cattle diseases

Summary

Summary: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Associations between virulence factors of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and disease in humans
    P Boerlin
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Microbiol 37:497-503. 1999
  2. ncbi Bone marrow depletion with haemorrhagic diathesis in calves in Germany: characterization of the disease and preliminary investigations on its aetiology
    Eva C Kappe
    Bavarian Animal Health Service, Poing, Germany
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 123:31-41. 2010
  3. ncbi Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of use
    John R S Tabuti
    Department of Biology and Nature Conservation, Agricultural University of Norway, P O Box 5014, N 1432 As, Norway
    J Ethnopharmacol 88:279-86. 2003
  4. pmc Novel orthobunyavirus in Cattle, Europe, 2011
    Bernd Hoffmann
    Friedrich Loeffl er Institut, Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:469-72. 2012
  5. pmc Beyond the consensus: dissecting within-host viral population diversity of foot-and-mouth disease virus by using next-generation genome sequencing
    Caroline F Wright
    University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    J Virol 85:2266-75. 2011
  6. ncbi Dynamics of the 2001 UK foot and mouth epidemic: stochastic dispersal in a heterogeneous landscape
    M J Keeling
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 294:813-7. 2001
  7. ncbi Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: an overview
    C L Gyles
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    J Anim Sci 85:E45-62. 2007
  8. pmc Quantitative analysis of transmission parameters for bluetongue virus serotype 8 in Western Europe in 2006
    Aline A de Koeijer
    Department of Epidemiology, Crisis management and Diagnostics, Central Veterinary Institute CVI, part of Wageningen UR, P, O, Box 65, NL 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands
    Vet Res 42:53. 2011
  9. pmc Epidemiology and control of neosporosis and Neospora caninum
    J P Dubey
    Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:323-67. 2007
  10. ncbi [Diarrhea and loss of production on Dutch dairy farms caused by the Schmallenberg virus]
    J Muskens
    Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 137:112-5. 2012

Detail Information

Publications337 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Associations between virulence factors of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and disease in humans
    P Boerlin
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Microbiol 37:497-503. 1999
    ....
  2. ncbi Bone marrow depletion with haemorrhagic diathesis in calves in Germany: characterization of the disease and preliminary investigations on its aetiology
    Eva C Kappe
    Bavarian Animal Health Service, Poing, Germany
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 123:31-41. 2010
    ..A multifactorial aetiology involving infection, poisoning, immunopathy, or a genetic predisposition is conceivable. Additional research is necessary to clarify the pathogenesis and the potential role of PCV2 in HDS...
  3. ncbi Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of use
    John R S Tabuti
    Department of Biology and Nature Conservation, Agricultural University of Norway, P O Box 5014, N 1432 As, Norway
    J Ethnopharmacol 88:279-86. 2003
    ..for the first time the use of 38 plant species, distributed in 37 genera and 28 families, to treat the common cattle diseases in Bulamogi. Most of these plants grow wild (76.3%), are indigenous (68.4%) and are shrubs (60.5%)...
  4. pmc Novel orthobunyavirus in Cattle, Europe, 2011
    Bernd Hoffmann
    Friedrich Loeffl er Institut, Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:469-72. 2012
    ..Metagenomic analysis identified a novel orthobunyavirus, which subsequently was isolated from blood of affected animals. Surveillance was initiated to test malformed newborn animals in the affected region...
  5. pmc Beyond the consensus: dissecting within-host viral population diversity of foot-and-mouth disease virus by using next-generation genome sequencing
    Caroline F Wright
    University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    J Virol 85:2266-75. 2011
    ..8 × 10(-4) per nucleotide. The greater depth of detection achieved by NGS demonstrates that this method is a powerful and valuable tool for the dissection of FMDV populations within hosts...
  6. ncbi Dynamics of the 2001 UK foot and mouth epidemic: stochastic dispersal in a heterogeneous landscape
    M J Keeling
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 294:813-7. 2001
    ..We assess the history and possible duration of the epidemic, the performance of control strategies, and general implications for disease dynamics in space and time...
  7. ncbi Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: an overview
    C L Gyles
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    J Anim Sci 85:E45-62. 2007
    ..Studies aimed at understanding factors that affect carriage and shedding of STEC by cattle and factors that contribute to development of disease in humans are considered to be important in achieving this objective...
  8. pmc Quantitative analysis of transmission parameters for bluetongue virus serotype 8 in Western Europe in 2006
    Aline A de Koeijer
    Department of Epidemiology, Crisis management and Diagnostics, Central Veterinary Institute CVI, part of Wageningen UR, P, O, Box 65, NL 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands
    Vet Res 42:53. 2011
    ..This 20 km equals the scale of the protection zones. We concluded that free animal movement led to substantial faster spread of the BTV-8 epidemic over space as compared to a situation with animal movement restrictions...
  9. pmc Epidemiology and control of neosporosis and Neospora caninum
    J P Dubey
    Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 20:323-67. 2007
    ..caninum in animals and humans are tabulated. The role of wildlife in the life cycle of N. caninum and strategies for the control of neosporosis in cattle are discussed...
  10. ncbi [Diarrhea and loss of production on Dutch dairy farms caused by the Schmallenberg virus]
    J Muskens
    Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 137:112-5. 2012
    ..Likely the Schmallenbergvirus was the primary cause of the clinical symptoms in the Dutch dairy herds. Further research will be done to confirm this...
