Genomes and Genes
Summary: Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.
Publications348 found, 100 shown here
- Identification of multiple novel viruses, including a parvovirus and a hepevirus, in feces of red foxesRogier Bodewes
Department of Viroscience, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Virol 87:7758-64. 2013Red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) are the most widespread members of the order of Carnivora. Since they often live in (peri)urban areas, they are a potential reservoir of viruses that transmit from wildlife to humans or domestic animals...
- Assessment of the epidemiological status of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes in France using ELISA coprotests on fox faeces collected in the fieldF Raoul
Department of Biology and Ecophysiology, Institute for Environmental Sciences and Technology, WHO Collaborating Centre for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcoses, University of Franche Comte, Besancon, France
Int J Parasitol 31:1579-88. 2001..At each site, (i) necropsy and intestine examination was undertaken on a sample of shot foxes (total number of foxes, 222), and (ii) fox faeces were collected in the field along road verges, and scored for ..
- Human alveolar echinococcosis after fox population increase, SwitzerlandAlexander Schweiger
Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Emerg Infect Dis 13:878-82. 2007..and development of clinical disease is long, the increase in the fox population and high Echinococcus multilocularis prevalence rates in foxes in rural and urban areas may have resulted in an emerging epidemic of AE 10-15 years later.
- Evidence for an increasing presence of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes in The NetherlandsKatsuhisa Takumi
Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, Antonie van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Int J Parasitol 38:571-8. 2008..westernmost edge of its geographical distribution, based on two consecutive parasitological examinations of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) sampled between 1996 and 2003 in The Netherlands. The average worm count increased from 2...
- Westward spread of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes, France, 2005-2010Benoit Combes
Entente for the Control of Zoonoses, Nancy, France
Emerg Infect Dis 18:2059-62. 2012..The parasite is much more widely distributed than hitherto thought, spreading west, with a much higher prevalence than previously reported. The parasite also is present in the large conurbation of Paris...
- PCR detection of Angiostrongylus vasorum in faecal samples of dogs and foxesMohammad N S Al-Sabi
Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Parasitol Res 107:135-40. 2010..In the present study, faecal samples from foxes and domestic dogs were tested by a new polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting the second internal transcribed ..
- An epidemiological and ecological study of human alveolar echinococcosis transmission in south Gansu, ChinaP S Craig
Cestode Zoonoses Research Group, Division of Biological Sciences, School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, The Crescent, M5 4WT, Salford, UK
Acta Trop 77:167-77. 2000..This in turn probably results in creation of optimal peri-domestic habitats for rodents that serve as intermediate host species (such as M. limnophilus) and subsequent development of a peri-domestic cycle involving dogs...
- European echinococcosis registry: human alveolar echinococcosis, Europe, 1982-2000Petra Kern
University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany
Emerg Infect Dis 9:343-9. 2003..Of 408 (73%) patients alive in 2000, 4.9% were cured. The increasing prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes in rural and urban areas of central Europe and the occurrence of cases outside the alveolar echinococcosis-endemic ..
- A serosurvey of Hepatozoon canis and Ehrlichia canis antibodies in wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from IsraelZohar Fishman
School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University, P O Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Vet Parasitol 119:21-6. 2004..the prevalence of antibodies reactive with Ehrlichia canis and Hepatozoon canis antigens in free-ranging red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Israel. Of 84 fox sera assayed, 36% were seropositive for E...
- Wilderness in the city: the urbanization of Echinococcus multilocularisPeter Deplazes
Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr 266a, CH 8057, Zurich, Switzerland
Trends Parasitol 20:77-84. 2004..Novel tools have facilitated the investigation of the ecology of urban foxes and have demonstrated the urban wildlife cycle of E. multilocularis...
- The city-fox phenomenon: genetic consequences of a recent colonization of urban habitatP Wandeler
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, UK
Mol Ecol 12:647-56. 2003..The city of Zurich (Switzerland) was colonized by red foxes 15 years ago and the number of recorded individuals has increased steadily since then...
- High prevalence of Capillaria plica infections in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Southern GermanySabine Bork-Mimm
Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Veterinaerstrasse 2, 85762, Oberschleissheim, Germany
Parasitol Res 108:1063-7. 2011..b>Foxes serve as reservoir hosts and are considered to be a potential source of infection for companion and hunting dogs ..
- Anthelmintic baiting of foxes against urban contamination with Echinococcus multilocularisDaniel Hegglin
Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Emerg Infect Dis 9:1266-72. 2003
- Emergence of canine distemper in Bavarian wildlife associated with a specific amino acid exchange in the haemagglutinin proteinKarin Sekulin
Zoonoses and Emerging Infections Group, Clinical Virology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria
Vet J 187:399-401. 2011..The haemagglutinin (HA) genes of six representative canine distemper virus (CDV) samples originating from five red foxes and one badger during this outbreak had a Y549H amino acid substitution in the HA protein compared to sequences ..
