- Evolution and molecular epidemiology of subtype C HIV-1 in Zimbabwe
Sudeb C Dalai
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
AIDS 23:2523-32. 2009
..To investigate the origins and evolutionary history of subtype C HIV-1 in Zimbabwe in a context of regional conflict and migration...
- Chapter 2. Fasciola, lymnaeids and human fascioliasis, with a global overview on disease transmission, epidemiology, evolutionary genetics, molecular epidemiology and control
Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
Adv Parasitol 69:41-146. 2009
..A complete understanding of molecular epidemiology is expected to help greatly in designing global actions and local interventions for control of fascioliasis...
- The molecular epidemiology and evolution of the Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain USA300 in Western Australia
Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University of Dresden, D 01307 Dresden, Germany
Clin Microbiol Infect 15:770-6. 2009
..The present study emphasises the importance of genotyping in detecting the introduction and evolution of significant MRSA strains within a community...
- Molecular epidemiology of HCV monoinfection and HIV/HCV coinfection in injection drug users in Liuzhou, Southern China
Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
PLoS ONE 3:e3608. 2008
..Access to harm reduction measures is opening up opportunities for improving the HIV/HCV profiling of IDU in China, where IDUs account for a significant proportion of the two infections especially in the southern part of the country...
- Rift Valley fever virus(Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus): an update on pathogenesis, molecular epidemiology, vectors, diagnostics and prevention
AFSSA site de Lyon, Lyon Cedex, France
Vet Res 41:61. 2010
- Bayesian phylogeography finds its roots
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000520. 2009
..From these analyses, we conclude that our phylogeographic framework will make an important asset in molecular epidemiology that can be easily generalized to infer biogeogeography from genetic data for many organisms.
- Proposal for standardization of optimized mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem repeat typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
INSERM U629, Institut Pasteur de Lille, 1, Rue du Prof Calmette, F 59019 Lille cedex, France
J Clin Microbiol 44:4498-510. 2006
..This 15-locus system is therefore proposed as the new standard for routine epidemiological discrimination of M. tuberculosis isolates and the 24-locus system as a high-resolution tool for phylogenetic studies...
- Global trends in molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 during 2000-2007
Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, UK
AIDS 25:679-89. 2011
..To estimate the global and regional distribution of HIV-1 subtypes and recombinants between 2000 and 2007...
- Variable host-pathogen compatibility in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98103, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2869-73. 2006
..These observations suggest that mycobacterial lineages are adapted to particular human populations. If confirmed, our findings have important implications for tuberculosis control and vaccine development...
- Geographic distribution of Staphylococcus aureus causing invasive infections in Europe: a molecular-epidemiological analysis
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
PLoS Med 7:e1000215. 2010
..We aimed to map the geographic distribution of the dominant clones that cause invasive infections in Europe...
- Standardization of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis protocols for the subtyping of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Shigella for PulseNet
Efrain M Ribot
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:59-67. 2006
- Zoonotic potential and molecular epidemiology of Giardia species and giardiasis
State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
Clin Microbiol Rev 24:110-40. 2011
..Nevertheless, our efforts in characterizing the molecular epidemiology of giardiasis and the roles of various animals in the transmission of human giardiasis are compromised by ..
- Molecular epidemiology and evolution of enterovirus 71 strains isolated from 1970 to 1998
B A Brown
Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Virol 73:9969-75. 1999
..Its worldwide circulation and potential to cause severe disease underscore the need for additional surveillance and improved methods to identify EV71 in human disease...
- A rare genotype of Cryptococcus gattii caused the cryptococcosis outbreak on Vancouver Island (British Columbia, Canada)
S E Kidd
Department of Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:17258-63. 2004
..The emergence of this usually tropical pathogen on Vancouver Island highlights the changing distribution of this genotype and emphasizes the importance of an ongoing collaborative effort to monitor the global epidemiology of this yeast...
