bovine trypanosomiasis

Summary

Summary: Infection in cattle caused by various species of trypanosomes.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi African bovine trypanosomiasis: the problem of drug resistance
    S Geerts
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000, Antwerpen, Belgium
    Trends Parasitol 17:25-8. 2001
  2. ncbi Seasonal prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in a tsetse-infested zone and a tsetse-free zone of the Amhara Region, north-west Ethiopia
    T Cherenet
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and 2 Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 71:307-12. 2004
  3. ncbi The transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense seems to be associated with its level of resistance to isometamidium chloride
    P van den Bossche
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Animal Health Department, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerpen, Belgium
    Vet Parasitol 135:365-7. 2006
  4. ncbi Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in Central Mozambique from 2002 to 2005
    E J K Specht
    Laboratorio Regional de Veterinaria, P O Box 42, Chimoio, Mozambique
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 75:73-81. 2008
  5. ncbi Participatory investigations of bovine trypanosomiasis in Tana River District, Kenya
    A Catley
    International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 16:55-66. 2002
  6. ncbi Cattle owners' perceptions of African bovine trypanosomiasis and its control in Busia and Kwale Districts of Kenya
    Noreen Machila
    CTVM, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland EH25 9RG, Edinburgh, UK
    Acta Trop 86:25-34. 2003
  7. ncbi PCR-RFLP using Ssu-rDNA amplification as an easy method for species-specific diagnosis of Trypanosoma species in cattle
    D Geysen
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Vet Parasitol 110:171-80. 2003
  8. ncbi The incidence of new and the prevalence and persistence of recurrent trypanosome infections in cattle in southwest Ethiopia exposed to a high challenge with drug-resistant parasites
    G J Rowlands
    International Livestock Research Institute, P O Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya
    Acta Trop 79:149-63. 2001
  9. ncbi Understanding bovine trypanosomiasis and trypanotolerance: the promise of functional genomics
    Emmeline W Hill
    Animal Genomics Laboratory, Department of Animal Science and Conway Institute for Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, Faculty of Agri food and the Environment, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 105:247-58. 2005
  10. ncbi A comparative longitudinal study of bovine trypanosomiasis in tsetse-free and tsetse-infested zones of the Amhara Region, northwest Ethiopia
    T Cherenet
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
    Vet Parasitol 140:251-8. 2006

Detail Information

Publications143 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi African bovine trypanosomiasis: the problem of drug resistance
    S Geerts
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000, Antwerpen, Belgium
    Trends Parasitol 17:25-8. 2001
    ....
  2. ncbi Seasonal prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in a tsetse-infested zone and a tsetse-free zone of the Amhara Region, north-west Ethiopia
    T Cherenet
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and 2 Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 71:307-12. 2004
    ..in the preceding month suggesting an important role of mechanical transmission in the epidemiology of trypanosomosis in both areas...
  3. ncbi The transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense seems to be associated with its level of resistance to isometamidium chloride
    P van den Bossche
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Animal Health Department, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerpen, Belgium
    Vet Parasitol 135:365-7. 2006
    ..The infection rate in Glossina morsitans morsitans differed significantly between clones and was significantly higher in tsetse flies infected with the T. congolense clone with the highest level of drug resistance...
  4. ncbi Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in Central Mozambique from 2002 to 2005
    E J K Specht
    Laboratorio Regional de Veterinaria, P O Box 42, Chimoio, Mozambique
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 75:73-81. 2008
    ....
  5. ncbi Participatory investigations of bovine trypanosomiasis in Tana River District, Kenya
    A Catley
    International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 16:55-66. 2002
    Participatory research on bovine trypanosomiasis was conducted with Orma pastoralists in Tana River District, Kenya...
  6. ncbi Cattle owners' perceptions of African bovine trypanosomiasis and its control in Busia and Kwale Districts of Kenya
    Noreen Machila
    CTVM, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland EH25 9RG, Edinburgh, UK
    Acta Trop 86:25-34. 2003
    ..One third of drug treatments given to sick cattle were trypanocides, but over half of these trypanocidal treatments were given to cattle believed to have diseases other than trypanosomiasis...
  7. ncbi PCR-RFLP using Ssu-rDNA amplification as an easy method for species-specific diagnosis of Trypanosoma species in cattle
    D Geysen
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Vet Parasitol 110:171-80. 2003
    ..simiae and T. theileri could be found. The use of MboII restriction enzyme allowed differentiation between T. simiae and T. theileri. The potential of the essay to be used as a suitable diagnostic tool is discussed...
  8. ncbi The incidence of new and the prevalence and persistence of recurrent trypanosome infections in cattle in southwest Ethiopia exposed to a high challenge with drug-resistant parasites
    G J Rowlands
    International Livestock Research Institute, P O Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya
    Acta Trop 79:149-63. 2001
    ..The effect of age on incidence of infection was not significant beyond 15 months of age. Adult male cattle appeared to be more susceptible to T. congolense infection than adult female cattle...