- Leishmania tropica infection in golden jackals and red foxes, IsraelDalit Talmi-Frank
Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
Emerg Infect Dis 16:1973-5. 2010..spacer 1 real-time PCR and high-resolution melt analysis identified Leishmania tropica in samples from jackals and foxes. Infection was most prevalent in ear and spleen samples...
- Modelling the spatial distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis infection in foxesD R J Pleydell
Centre for Environmental Systems Research, Research Institute for the Built and Human Environment, School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Manchester M5 4WT, UK
Acta Trop 91:253-65. 2004..increase of the infection pressure on the human population motivates the monitoring of the infection status of foxes over space and time. Detection of E...
- Frequency distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis and other helminths of foxes in KyrgyzstanI Ziadinov
Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Vet Parasitol 171:286-92. 2010Echinococcosis is a major emerging zoonosis in central Asia. A study of the helminth fauna of foxes from Naryn Oblast in central Kyrgyzstan was undertaken to investigate the abundance of Echinococcus multilocularis in a district where a ..
- Morbidity and mortality of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) admitted to the Wildlife Center of Virginia, 1993-2001Terra R Kelly
Wildlife Center of Virginia, P O Box 1557, Waynesboro, Virginia 22980, USA
J Wildl Dis 39:467-9. 2003The medical records of 48 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and 35 gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) examined at the Wildlife Center of Virginia (Waynesboro, Virginia, USA) from 1993 to 2001 were reviewed...
- Novel amdovirus in gray foxesLinlin Li
Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, California, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 17:1876-8. 2011....
- Toxoplasma gondii in foxes and rodents from the German Federal States of Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt: seroprevalence and genotypesD C Herrmann
Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Seestrasse 55, 16868 Wusterhausen, Germany
Vet Parasitol 185:78-85. 2012Data on the genotypes of Toxoplasma gondii circulating in wildlife are scarce. In the present study, foxes and rodents from two Federal States in Central or Eastern Germany were examined for T. gondii infections...
- Climate and environmental factors influencing Echinococcus multilocularis occurrence in the Slovak RepublicMartina Miterpakova
Parasitological Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Department of Parasitozoonoses, Hlinkova 3, 04001 Kosice, Slovak Republic
Ann Agric Environ Med 13:235-42. 2006During the period of 2000-2004, 3,096 red foxes from the whole territory of the Slovak Republic were sampled and examined parasitologically for infections with Echinococcus multilocularis, causative agent of serious alveolar ..
- Molecular Investigations of Rickettsia helvetica infection in dogs, foxes, humans, and Ixodes ticksFelicitas S Boretti
Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Appl Environ Microbiol 75:3230-7. 2009..Blood samples from 884 dogs, 58 foxes, and 214 human patients and 2,073 ticks (Ixodes spp.) collected from either vegetation or animals were analyzed...
- Specific detection of Echinococcus spp. from the Tibetan fox (Vulpes ferrilata) and the red fox (V. vulpes) using copro-DNA PCR analysisWeibin Jiang
School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, No 3663 North Zhongshan Road, Shanghai 200062, People s Republic of China
Parasitol Res 111:1531-9. 2012..shiquicus, which are distributed on the vast area of pastureland on the eastern Tibetan plateau in China. Tibetan foxes (Vulpes ferrilata) have been determined to be the main wild definitive host of E. multilocularis and E...
- Alveolar echinococcosis, LithuaniaRasa Bruzinskaite
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1618-9. 2007
- Modeling control of rabies outbreaks in red fox populations to evaluate culling, vaccination, and vaccination combined with fertility controlG C Smith
Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York, YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom
J Wildl Dis 39:278-86. 2003..Vaccination was least effective at controlling rabies if applied 1 or 2 mo before the foxes gave birth...
- Evaluation of a serological test (indirect ELISA) for the diagnosis of sarcoptic mange in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes)Set Bornstein
Department of Parasitology SWEPAR, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden
Vet Dermatol 17:411-6. 2006..mange occurs in many parts of the world and is common in populations of domestic and wild canids, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes)...
- Perspective on control options for Echinococcus multilocularis with particular reference to JapanA Ito
Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan
Parasitology 127:S159-72. 2003..Furthermore, in view of (1) drastically increasing numbers and infection rates of foxes involved in transmission of E. multilocularis, and (2) increasingly close contact between humans and foxes e.g...
- Molecular characterization of Rabies Virus isolates from dogs and crab-eating foxes in Northeastern BrazilPedro Carnieli
Pasteur Institute, Av Paulista 393, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Virus Res 141:81-9. 2009Thirty-eight samples of Rabies Virus isolated from dogs and crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous) in Northeastern Brazil were characterized genetically by analyzing the G gene and the psi region...