- Recent advances in the molecular epidemiology and control of human enterovirus 71 infection
Peter C McMinn
Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Curr Opin Virol 2:199-205. 2012
..Furthermore, ongoing investigations into the molecular basis of HEV71 infection and virulence have pointed the way towards novel approaches to live attenuated vaccine development...
- Molecular epidemiology of cryptosporidiosis: an update
Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Bldg 22, Rm 14, 4770 Burford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Exp Parasitol 124:80-9. 2010
..The wide use of a new generation of genotyping and subtyping tools in well designed epidemiologic studies should lead to a more in-depth understanding of the epidemiology of cryptosporidiosis in humans and animals...
- Evaluation and strategy for use of MIRU-VNTRplus, a multifunctional database for online analysis of genotyping data and phylogenetic identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates
Genoscreen, 1, rue du Professeur Calmette, Lille 59019 Cedex, France
J Clin Microbiol 46:2692-9. 2008
..The MIRU-VNTRplus database is a powerful tool for high-resolution clonal identification and has little equivalent in terms of functionalities among the bacterial genotyping databases available so far...
- Chimpanzee reservoirs of pandemic and nonpandemic HIV-1
Brandon F Keele
Departments of Medicine and Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
Science 313:523-6. 2006
..These findings establish P. t. troglodytes as a natural reservoir of HIV-1...
- Clinical and molecular epidemiology of norovirus infection in childhood diarrhea in China
Department of Infectious Diseases and Research Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, Children s Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China
J Med Virol 84:145-51. 2012
..The results show that NoV GII.4 2006b was the predominant strain circulating in China between 2008 and 2009...
- Molecular epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease virus
N J Knowles
Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Ash Road, Pirbright, Woking, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK nick knowles bbsrc ac uk
Virus Res 91:65-80. 2003
..An increased understanding of how FMDV strains move between geographic regions will play a pivotal role in the development of future disease control strategies...
- Molecular epidemiology of human enterovirus 71 strains and recent outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific region: comparative analysis of the VP1 and VP4 genes
Mary Jane Cardosa
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia
Emerg Infect Dis 9:461-8. 2003
This study provides a comprehensive overview of the molecular epidemiology of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) in the Asia-Pacific region from 1997 through 2002...
- Genetic diversity of hepatitis B virus strains derived worldwide: genotypes, subgenotypes, and HBsAg subtypes
Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna, Sweden
Intervirology 47:289-309. 2004
- Molecular epidemiology of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in Panama
Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud, Panama City, Panama
Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:565-71. 2009
..This study describes the clinical characteristics and the molecular epidemiology of leishmaniasis in Panama over a 5-year period (2004-2008)...
- Molecular epidemiology of malaria prevalence and parasitaemia in a wild bird population
Sarah C L Knowles
Department of Zoology, Edward Grey Institute, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Mol Ecol 20:1062-76. 2011
- Local population structure of Plasmodium: impact on malaria control and elimination
Stella M Chenet
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Malar J 11:412. 2012
..The study was performed in a low-transmission area, which offers a good proxy to better understand problems associated with surveillance at the final stages of malaria elimination...
- Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis
Peter F Barnes
Center for Pulmonary and Infectious Disease Control, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708 3154, USA
N Engl J Med 349:1149-56. 2003
- Phylogeography and molecular epidemiology of Yersinia pestis in Madagascar
Amy J Vogler
Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1319. 2011
..Despite its prevalence, the phylogeography and molecular epidemiology of Y. pestis in Madagascar has been difficult to study due to the great genetic similarity among isolates...
- Molecular epidemiology of KI and WU polyomaviruses in infants with acute respiratory disease and in adult hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
Department of Morphological and Clinical Sciences, Section of Microbiology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
J Med Virol 82:153-6. 2010
..The results suggest that WU/KIPyVs have a limited circulation in Italy and a low pathogenic potential in young children. Brief and asymptomatic infection can occur in hematopoietic transplant recipients...