  9. ncbi Understanding bovine trypanosomiasis and trypanotolerance: the promise of functional genomics
    Emmeline W Hill
    Animal Genomics Laboratory, Department of Animal Science and Conway Institute for Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, Faculty of Agri food and the Environment, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 105:247-58. 2005
    African bovine trypanosomiasis, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma congolense, is endemic throughout sub-Saharan Africa and is a major constraint on livestock production...
  10. ncbi A comparative longitudinal study of bovine trypanosomiasis in tsetse-free and tsetse-infested zones of the Amhara Region, northwest Ethiopia
    T Cherenet
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
    Vet Parasitol 140:251-8. 2006
    ..The outcome of this longitudinal study suggests that control of trypanosomiasis in the Amhara Region cannot be achieved by tsetse control alone. Supplemental measures to include drug therapy and biting fly control are discussed...
  11. ncbi Seasonal variations in the distribution and abundance of the tsetse fly, Glossina morsitans morsitans in eastern Zambia
    P van den Bossche
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Veterinary Department, Antwerp, Belgium
    Med Vet Entomol 16:170-6. 2002
    ..The implications of these observations for the control of tsetse are discussed...
  12. ncbi Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and trypanocidal drug sensitivity studies on Trypanosoma congolense in Wolyta and Dawero zones of southern Ethiopia
    A Miruk
    Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
    Vet Parasitol 152:141-7. 2008
    ..Although cloned populations were not used to prove whether the observed resistance was at the individual level or not, the results show that there is resistance to both ISMM and DA; failure of the "sanative pair"...
  13. ncbi Implications of the re-invasion of Southeast Uganda by Glossina pallidipes on the epidemiology of bovine trypanosomosis
    J W Magona
    Livestock Health Research Institute, P O Box 96, Tororo, Uganda
    Vet Parasitol 128:1-9. 2005
    ..This is a rare case of a re-invasion of a tsetse species whose disease transmission capability calls for refocusing of the traditional national tsetse and trypanosomosis control strategies to contain it...
  14. ncbi Comparative pathogenicity of three genetically distinct types of Trypanosoma congolense in cattle: clinical observations and haematological changes
    Z Bengaly
    CIRDES Centre International de Recherche Developpement sur l Elevage en Zone subhumide, 01 BP 454, Bobo Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso
    Vet Parasitol 108:1-19. 2002
    ..The results of the present study indicated clear difference in pathogenicity between the three types of T. congolense; the savannah-type was virulent while the forest-type was of low pathogenicity and the kilifi-type was non-pathogenic...
  15. ncbi Evaluation of a preliminary title to protect zero-grazed dairy cattle with insecticide-treated mosquito netting in western Kenya
    B Bauer
    Institute for Parasitology and International Animal Health, Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Trop Anim Health Prod 38:29-34. 2006
    ..Mean packed cell volumes (PCV) were significantly higher in protected cattle (29.7%) than in unprotected ones (27.6%). Farmers with protected animals also reported fewer nuisance flies and mosquitoes in their compounds...
  16. ncbi Probabilistic order in antigenic variation of Trypanosoma brucei
    Liam J Morrison
    Wellcome Centre for Molecular Parasitology, University of Glasgow, 56 Dumbarton Rd, Glasgow, G11 6NU, Scotland, UK
    Int J Parasitol 35:961-72. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi Cytokine mRNA profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from trypanotolerant and trypanosusceptible cattle infected with Trypanosoma congolense
    Grace M O'Gorman
    Animal Genomics Laboratory, School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, College of Life Sciences, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland
    Physiol Genomics 28:53-61. 2006
    ....
  18. ncbi Drug sensitivity of trypanosome populations from cattle in a peri-urban dairy production system in Uganda
    D Olila
    International Livestock Research Institute, P O Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya
    Acta Trop 84:19-30. 2002
    ..90 to 4.57 mg/kg bw for homidium chloride. Thus, by comparison to reference drug-sensitive populations, all the stabilates were highly sensitive to diminazene and isometamidium, while some expressed low levels of resistance to homidium...
  19. ncbi Mechanical transmission of Trypanosoma congolense in cattle by the African tabanid Atylotus agrestis
    Marc Desquesnes
    CIRDES, Centre de coopération en Recherche Agronmique pour le Développement, départment Elevage et Médicine Vétérinaire Tropicale, Montpellier, France
    Exp Parasitol 105:226-31. 2003
    ..ADT, apparent density of insects per trap per day (mean number of insects caught in one type of trap per 24h of trapping); D, day; NS, not statistically significant..
  20. ncbi Trypanocidal drug resistance in eastern province of Zambia
    L Sinyangwe
    Central Veterinary Research Institute, Balmoral, P O Box 33980, Lusaka, Zambia
    Vet Parasitol 119:125-35. 2004
    ....
  21. ncbi Differences in susceptibility to trypanosome infection between Nkedi Zebu and Ankole cattle, under field conditions in Uganda
    J W Magona
    Livestock Health Research Institute, P O Box 96, Tororo, Uganda
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 98:785-92. 2004
    ..4% v. 28.7%; P < 0.05) than in the Ankole. Compared with the Ankole, Nkedi Zebu cattle appear to be less susceptible to (detectable) trypanosome infection and to the trypanosome-attributable lowering of their PCV...