  11. ncbi Herd-level economic losses associated with Johne's disease on US dairy operations
    S L Ott
    Center for Epidemiology, US Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
    Prev Vet Med 40:179-92. 1999
    ..Averaged across all herds, Johne's disease costs the US dairy industry, in reduced productivity, US$ 22 to US$ 27 per cow or US$ 200 to US$ 250 million annually...
  12. ncbi The resurgence of Shamonda virus, an African Simbu group virus of the genus Orthobunyavirus, in Japan
    T Yanase
    Kyushu Research Station, National Institute of Animal Health, 2702 Chuzan, Kagoshima 891 0105, Japan
    Arch Virol 150:361-9. 2005
    ..Initially, SHAV was isolated from cattle and Culicoides biting midges in Nigeria in the 1960s, and its presence has not been reported until this study. The present results indicate a wider distribution of SHAV than previously assumed...
  13. pmc A modeling framework to describe the transmission of bluetongue virus within and between farms in Great Britain
    Camille Szmaragd
    Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e7741. 2009
    ..Yet BT has emerged over the past decade as one of the most important diseases of livestock...
  14. ncbi Mycobacterium bovis at the animal-human interface: a problem, or not?
    Anita Luise Michel
    Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X4, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
    Vet Microbiol 140:371-81. 2010
    ....
  15. pmc Design and descriptive epidemiology of the Infectious Diseases of East African Livestock (IDEAL) project, a longitudinal calf cohort study in western Kenya
    Barend Mark De Clare Bronsvoort
    The Roslin Institute and Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, UK
    BMC Vet Res 9:171. 2013
    There is a widely recognised lack of baseline epidemiological data on the dynamics and impacts of infectious cattle diseases in east Africa...
  16. ncbi The pathogenesis of foot-and-mouth disease I: viral pathways in cattle
    J Arzt
    Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Foreign Animal Disease Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Orient, NY, USA
    Transbound Emerg Dis 58:291-304. 2011
    ..Critical evaluation of the current status of understanding will be used to identify knowledge gaps to guide future research efforts...
  17. ncbi Alloantibodies against MHC class I: a novel mechanism of neonatal pancytopenia linked to vaccination
    Gilles Foucras
    Universite de Toulouse, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Toulouse, F 31076 Toulouse, France
    J Immunol 187:6564-70. 2011
    ....
  18. pmc Estimating front-wave velocity of infectious diseases: a simple, efficient method applied to bluetongue
    Maryline Pioz
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre de Clermont Ferrand Theix, Unité d Epidémiologie Animale, St Genes Champanelle, France
    Vet Res 42:60. 2011
    ..Models such as the trend SAR(err) models are powerful tools to provide information on direction and speed of disease diffusion when the only data available are date and location of cases...
  19. ncbi Molecular and phylogenetic characterization of Cryptosporidium and Giardia from pigs and cattle in Denmark
    R B Langkjaer
    Department of Veterinary Diagnostics and Research, Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, Bulowsvej 27, DK 1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark
    Parasitology 134:339-50. 2007
    ..Giardia isolates belonging to the zoonotic Assemblage A was found in both young and older calves, as well as in weaners and piglets, whereas cows seemed to be infected purely by isolates of the livestock group, Assemblage E...
  20. ncbi A review of bovine urothelial tumours and tumour-like lesions of the urinary bladder
    S Roperto
    Department of Pathology and Animal Health, Naples University Federico II, Naples, Italy
    J Comp Pathol 142:95-108. 2010
    ..High-grade carcinomas, and low and high-grade invasive tumours, are less commonly seen. Bovine papillomavirus (BPV) infection and ingestion of bracken fern both play a central role in carcinogenesis of these lesions...
  21. ncbi Chlamydiaceae in cattle: commensals, trigger organisms, or pathogens?
    Petra Reinhold
    Institute of Molecular Pathogenesis at The Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Naumburger Str 96a, 07743 Jena, Germany
    Vet J 189:257-67. 2011
    ....
  22. ncbi Prevalence of respiratory pathogens in diseased, non-vaccinated, routinely medicated veal calves
    B Pardon
    Department of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet Rec 169:278. 2011
    ..9 per cent of pneumonic lungs (n=21). Sixty per cent of calves tested were positive for BVDV (n=20), and 20.0 per cent were positive for bovine respiratory syncytial virus (n=16)...
  23. pmc Characteristics of Cryptosporidium transmission in preweaned dairy cattle in Henan, China
    Rongjun Wang
    College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, People s Republic of China
    J Clin Microbiol 49:1077-82. 2011
    ..Further molecular epidemiologic studies (including samples from both calves and humans) are needed to elucidate the transmission dynamics and public significance of C. parvum in cattle in China...
  24. pmc Multiple virus lineages sharing recent common ancestry were associated with a Large Rift Valley fever outbreak among livestock in Kenya during 2006-2007
    Brian H Bird
    Special Pathogens Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS G 14, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Virol 82:11152-66. 2008
    ....
  25. ncbi Using the National Cattle Register to estimate the excess mortality during an epidemic: application to an outbreak of Bluetongue serotype 8
    Jean Baptiste Perrin
    Epidemiology Unit, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety Anses, 31, Avenue Tony Garnier, F69364 Lyon cedex 07, France
    Epidemics 2:207-14. 2010
    ..This study was conducted retrospectively but considering the promptness of the notification system, the method could be used to monitor the evolution of epidemics in near-real time...
