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:S49-54. 2003
    ..Unlinked anonymous testing of dried blood spots from newborns is carried out in two federal states...
  51. ncbi Effects of identification and usefulness of the Lie Scale of the Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI-R) in the assessment of adolescent drug use
    Hilda Regina Ferreira Dalla-Déa
    Department of Developmental Psychology, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05014001, Brazil
    Drug Alcohol Depend 72:215-23. 2003
    ....
  52. ncbi HIV epidemic in Central African Republic: high prevalence rates in both rural and urban areas
    Marcelle Diane Matsika-Claquin
    Epidemiology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Bangui, Central African Republic
    J Med Virol 72:358-62. 2004
    ..Thus, efforts to reduce transmission should be made in every part of the country...
  53. ncbi [Clinical assessment of the risk of Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the population consulting an anonymous and free screening center]
    C Derancourt
    CDAG, Service de Dermatologie, CHU de Reims
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 131:11-5. 2004
    ..The aim of this paper was to conduct a prospective study describing the principle characteristics and level of risk of those consulting a center in the Year 1999...
  54. ncbi Precise definition of anonymization in genetic polymorphism studies
    Nobuyuki Hamajima
    Department of Preventive Medicine Biostatistics and Medical Decision Making, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466 8550 Japan
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 5:83-8. 2004
    ..The proposed definitions will be useful when we describe and discuss the preferable mode of anonymization for a given polymorphism study...
  55. ncbi Monitoring HIV through sentinel surveillance in Morocco
    E Elharti
    Laboratoire d Immunologie Virologie, Centre national de Diagnostic et de Suivi de l Infection VIH, Institut National D Hygiene, Rabat, Morocco
    East Mediterr Health J 8:141-9. 2002
    ..The activity was done by unlinked anonymous testing procedures. We analysed the data from 1993 to 1999...
  56. ncbi Preliminary results from the new HIV surveillance system in France
    F Lot
    Departement des Maladies Infectieuses, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint Maurice, France
    Euro Surveill 9:34-7. 2004
    ..Over half of infections shown to be recently acquired were in MSM; this may indicate an increased HIV incidence in this population...
  57. ncbi HIV risk perception and prevalence in a program for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission: comparison of women who accept voluntary counseling and testing and those tested anonymously
    Harriet Mpairwe
    Uganda Virus Research Institute and Entebbe General Hospital, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:354-8. 2005
    ..To determine whether data from voluntary counseling and testing (VCT)/prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs can be used for HIV surveillance...
  58. ncbi Recruitment of sperm donors: the Newcastle-upon-Tyne experience 1994-2003
    S Paul
    Newcastle Fertility Centre at Life, Bioscience Centre, International Centre for Life, Times Square, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4EP, UK
    Hum Reprod 21:150-8. 2006
    ..The demand for sperm donors has continued despite the introduction of ICSI. This study was undertaken in the light of impending changes in donor anonymity laws to evaluate the recruitment process of sperm donors...
  59. pmc Uptake of workplace HIV counselling and testing: a cluster-randomised trial in Zimbabwe
    Elizabeth L Corbett
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e238. 2006
    ..HIV counselling and testing is a key component of both HIV care and HIV prevention, but uptake is currently low. We investigated the impact of rapid HIV testing at the workplace on uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT)...
  60. ncbi Masking through averages--intraprovincial heterogeneity in HIV prevalence within the Western Cape
    Najma Shaikh
    HIV AIDS Directorate, Department of Health, Western Cape, South Africa
    S Afr Med J 96:538-43. 2006
    ..This investigation aimed to estimate the degree of heterogeneity of HIV prevalence within the province in order to inform the design of appropriate and targeted HIV interventions...
  61. ncbi Effect of response format on endorsement of eating disordered attitudes and behaviors
    Drew A Anderson
    Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 40:90-3. 2007
    ..The present study was designed to compare response rates on a standard self-report questionnaire that was nominally anonymous to an unmatched count questionnaire that allowed for true anonymity in responding...
  62. ncbi The uneasy ethical and legal underpinnings of large-scale genomic biobanks
    Henry T Greely
    Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 8:343-64. 2007
    ..Failure to adjust to these new challenges is not only legally and ethically inappropriate, but puts at risk the political support on which biomedical research depends...
  63. pmc Correlates of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections among prison inmates and officers in Ghana: A national multicenter study
    Andrew A Adjei
    Department of Pathology, University of Ghana Medical School, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
    BMC Infect Dis 8:33. 2008
    ..Prison officers are considered to have an intermittent exposure potential to bloodborne infectious diseases on the job, however there has been no studies on the prevalence of these infections in prison officers in Ghana...