  22. ncbi The resurgence of trypanosomosis in Botswana
    S P Sharma
    National Veterinary Laboratory, Gaborone, Botswana
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 72:232-4. 2001
    ..29% in Maun and Shakawe respectively. The urgent need to combat trypanosomosis in Ngamiland, particularly in the Shakawe area, is highlighted, and a 3-phase integrated tsetse control strategy for this disease problem is discussed...
  23. ncbi Cerebral trypanosomiasis in naturally-infected cattle in the Lambwe Valley, south Nyanza, Kenya
    B T Wellde
    Walter Reed Project, Veterinary Research Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kabete, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 83:151-60. 1989
    ..An attempt to cure animals with Mel-B treatment failed. Serum from naturally-infected cattle neutralized T. b. rhodesiense stocks collected in the same area...
  24. ncbi Trypanosoma congolense: expression of a heat shock protein 70 and initial evaluation as a diagnostic antigen for bovine trypanosomosis
    Alain Boulange
    ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya
    Exp Parasitol 100:6-11. 2002
    ..As BiP and its derivatives may be produced at low cost under stable forms allowing standardization of the tests, they warrant further evaluation as antigens fro serodiagnosis of bovine trypanosomosis...
  25. ncbi Observations on the trypanosomosis problem outside the tsetse belts of Sudan
    A H A Rahman
    Central Veterinary Research Laboratories, Soba, Khartoum, Sudan
    Rev Sci Tech 24:965-72. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi Knowledge and attitudes of cattle owners regarding trypanosomosis control in tsetse-infested areas of Uganda
    J W Magona
    Livestock Health Research Institute, PO Box 96, Tororo, Uganda
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 75:173-6. 2004
    ..The control options that should be selected in order to elicit full participation by cattle owners are discussed...
  27. ncbi A cross-sectional epidemiological survey of bovine trypanosomosis and its vectors in the Savelugu and West Mamprusi districts of northern Ghana
    C I Mahama
    Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Control Unit, Veterinary Services Department, P O Box 97, Pong Tamale, Ghana
    Vet Parasitol 122:1-13. 2004
    ..An evaluation of animal health at the village herd level, using PCV as an index of anaemia, provided various epidemiological scenarios prevalent in the entire study area...
  28. ncbi Cattle migration and stocking densities in relation to tsetse-trypanosomiasis challenge in The Gambia
    T J Wacher
    International Trypanotolerance Centre, Banjul, The Gambia
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 87:517-24. 1993
    ....
  29. ncbi Identification of a genetic marker for isometamidium chloride resistance in Trypanosoma congolense
    V Delespaux
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Int J Parasitol 35:235-43. 2005
    ..The presence of the insertion, specifying an extra codon was found to always be present in the genomes of T. congolense clones that were resistant to isometamidium chloride...
  30. ncbi Studies on effects of lactose on experimental Trypanosoma vivax infection in Zebu cattle. 1. Plasma kinetics of intravenously administered lactose at onset of infection and pathology
    M Y Fatihu
    Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 75:163-72. 2008
    ..01) than the mean GTNs of the lactose-infused and control bulls. Degenerative changes occurred in the myocardium, spleen, testes and epididymides. The tesicular and epididymal lesions are indicative of male reproductive dysfunction...
  31. ncbi PCR-RFLP using Ssu-rDNA amplification: applicability for the diagnosis of mixed infections with different trypanosome species in cattle
    V Delespaux
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Vet Parasitol 117:185-93. 2003
    ..All mixed infections gave clear profiles that could be easily differentiated except with T. theileri and T. congolense where the T. theileri band was concealed by the T. congolense profile...
  32. ncbi Molecular cloning and characterization of Trypanosoma vivax alternative oxidase (AOX) gene, a target of the trypanocide ascofuranone
    Takashi Suzuki
    Department of Molecular Parasitology, Nagoya City University, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467 8601, Japan
    Parasitol Int 53:235-45. 2004
    ..29 +/- 0.00 nM). The non-cyclic transmission ability of T. vivax and the in vivo chemotherapeutic efficacy of ascofuranone against T. vivax and T. b. brucei infection are discussed in terms of these Km and Ki values...
  33. ncbi Comparative evaluation of the antibody-detection ELISA technique using microplates precoated with denatured crude antigens from Trypanosoma congolense or Trypanosoma vivax
    J W Magona
    Livestock Health Research Institute, PO Box 96, Tororo, Uganda
    Trop Anim Health Prod 34:295-308. 2002
    ..625), and both assays conducted in parallel were in substantial agreement with the BCT (kappa = 0.708). Both assays were found to be proficient and suitable for the diagnosis of bovine trypanosomosis, especially when used in parallel...
  34. ncbi Parasitological prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in Kindo Koisha district, Wollaita zone, south Ethiopia
    A Kidanemariam
    National Animal Health Research Centre, Sebeta, Ethiopia
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 69:107-13. 2002
    ..A tsetse fly control scheme to reduce host-tsetse fly contact is equally as important as chemotherapy and chemoprophylaxis against trypanosomosis...