- Molecular epidemiology of Yersinia enterocolitica infections
Institute of Hygiene and Technology of Food of Animal Origin, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 47:315-29. 2006
..Indistinguishable genotypes have also been found between human strains and dog, cat, sheep and wild rodent strains, indicating that these animals are other possible infection sources for humans...
- Possible underlying mechanisms for successful emergence of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype strains
Department of Clinical Pathology, Medical Faculty, Padjadjaran University, Dr Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia
Lancet Infect Dis 10:103-11. 2010
..More research is needed to further unravel the mechanisms underlying the emergence of M tuberculosis Beijing genotype strains, and examine the implications for future control strategies...
- Escherichia coli sequence type ST131 as the major cause of serious multidrug-resistant E. coli infections in the United States
James R Johnson
Infectious Diseases, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
Clin Infect Dis 51:286-94. 2010
..Escherichia coli sequence type ST131 (O25:H4), associated with the CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase, has emerged internationally as a multidrug-resistant pathogen but has received little attention in the United States...
- Molecular epidemiology of genogroup II-genotype 4 noroviruses in the United States between 1994 and 2006
Du Ping Zheng
Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Viruses Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Clin Microbiol 48:168-77. 2010
..We propose that GII.4 subclusters be defined as having >5% sequence variation between strains. Our data confirm other studies on the rapid emergence and displacement of highly virulent GII.4 strains...
- Based Upon Repeat Pattern (BURP): an algorithm to characterize the long-term evolution of Staphylococcus aureus populations based on spa polymorphisms
Institute for Hygiene, University Hospital Munster, Munster, Germany
BMC Microbiol 7:98. 2007
..BURP was subsequently evaluated with a strain collection reflecting the breadth of diversity of S. aureus (JCM 2002; 40:4544)...
- Molecular epidemiology of Escherichia coli producing CTX-M beta-lactamases: the worldwide emergence of clone ST131 O25:H4
Division of Microbiology, Calgary Laboratory Services, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Int J Antimicrob Agents 35:316-21. 2010
- The past and future of tuberculosis research
Division of Mycobacterial Research, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, London, UK
PLoS Pathog 5:e1000600. 2009
..We argue here, however, that new multidisciplinary approaches--especially the integration of epidemiology with systems biology in what we call "systems epidemiology"--will be required to eliminate TB...
- Hepatitis B virus genotypes
MRC University Molecular Hepatology Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193 Johannesburg, South Africa
Vaccine 23:2409-23. 2005
..Although the number of studies on these genotypes has increased dramatically during recent years, much remains to be learnt about their full implications...
- Anthrax molecular epidemiology and forensics: using the appropriate marker for different evolutionary scales
Keim Genetics Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 5640, USA
Infect Genet Evol 4:205-13. 2004
..This approach mitigates the need for data weighting and provides both a deeply rooted phylogenetic hypothesis and high resolution discrimination among closely related isolates...
- Molecular epidemiology of community-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Europe
Jonathan A Otter
Department of Infection, King s College London and St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
Lancet Infect Dis 10:227-39. 2010
..An understanding of the epidemiology of community-associated MRSA is essential to guide new control initiatives to prevent these organisms from becoming endemic in Europe...
- Molecular epidemiology of dengue viruses in southern China from 1978 to 2006
Key Laboratory of Genome Sciences and Information, Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
Virol J 8:322. 2011
To investigate molecular epidemiology of dengue viruses (DENV) in southern China, a total of 14 dengue isolates were collected in southern China during each epidemic year between 1978 and 2006 and their full-length genome sequences were ..
- Emergence of the Asian 1 genotype of dengue virus serotype 2 in viet nam: in vivo fitness advantage and lineage replacement in South-East Asia
Thi Ty Hang Vu
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e757. 2010
..These results provide a mechanistic basis to a marked change in the genetic structure of DENV-2 and more broadly underscore that an understanding of DENV evolutionary dynamics can inform the development of vaccines and anti-viral drugs...
- Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in nursing home residents in northern Germany
Städtisches Gesundheitsamt, Braunschweig, Germany
J Hosp Infect 78:108-12. 2011
..guide infection control and healthcare network initiatives, we investigated the point prevalence and molecular epidemiology of MRSA colonisation among nursing home residents in Brunswick, northern Germany...
- Molecular epidemiology and evolution of human enterovirus serotype 68 in Thailand, 2006-2011
Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
PLoS ONE 7:e35190. 2012
..However, epidemiological data regarding this virus in particular on the Asian continent has so far been limited...
- HIV-1 molecular epidemiology evidence and transmission patterns in the Middle East and North Africa
Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medical College Qatar, Qatar Foundation, Education City, P O Box 24144, Doha, Qatar
Sex Transm Infect 87:101-6. 2011
..This study is a systematic review of all available evidence on HIV-1 molecular epidemiology and subtype distribution in the Middle East and North Africa...
- Coagulase-negative staphylococci: update on the molecular epidemiology and clinical presentation, with a focus on Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Department of Infectious Diseases, Ostersund Hospital, Ostersund, Sweden
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 31:7-20. 2012
..In the following mini-review, we summarize recent research in this area focusing on the molecular methods and epidemiology of S. epidermidis and S. saprophyticus...
- Inadequacies of minimum spanning trees in molecular epidemiology
Stephen J Salipante
Bellingham Research Institute, Bellingham, Washington, USA
J Clin Microbiol 49:3568-75. 2011
Minimum spanning trees (MSTs) are frequently used in molecular epidemiology research to estimate relationships among individual strains or isolates...
- Molecular epidemiology and phylogenetic distribution of the Escherichia coli pks genomic island
James R Johnson
Medical Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55417, USA
J Clin Microbiol 46:3906-11. 2008
..This extends previous work regarding the pks island and supports investigation of the colibactin system as a potential therapeutic target...
- Molecular epidemiology of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from a regional cohort of elderly patients highlights the prevalence of ST131 strains with increased antimicrobial resistance in both community and hospital care settings
Pathogen Research Group, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham NG11 8NS, UK
J Antimicrob Chemother 66:2501-8. 2011
To assess the molecular epidemiology and prevalence of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections of elderly patients from community and hospital settings...
- Molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 subtypes in India: origin and evolutionary history of the predominant subtype C
Unit of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
PLoS ONE 7:e39819. 2012
..We also reconstructed the time to the most recent common ancestor (tMRCA) of the predominant HIV-1C strains...
- Molecular epidemiology of Rift Valley fever virus
Antoinette A Grobbelaar
National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Service, Sandringham, South Africa
Emerg Infect Dis 17:2270-6. 2011
..The potential influence of large-scale use of live animal vaccine on evolution of Rift Valley fever virus is discussed...
- High-resolution minisatellite-based typing as a portable approach to global analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis molecular epidemiology
, , U447, Institut Pasteur de Lille, rue du Prof. Calmette, F-59019 Lille Cedex, France
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:1901-6. 2001
..This typing method opens the way to the construction of digital global databases for molecular epidemiology studies of M. tuberculosis.
- Molecular epidemiology of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in the United States: clonal expansion of multilocus sequence type 258
Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:3365-70. 2009
..We used pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) to examine the molecular epidemiology of KPC-producing K...
- Molecular phylodynamics of the heterosexual HIV epidemic in the United Kingdom
Gareth J Hughes
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
PLoS Pathog 5:e1000590. 2009
..More effective intervention to restrict the epidemic may therefore be feasible, given effective diagnosis programmes...
- Assessing the probability that a positive report is false: an approach for molecular epidemiology studies
Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7244, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 96:434-42. 2004
..We show how this approach can lead to improvements in the design, analysis, and interpretation of molecular epidemiology studies...