  26. ncbi Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in pre-weaned dairy calves in the Czech Republic: absence of C. ryanae and management-associated distribution of C. andersoni, C. bovis and C. parvum subtypes
    M Kvac
    Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v v i, Branisovska 31, České Budějovice 370 05, Czech Republic
    Vet Parasitol 177:378-82. 2011
    ..Three of the five detected subtypes were previously associated with human cryptosporidiosis, and moreover, the IIaA15G1R1 subtype, previously reported in humans only, was detected in calves for the first time...
  27. ncbi Genetic characterization of a novel bovine papillomavirus member of the Deltapapillomavirus genus
    Michele Lunardi
    Laboratory of Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Universidade de Cuiabá, 3100 Beira Rio Ave, 78065 900 Cuiaba, MT, Brazil
    Vet Microbiol 162:207-13. 2013
    ....
  28. ncbi Babesiosis of cattle
    R Bock
    Tock Fever Centre, Animal and Plant Health Service, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 280 Grindle Road, Wacol Qld 4076, Australia
    Parasitology 129:S247-69. 2004
    ..The emphasis is on Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina...
  29. ncbi Estimation of diagnostic-test sensitivity and specificity through Bayesian modeling
    A J Branscum
    Department of Statistics, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Prev Vet Med 68:145-63. 2005
    ..The WinBUGS code used to fit each model, which is available at http://www.epi.ucdavis.edu/diagnos-tictests/, can be altered readily to conform to different data...
  30. ncbi The 2006 outbreak of bluetongue in northern Europe--the entomological perspective
    R Meiswinkel
    Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, P O Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands
    Prev Vet Med 87:55-63. 2008
    ..The re-emergence of BT over a wide front in 2007 raises anew questions as to precisely how the virus overwinters and asks also that we scrutinise our monitoring systems in terms of their sensitivity and early warning capability...
  31. ncbi Prevalence and age-related variation of Cryptosporidium species and genotypes in dairy calves
    Monica Santin
    Environmental Microbial Safety Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Building 173, BARC East, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Vet Parasitol 122:103-17. 2004
    ..This finding also indicates that persons handling or otherwise exposed to calves under 2 months of age are at greater risk of zoonotic infection from Cryptosporidium than the risk of infection from exposure to older calves...
  32. ncbi Mapping the basic reproduction number (R₀) for vector-borne diseases: a case study on bluetongue virus
    N A Hartemink
    Theoretical Epidemiology, Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Epidemics 1:153-61. 2009
    ....
  33. ncbi PBMCs are additional sites of productive infection of bovine papillomavirus type 2
    Sante Roperto
    Dipartimento di Patologia e Sanita Animale, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
    J Gen Virol 92:1787-94. 2011
    ..In light of these observations, the life cycle of PVs needs to be revisited to gain novel insights into the epidemiology of BPV infection and the pathogenesis of related diseases...
  34. pmc Human benefits of animal interventions for zoonosis control
    Jakob Zinsstag
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:527-31. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi Common occurrence of a unique Cryptosporidium ryanae variant in zebu cattle and water buffaloes in the buffer zone of the Chitwan National Park, Nepal
    Yaoyu Feng
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanhou, China
    Vet Parasitol 185:309-14. 2012
    ..can occur between related animal species sharing the same habitats...
  36. ncbi The 2010 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Japan
    Norihiko Muroga
    Epidemiological Research Team, National Institute of Animal Health, Ibaraki 305 0856, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 74:399-404. 2012
    ..Although this epidemic devastated the livestock industry in Japan, many lessons can be learnt for the future prevention and control of infectious diseases in animals...
  37. pmc Fasciola hepatica is associated with the failure to detect bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle
    Jen Claridge
    Institute of Infection and Global Health and School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZJ, UK
    Nat Commun 3:853. 2012
    ..hepatica. This finding may in part explain the continuing spread of BTB and the failure of the current eradication programme in the United Kingdom...
  38. ncbi Detection of bovine papillomavirus type 2 in the peripheral blood of cattle with urinary bladder tumours: possible biological role
    Sante Roperto
    Department of Pathology and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Naples University Federico II, Naples, Italy
    J Gen Virol 89:3027-33. 2008
    ....
  39. ncbi Mycoplasma leachii sp. nov. as a new species designation for Mycoplasma sp. bovine group 7 of Leach, and reclassification of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides LC as a serovar of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri
    L Manso-Silvan
    CIRAD, UMR 15 Control of Exotic and Emerging Animal Diseases, TA A 15 G, Campus International Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 59:1353-8. 2009
    ..As a result of these emendments, the M. mycoides cluster will hereafter be composed of five taxa comprising three subclusters, which correspond to the M. mycoides subspecies, the M. capricolum subspecies and the novel species M. leachii...
  40. ncbi The monitoring, prevention and treatment of sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA): a review
    Jörg M D Enemark
    University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Large Animal Sciences, Medicine and Surgery, Hoejbakkegaard Alle 5, DK 6230 Taastru, Denmark
    Vet J 176:32-43. 2008
    ..Some degree of SARA may however be inevitable and presents a challenge to the dairy industry as consumers become increasingly concerned about the welfare of production animals...
  41. ncbi Measuring and comparing constraints to improved biosecurity amongst GB farmers, veterinarians and the auxiliary industries
    G J Gunn
    Epidemiology Research Unit, SAC, Inverness, United Kingdom
    Prev Vet Med 84:310-23. 2008
    ..Auxiliary industries, in general, were not certain of their role in biosecurity although study participants highlighted zoonoses as part of the issue and offered that most of the constraints operated at farm level...