- Phylogenetic analysis of the haemagglutinin gene of canine distemper virus strains detected from breeding foxes, raccoon dogs and minks in ChinaJian Jun Zhao
Division of Zoonoses, Institute of Special Economic Animal and Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences CAAS, 15 Luming Street, Jilin 132109, China
Vet Microbiol 140:34-42. 2010..The sequence of the H gene of 28 CDV strains detected from both vaccinated and non-vaccinated breeding foxes, raccoon dogs and minks from different geographical areas of China during the years 2004-2008 was determined...
- Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in DenmarkI Saeed
Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlaegevej 100, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Vet Parasitol 139:168-79. 2006An epidemiological study of helminths in 1040 red foxes collected from various localities in Denmark during 1997-2002, revealed 21 helminth species at autopsy, including nine nematode species: Capillaria plica (prevalence 80...
- Reproductive potential of Echinococcus multilocularis in experimentally infected foxes, dogs, raccoon dogs and catsC M O Kapel
WHO FAO Collaborating Centre for Parasitic Zoonoses, Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlaegevej 100, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Int J Parasitol 36:79-86. 2006A total of 15 red foxes, 15 raccoon dogs, 15 domestic dogs and 15 domestic cats were each infected with 20,000 protoscolices of Echinococcus multilocularis...
- Maximum-likelihood estimation of allelic dropout and false allele error rates from microsatellite genotypes in the absence of reference dataPaul C D Johnson
Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, United Kingdom
Genetics 175:827-42. 2007..Pedant is freely available at http://www.stats.gla.ac.uk/ approximately paulj/pedant.html...
- WHO classification of alveolar echinococcosis: principles and applicationPeter Kern
Division of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital and Medical Center, Robert Koch Str 8, D 89081 Ulm, Germany
Parasitol Int 55:S283-7. 2006....
- Tactics and economics of wildlife oral rabies vaccination, Canada and the United StatesRay T Sterner
US Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521 2154, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 15:1176-84. 2009..Modeling studies, involving diverse assumptions, have shown that ORV programs can be cost-efficient and yield benefit:cost ratios >1.0...
- Animal evolution during domestication: the domesticated fox as a modelLyudmila Trut
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia
Bioessays 31:349-60. 2009..We ascribe the causative role in evolutionary transformation of domestic animals to the selection for behavior and to the neurospecific regulatory genes it affects...
- Cyclic dynamics in a simple vertebrate predator-prey communityOlivier Gilg
Department of Ecology and Systematics, Division of Population Biology, Post Office Box 65, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
Science 302:866-8. 2003..The cyclic dynamics are driven by a 1-year delay in the numerical response of the stoat and stabilized by strongly density-dependent predation by the arctic fox, the snowy owl, and the long-tailed skua...
- Prevalence of antibodies against canine distemper virus among red foxes in LuxembourgBenjamin C Damien
Department of Immunology, Laboratoire National de Santé, 20A rue Auguste Lumière, L 1011 Luxembourg, Luxembourg
J Wildl Dis 38:856-9. 2002..In this study, we investigated the prevalence of CDV-specific antibodies in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) sampled between May and November 1997...
- Echinococcus multilocularis and Toxocara canis in urban red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Brussels, BelgiumB Brochier
Scientific Institute of Public Health, Department of Microbiology, Division of Virology, Rue Juliette Wytsman 14, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Prev Vet Med 80:65-73. 2007During the last decades, European red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) have been implicated in the transmission of several viral or parasitic pathogenic agents to domestic animals and humans...
- Ancient DNA reveals lack of postglacial habitat tracking in the arctic foxLove Dalen
Centro UCM ISCIII de Evolución y Comportamiento Humanos, c Sinesio Delgado 4, Pabellón 14, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:6726-9. 2007..This implies that arctic species may be particularly vulnerable to increases in global temperatures...
- Levels of heavy metals and metalloids in critically endangered Iberian lynx and other wild carnivores from Southern SpainJ Millan
Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, Avda Maria Luisa s n, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Sci Total Environ 399:193-201. 2008..elements (As, Se, Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, Hg) were determined in the liver, muscle and bone of 9 lynx, as well as 17 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 11 Egyptian mongooses (Herpestes ichneumon), 4 common genets (Genetta genetta) and 1 Eurasian ..
- Helminth fauna of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus, 1758) in southern BelarusV V Shimalov
Brest State University, 224665 Brest, Belarsus
Parasitol Res 89:77-8. 2003We examined 94 carcasses of and 1,213 faecal samples from red foxes collected between 1981 and 2001 in natural and transformed ecosystems in the southern part of Belarus. A total of 32 helminth species were found...