  35. pmc Genetic and expression analysis of cattle identifies candidate genes in pathways responding to Trypanosoma congolense infection
    Harry Noyes
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:9304-9. 2011
    African bovine trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma sp., is a major constraint on cattle productivity in sub-Saharan Africa...
  36. ncbi Control of Glossina longipennis (Diptera: Glossinidae) by insecticide-treated targets at Galana ranch, Kenya, and confirmation of the role of G. longipennis as a vector of cattle trypanosomiasis
    J N Makumi
    Kenya Trypanosomiasis Research Institute, PO Box 362, Kikuyu, Kenya
    Bull Entomol Res 90:397-406. 2000
    ..This study confirms the importance of G. longipennis as a vector of bovine trypanosomiasis in areas where it is the predominant tsetse present.
  37. ncbi Bovine trypanosomiasis risk in an endemic area on the eastern plateau of Zambia
    H Simukoko
    University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Lusaka, Zambia
    Res Vet Sci 90:51-4. 2011
    The control of bovine trypanosomiasis could be improved by using the available control tools during periods when the incidence of the disease is highest...
  38. ncbi Bovine trypanosomiasis in south-western Uganda: packed-cell volumes and prevalences of infection in the cattle
    C Waiswa
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, PO Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 98:21-7. 2004
    ..2%) or Mubende (21.5% v. 29.7%) districts. South-western Uganda has been relatively free of both human and bovine trypanosomiasis for the past three decades...
  39. ncbi Bovine trypanosomiasis an emerging disease in Maranhão State-Brazil
    Solange de Araujo Melo
    1 Department of Pathology, RENORBIO, Sao Luis, Brazil
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:853-6. 2011
    In South American countries, bovine trypanosomiasis is caused mainly by Trypanosoma vivax. Among the infected animals, bovines are considered more susceptible, and this susceptibility varies among breeds. To determine the occurrence of T...
  40. pmc An outbreak of bovine trypanosomiasis in the Blue Nile State, Sudan
    Bashir Salim
    Department of Collaboration and Education, Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Parasit Vectors 4:74. 2011
    In this paper, we report an outbreak of bovine trypanosomiasis in Kurmuk District, Blue Nile State, Sudan that involved an infection with four Trypanosoma species in cattle...
  41. ncbi Brazilian isolates of Trypanosoma (Megatrypanum) theileri: diagnosis and differentiation of isolates from cattle and water buffalo based on biological characteristics and randomly amplified DNA sequences
    A C Rodrigues
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 1374, 05508 900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 116:185-207. 2003
    ..The trypanosomes from water buffalo reported here are the first T. theileri-like isolates from the Asiatic buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) to be continuously cultured and compared with cattle isolates using biological and molecular methods...
  42. ncbi Application of field methods to assess isometamidium resistance of trypanosomes in cattle in western Ethiopia
    Nega Tewelde
    Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Acta Trop 90:163-70. 2004
    ..There were significant differences between the Kaplan-Meier survival estimates of the control and treatment groups in Cheleleki (P < 0.01) and Kolu (P < 0.05) but not in Burka (P > 0.05)...
  43. ncbi A large-scale trial to evaluate the efficacy of a 1% pour-on formulation of cyfluthrin (Cylence, Bayer) in controlling bovine trypanosomosis in Eastern Zambia
    P van den Bossche
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Veterinary Department, Antwerpen, Belgium
    Trop Anim Health Prod 36:33-43. 2004
    ..The monthly incidence of trypanosomal infections started to decline substantially 8 months after the treatments were initiated. No trypanosomal infections were detected from 10 months after the start of the trial...
  44. ncbi Domestic animals as reservoirs for sleeping sickness in three endemic foci in south-eastern Uganda
    C Waiswa
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, P O Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 97:149-55. 2003
    ..In south-eastern Uganda, control efforts must be designed to eliminate the parasites not only from cattle but also from pigs and small ruminants...
  45. ncbi Transition models to assess risk factors for new and persistent trypanosome infections in cattle-analysis of longitudinal data from the Ghibe Valley, southwest Ethiopia
    Y H Schukken
    Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, S3119 Schurmann Hall, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Parasitol 90:1279-87. 2004
    ..The second was to highlight different patterns in the effects of certain factors on new and persistent trypanosome infections...
  46. pmc Nitric oxide synthesis is depressed in Bos indicus cattle infected with Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma vivax and does not mediate T-cell suppression
    K Taylor
    International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Infect Immun 64:4115-22. 1996
    ..We have investigated whether a similar mechanism is responsible for T-cell unresponsiveness in bovine trypanosomiasis. Bovine monocytes and macrophages from uninfected cattle and activated in vitro with IFN-gamma produced NO;..
  47. ncbi Livestock farmers' perception and epidemiology of bovine trypanosomosis in Kwale District, Kenya
    S O Ohaga
    International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology, PO Box 30772 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    Prev Vet Med 80:24-33. 2007
    ..2-738 flies/trap). Trypanosoma congolense and T. vivax were found in cattle with the former more prevalent. Infection prevalences in cattle varied between 0 and 25% (median: 22%)...