  42. ncbi A multiplex PCR assay for differentiating economically important gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle
    D S Zarlenga
    US Department of Agriculture, ARS, Immunology and Disease Resistance Laboratory, Bldg 1180, BARC East, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Vet Parasitol 97:199-209. 2001
    ..5 egg-DNA equivalent per species. Although, not designed as a quantitative technique, relative PCR signal intensities corresponded to relative egg burdens within the DNA samples from mixed species of eggs...
  43. ncbi A model of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia transmission dynamics in East Africa
    J C Mariner
    RDP Livestock Services, P O Box 523, 3700 AM Zeist, The Netherlands
    Prev Vet Med 73:55-74. 2006
    ..Vaccination alone with currently available vaccines was unlikely to eradicate the disease...
  44. ncbi Relationship between serum TNF activity and insulin resistance in dairy cows affected with naturally occurring fatty liver
    H Ohtsuka
    Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Kitasato University, Towada, Aomori, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 63:1021-5. 2001
    ..8%). There was a significant negative correlation between serum TNF activity and GDR in affected cows (r=-0.56, p<0.01). These results indicate that serum TNF activity is correlated with insulin resistance in cows with fatty liver...
  45. ncbi Age-related and housing-dependence of Cryptosporidium infection of calves from dairy and beef herds in South Bohemia, Czech Republic
    Martin Kvac
    Department of Medical and Veterinary Parasitology, Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branisovska 31, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
    Vet Parasitol 137:202-9. 2006
    ..andersoni reached 35.5% on dairy farms and 61.7% on beef farms. Calves that were on pasture all year long, had a lower probability of C. andersoni infection than those calves kept in a cowshed during the winter season...
  46. ncbi Molecular epidemiology with subtype analysis of Cryptosporidium in calves in Belgium
    T Geurden
    Laboratory of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Parasitology 134:1981-7. 2007
    ..The results of the present study indicate a high prevalence of Cryptosporidium infections in calves in Belgium and confirm that these calves should be considered as a potential zoonotic reservoir for human infections...
  47. ncbi Subacute ruminal acidosis induces ruminal lipopolysaccharide endotoxin release and triggers an inflammatory response
    G N Gozho
    Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada R3T 2N2
    J Dairy Sci 88:1399-403. 2005
    ..Lipopolysaccharide concentration increased significantly during periods of grain feeding compared with times when only hay was fed. Inducing SARA by feeding wheat-barley pellets activated a systemic inflammatory response in the steers...
  48. ncbi Antibody dynamics in BRSV-infected Danish dairy herds as determined by isotype-specific immunoglobulins
    A Uttenthal
    Danish Veterinary Laboratory, Bulowsvej 27, DK 1790, Copenhagen V, Denmark
    Vet Microbiol 76:329-41. 2000
    ..Test samples from two herds out of 50 were free from all isotypes to BRSV...
  49. ncbi Prevalence and genotyping of Giardia duodenalis from beef calves in Alberta, Canada
    A J Appelbee
    Gastrointestinal Research Group, Department of Medical Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 4N1
    Vet Parasitol 112:289-94. 2003
    ..This suggests that the Giardia carried by beef cattle may be a minimal zoonotic threat...
  50. pmc Human health benefits from livestock vaccination for brucellosis: case study
    Felix Roth
    Swiss Centre for International Health, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basle, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 81:867-76. 2003
    ..To estimate the economic benefit, cost-effectiveness, and distribution of benefit of improving human health in Mongolia through the control of brucellosis by mass vaccination of livestock...
  51. ncbi Isolation of bovine arboviruses from Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in southern Japan: 1985--2002
    T Yanase
    Kyushu Research Station, National Institute of Animal Health, Chuzan, Kagoshima, 891 0105 Japan
    J Med Entomol 42:63-7. 2005
    ..9% of 85 isolates). Isolations of all viruses except for the bunyavirus-like virus were made from this species. Our data indicated that C. oxystoma is a potential vector for bovine arboviruses in southern Japan...
  52. ncbi Bovine respiratory disease in feedlot cattle: environmental, genetic, and economic factors
    G D Snowder
    USDA, ARS, US Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE, USA
    J Anim Sci 84:1999-2008. 2006
    ..The economic loss associated with lower gains and treatment costs for BRD infection in a 1,000-cattle feedlot was estimated as dollar 13.90 per animal, not including labor and associated handling costs...
  53. ncbi Relationship between clinical signs and transmission of an infectious disease and the implications for control
    Bryan Charleston
    Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Ash Road, Woking, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK
    Science 332:726-9. 2011
    ..5 days after clinical signs appear. These results imply that controversial preemptive control measures may be unnecessary; instead, efforts should be directed at early detection of infection and rapid intervention...
  54. ncbi Clinical signs and pathology shown by British sheep and cattle infected with bluetongue virus serotype 8 derived from the 2006 outbreak in northern Europe
    K E Darpel
    Institute for Animal Health, Ash Road, Pirbright, Woking, Surrey
    Vet Rec 161:253-61. 2007
    ..Postmortem examinations revealed pathology in the cattle that was more severe than suggested by the mild clinical signs, but the pathological and clinical findings in the sheep were more consistent...
  55. ncbi Culicoides chiopterus as a potential vector of bluetongue virus in Europe
    E Dijkstra
    Vet Rec 162:422. 2008
  56. pmc Rectoanal junction colonization of feedlot cattle by Escherichia coli O157:H7 and its association with supershedders and excretion dynamics
    Rowland N Cobbold
    Field Disease Investigation Unit, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 6610, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:1563-8. 2007
    ..An improved understanding of individual and population transmission dynamics of E. coli O157:H7 can be used to develop preslaughter- and slaughter-level interventions that reduce contamination of the food chain...