- Assessment of an optimized mycobacterial interspersed repetitive- unit-variable-number tandem-repeat typing system combined with spoligotyping for population-based molecular epidemiology studies of tuberculosis
Mara Cardoso Oelemann
INSERM, U629, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France
J Clin Microbiol 45:691-7. 2007
- Polymorphisms in microRNA targets: a gold mine for molecular epidemiology
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Tianjin 300060, People s Republic of China
Carcinogenesis 29:1306-11. 2008
..The biological relevance of these polymorphisms in predicted microRNA-binding sites is beginning to be examined in large case-control studies...
- spa Typing of Staphylococcus aureus as a frontline tool in epidemiological typing
Robert Koch Institute, Wernigerode Branch, Burgstr 37, D 38855 Wernigerode, Germany
J Clin Microbiol 46:574-81. 2008
..They should be selected by dependence on the clonal lineage indicated by spa typing and subsequent BURP analysis as well as on the basis of the particular question to be addressed...
- Genetic polymorphisms and microRNAs: new direction in molecular epidemiology of solid cancer
Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Department of Comprehensive Cancer Care, Brno, Czech Republic
J Cell Mol Med 16:8-21. 2012
..In this review, we provide a comprehensive list of potentially functional miRNA-related SNPs and summarize their importance as candidate cancer biomarkers...
- Complementing the genome with an "exposome": the outstanding challenge of environmental exposure measurement in molecular epidemiology
Christopher Paul Wild
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:1847-50. 2005
- Newcastle disease: evolution of genotypes and the related diagnostic challenges
Patti J Miller
Exotic and Emerging Avian Viral Diseases Research Unit, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30052, USA
Infect Genet Evol 10:26-35. 2010
..Here, we review the molecular epidemiology and recent diagnostic problems related to viral evolution of NDV and explain why a new system, based on ..
- Molecular epidemiological analysis of Japanese encephalitis virus in China
Huan Yu Wang
State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 100 YingXinJie, XuanWuQu, Beijing 100052, People s Republic of China
J Gen Virol 88:885-94. 2007
..The results suggest that genotype 1 JEV was introduced to China around 1979 and that JEV strains belonging to genotypes 1 and 3 circulate in China...
- Epidemiologic and molecular trends of "Norwalk-like viruses" associated with outbreaks of gastroenteritis in the United States
Rebecca L Fankhauser
Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Infect Dis 186:1-7. 2002
..Strain diversity was great: one potential new sequence cluster was implicated in multiple outbreaks, and strains belonging to a tentative new genogroup were identified...
- The molecular epidemiology and phylogeography of Trypanosoma cruzi and parallel research on Leishmania: looking back and to the future
M A Miles
Pathogen Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
Parasitology 136:1509-28. 2009
..b>Molecular epidemiology has substantially resolved the phylogeography and ecological niches of the T. cruzi lineages...
- Nomenclature of major antimicrobial-resistant clones of Streptococcus pneumoniae defined by the pneumococcal molecular epidemiology network
MRC SAIMR Wits Pneumococcal Diseases Research Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa
J Clin Microbiol 39:2565-71. 2001
..The Pneumococcal Molecular Epidemiology Network was established in 1997 under the auspices of the International Union of Microbiological Societies ..
- Molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium in livestock animals and humans in the Ismailia province of Egypt
Yosra A Helmy
Department of Animal Hygiene, Zoonoses and Animal Ethology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Suez Canal University, 41511 Ismailia, Egypt
Vet Parasitol 193:15-24. 2013
..High prevalence and identical genotypes of C. parvum in animals and humans indicate zoonotic transmission due to contact with animals, involving IIdA20G1 as the most frequent subtype...
- Phylogeography of recently emerged DENV-2 in southern Viet Nam
Maia A Rabaa
Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e766. 2010
..However, these data also indicate that more rural areas are also capable of maintaining virus populations and hence fueling DENV evolution over multiple seasons...