  64. doi Unlinked anonymous HIV prevalence among New Zealand sexual health clinic attenders: 2005-2006
    S M McAllister
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Int J STD AIDS 19:752-7. 2008
    ..The low prevalence of HIV among heterosexuals suggests no extensive spread into the groups identified at risk of other sexually transmitted infections...
  65. doi [HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa: background of an estimation]
    Joseph Larmarange
    Centre Population et Développement CEPED, UMR 196 Paris Descartes, INED, IRD, Universite Paris Descartes, 45, rue des Saints Pères, 75006 Paris, France
    Med Sci (Paris) 25:87-92. 2009
    ..women attending antenatal clinics (ANC) was developed in 1980's with the WHO recommendation of unlinked anonymous testing approach. The objective was not to be representative but to monitor trends...
  66. pmc Meeting the governance challenges of next-generation biorepository research
    Stephanie M Fullerton
    Institute of Translational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Sci Transl Med 2:15cm3. 2010
    ..New research governance approaches, which can address current and anticipated challenges, promote high-quality research, and provide a robust basis for ongoing research participation, are urgently required...
  67. doi The ethics of HIV testing and disclosure for healthcare professionals: what do our future doctors think?
    Julie M Aultman
    Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, OH 44272 0095, USA
    Med Teach 33:e50-6. 2011
    ..This study examined future medical professionals' attitudes and beliefs regarding mandatory human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and disclosure...
  68. pmc Efficacy of an emergency department-based HIV screening program in the Deep South
    Matthew A Wheatley
    Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Urban Health 88:1015-9. 2011
    ..Patients with non-reactive results were referred to community anonymous testing sites for further testing...
  69. doi A systematic review and comparison of HIV contact tracing laws in Canada
    Carole Lunny
    International Centre for Infectious Diseases, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Health Policy 103:111-23. 2011
    ..The objective is to outline and compare the contact tracing laws in 13 jurisdictions in Canada, and to provide policy recommendations...
  70. doi Analysis of anonymous pooled urine from portable urinals in central London confirms the significant use of novel psychoactive substances
    J R H Archer
    Medical Toxicology Office, 3rd Floor, Block C, South Wing, St Thomas Hospital, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, Westminster Bridge Road, London, SE1 7EH, UK
    QJM 106:147-52. 2013
    ..Analysis of urine samples collected across a city centre, for the detection of novel psychoactive substances (NPS)...
  71. doi HIV risk profiles differed by gender and experience of men who had sex with men among attendees of anonymous voluntary counseling and testing in Taiwan
    Fan Chen Tseng
    a National Institute of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, National Health Research Institutes, Tainan, Taiwan
    AIDS Care 25:1092-101. 2013
    ..In women, risk factors related to low social demographic and relationship power deserves attention in planning future prevention efforts. ..
  72. doi 'Once the stuff's left my body, it's not me': service users' views on unlinked anonymous testing of blood for HIV
    Jessica Datta
    a Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Cult Health Sex 15:896-909. 2013
    This paper reports on the qualitative component of a mixed-methods study on unlinked anonymous testing for HIV in genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics in two English cities...
  73. ncbi Foreign students' experience during a time of war
    Annetta M Madsen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
    Isr Med Assoc J 15:143-7. 2013
    ..Third-year students continued clerkships voluntarily and fourth-year students returned to Israel before departing for electives in a developing country. A debriefing session was held for the entire school...
  74. ncbi HIV-1 seroprevalence and subtypes in police recruits from Afar regional state, Ethiopia
    Ayele Zewde
    Police Forces General Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 40:1-10. 2002
    ..and subtypes in Afar Region, Ethiopia was performed among police recruits in the year 2000, by unlinked anonymous testing. Of 408 samples tested, 26 (6.4%) appeared positive for HIV-1 antibodies...
  75. pmc Uganda to launch door to door anonymous testing for HIV
    Benjamin Ochan
    BMJ 327:1186. 2003
  76. pmc Internet-based screening for dementia risk
    Jason Brandt
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e57476. 2013
    ..Although additional studies of larger clinical samples are needed, the DRA holds promise for wide-scale screening for dementia risk...
  77. doi Identification of a new metabolite of GHB: gamma-hydroxybutyric acid glucuronide
    Ida Nymann Petersen
    Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Anal Toxicol 37:291-7. 2013
    ..To address these challenges, the present study must be followed by comprehensive pharmacokinetic and stability studies after the controlled administration of GHB...