- The rabies situation in Western EuropeA I Wandeler
Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa Laboratory Fallowfield, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Dev Biol (Basel) 131:19-25. 2008..Only Germany reported a low number of rabid foxes for 2005. Bat rabies was observed in four countries...
- A suspected canine distemper epidemic as the cause of a catastrophic decline in Santa Catalina Island foxes (Urocyon littoralis catalinae)Steven F Timm
Institute for Wildlife Studies, Arcata, California 95518, USA
J Wildl Dis 45:333-43. 2009..During this investigation, between October 1999 and April 2000, evidence of live foxes dramatically decreased...
- Potential remedy against Echinococcus multilocularis in wild red foxes using baits with anthelmintic distributed around fox breeding dens in Hokkaido, JapanH Tsukada
Department of Disease Control, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
Parasitology 125:119-29. 2002The effect of bait-delivered anthelmintic to reduce the prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in wild red foxes was evaluated in Koshimizu, in the eastern part of Hokkaido, Japan...
- Red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Ireland as hosts for parasites of potential zoonotic and veterinary significanceA Wolfe
Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, National University of Ireland, Dublin
Vet Rec 149:759-63. 2001..to Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum were used to assess the prevalence of parasites in carcases of foxes killed on roads or shot in the Dublin area and surrounding counties...
- Choropleth mapping of regional count data of Echinococcus multilocularis among red foxes in Lower Saxony, GermanyO Berke
Institute of Biometry, Epidemiology and Information Processing, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 2, 30559 Hannover, Germany
Prev Vet Med 52:119-31. 2001In this paper, choropleth maps display the geographical distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis in red foxes in Lower Saxony...
- [Epidemiological survey on Echinococcus infection in animals in Qinghai Province]Jing xiao Zhang
Department of Parasitic Diseases, Qinghai Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control, Xining 811602, China
Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 25:350-2. 2007..There is a complex chain of life cycle of the parasites among animals, which poses a threat to the health of human population. Effective measures to control the disease in animals are urgently needed...
- A study on intestinal helminthes of dogs, foxes and jackals in the western part of IranA Dalimi
Department of Parasitology, Medical Sciences Faculty, Tarbiat Modarres University, P O BOX 14115 111, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Vet Parasitol 142:129-33. 2006..In this survey, the intestinal content of 83 stray dogs, 22 red foxes and 10 golden Jackals collected from the West Azarbaijan, Kordestan and Kermanshah provinces in the west of Iran, ..
- [Rabies-free status of Switzerland following 30 years of rabies in foxes]R G Zanoni
Institut für Veterinär Virologie und Pathologisches Institut, Universitat Bern
Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 142:423-9. 2000..In 1978 the first field trial world-wide for the oral immunization of foxes against rabies was conducted in Switzerland...
- Mapping the increasing risk of human alveolar echinococcosis in Limburg, The NetherlandsK Takumi
RIVM, Center for Infectious Disease Control, The Netherlands
Epidemiol Infect 140:867-71. 2012..in 1996 and repeated studies have shown that the parasite subsequently spread in the local population of foxes in the province of Limburg...
- Red fox Vulpes vulpes (L., 1758) as a bioindicator of mercury contamination in terrestrial ecosystems of north-western PolandElżbieta Kalisińska
Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstancow Wielkopolskich Av 72, 70 111 Szczecin, Poland
Biol Trace Elem Res 145:172-80. 2012..we determined the concentrations of total mercury (Hg) in samples of liver, kidney and skeletal muscle of 27 red foxes Vulpes vulpes (L...
- Pathology of sarcoptic mange in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes): macroscopic and histologic characterization of three disease stagesHelena Nimmervoll
Centre for Fish and Wildlife Health, Institute of Animal Pathology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Postfach 8466, 3001 Bern, Switzerland
J Wildl Dis 49:91-102. 2013..We conducted a case-control study focused on macroscopic and histologic examination of the skin, using 279 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) found dead or shot in Switzerland between November 2004 and February 2006...
- Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in LithuaniaRasa Bružinskaitė-Schmidhalter
Veterinary Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Science, Tilžės Street 18, LT 47181 Kaunas, Lithuania
Parasitology 139:120-7. 2012Red foxes and raccoon dogs are hosts for a wide range of parasites including important zoonotic helminths. The raccoon dog has recently invaded into Europe from the east...
- [Hair coat contamination with zoonotic helminth eggs of farm and pet dogs and foxes]Anina Nagy
Institut für Parasitologie, Vetsuisse Fakultät, Universitat Zurich, Schweiz
Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 124:503-11. 2011..hair coat and faeces of 124 farm dogs, 118 household dogs, 49 kennel dogs, 15 puppies from two litters, and 46 red foxes. Microscopically identified eggs of Toxocara or taeniids were further investigated by species-specific PCRs...