- Global distribution of measles genotypes and measles molecular epidemiology
Paul A Rota
World Health Organization WHO Global Specialized Laboratory, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Infect Dis 204:S514-23. 2011
..The future challenges will be to develop quality control programs for molecular methods and to continue to expand virologic surveillance activities in all regions...
- Natural history of human respiratory syncytial virus inferred from phylogenetic analysis of the attachment (G) glycoprotein with a 60-nucleotide duplication
Unidad de Biología Viral, Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, 28220 Madrid, Spain
J Virol 80:975-84. 2006
..We have taken advantage of this situation to reexamine the molecular epidemiology of HRSV and to explore the natural history of this important human pathogen.
- Epidemiological study of phylogenetic transmission clusters in a local HIV-1 epidemic reveals distinct differences between subtype B and non-B infections
Ghent University, Belgium
BMC Infect Dis 10:262. 2010
- Population snapshot of emergent Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A in the United States, 2005
Matthew R Moore
Respiratory Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
J Infect Dis 197:1016-27. 2008
..To understand this increase, we characterized serotype 19A isolates recovered during 2005...
- Molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases among Escherichia coli isolates collected in a Swedish hospital and its associated health care facilities from 2001 to 2006
Department of Clinical Microbiology, F68, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, SE 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
J Clin Microbiol 46:707-12. 2008
The genetic characteristics and molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) among Escherichia coli isolates were investigated at a general hospital and its associated health care facilities in Stockholm, Sweden, ..
- Genetic polymorphism and molecular epidemiology of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis from different hosts and geographic areas in Brazil
Laboratório de Pesquisas em Leishmaniose Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
J Clin Microbiol 41:3126-32. 2003
..V.) braziliensis genotypes with specific transmission cycles, probably reflecting an adaptation of different clones to the vector species involved...
- New respiratory enterovirus and recombinant rhinoviruses among circulating picornaviruses
University of Geneva Hospitals, Switzerland
Emerg Infect Dis 15:719-26. 2009
..This study clarifies the diversity and explains the reasons for evolution of these viruses...
- Molecular epidemiology of enterovirus 71 in peninsular Malaysia, 1997-2000
L J Herrero
Division of Virology, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Subiaco, WA, Australia
Arch Virol 148:1369-85. 2003
..Subgenogroup C1 also displayed endemic circulation from 1997 to 2000 and subgenogroup C2 was present at a low level during the 1997 outbreak...
- Molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Taipei
Horng Yunn Dou
Division of Clinical Research, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan, Republic of China
BMC Infect Dis 8:170. 2008
..Classical antibiogram studies and genetic characterization, using mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable-number tandem-repeat (MIRU-VNTR) typing and spoligotyping, were applied after culture...
- Carbapenemases: the versatile beta-lactamases
Anne Marie Queenan
Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L L C, Raritan, NJ 08869, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 20:440-58, table of contents. 2007
..This review updates the characteristics, epidemiology, and detection of the carbapenemases found in pathogenic bacteria...
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: an evolutionary, epidemiologic, and therapeutic odyssey
Division of Infectious Disease and Geographic Medicine, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Clin Infect Dis 40:562-73. 2005
..This has led to an important change in the choice of antibiotics in the management of community-acquired infections and has also led to the development of novel antimicrobials...
- Molecular epidemiology of current classical swine fever virus isolates of wild boar in Germany
Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Südufer 10, D 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
J Gen Virol 91:2687-97. 2010
..Furthermore, there are no detailed analyses of the molecular epidemiology of CSFV wild boar isolates available...
- Molecular epidemiology of Coxiella burnetii from ruminants in Q fever outbreak, the Netherlands
Hendrik I J Roest
Central Veterinary Institute, part of Wageningen UR, Lelystad, The Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 17:668-75. 2011
..On the basis of 4 loci, this genotype is similar to a human genotype from the Netherlands. This finding strengthens the probability that this genotype of C. burnetii is responsible for the human Q fever epidemic in the Netherlands...