  48. pmc Heterogeneity in the trypanosomosis incidence in Zebu cattle of different ages and sex on the plateau of eastern Zambia
    H Simukoko
    University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, Zambia
    Acta Trop 103:98-101. 2007
    ..The implications of these results for the control of trypanosomosis in Eastern Province and other epidemiologically related areas are discussed...
  49. ncbi Genetic diversity of Trypanosoma evansi in beef cattle based on internal transcribed spacer region
    Supatra Areekit
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University, Sukhumvit 23, Bangkok, Thailand
    Infect Genet Evol 8:484-8. 2008
    ..evansi were categorized into two main groups where the genetic diversity occurred within Group 1. The data could be applicable for the survey of parasite dynamics, epidemiological studies as well as prevention and control of the disease...
  50. ncbi Laboratory and field evaluation of biodegradable polyesters for sustained release of isometamidium and ethidium
    S Geerts
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 94:211-4. 1999
    ..The potential advantages and inconvenients of the use of SRDs are discussed and suggestions are made in order to further improve the currently available devices...
  51. ncbi Antibody-ELISA seroprevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in the Eastern Province of Zambia
    N Machila
    Central Veterinary Research Institute, P O Box 33980, Balmoral, Lusaka, Zambia
    Prev Vet Med 49:249-57. 2001
    ..f.)=0.89, p<0.01]. Seroprevalence measured on any single visit to a study village was better than parasitological prevalence as a predictor of average annual parasitological prevalence...
  52. ncbi Preliminary application and evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for detection of bovine theileriosis and trypanosomosis in Tanzania
    O M M Thekisoe
    National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, 080 8555, Japan
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 74:339-42. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of Trypanosoma vivax supports the separation of South American/West African from East African isolates and a new T. vivax-like genotype infecting a nyala antelope from Mozambique
    A C Rodrigues
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Parasitology 135:1317-28. 2008
    ..vivax. This study corroborated the high complexity and the existence of distinct genotypes yet undescribed within the subgenus Duttonella...
  54. ncbi A financial analysis of treatment strategies for Trypanosoma evansi in the Brazilian Pantanal
    A Seidl
    EMBRAPA PROMOAGRO, Agricultural Research Center for the Pantanal CPAP, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation Embrapa, Corumba, MS, Brazil
    Prev Vet Med 33:219-34. 1998
    ..It represents an annual net benefit of over US$200,000 and 600 horses relative to the currently most widely adopted strategy...
  55. ncbi Ecological implications of control strategies: arthropods of domestic and production animals
    T N Petney
    Department of Parasitology, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Parasitol 27:155-65. 1997
    ..The effects of control of arthropod pests of domestic and production stock must be seen against a background of more general effects caused by rural development which acts to modify the environment continuously over a long time span...
  56. ncbi Livestock keeper perceptions of four indigenous cattle breeds in tsetse infested areas of Ethiopia
    Jennie Stein
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7023, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden
    Trop Anim Health Prod 41:1335-46. 2009
    ..Abigar showed a different disease pattern than the other breeds and may also have advantages as regards trypanotolerance...
  57. ncbi A field study to estimate the prevalence of bovine African Trypanosomosis in Butaleja District, Uganda
    Zhang Jing
    National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 71:525-7. 2009
    ..In addition, only a few (3/203) mixed infections of T. b. brucei and T. congolense was detected by the PCR. Results obtained from this study indicates that bovine trypanosomosis is endemic in Butaleja district, Uganda...
  58. ncbi Comparing FAMACHA eye color chart and Hemoglobin Color Scale tests for detecting anemia and improving treatment of bovine trypanosomosis in West Africa
    D Grace
    Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universitat Berlin, Konigsweg 67, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    Vet Parasitol 147:26-39. 2007
    ..Recommendations are made for the appropriate use of these tests in the West African region...
  59. ncbi The biochemical basis of arsenical-diamidine crossresistance in African trypanosomes
    M P Barrett
    Division of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Parasitol Today 15:136-40. 1999
    ..Here, Mike Barrett and Alan Fairlamb outline the mechanism underlying this crossresistance, which appears to arise as a result of alterations in an unusual adenosine transporter involved in the uptake of these drugs...
  60. ncbi Application of a monoclonal antibody-based antigen detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (antigen ELISA) for field diagnosis of bovine trypanosomiasis at Nguruman, Kenya
    V M Nantulya
    International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases ILRAD, Nairobi, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 86:225-30. 1992
    ....
  61. ncbi A PCR based assay for detection and differentiation of African trypanosome species in blood
    Andrew Cox
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, Scotland, UK
    Exp Parasitol 111:24-9. 2005
    ..The method is more economical, simple, and sensitive than current screening methods, and yields more detailed information, thereby making it a viable tool for large-scale epidemiological studies...
  62. ncbi Evaluation and improvement of parasitological tests for Trypanosoma evansi infection
    S A Reid
    Australian Institute of Tropical Veterinary and Animal Science, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 102:291-7. 2001
    ..These results demonstrate that sensitivity of the MI and MAECT are increased approximately 10-fold through the use of buffy coat in place of whole blood. Although, the MI is marginally more sensitive MAECT is better suited to field use...