  57. ncbi Alteration of host cell phenotype by Theileria annulata and Theileria parva: mining for manipulators in the parasite genomes
    Brian Shiels
    Division of Veterinary Infection and Immunity, Parasitology Group, Institute of Comparative Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bearsden Rd, Glasgow G61 1QH, UK
    Int J Parasitol 36:9-21. 2006
    ..This review summarizes current knowledge of the mechanisms used by Theileria parasites to transform the host cell, and highlights recent work that has mined the Theileria genomes to identify candidate manipulators of host cell phenotype...
  58. pmc Temporal and spatial patterns of bovine Escherichia coli O157 prevalence and comparison of temporal changes in the patterns of phage types associated with bovine shedding and human E. coli O157 cases in Scotland between 1998-2000 and 2002-2004
    Michael C Pearce
    8 Stour Court, Sandwich, Kent, CT13 9FY, UK
    BMC Microbiol 9:276. 2009
    ..Cattle are considered the main reservoir for E. coli O157. Significant associations between livestock related exposures and human infection have been identified in a number of studies...
  59. ncbi Detection of a novel bovine papillomavirus type 11 (BPV-11) using xipapillomavirus consensus polymerase chain reaction primers
    Shinichi Hatama
    Hokkaido Research Station, National Institute of Animal Health, 4 Hitsujigaoka, Toyohira, Sapporo, 062 0045, Japan
    Arch Virol 156:1281-5. 2011
    ..The partial nucleotide sequences of these viruses were most similar to BPV-4, -6 and -9. Whole genome sequencing of one sample defines a new BPV type in the genus Xipapillomavirus, designated BPV-11...
  60. pmc Distribution and genetic characterizations of Cryptosporidium spp. in pre-weaned dairy calves in Northeastern China's Heilongjiang Province
    Weizhe Zhang
    Department of Parasitology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China
    PLoS ONE 8:e54857. 2013
    ..in pre-weaned calves using molecular tools and to assess zoonotic transmission and elucidate the public health significance in northeastern China...
  61. ncbi New foci of Rhipicephalus microplus in West Africa
    M Madder
    Vector Biology Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Exp Appl Acarol 56:385-90. 2012
    ..Its taxonomic identity was confirmed molecularly by PCR-RFLP. A comparison was made with the situation of R. microplus in Brazil...
  62. ncbi Sera from dams of calves with bovine neonatal pancytopenia contain alloimmune antibodies directed against calf leukocytes
    Bart Pardon
    Department of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 141:293-300. 2011
    ..01). The BNP survivor calves reacted significantly more often with sera from the BNP dams than the control calves (P<0.01). In conclusion the present study supports the hypothesis that BNP is an immune-mediated disease...
  63. ncbi Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in pre-weaned calves in Western Australia and New South Wales
    Josephine Ng
    Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 176:145-50. 2011
    ..The findings of the present study indicate that pre-weaned calves are not an important source of zoonotic Giardia species in Australia but may be an important source of zoonotic Cryptosporidium...
  64. ncbi Description and analysis of the cattle trade network in the Madagascar highlands: potential role in the diffusion of Rift Valley fever virus
    Gaëlle Nicolas
    CIRAD, International Centre of Research in Agronomy for Development AGIRs Unit, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Acta Trop 126:19-27. 2013
    ..The negative association of the distance to the nearest water point suggests that after RVFV introduction, a substantial part of transmission may be due to vectors...
  65. pmc High rate of transplacental infection and transmission of Neospora caninum following experimental challenge of cattle at day 210 of gestation
    Julio Benavides
    Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Edinburgh, EH26 0PZ, United Kingdom
    Vet Res 43:83. 2012
    ..This suggests that a change in the maternal immune response plays a crucial role in limiting the initial infection during the last term of pregnancy...
  66. ncbi Antimicrobial resistance in bovine respiratory disease pathogens: measures, trends, and impact on efficacy
    Jeffrey L Watts
    Veterinary Medicine Research and Development, Pfizer Animal Health, Kalamazoo, MI 49001, USA
    Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 26:79-88, table of contents. 2010
    ..These data indicate the need for long-term surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in the BRD pathogens and a better understanding of the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance in these pathogens...
  67. ncbi Evidence for age susceptibility of cattle to Johne's disease
    Peter A Windsor
    Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia
    Vet J 184:37-44. 2010
    ..However the studies did show that if exposure to infection occurs at birth, then the risk of infection progressing to BJD is high, particularly in a highly contaminated environment or if the dam is infected...
  68. ncbi Immune responses associated with progression and control of infection in calves experimentally challenged with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis
    Supatsak Subharat
    AgResearch, Hopkirk Research Institute, Grasslands Research Centre, Private Bag 11008, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 149:225-36. 2012
    ..05). Collectively the data indicated that the severity of the MAP infection was reduced in the calves at 15 months PC and in a specific time period during infection, IL-10 may play a role in reducing the severity of this disease...
  69. ncbi Use of the Capripoxvirus homologue of Vaccinia virus 30 kDa RNA polymerase subunit (RPO30) gene as a novel diagnostic and genotyping target: development of a classical PCR method to differentiate Goat poxvirus from Sheep poxvirus
    Charles Euloge Lamien
    Animal Production and Health Laboratory, FAO IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, IAEA Laboratories Seibersdorf, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P O Box 100, A1400 Vienna, Austria
    Vet Microbiol 149:30-9. 2011
    ....