  78. ncbi Unlinked anonymous testing indicates antenatal HIV testing in England and Scotland is being successfully implemented
    David Goldberg
    Health Protection Scotland, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Euro Surveill 10:E050519.4. 2005
  79. doi Risk of transmission associated with sharing drug injecting paraphernalia: analysis of recent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection using cross-sectional survey data
    N Palmateer
    Blood borne Viruses and Sexually Transmitted Infections Section, Health Protection Scotland, Glasgow, UK
    J Viral Hepat 21:25-32. 2014
    ..Participants completed a questionnaire and provided a blood spot for anonymous testing. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between recent HCV infection (anti-HCV negative and ..
  80. pmc How anonymous is 'anonymous'? Some suggestions towards a coherent universal coding system for genetic samples
    Harald Schmidt
    Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Med Ethics 38:304-9. 2012
    ....
  81. doi Comparison of free and anonymous testing for HIV and sexually transmitted infections between the University Hospital and Health Center
    Masaki Yoshida
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3 25 8 Nishi shinbashi, Minato ku, Tokyo, 105 8461, Japan
    J Infect Chemother 18:704-8. 2012
    ....
  82. pmc Opt-out of voluntary HIV testing: a Singapore hospital's experience
    Arlene C Chua
    Department of Infectious Disease, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
    PLoS ONE 7:e34663. 2012
    ..We reviewed this program implemented at the end of 2008 at Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH), the second largest acute care general hospital in Singapore...
  83. ncbi [364 anonymous screening tests for AIDS at the Vaudois University Hospital Center: who? why?]
    J P Chave
    Departement de Medecine Interne, CHUV, Lausanne
    Schweiz Med Wochenschr 120:335-8. 1990
    ..for all individuals tested anonymously at our institution and compared with similar data observed when anonymous testing was introduced (1985-1986)...
  84. ncbi Human immunodeficiency virus prevalence in women at delivery using unlinked anonymous testing of newborns in the Malaysian setting
    H S Amar
    Department of Paediatrics, Ipoh Hospital, Malaysia
    J Paediatr Child Health 35:63-6. 1999
    ..To determine the community prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women at the time of delivery in a Malaysian setting...
  85. pmc Name-based reporting of HIV-positive test results as a deterrent to testing
    W J Woods
    University of California San Francisco, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies 94105, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1097-100. 1999
    ..This study evaluated attitudes toward name-based reporting of HIV...
  86. ncbi HIV infection among pregnant women in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso: comparison of voluntary and blinded seroprevalence estimates
    N Meda
    Centre Muraz, Organisation de Coordination et de Coopération pour la lutte contre les Grandes Endémies, Burkina Faso, West Africa
    Int J STD AIDS 10:738-40. 1999
    ..In conclusion, for the purpose of HIV surveillance, the most reliable method for HIV prevalence remains the unlinked, anonymous testing.
  87. ncbi Monitoring of HIV-1 infection prevalence and trends in the general population using pregnant women as a sentinel population: 9 years experience from the Kagera region of Tanzania
    G Kwesigabo
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 23:410-7. 2000
    ..Unlinked anonymous testing strategy was adopted for the sentinel population...
  88. ncbi Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C antibodies in prisoners in England and Wales: a national survey
    A R Weild
    PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London
    Commun Dis Public Health 3:121-6. 2000
    ..Subjects voluntarily completed a risk factor questionnaire and provided oral fluid specimens for unlinked anonymous testing for the presence of antibodies to HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and the core antigen of hepatitis B virus (..
  89. ncbi Seroprevalence of hepatitis C infection among health care personnel in Beirut, Lebanon
    N Irani Hakime
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, St Georges Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut
    Am J Infect Control 29:20-3. 2001
    ..METHODS: Health care personnel at St Georges-Orthodox Hospital, Beirut, were offered anonymous testing for anti-HCV antibody...
  90. ncbi Evaluation of the unlinked anonymous prevalence monitoring programme for HIV in England and Wales: science, ethics and health policy
    A S Kessel
    International Programme for Ethics, Public Health and Human Rights, Health Promotion Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Med Sci Monit 7:1052-63. 2001
    ..This paper describes a wide-ranging evaluation of the programme encompassing different perspectives and approaches: epidemiological, ethical, social scientific and economic...
  91. ncbi Changing sexual behavior among gay male repeat testers for HIV: a randomized, controlled trial of a single-session intervention
    James W Dilley
    AIDS Health Project UCSF AHP, San Francisco, CA 94143 0884, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:177-86. 2002
    ..High-risk sexual behavior is increasingly prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM) and among men with a history of repeat testing for HIV...