  63. ncbi A burgeoning epidemic of sleeping sickness in Uganda
    E M Fèvre
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, UK
    Lancet 366:745-7. 2005
    ..Targeted interventions are urgently needed to control epidemics and reduce the high mortality resulting from sleeping sickness...
  64. ncbi Effect of gamma-irradiation on serum samples on the diagnostic performance of ELISA methods for the detection of trypanosomal antibodies
    D E Rebeski
    Animal Production Unit, Food and Agriculture Organisation International Atomic Energy Agency, Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, P O Box 100, A 1400 Vienna, Austria
    Vet Parasitol 99:89-104. 2001
    ..The practical implications are discussed of a serum sterilisation procedure using (60)Co gamma-rays for routine sample testing, assay validation and trypanosomosis monitoring and tsetse-fly control and eradication programmes...
  65. ncbi Detection and identification of Trypanosoma of African livestock through a single PCR based on internal transcribed spacer 1 of rDNA
    M Desquesnes
    CIRAD EMVT BP 5035, 34032, Montpellier, France
    Int J Parasitol 31:610-4. 2001
    ..vivax in field samples. However, these primers are suitable for isolate typing through a single PCR...
  66. ncbi Some general aspects of the distribution and epidemiology of bovine trypanosomosis in southern Africa
    P van den Bossche
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Veterinary Department, Nationalestraat 155, 2000, Antwerpen, Belgium
    Int J Parasitol 31:592-8. 2001
    ..In particular, the control of tsetse with insecticide-treated cattle will only be effective when a large proportion of feeds are taken from cattle over a large area and when the invasion of tsetse can be reduced sufficiently...
  67. ncbi Bovine trypanotolerance: A natural ability to prevent severe anaemia and haemophagocytic syndrome?
    J Naessens
    International Livestock Research Institute, P O Box 30709, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    Int J Parasitol 36:521-8. 2006
    ..Identification of the molecular pathways that lead to anaemia and haemophagocytosis should allow us to design new strategies to control disease...
  68. ncbi Community participation and the delivery of veterinary services in Africa
    A Catley
    Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Livelihoods Programme, International Institute for Environment and Development, 3 Endsleigh Street, WC1H 0DD, London, UK
    Prev Vet Med 49:95-113. 2001
    ..Projects that encourage types of community participation such as interactive participation and self-mobilisation are most likely to result in sustained benefits for livestock keepers...
  69. ncbi Comparison of the transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense strains, isolated in a trypanosomiasis endemic area of eastern Zambia, by Glossina morsitans morsitans
    J Masumu
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Animal Health Department, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Parasitology 133:331-4. 2006
    ..This observation confirms the theory for the evolution and maintenance of virulence in a parasite population and may explain the persistence of virulent trypanosome strains in a susceptible host population...
  70. ncbi Trypanosoma (Duttonella) vivax: its biology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, and introduction in the New World--a review
    Ana Luiza Alves Rosa Osório
    Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, 79070 900, Brasil
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 103:1-13. 2008
    ..Isolation and purification of T. vivax are briefly discussed. The recent reports of bovine trypanosomiasis diagnosed in cattle on farms located in the Pantanal region of the states of Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato ..
  71. ncbi Comparative seroprevalences of bovine trypanosomiasis and anaplasmosis in five states of Malaysia
    Wahab A Rahman
    School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
    Trop Biomed 29:65-70. 2012
    A comparative seroprevalence study on bovine trypanosomiasis and anaplasmosis was conducted...
  72. ncbi Response of Trypanosoma vivax and Trypanosoma congolense in zebu cattle in North Cameroon to prophylactic treatment with two formulations of isometamidium
    D N Awa
    Institute of Agricultural Research for Development IRAD, P O Box 1073, Garoua, Cameroon
    Prev Vet Med 76:90-6. 2006
    ..However, the presence of parasites in some animals barely 2 weeks after treatment suggested that either infections were not cleared or residual drug effects were not sufficient to prevent re-infections...
  73. ncbi Bovine trypanosomosis in the Bolivian Pantanal
    J L Gonzales
    Laboratorio de Investigatión y Diagnóstico Veterinario LIDIVET, Av Ejercito Nacional 153, P O Box 29, Santa Cruz, Bolivia
    Vet Parasitol 146:9-16. 2007
    ..99% (95% CI: 0.27-2.99) and 5.71% (95% CI: 2.43-12.19), respectively. Based on questionnaire and laboratory results, it was concluded that trypanosomosis is a primary constraint for cattle production in the Bolivian Pantanal...
  74. ncbi A longitudinal epidemiological survey of bovine trypanosomosis and its vectors in the White Volta river basin of Northern Ghana
    C I Mahama
    Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Control Unit, Veterinary Services Department, P O Box 97, Pong Tamale, Ghana
    Vet Parasitol 128:201-8. 2005
    ..There was also a significant effect of time. The influence of cattle herding on host-vector-parasite interface and its consequence on the incidence of trypanosomosis are discussed...