  70. ncbi First survey for Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina infection in cattle from Central and Southern regions of Portugal using serological and DNA detection methods
    Marta G Silva
    Biomolecular Diagnostic Laboratory, ITQB IBET, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av da Republica, apt 12, 2781 901 Oeiras, Portugal
    Vet Parasitol 166:66-72. 2009
    ..These data suggests high incidence of Babesia sp. infection in Portugal and can be used for designing adequate control programs...
  71. ncbi Is there a need for improved Cryptosporidium diagnostics in Swedish calves?
    C Silverlås
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Ruminant Medicine and Veterinary Epidemiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7054, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
    Int J Parasitol 43:155-61. 2013
    ..The maximum age when analysis for clinical cryptosporidiosis is performed can be lowered to 6 weeks of age. However, the indicated pathogenic potential of C. bovis warrants further attention...
  72. ncbi Less is more: restricted application of insecticide to cattle to improve the cost and efficacy of tsetse control
    S J Torr
    Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 21:53-64. 2007
    ..This would cut the cost of insecticide by 40%, improve efficacy by 27% and reduce the threats to non-target organisms and the enzootic stability of tick-borne diseases...
  73. ncbi Development and validation of a 3ABC indirect ELISA for differentiation of foot-and-mouth disease virus infected from vaccinated animals
    Zengjun Lu
    Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Science, State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, National Foot and mouth Disease Reference Laboratory, Xujiaping No 1, Yanchangpu, Lanzhou, Gansu, PR China
    Vet Microbiol 125:157-69. 2007
    ..The prevalence of 3ABC antibodies reached 71.4% in some diseased cattle herds. The further work is required to evaluation the performance of this method in different animal species and different field situations...
  74. ncbi Development of inactivated trivalent vaccine for the teratogenic Aino, Akabane and Chuzan viruses
    Yeon Hee Kim
    National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service, Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Anyang, Republic of Korea
    Biologicals 39:152-7. 2011
    ..Since the field application of experimental vaccine also revealed increased antibodies in inoculated cattle, we demonstrated that these trivalent vaccines could be used as a vaccine to control the arboviral infections in ruminants...
  75. ncbi Molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium isolates from Swedish dairy cattle in relation to age, diarrhoea and region
    Charlotte Silverlås
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Ruminant Medicine and Veterinary Epidemiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7054, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
    Vet Parasitol 169:289-95. 2010
    ..parvum samples. Eight subtypes, including three novel ones, were detected. Four of the subtypes have previously been identified in humans. This indicates that there is a zoonotic potential in C. parvum infected Swedish dairy calves...
  76. ncbi Evaluation of the in vitro growth-inhibitory effect of epoxomicin on Babesia parasites
    Mahmoud Aboulaila
    National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada cho, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080 8555, Japan
    Vet Parasitol 167:19-27. 2010
    ..05) inhibition of the growth of B. microti at the non-toxic doses of 0.05 and 0.5mg/kg BW relative to control groups. Therefore, epoxomicin might be used for treatment of babesiosis...
  77. ncbi NMR metabolomic analysis of dairy cows reveals milk glycerophosphocholine to phosphocholine ratio as prognostic biomarker for risk of ketosis
    Matthias S Klein
    Institute of Functional Genomics, University of Regensburg, Germany
    J Proteome Res 11:1373-81. 2012
    ..A possible explanation for the predictive effect is that GPC and PC are measures for the ability to break down phospholipids as a fatty acid source to meet the enhanced energy requirements of early lactation...
  78. ncbi A meta-analysis of the effect of dose and age at exposure on shedding of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in experimentally infected calves and cows
    R M Mitchell
    Quality Milk Production Services, Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 140:231-46. 2012
    ..The infection pattern revealed by the modelling allowed better understanding of low-grade endemicity of MAP in cattle, and the parameter estimates are the basis for future transmission dynamics modelling...
  79. ncbi Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of coprological and serological techniques for the diagnosis of fasciolosis in cattle
    Johannes Charlier
    Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet Parasitol 153:44-51. 2008
    ..Weak ( approximately 0.3) and moderate ( approximately 0.6) correlations were observed within infected animals of level of infection with ES and copro-antigen ELISA results, respectively...
  80. ncbi Rinderpest: the end of cattle plague
    Peter L Roeder
    Taurus Animal Health, Headley Down Hampshire GU35 8SY, UK
    Prev Vet Med 102:98-106. 2011
    ....
  81. pmc An integrated strategy for transmission control of Schistosoma japonicum in a marshland area of China: findings from a five-year longitudinal survey and mathematical modeling
    Yi biao Zhou
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:83-8. 2011
    ..Our findings showed that the integrated control strategy was effective, and we speculated that other factors besides bovines might contribute to the local transmission of the disease...
  82. pmc Bovine epizootic encephalomyelitis caused by Akabane virus in southern Japan
    Ryota Kono
    Kumamoto Central Livestock Hygiene Service Center, Shimomashiki, Kumamoto 861 3205, Japan
    BMC Vet Res 4:20. 2008
    ..The aim of this study is to define the epidemiological, pathological and virological properties of the disease...
  83. pmc Productive infection of bovine papillomavirus type 2 in the placenta of pregnant cows affected with urinary bladder tumors
    Sante Roperto
    Department of Pathology and Animal Health, Naples University Federico II, Naples, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e33569. 2012
    ..Electron microscopic investigations detected viral particles in nuclei of uterine and chorionic epithelium. This study shows that both active and productive infections by BPV-2 in the placenta of pregnant cows can occur in vivo...