- Multiple virus lineages sharing recent common ancestry were associated with a Large Rift Valley fever outbreak among livestock in Kenya during 2006-2007
Brian H Bird
Special Pathogens Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS G 14, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
J Virol 82:11152-66. 2008
- Temporal and spatial dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 circulating recombinant forms 08_BC and 07_BC in Asia
Kok Keng Tee
Laboratory of Molecular Virology and Epidemiology, AIDS Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1 23 1 Toyama, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 162 8640, Japan
J Virol 82:9206-15. 2008
..This is the first phylodynamic study depicting the spatiotemporal dynamics of HIV/AIDS in East Asia...
- Host association of Campylobacter genotypes transcends geographic variation
Samuel K Sheppard
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
Appl Environ Microbiol 76:5269-77. 2010
..These findings are consistent with local and international transmission of host-associated lineages among food animal species and provide a foundation for further improvements in genetic attribution...
- Molecular evidence that the range of the Vancouver Island outbreak of Cryptococcus gattii infection has expanded into the Pacific Northwest in the United States
Edmond J Byrnes
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
J Infect Dis 199:1081-6. 2009
..Multilocus sequence typing demonstrates the spread of C. gattii VGIIa and VGIIb from Vancouver Island to the Pacific Northwest. Clinical strains recovered in Oregon represent a unique VGIIc genotype...
- Identification of a recombinant dengue virus type 1 with 3 recombination regions in natural populations in Guangdong province, China
S P Chen
State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, No 20 Dongdajie Street, Fengtai District, Beijing 100071, China
Arch Virol 153:1175-9. 2008
..It is also the first to report breakpoints within the NS3 gene of dengue viruses...
- Molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium abscessus infections in a subtropical chronic ventilatory setting
Wei Chang Huang
Division of Chest Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC
J Med Microbiol 59:1203-11. 2010
..abscessus infections may have been spread by the movement of patients between RCWs, a routine practice in Taiwan's integrated delivery system...
- Current molecular epidemiology of Lassa virus in Nigeria
Deborah U Ehichioya
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
J Clin Microbiol 49:1157-61. 2011
..The Bayesian analysis also provided estimates for divergence times within the Lassa virus clade...
- Molecular epidemiology of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureus in Spain: emergence of the USA300 clone in an autochthonous population
Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control Department, Basurto Hospital, Bilbao, Spain
J Clin Microbiol 49:433-6. 2011
..For the first time, the USA300 clone is reported as predominant among PVL-positive clones in a European autochthonous population, requiring active monitoring of the incidence of USA300 in Spain and throughout Europe...
- Molecular epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium: a prospective, multicenter study in South American hospitals
Molecular Genetics and Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, Universidad El Bosque, Bogota, Colombia
J Clin Microbiol 48:1562-9. 2010
..The overwhelming presence of plasmids encoding putative virulence factors and vanA genes suggests that E. faecium from the CC17 genogroup may disseminate in the region in the coming years...
- Wide dispersion of ST175 clone despite high genetic diversity of carbapenem-nonsusceptible Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical strains in 16 Spanish hospitals
Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal, Ctra Colmenar Km 9 1, 28034 Madrid, Spain
J Clin Microbiol 49:2905-10. 2011
..aeruginosa clones at high risk for epidemic spread, such as the Liverpool, Manchester, and Melbourne clones previously found in cystic fibrosis patients and ST235 in the nosocomial setting...
- Molecular epidemiology of carbapenem-nonsusceptible Acinetobacter baumannii in the United States
Jennifer M Adams-Haduch
Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
J Clin Microbiol 49:3849-54. 2011
Acinetobacter baumannii is emerging as an important nosocomial pathogen worldwide. We report molecular epidemiology of 65 carbapenem-nonsusceptible A...