  75. ncbi Evaluation of an antibody-ELISA using five crude antigen preparations for the diagnosis of Trypanosoma evansi infection in cattle
    S A Reid
    Australian Institute of Tropical and Animal Science, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 104:79-84. 2002
    ..These results show that these modifications to the method of producing crude antigens for the Ab-ELISA does not improve the accuracy of diagnosis of T. evansi infection in cattle...
  76. ncbi Study of the effect of gamma-irradiation on bovine serum samples on the ability of monoclonal antibodies to detect invariant antigens of Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivax and T. brucei in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays
    D E Rebeski
    FAO IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Seibersdorf, Austria
    Vet Parasitol 79:109-22. 1998
    ....
  77. ncbi Trypanosome infections and tick infestations: susceptibility in N'Dama, Gobra zebu and Gobra x N'Dama crossbred cattle exposed to natural challenge and maintained under high and low surveillance of trypanosome infections
    R C Mattioli
    International Trypanotolerance Centre, Banjul, Gambia
    Acta Trop 71:57-71. 1998
    ....
  78. ncbi Natural and acquired resistance to Trypanosoma vivax in cattle
    B T Wellde
    Walter Reed Project, Veterinary Research Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kabete, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 83:185-94. 1989
    ..vivax (Likoni) showed no resistance when challenged with stocks of T. vivax isolated in Lugala, Uganda or Galana, Kenya. Severe haemorrhages, most prominent in the digestive tract, were seen in some infected cattle before treatment...
  79. ncbi The relationship between the parasitological prevalence of trypanosomal infections in cattle and herd average packed cell volume
    P van den Bossche
    Institute of Tropical Medicine ITM, Veterinary Department, Nationalestraat 155, Antwerpen, Belgium
    Acta Trop 78:163-70. 2001
    ..Reasons for the spatial and temporal variations in the relationship are discussed...
  80. ncbi Trypanosoma vivax: disseminated intravascular coagulation in cattle
    B T Wellde
    Walter Reed Project, Veterinary Research Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kabete, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 83:177-83. 1989
    ..All animals developed increased levels of fibrinogen and fibrin monomer. Prolonged prothrombin times were found in all animals, and activated partial thromboplastin times were also extended in the two animals with high parasitaemias...
  81. ncbi The transmission of mixed Trypanosoma brucei brucei/T. congolense infections by tsetse (Glossina morsitans morsitans)
    P van den Bossche
    Veterinary Department, Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000, Antwerpen, Belgium
    Vet Parasitol 119:147-53. 2004
    ..congolense, it is also refractory to T.b. brucei and vice versa. Hence, results suggest that the transmission of T.b. brucei is affected mainly by the vectorial capacity of flies and not by concurrent trypanosome infections in the host...
  82. ncbi Mechanical transmission of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense by Glossina morsitans morsitans (Diptera:Glossinidae)
    L W Roberts
    Walter Reed Project, Veterinary Research Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kabete, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 83:127-31. 1989
    ..The mechanical transmission of trypanosomes from one host to another may largely depend on the infectivity threshold of the recipient host, and individual mechanically-infected tsetse flies may not transmit an infective dose...
  83. ncbi The area-wide epidemiology of bovine trypanosomosis and its impact on mixed farming in subhumid West Africa; a case study in Togo
    G Hendrickx
    FAO Trypanosomosis Project, Burkina Faso
    Vet Parasitol 84:13-31. 1999
    ..Spatial epidemiological studies at a macro level may form the basis for area wide trypanosomosis control in West Africa...
  84. ncbi Estimation of tsetse challenge and its relationship with trypanosomosis incidence in cattle kept under pastoral production systems in Kenya
    B Bett
    Trypanosomiasis Research Centre, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, P O Box 362 00902, Kikuyu, Kenya
    Vet Parasitol 155:287-98. 2008
    ....
  85. ncbi Study on the sequential tsetse-transmitted Trypanosoma congolense, T. brucei brucei and T. vivax infections to African buffalo, eland, waterbuck, N'Dama and Boran cattle
    S K Moloo
    International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Vet Parasitol 80:197-213. 1999
    ..Xenodiagnosis using mice for T. brucei brucei and T. congolense infections, and tsetse flies for all the three trypanosome species were most sensitive for the detection of trypanosome infections in the bovid hosts...
  86. ncbi Tsetse challenge, trypanosome and helminth infection in relation to productivity of village Ndama cattle in Senegal
    A Fall
    Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles, CRZ Kolda, Senegal
    Vet Parasitol 81:235-47. 1999
    ..e. 15) litres and 0.69 (s.e. 0.037) litres, respectively. Trypanosome infection during lactation did not have a significant effect on the amount of milk extracted for human consumption nor did trypanosome status affect calf growth...
  87. ncbi Assessment of the occurrence of trypanocidal drug resistance in trypanosomes of naturally infected cattle in the Adamaoua region of Cameroon using the standard mouse test and molecular tools
    A Mamoudou
    Université de Dschang, Faculté d Agronomie et des Sciences Agricoles, BP 96, Dschang, Cameroon
    Acta Trop 106:115-8. 2008
    ..The problem appears to be more serious in T. congolense than in T. brucei. Appropriate measures need to be taken in order to control bovine trypanosomosis in this area...