  84. ncbi Zoonotic vaccinia virus: clinical and immunological characteristics in a naturally infected patient
    Giliane S Trindade
    Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    Clin Infect Dis 48:e37-40. 2009
    ..The patient had inflamed lesions and systemic symptoms. Laboratory findings were indicative of down-modulated immune responses to the virus...
  85. pmc Effect of an integrated control strategy for schistosomiasis japonica in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, China: an evaluation from 2005 to 2008
    Le Ping Sun
    Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, 117 Yangxiang, Meiyuan, Wuxi 214064, Jiangsu Province, People s Republic of China
    Parasit Vectors 4:243. 2011
    ..There are many interventions implemented to control the transmission of the disease. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of an integrated control strategy for schistosomiasis control...
  86. ncbi Escherichia coli O157:H7 colonization in small domestic ruminants
    Roberto M La Ragione
    Department of Food and Environmental Safety, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 33:394-410. 2009
    ..This review aims to critically review the current knowledge regarding colonization and persistence of E. coli O157:H7 in small domestic ruminants, including comparisons with the bovine host where appropriate...
  87. ncbi Bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Jean Francois Valarcher
    IVI Animal Health, Lärkbacken, 740 20 Vänge, Uppsala, Sweden
    Vet Res 38:153-80. 2007
    ..Knowledge gained from these studies has also provided the opportunity to develop safe, stable, live attenuated virus vaccine candidates...
  88. pmc Analysis of the clonal relationship of serotype O26:H11 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli isolates from cattle
    Lutz Geue
    Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Seestrasse 55, D 16868 Wusterhausen, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:6947-53. 2009
    ..As judged by their virulence markers, bovine enterohemorrhagic O26:H11 isolates may represent a considerable risk for human infection...
  89. ncbi An exploration of the drivers to bio-security collective action among a sample of UK cattle and sheep farmers
    Claire Heffernan
    Livestock Development Group, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AT, UK
    Prev Vet Med 87:358-72. 2008
    ..Efforts to support group formation must also recognise and address the issues relating to perceptions of social connectedness among the communities involved...
  90. ncbi Lung pathology and infectious agents in fatal feedlot pneumonias and relationship with mortality, disease onset, and treatments
    Robert W Fulton
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Room 250, McElroy Hall, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
    J Vet Diagn Invest 21:464-77. 2009
    ..Clinical illnesses observed in this study were lengthier than those reported 16-20 years ago, based on fatal disease onset, treatment interval, and day of death...
  91. ncbi Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii infection in Dutch dairy herds based on testing bulk tank milk and individual samples by PCR and ELISA
    J Muskens
    Animal Health Service, 7400 AA Deventer, The Netherlands
    Vet Rec 168:79. 2011
    ..7 per cent) lactating cows; bacterial DNA was not detected in any of the faecal samples obtained from youngstock. The blood and milk samples were taken from the cattle in the period January to April 2008...
  92. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium subtypes in cattle in England
    Emily J Brook
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, UK
    Vet J 179:378-82. 2009
    ..parvum allele IIa, intervention strategies should be considered to reduce the threat to public health. Biosecurity measures may reduce transmission between farms and result in lower levels of environmental contamination...
  93. ncbi Network analysis of Italian cattle trade patterns and evaluation of risks for potential disease spread
    Fabrizio Natale
    European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Protection and Security of Citizen, Ispra, VA, Italy
    Prev Vet Med 92:341-50. 2009
    ..presented and the main trade flows and the relations between premises in relation to the potential spread of cattle diseases are investigated...
  94. ncbi Haemorrhagic diathesis in neonatal calves: an emerging syndrome in Europe
    B Pardon
    Department of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    Transbound Emerg Dis 57:135-46. 2010
    ..Polymerase chain reaction for bovine viral diarrhoea virus, bluetongue and epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus was negative. Several attempts to isolate a viral agent were unsuccessful...
  95. pmc Clostridium difficile toxinotype V, ribotype 078, in animals and humans
    Maja Rupnik
    J Clin Microbiol 46:2146. 2008
  96. ncbi Contamination of food products with Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis: a systematic review
    M M Eltholth
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, UK
    J Appl Microbiol 107:1061-71. 2009
    ..Currently available data suggests that the likelihood of dairy and meat products being contaminated with MAP on retail sale should not be ignored...
  97. pmc Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii antibodies in Danish dairy herds
    Jens F Agger
    Department of Large Animal Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Groennegaardsvej 8, Frederiksberg, DK 1870 C, Denmark
    Acta Vet Scand 52:5. 2010
    ..The result supports the hypothesis of an increase in the prevalence of positive dairy herds compared to previous years...
  98. ncbi Ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal tract in cattle
    Ueli Braun
    Department of Farm Animals, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 25:567-90, Table of Contents. 2009
    ..The normal findings are presented followed by a description of the most important diseases of these organs...
  99. ncbi Biology of bovine herpesvirus 5
    María P Del Médico Zajac
    Virology Institute, Veterinary and Agricultural Science Research Centre, National Institute of Agricultural Technology, N Repeto y Los Reseros S N, Cc25 B1712WAA, Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Vet J 184:138-45. 2010
    ..This review focuses on the genomic characteristics, pathobiology and epidemiology of BoHV-5, in order to provide information on the possible basis of alphaherpesvirus neuropathogenesis...