- Potential application of serological tests on fluids from carcasses: detection of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcoptes scabiei in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes)Eva Britt Jakubek
Department of Pathology and Wildlife Diseases, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden
Acta Vet Scand 54:13. 2012..The aim of this study was to assess if antibodies could be detected in two types of fluids collected from 56 carcasses of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes): pleural fluid and lung extract.
- Eliminating rabies in EstoniaFlorence Cliquet
Nancy OIE WHO EU Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Malzeville, France
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1535. 2012..did not succeed in eliminating rabies in Estonia because the virus was maintained in two main wildlife reservoirs, foxes and raccoon dogs. These two species became a priority target therefore in order to control rabies...
- A diagnostic study of Echinococcus multilocularis in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from Great BritainJ Learmount
The Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK
Vet Parasitol 190:447-53. 2012..Surveillance of red foxes is required to demonstrate disease freedom and maintain this regulation to prevent further geographical spread of ..
- Detection of Echinococcus multilocularis in the definitive host: coprodiagnosis by PCR as an alternative to necropsyA Dinkel
Department of Parasitology, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
J Clin Microbiol 36:1871-6. 1998..the local infection pressure, studies of the prevalence of the parasite in the animals that transmit the parasite, foxes, dogs, and cats, are urgently required...
- Wolves-coyotes-foxes: a cascade among carnivoresTaal Levi
Environmental Studies Department, 1156 High Street, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
Ecology 93:921-9. 2012..and rodent abundance and diversity by suppressing populations of small carnivores such as domestic cats and foxes. The restoration of gray wolves to many parts of North America, however, could alter this interaction chain...
- Population dynamics and host reactions in young foxes following experimental infection with the minute intestinal fluke, Haplorchis pumilioSofie Nissen
Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Parasit Vectors 6:4. 2013..However, little is known about the infection dynamics and clinical symptoms in the final hosts which include a range of animal species and man. We aimed to generate such information using an experimental model with H. pumilio in foxes.
- Spatial distribution and genetic diversity of Echinococcus multilocularis in HungaryA Casulli
Department of Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
Vet Parasitol 174:241-6. 2010..The intestinal mucosa from all the foxes was tested by sedimentation and counting technique. E...
- Prevalence of Babesia microti-like infection in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from PortugalL Cardoso
Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences, University of Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
Vet Parasitol 196:90-5. 2013..The prevalence of piroplasm (order Piroplasmida) infection was assessed in blood and bone marrow samples from 91 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from northern, central and southern Portugal by means of molecular methods...
- Comparison of heavy metal concentrations in tissues of red foxes from adjacent urban, suburban, and rural areasR Dip
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, , Switzerland
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 40:551-6. 2001..The increasing utilization of urbanized habitats by red foxes prompted us to test whether this species may be used to monitor the presence of anthropogenic pollutants in cities ..
- Direct high-resolution genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii in arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) in the remote arctic Svalbard archipelago reveals widespread clonal Type II lineageKristin Wear Prestrud
Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Section of Arctic Veterinary Medicine, Stakkevollveien 23, N 9010 Tromsø, Norway
Vet Parasitol 158:121-8. 2008..Herein, we report the results of direct genotyping of T. gondii in brain tissue of arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) from the remote, virtually cat-free, high arctic islands of Svalbard...
- Trophic relationships in an Arctic food web and implications for trace metal transferLarissa A Dehn
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775 7000, USA
Sci Total Environ 362:103-23. 2006..Mean delta15N was lowest in muscle of Arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) and foxes also show the lowest levels of Hg, Cd and Ag in liver and kidney compared to the other species analyzed...
- Current status and epidemiological observation of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in dogs, cats and foxes in Italy: a "coincidence" or a parasitic disease of the Old Continent?Domenico Otranto
Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Str Prov per Casamassima Km3, 70010, Bari, Italy
Vet Parasitol 116:315-25. 2003..callipaeda is a spirurid nematode which causes ocular infections in dogs and man and, occasionally, in cats, foxes and rabbits. The intermediate host and vector of T. callipaeda is unknown. For a long time T...
- The importance of marine vs. human-induced subsidies in the maintenance of an expanding mesocarnivore in the arctic tundraSiw T Killengreen
Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
J Anim Ecol 80:1049-60. 2011..of a multi-annual rodent cycle, we investigated the seasonal dynamics and spatial pattern of resource use by red foxes across a coast to inland low arctic tundra gradient, Varanger Peninsula, Norway...
- Geographical information systems in the management of the 2009-2010 emergency oral anti-rabies vaccination of foxes in north-eastern ItalyPaolo Mulatti
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell Universita 10, Legnaro, Padua, Italy
Geospat Health 5:217-26. 2011Emergency oral fox vaccination campaigns, targeting a recent rabies epidemic in wild foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in north-eastern Italy, were implemented twice, first in the winter of 2009 and then in the spring of 2010...