  88. ncbi Immune response of cattle infected with African trypanosomes
    K A Taylor
    International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 94:239-44. 1999
    ..The identification of parasite factors that induce immunosuppression and the mechanisms that mediate depressed immune responses might suggest novel disease intervention strategies...
  89. ncbi Improved methods for the diagnosis of African trypanosomosis
    D E Rebeski
    Animal Production Unit, Food and Agriculture Organization International Atomic Energy Agency Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 94:249-53. 1999
    ..Developments and advantages of other diagnostic techniques, such as dip-stick assay and tests based on the polymerase chain reaction are also considered...
  90. ncbi Anti-Trypanosoma brucei activity in Cape buffalo serum during the cryptic phase of parasitemia is mediated by antibodies
    Patrick Guirnalda
    Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
    Int J Parasitol 37:1391-9. 2007
    ....
  91. ncbi Can remotely sensed meteorological data significantly contribute to reduce costs of tsetse surveys?
    G Hendrickx
    Trypanosomosis project, FAO, Burkina Faso
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 94:273-6. 1999
    ..This opens up new avenues because satellite predictions and field data may be combined to strengthen or substitute one another and thus reduce costs of field surveys...
  92. ncbi Estimated financial impact of Trypanosoma vivax on the Brazilian pantanal and Bolivian lowlands
    A Seidl
    Colorado State University, Ft Collins, CO, 80523 1172, USA
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 94:269-72. 1999
    ..Had the outbreak gone untreated, the estimated losses would have exceeded 17% of total brood cow value...
  93. ncbi Anti-VSG antibodies induce an increase in Trypanosoma evansi intracellular Ca2+ concentration
    M Mendoza
    Centro de Estudios Biomédicos y Veterinarios, Universidad Nacional Experimental Simón Rodríguez, Caracas, Venezuela
    Parasitology 135:1303-15. 2008
    ..This is the first study to identify a ligand that is coupled to calcium flux in salivarian trypanosomes...
  94. ncbi Detection of Trypanosoma brucei, T. congolense and T. vivax infections in cattle, sheep and goats using latex agglutination
    B B Kayang
    Department of Animal Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
    Int J Parasitol 27:83-7. 1997
    ..9% in cattle and 3.7% in sheep. There were no false-positive reactions with the test in goats. The latex agglutination assay promises to be ideal for testing small numbers of animals under field conditions...
  95. ncbi Survey of bovine trypanosomosis in the Kachia Grazing Reserve, Kaduna State, Nigeria
    F N C Enwezor
    Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis and Onchocerciasis Research NITOR, P M B 2077, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria
    Vet Parasitol 159:121-5. 2009
    ..In addition, chemotherapeutic and chemoprophylaxis should be systematically used to fight the problem of trypanosomosis in the KGR towards improved livestock production...
  96. ncbi Experimental infection of cattle with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense
    B T Wellde
    Walter Reed Project, Veterinary Research Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kabete, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 83:133-50. 1989
    ..Demyelination was limited to perivascular areas. Occasionally a moderate to severe pancarditis was found...
  97. ncbi The prevalence of African animal trypanosomoses and tsetse presence in Western Senegal
    M T Seck
    Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles, Laboratoire National d Elevage et de Recherches Vétérinaires, Service de Parasitologie, BP 2057 Dakar Hann, Senegal
    Parasite 17:257-65. 2010
    ..The importance of these results for the development of a control strategy for the planned AW-IPM campaign is discussed...
  98. ncbi Epidemiologic aspects of an outbreak of Trypanosoma vivax in a dairy cattle herd in Minas Gerais state, Brazil
    D A Cuglovici
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, C P 486, Belo Horizonte, CEP 30 270 901, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 169:320-6. 2010
    The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological situation of bovine trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma vivax in a dairy cattle herd from Igarapé, Minas Gerais state, Brazil...
  99. ncbi Prevalence and incidence of bovine trypanosomosis in an agro-pastoral area of southwestern Burkina Faso
    Guiguigbaza Kossigan Dayo
    IRD, UMR Trypanosomes, TA A 17 A Campus international de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Res Vet Sci 88:470-7. 2010
    ..The dry hot season is associated with increasing seroprevalences and incidences and consequently a decreasing average of PCV. In addition, an important spatial heterogeneity was observed...
  100. ncbi Effects of splenectomy on Trypanosoma congolense infection in cattle
    W L Boyce
    Walter Reed Project, Veterinary Research Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kabete, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 83:195-200. 1989
    ..Splenectomized cattle have lower levels of circulating lymphocytes following treatment than intact animals; also, the splenectomized steers lost more weight during the active infection...
  101. ncbi Detection of Trypanosoma evansi infection in clinically ill cattle, buffaloes and horses using various diagnostic tests
    R Laha
    West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata 700037, West Bengal India
    Epidemiol Infect 137:1583-5. 2009
    ..1%, 43.8% and 65.6% infections in clinically ill buffaloes, cattle and horses, respectively. It can be concluded that T. evansi is prevalent in cattle, buffaloes and horses in the Eastern Region of India...