  92. pmc Comparison of deferral rates using a computerized versus written blood donor questionnaire: a randomized, cross-over study [ISRCTN84429599]
    John W Sellors
    Department of Family Medicine Room 2V9, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 3Z5
    BMC Public Health 2:14. 2002
    ..Self-administered computer-assisted blood donor screening strategies may elicit more accurate responses and improve the screening process...
  93. ncbi The relationship between student anonymity and responses from two medical schools on the association of American Medical Colleges' graduation questionnaire
    Carol S Hodgson
    University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, 521 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Acad Med 77:S48-50. 2002
  94. pmc Effects of anonymity, gender, and erotophilia on the quality of data obtained from self-reports of socially sensitive behaviors
    Lauren E Durant
    Center for Health and Behavior, 430 Huntington Hall, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 2340, USA
    J Behav Med 25:438-67. 2002
    ..The results indicate that anonymous assessments as well as male gender are associated with better data quality...
  95. ncbi Availability of combination therapy for HIV: effects on sexual risk taking in a sample of high-risk gay and bisexual men
    J W Dilley
    University of California, San Francisco AIDS Health Project, Box 0884, San Francisco, CA 94143 0884, USA
    AIDS Care 15:27-37. 2003
    ..in the medical treatment of HIV disease on the perceptions of high-risk gay and bisexual men attending an anonymous testing site towards becoming infected with HIV and on their decisions to have unsafe sex...
  96. ncbi Risk factors for incident HIV infection among anonymous HIV testing site clients in Santos, Brazil: 1996-1999
    Katia Alves
    Blood Centers of the Pacific, San Francisco, California, U S A
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:551-9. 2003
    ..To determine temporal trends in HIV infection and risk factors among persons seeking anonymous HIV testing in Santos, Brazil...
  97. ncbi Important step forward in HIV-testing technologies [correction of technolgies]
    Kathryn A Phillips
    UCSF School of Pharmacy, Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Box 0613, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Am J Prev Med 25:167. 2003
  98. ncbi Low incidence and prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection among sexually active non-intravenous drug-using adults, San Francisco, 1997-2000
    Gwendolyn P Hammer
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California
    Sex Transm Dis 30:919-24. 2003
    ..The rate of sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is debated...
  99. pmc Stored human tissue: an ethical perspective on the fate of anonymous, archival material
    D G Jones
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, PO Box 913, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Med Ethics 29:343-7. 2003
    ..Regulations are required to control the storage of all such human material, along the lines of regulations governing anatomy body bequests...
  100. ncbi [Characteristics and evolution of consultants, their risk factors and their behavior at the free anonymous HIV screening center of Colmar (France)]
    M Di Meo
    Centre Départemental de Repos et de Soins, Colmar
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 131:165-70. 2004
    ..The characteristics of the consultants, their risk factors and their behavior were rarely analyzed previously...

Research Grants11

  1. MALE CIRCUMCISION FOR HIV PREVENTION IN KENYA: EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES TO RECRUIT OL
    Kawango Agot; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..no intervention;iii) determine, through anonymous testing blood from the excised foreskin, the proportion of men who decline pre-operative testing who are HIV ..
  2. Ego Network-Based HIV Risk Assessment for Vaccine Trials
    William Blattner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..candidates targeting clade B virus currently in human clinical trials are slated for Phase 3 testing at the Anonymous Testing Center at the Hospital Escola So Francisco of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a key ..
  3. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR WOMEN WITH SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESS
    Pamela Collins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3) become knowledgeable in research design and complete pilot work for a randomized clinical trial testing the HIV preventative intervention developed by the applicant. ..
  4. The Effects of HAART on Cancer Incidence in AIDS Cases
    Susan Scheer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Given the respective strengths of the AIDS and cancer registries, we are uniquely situated to perform these investigations. ..
  5. Yoga, Health, and Meditation
    Frederick Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
  7. Organizational Factors in the Early Detection of HIV
    Oscar Grusky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  8. Risk for Sexual Abuse: As Study of Adolescent Offenders
    Michael Miner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. An Internet-based intervention for problem drinking
    John Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Secondary hypotheses will address the mediating or moderating role of perceived drinking norms, perceived risk and the problem drinker's social reasons for drinking. ..
  10. functional contextual treatment of bulimia nervosa
    DREW ANDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed study will develop and test the efficacy of a new treatment based on a functional contextual conceptualization of the disorder. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. ROOTS OF SEXUAL ABUSE
    Michael Miner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....