- Genetic diversity of the cestode Echinococcus multilocularis in red foxes at a continental scale in EuropeJenny Knapp
Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e452. 2009..This approach may serve as a model to study the parasite at a worldwide level...
- Exposure to feline and canine pathogens in bobcats and gray foxes in urban and rural zones of a national park in CaliforniaSeth P D Riley
Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, California 95616, USA
J Wildl Dis 40:11-22. 2004Exposure of bobcats (Lynx rufus) and gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) to a range of common canine and feline pathogens was assessed in urban and rural zones of Golden Gate National Recreation Area, a National Park in the San ..
- Introduced predators transform subarctic islands from grassland to tundraD A Croll
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Island Conservation, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
Science 307:1959-61. 2005..We show that the introduction of arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) to the Aleutian archipelago induced strong shifts in plant productivity and community structure ..
- Intrapopulation variability shaping isotope discrimination and turnover: experimental evidence in arctic foxesNicolas Lecomte
Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
PLoS ONE 6:e21357. 2011....
- Epizootiological investigations of canine distemper virus in free-ranging carnivores from GermanyK Frolich
Institute for Zoo Biology and Wildlife Research Berlin, Alfred Kowalke Strasse 17, D 10252, Berlin, Germany
Vet Microbiol 74:283-92. 2000..In sera from red foxes (30 of 591 (5%)) and stone martens (2 of 10 (20%)) antiviral antibodies were detected using a neutralization assay,..
- Prevalence of antibodies against Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and foxes in AustriaK Wanha
Institute of Parasitology and Zoology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria
Vet Parasitol 128:189-93. 2005Sera from 1770 dogs and 94 red foxes from Austria were examined for antibodies against Neospora caninum using the indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT). 3.6% of the dogs were seropositive with titres ranging from 1:50 to 1:6400...
- Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) infection in red foxes fed infected bird carcassesLeslie A Reperant
Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 14:1835-41. 2008..To determine whether red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) are susceptible to infection with HPAI virus (H5N1), we infected 3 foxes intratracheally...
- Antibodies against Lutzomyia longipalpis saliva in the fox Cerdocyon thous and the sylvatic cycle of Leishmania chagasiRegis B Gomes
Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:127-33. 2007Sera of 11 wild Cerdocyon thous foxes from an endemic area for American visceral leishmaniasis were tested for the presence of antibodies against salivary gland homogenates (SGH) of Lutzomyia longipalpis...
- Contact rates between wild and domestic canids: no evidence of parvovirus or canine distemper virus in crab-eating foxesO Courtenay
Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, CV4 7AL, Coventry, UK
Vet Microbiol 81:9-19. 2001..Here, contact rates of crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous) with sympatric domestic dog populations were measured over 25months in Amazon Brazil...
- Bartonella rochalimae in raccoons, coyotes, and red foxesJennifer B Henn
Napa County Health and Human Services, Napa, California, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 15:1984-7. 2009..We isolated B. rochalimae from 1 red fox near Paris, France, and from 11 raccoons and 2 coyotes from California, USA. Co-infection with B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii was documented in 1 of the coyotes...
- Echinococcus multilocularis--adaptation of a worm egg isolation procedure coupled with a multiplex PCR assay to carry out large-scale screening of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in NorwayRebecca K Davidson
Section for Wildlife Diseases, National Veterinary Institute, PB 8156 Dep, NO 0033, Oslo, Norway
Parasitol Res 104:509-14. 2009..multilocularis, E. granulosus and other cestodes were adapted to be carried out on pooled faecal samples from red foxes in Norway. None of the 483 fox faecal samples screened were PCR-positive for E...
- Rodents as shared indicators for zoonotic parasites of carnivores in urban environmentsL A Reperant
Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Parasitology 136:329-37. 2009..These results highlight the potential value of rodents as shared indicators for these pathogens...
- Predictive values and quality control of techniques for the diagnosis of Echinococcus multilocularis in definitive hostsJ Eckert
c o Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr 266a, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland
Acta Trop 85:157-63. 2003..In recent years, the IST has been successfully used in large post mortem surveys of foxes for E. multilocularis...
- Echinococcus multilocularis in Belgium: prevalence in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and in different species of potential intermediate hostsR Hanosset
Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, Boulevard de Colonster 20, B 43, B4000 Liege, Belgium
Vet Parasitol 151:212-7. 2008..This tapeworm is known to be endemic in foxes in several countries of Western and Central Europe...
- A marker set for construction of a genetic map of the silver fox (Vulpes vulpes)A V Kukekova
James A Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
J Hered 95:185-94. 2004..b>Foxes selected for tameness are friendly, like domestic dogs, while foxes selected for aggression resist human contact...