  100. ncbi Phylogenetic comparison of the carboxy-terminal region of glycoprotein C (gC) of bovine herpesviruses (BoHV) 1.1, 1.2 and 5 from South America (SA)
    P A Esteves
    Embrapa Suinos e Aves, BR 153, Km 110, CEP 89700 000, Concordia, SC, Brazil
    Virus Res 131:16-22. 2008
    ..1, BoHV-1.2 and BoHV-5 after phylogenetic analysis. The results suggest that the phylogenetic analysis performed here can be used as a potential molecular epidemiological tool for herpesviruses...
  101. ncbi Plasma paraoxonase, health, inflammatory conditions, and liver function in transition dairy cows
    M Bionaz
    Istituto di Zootecnica, Facolta di Agraria, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense 84, Piacenza, Italy
    J Dairy Sci 90:1740-50. 2007
    ..3 +/- 7.7 kg of milk/d during the first 30 DIM. A reduction in the ability of the liver to cope with the increased metabolic demand near parturition in dairy cows can be diagnosed using changes in baseline plasma PON...

Research Grants26

  1. Comparison of US and European Babesia divergens Isolates
    Patricia Holman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The molecular aspects may provide information that will be useful in future efforts to devise diagnostic tests. ..
  2. Genetic Determinants of Anaplasma Transmission
    SUSAN NOH; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The sponsor has an active research program in vector borne disease has successfully mentored clinicians, graduate students, and post-doctoral fellows to research independence. ..
  3. OXIDANT STRESS AND ENDOTHELIAL CELL METABOLISM
    LORRAINE SORDILLO; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results form these studies will provide the molecular basis of how Se deficiency can modify resistance to metabolic vascular disorders. ..
  4. Does the HSV-1 latency associated transcript (LAT) encode a protein?
    Clinton Jones; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Studies will also determine whether LAT encoded proteins inhibit apoptosis, and whether these proteins are necessary for the latency reactivation cycle. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. The Joint Risks of Hazadous Air Pollulants Among Childhood Cancer Histotypes
    James Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will identify the areas of high risk and the associated HAPs exposures, information essential to elucidate the role of HAPs and to guide further study. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. A Staged Strategy for Virus Identification and Discovery
    W Ian Lipkin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our initial focus will be two chronic diseases where specific viral taxa are associated and potentially implicated in pathogenesis: bronchioalveolar cell carcinoma and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. ..
  7. Impact of ileal content on S typhimurium pathogenesis
    Sara Lawhon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The research collaboration between Dr. B[unreadable]umler in the Texas A&M Health Science Center and Dr. Adams in the College of Veterinary Medicine provides a unique opportunity to achieve this career goal. ..
  8. Etiologic studies on EMND: An animal model for ALS
    Hussni Mohammed; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Data obtained from these pilot studies will represent a major breakthrough towards the understanding of the mechanism of the motor neuron disease and lay the foundation for more thorough investigation. ..
  9. ANTI-VIRAL TREATMENT OF DEVELOPING BOVINE EMBRYOS
    Maurice Givens; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  10. Pathogen Discovery in Chronic Lung Disease by Mass Tag PCR and Microarray
    W Ian Lipkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  11. MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF A NEUROTROPIC AGENT--BORNA VIRUS
    WALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  12. Mass Tag PCR Detection of Respiratory Pathogens
    W Ian Lipkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. The Role of Pesticide Dispersion Within Texas Watershed*
    James Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is anticipated that the results produced will provide the preliminary data needed to continue definitive investigations under the auspices of subsequent R01 funding. ..
  14. A Staged Strategy for Virus Identification and Discovery
    WALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Consistent with aims proposed in AI51292, our initial clinical application will be to analyze enteroviral serotypes implicated in human disease in North America. ..
  15. BORNA DISEASE VIRUS AND NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASE
    WALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will be the first to collect and process human sera and PBMC samples in clinical laboratories with no history of BDV research and dispense aliquots to a central laboratory for randomized, blinded analysis. ..
  16. A DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL FOR AUTISM BASED ON CNS INFECTION
    WALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..4) Determine how opoptosis contributes to the neuropathology observed after neonatal infection. (5) Analyze regional changes in neurotransmitter systems following neonatal infection. ..
  17. Genetic Transformation of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Approach: Transformation by electroporation of sporozoites with GFP expression plasmids; detection of transformants in cell culture by fluorescent microscopy, anti-GFP antibodies, or reverse-transcriptase PCR. ..
  18. ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Generation of babesial surface protein diversity
    SHAWN BERENS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The sponsors collaborate closely in research and have successfully mentored clinicians, graduate students, and post-doctoral fellows to research independence. ..
  20. Chlamydia pneumoniae vaccine candidates
    Bernhard Kaltenboeck; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..pneumoniae vaccine candidate proteins in respiratory disease models using several inbred mouse strains. ..
  21. Extra-pulmonary pathology caused by avian H5N1 and recombinant H1N1-1918 influenz
    Helle Bielefeldt Ohmann; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Experimental Creutzfeldt Jacob Disease
    Laura Manuelidis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Rapid infectivity assays in vitro can open the study of TSEs by providing a way to test any pure molecule or structure for its intrinsic infectivity by Koch's established postulates for infectious pathogens. ..
  23. PATHOGENESIS- HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMALS
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  24. IMMUNE RESPONSES TO ROTAVIRUS-- ROLE MATERNAL ANTIBODIES
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Clarification of the mechanisms of suppression by maternal Ab and means to overcome them will lead to more efficacious vaccines for both RV and other pathogens infecting neonates. ..
  25. Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus as a SARS Model
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Antigenic Relationships of SARS and Animal Coronaviruses
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..