- Faecal carriage of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli: prevalence, risk factors and molecular epidemiology
Seccion de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Seville, Spain
J Antimicrob Chemother 62:1142-9. 2008
..The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of faecal carriage of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in the community...
- The emergence and evolution of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Department of Bacteriology, Juntendo University, 2 1 1 Hongo Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8421, Japan
Trends Microbiol 9:486-93. 2001
..aureus strains from the normal human flora into MRSA...
- Molecular epidemiology of domestic and sylvatic Trypanosoma cruzi infection in rural northwestern Argentina
Marta V Cardinal
Laboratorio de Eco Epidemiología, Departamento de Ecologia, Genetica y Evolucion, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Int J Parasitol 38:1533-43. 2008
..cruzi. We believe that in Argentina, this is the first time that lineage IIc has been isolated from naturally infected domestic dogs and Tr. infestans...
- Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in England, 1998
Respiratory Diseases Department, Health Protection Agency HPA Centre for Infections, London, UK
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:201-7. 2009
- Molecular epidemiology and interferon susceptibility of the natural recombinant hepatitis C virus strain RF1_2k/1b
Department of Clinical Molecular Informative Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan
J Infect Dis 198:1448-56. 2008
..Currently, there are no data available on the molecular epidemiology and interferon susceptibility of the natural intergenotypic recombinant RF1_2k/1b (RF1) strain.
- Clinical and molecular epidemiology of human bocavirus in respiratory and fecal samples from children in Hong Kong
Susanna K P Lau
State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
J Infect Dis 196:986-93. 2007
..We conducted the first systematic prospective clinical and molecular study using nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) and fecal samples...
- High-throughput bacterial SNP typing identifies distinct clusters of Salmonella Typhi causing typhoid in Nepalese children
Kathryn E Holt
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK
BMC Infect Dis 10:144. 2010
..Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, is an area of high incidence and the pediatric population appears to be at high risk of exposure and infection...
- Molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium in humans and cattle in The Netherlands
Peter R Wielinga
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Centre for Infectious Disease Control CIb, Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology LZO, Antonie van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Int J Parasitol 38:809-17. 2008
..hominis IbA10G2 is found at high frequencies in autumn in humans and not in cattle. The high prevalence of C. parvum IIaA15G2R1 in both humans and cattle indicates that cattle may be a reservoir for this sub-type in The Netherlands...
- Molecular epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis virus circulating in South Korea, 1983-2005
Seok Min Yun
WHO Japanese Encephalitis Regional Reference Laboratory for the Western Pacific Region Division of Arboviruses, National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Virol J 7:127. 2010
..The two genotypes were detected simultaneously in 1994 but since then, only genotype 1 has been isolated in South Korea. Thus, the genotype change occurred according to the year of isolation rather than the geographical origin...
- Molecular and spatial epidemiology of human campylobacteriosis: source association and genotype-related risk factors
Molecular Epidemiology and Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Epidemiol Infect 138:1372-83. 2010
..In particular young children in rural areas had a higher risk of infection with ruminant strains than their urban counterparts. These findings provide important information for the implementation of pathway-specific control strategies...
- Avian influenza virus, Streptococcus suis serotype 2, severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus and beyond: molecular epidemiology, ecology and the situation in China
CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology CASPMI, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, Beijing 100101, The People s Republic of China
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2725-37. 2009
..All of these pathogens occur in Southeast Asia, including China, with severe consequences; therefore, we discuss the issues in this article by addressing the situation of the zoonotic threat in China...
- Pattern and molecular epidemiology of Hepatitis B virus genotypes circulating in Pakistan
Division of Molecular Virology, National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, 87 West Canal Bank Road, Thokar Niaz Baig, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Infect Genet Evol 10:1242-6. 2010
..Overall Genotype C is the most prevalent genotype. Genotypes B and C are predominant in Punjab & Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, respectively whereas genotype A in Sindh...