- Elimination of rabies from red foxes in eastern OntarioC D MacInnes
Rabies Unit, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Canada
J Wildl Dis 37:119-32. 2001..The rabies variant originated in arctic foxes: the main vector in southern Ontario was the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), with lesser involvement of the striped skunk ..
- Experimental evidence of competitive release in sympatric carnivoresIain D Trewby
Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK
Biol Lett 4:170-2. 2008..6-2.3 foxes km-2...
- Social cognitive evolution in captive foxes is a correlated by-product of experimental domesticationBrian Hare
Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Curr Biol 15:226-30. 2005..than fox kits from a second, control population not bred for tame behavior (critically, neither population of foxes was ever bred or tested for their ability to use human gestures) ...
- Angiostrongylus vasorum and Eucoleus aerophilus in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Great BritainE R Morgan
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
Vet Parasitol 154:48-57. 2008..Wild canids, especially foxes, are likely to have a role in the epidemiology of canine infection, and the parasite could also affect fox health ..
- A quantitative indirect ELISA to monitor the effectiveness of rabies vaccination in domestic and wild carnivoresA Servat
AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P 9 54220 Malzéville, France
J Immunol Methods 318:1-10. 2007..The Platelia Rabies II kit was evaluated on different populations of dogs, cats and foxes. For each target species, sera from naive, unvaccinated and vaccinated animals were tested...
- Prevalence of antibodies against canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus among foxes and wolves from SpainR Sobrino
IREC CSIC, UCLM, JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 50013 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Microbiol 126:251-6. 2008..Hence, a serologic survey was conducted in an opportunistic sample of 137 foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and 37 wolves (Canis lupus) in Spain for 1997-2007 to detect antibodies against canine distemper ..
- Presence of Leishmania infantum in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in southern ItalyLudovico Dipineto
Dipartimento di Patologia e Sanita Animale, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Via Delpino 1, 80137, Napoli, Italy
J Wildl Dis 43:518-20. 2007Skin, lymph node (popliteal), and bone marrow samples were collected from 50 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from May 2004 to May 2005 in southern Italy. Samples were tested for Leishmania infantum by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
- Geographic information system-aided analysis of factors associated with the spatial distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis infections of foxesC Staubach
, , Wusterhausen, Germany
Am J Trop Med Hyg 65:943-8. 2001..the influence of environmental factors on the spatial epidemiology of infections with Echinococcus multilocularis, foxes were sampled in a focal endemic region in the Northwest of Brandenburg, Germany, and examined for infection by the ..
- Babesia microti-like infections are prevalent in North American foxesAdam J Birkenheuer
Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
Vet Parasitol 172:179-82. 2010..A genetically and morphologically similar B. microti-like parasite has been identified in two foxes from North America...
- Zoonotic Bartonella species in fleas and blood from red foxes in AustraliaGunn Kaewmongkol
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:1549-53. 2011..B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae were detected in fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) from red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), an introduced pest animal species in Australia, and only B...
- Dynamics of tick infestations in foxes in Thuringia, GermanyElisabeth Meyer-Kayser
Thüringer Landesamt für Lebensmittelsicherheit und Verbraucherschutz TLLV, Bad Langensalza, Germany
Ticks Tick Borne Dis 3:232-9. 2012This study aimed to provide up-to-date information on the dynamics of tick infestations on foxes in Thuringia, as the most recent information available was published in 1997...
- [The final stage of rabies in Switzerland]U Breitenmoser
Schweizerische Tollwutzentrale, Institut für Veterinar Virologie, Universitat Bern
Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 142:447-54. 2000..doubled vaccination campaigns, increased bait densities, and additional vaccination campaigns to immunize young foxes at the den. As a consequence, the number of cases dropped to 25 in 1995 and to 6 in 1996...
- Molecular epidemiology of rabies in bat-eared foxes (Otocyon megalotis) in South AfricaC T Sabeta
Rabies Unit, ARC Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X05, Onderstepoort, Pretoria 0110, South Africa
Virus Res 129:1-10. 2007..This is the first molecular epidemiological investigation describing rabies transmission dynamics in this wildlife carnivore host species in South Africa...
- Directional preference may enhance hunting accuracy in foraging foxesJaroslav Cerveny
Department of Forest Protection and Game Management, Faculty of Forestry, Wildlife and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamycka 129, 165 21 Prague 6, Suchdol, Czech Republic
Biol Lett 7:355-7. 2011Red foxes hunting small animals show a specific behaviour known as 'mousing'. The fox jumps high, so that it surprises its prey from above...
- The influence of coastal access on isotope variation in Icelandic arctic foxesFredrik Dalerum
Centre for Wildlife Management, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
PLoS ONE 7:e32071. 2012..Our results suggest that foxes in coastal habitats exhibited a broader isotope niche breadth compared to foxes in inland habitats...
- Emergency oral rabies vaccination of foxes in Italy in 2009-2010: identification of residual rabies foci at higher altitudes in the AlpsP Mulatti
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro Padua, Italy
Epidemiol Infect 140:591-8. 2012..s.l. to eliminate residual foci. The observations made may help in the formulation of ORV strategies in countries sharing similar topographical features...
- Effect of selection for behavior on pituitary-adrenal axis and proopiomelanocortin gene expression in silver foxes (Vulpes vulpes)R G Gulevich
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pr Lavrentjeva 10, Novosibirsk 630090
Physiol Behav 82:513-8. 2004Silver foxes from a commercial population (farm bred or unselected for behavior control) and from populations selected for tame behavior and enhanced aggressiveness towards man have been investigated...
- Echinococcus multilocularis in Austrian foxes from 1991 until 2004G Duscher
Department für Pathobiologie, Veterinärparasitologie Wien, Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria
J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 53:138-44. 2006The prevalence rates of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes (n=5600) evaluated in several Austrian surveys conducted between 1991 and 2004 were analysed for spatial and temporal differences...
- Rabies virus maintenance in bat populationsAPRIL DAWN DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2013..large scale rabies outbreaks have been reported in other vector species such as dogs, skunks, raccoons, and foxes. However, to date, rabies outbreaks have not occurred in bat populations...
- Development of a recombinant Nipah virus vaccine for wildlifeMILOSZ ANDRZEJ FABER; Fiscal Year: 2010..Flying foxes (Pteropus bats) have been identified as the probable natural host for Nipah virus...
- Diversity and dispersal routes of bat-borne paramyxoviruses in densely populatedDavid J Lohman; Fiscal Year: 2013..Recent studies on Pteropus flying foxes, a genus of large bats found only in Africa, Asia, and Australia, indicate they may be hosts for a number of ..
- Genetic architecture of the mammalian (canid) skeleton: The silver fox (V. vulpesLyudmila N Trut; Fiscal Year: 2010..research by Brian Hare and his colleagues has demonstrated that domestication of the wolf (dogs) and of these foxes involves the acquisition of the ability to interpret human intent from the facial expression and body language of ..
- Species Susceptibility Assay for Chronic Wasting DiseaseSurachai Supattapone; Fiscal Year: 2005..Species to be tested include humans, cows, pigs, sheep, goats, chickens, dogs, cats, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, fisher cats, hares, and deer mice...
- Generation of Novel Recombinant Rabies Virus VaccinesBernhard Dietzschold; Fiscal Year: 2009..Previous experience with rabies control in foxes in Europe has clearly demonstrated that oral immunization with live vaccines is the only practical approach to ..
- Development of a vaccine for murine Lyme diseaseLinden Hu; Fiscal Year: 2006..successful oral rabies vaccine, Raboral, which uses a vaccinia virus (VV) vector to deliver its immunogen to wild foxes and raccoons...
- Molecular Mechanisms of Social BehaviorAnna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010..project to fully understand the genetics of certain inherited behaviors segregating in specific strains of silver foxes. The range of behaviors in these foxes has significant parallels to that of normal and disordered patterns of ..
- Molecular genetics of tame behaviorANNA KUKEKOVA; Fiscal Year: 2005..The long-term goal of our project is to identify genes contributing to behavioral differences in these foxes, to enable their evaluation in human neurological and behavioral syndromes...
- Ecosystem disturbance and multiscale transmission of a zoonotic wildlife pathogenPhilip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Differentiation of ES Cells into Renal EpitheliaGregory Dressler; Fiscal Year: 2006..Since ES cells potentially represent an unlimited supply of renal progenitors, these experiments will lay the foundation for cell based therapies to improve the efficacy of ATN treatment. ..
- Roots of Mental Illness in ChildrenJean King; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms of vocal communicationMarc D Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results from this project will set the stage for future research on the underlying neurobiological circuitry and the extent to which it is homologous with humans. ..
- Cell Signaling in Developing EpitheliaGregory R Dressler; Fiscal Year: 2010..How these interactions can be manipulated for therapeutic effects needs to be investigated and is the subject of this proposal. ..
- CELL MIGRATION, CHEMOATTRACTION AND THE RET/GDNF PATHWAYGregory Dressler; Fiscal Year: 2002..In addition to advancing our understanding of basic developmental processes, the mechnisms of migration and invasion by oncogenic RET derived tumor cells will also be illuminated. ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Imaging Unconditioned FearJean King; Fiscal Year: 2006..Since fear experience by all animals, these studies may expand our understanding of anxiety and phobias in general. ..
- NMR Imaging of Prostate Cancer Using LigandsJean King; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..