flowering tops

Summary

Summary: Tops of plants when in flower, including the stems, leaves and blooms.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Identification of quantitative trait loci influencing aerial morphogenesis in the model legume Medicago truncatula
    Bernadette Julier
    INRA, Unité de Génétique et d Amélioration des Plantes Fourragères, BP6, 86600, Lusignan, France
    Theor Appl Genet 114:1391-406. 2007
  2. ncbi Chemical composition, allelopatic and cytotoxic effects of essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of Crambe orientalis L. from Iran
    Seyed Mehdi Razavi
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
    Nat Prod Res 23:1492-8. 2009
  3. ncbi Antimicrobial activity of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum
    T C Fleischer
    Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, K N U S T, Kumasi, Ghana
    Fitoterapia 74:130-2. 2003
  4. ncbi Genetic and morphological characterization of the barley uniculm2 (cul2) mutant
    S Babb
    Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, 411 Borlaug Hall, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Theor Appl Genet 106:846-57. 2003
  5. ncbi Hahb-10, a sunflower homeobox-leucine zipper gene, is regulated by light quality and quantity, and promotes early flowering when expressed in Arabidopsis
    Eva C Rueda
    Cátedra de Biología Celular y Molecular, Facultad de Bioquimica y Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, CC 242 Paraje El Pozo, 3000 Santa Fe, Argentina
    Plant Cell Physiol 46:1954-63. 2005
  6. pmc A putative Arabidopsis nucleoporin, AtNUP160, is critical for RNA export and required for plant tolerance to cold stress
    Chun Hai Dong
    Institute for Integrative Genome Biology and Department of Botany and Plant Science, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Mol Cell Biol 26:9533-43. 2006
  7. pmc Conserved noncoding genomic sequences associated with a flowering-time quantitative trait locus in maize
    Silvio Salvi
    Department of Agroenvironmental Science and Technology, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin, 44, 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11376-81. 2007
  8. ncbi Separable roles of UFO during floral development revealed by conditional restoration of gene function
    Patrick Laufs
    Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire, INRA, Route de Saint Cyr, 78026 Versailles Cedex, France
    Development 130:785-96. 2003
  9. ncbi Identification and characterization of a major QTL responsible for erect panicle trait in japonica rice (Oryza sativa L.)
    Chang Jie Yan
    The Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics, Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu, People s Republic of China
    Theor Appl Genet 115:1093-100. 2007
  10. ncbi [Genetic network of regulatory pathways to control floral transition: temporal and spatial aspects]
    Ayako Yamaguchi
    Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 51:430-40. 2006

Detail Information

Publications144 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Identification of quantitative trait loci influencing aerial morphogenesis in the model legume Medicago truncatula
    Bernadette Julier
    INRA, Unité de Génétique et d Amélioration des Plantes Fourragères, BP6, 86600, Lusignan, France
    Theor Appl Genet 114:1391-406. 2007
    ..Mapping of candidate genes indicates a co-location between a homologue of Constans gene or a flowering locus T (FT) gene and the QTL of flowering date on chromosome 7. Other candidate genes for several QTLs are described...
  2. ncbi Chemical composition, allelopatic and cytotoxic effects of essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of Crambe orientalis L. from Iran
    Seyed Mehdi Razavi
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
    Nat Prod Res 23:1492-8. 2009
    Crambe orientalis L. (Brassicaceae), a perennial herb, is indigenous to Iran. The essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of the plant were evaluated by GC-MS. Our results showed that while 2-methyl-5-hexenitrile (19...
  3. ncbi Antimicrobial activity of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum
    T C Fleischer
    Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, K N U S T, Kumasi, Ghana
    Fitoterapia 74:130-2. 2003
    The ethanolic extracts of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum showed varying degrees of activity against a wide range of pathogenic bacteria...
  4. ncbi Genetic and morphological characterization of the barley uniculm2 (cul2) mutant
    S Babb
    Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, 411 Borlaug Hall, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Theor Appl Genet 106:846-57. 2003
    ..Finally, to facilitate future positionally cloning of cul2, we positioned cul2 on chromosome 6(6H) of the barley RFLP map...
  5. ncbi Hahb-10, a sunflower homeobox-leucine zipper gene, is regulated by light quality and quantity, and promotes early flowering when expressed in Arabidopsis
    Eva C Rueda
    Cátedra de Biología Celular y Molecular, Facultad de Bioquimica y Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, CC 242 Paraje El Pozo, 3000 Santa Fe, Argentina
    Plant Cell Physiol 46:1954-63. 2005
    ..We propose that Hahb-10 functions in a signalling cascade(s) that control(s) plant responses to light quality and quantity, and may also be involved in gibberellin transduction pathways...
  6. pmc A putative Arabidopsis nucleoporin, AtNUP160, is critical for RNA export and required for plant tolerance to cold stress
    Chun Hai Dong
    Institute for Integrative Genome Biology and Department of Botany and Plant Science, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Mol Cell Biol 26:9533-43. 2006
    ..Our study suggests that Arabidopsis AtNUP160 is critical for the nucleocytoplasmic transport of mRNAs and that it plays important roles in plant growth and flowering time regulation and is required for cold stress tolerance...
  7. pmc Conserved noncoding genomic sequences associated with a flowering-time quantitative trait locus in maize
    Silvio Salvi
    Department of Agroenvironmental Science and Technology, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin, 44, 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11376-81. 2007
    ..Our results support the notion that changes in distant cis-acting regulatory regions are a key component of plant genetic adaptation throughout breeding and evolution...
  8. ncbi Separable roles of UFO during floral development revealed by conditional restoration of gene function
    Patrick Laufs
    Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire, INRA, Route de Saint Cyr, 78026 Versailles Cedex, France
    Development 130:785-96. 2003
    ..We also observed floral phenotypes not observed in loss-of-function or constitutive gain-of-function backgrounds, revealing additional roles of UFO in outgrowth of petal primordia...
  9. ncbi Identification and characterization of a major QTL responsible for erect panicle trait in japonica rice (Oryza sativa L.)
    Chang Jie Yan
    The Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics, Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu, People s Republic of China
    Theor Appl Genet 115:1093-100. 2007
    ..These data demonstrated that H90 could be used for marker-aided selection for the PE trait in breeding and in the cloning of qPE9-1...
  10. ncbi [Genetic network of regulatory pathways to control floral transition: temporal and spatial aspects]
    Ayako Yamaguchi
    Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 51:430-40. 2006
  11. pmc Functional characterization of PaLAX1, a putative auxin permease, in heterologous plant systems
    Klára Hoyerová
    Institute of Experimental Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague 4, Czech Republic
    Plant Physiol 146:1128-41. 2008
    ....
  12. pmc Genetic architecture of flowering time in maize as inferred from quantitative trait loci meta-analysis and synteny conservation with the rice genome
    Fabien Chardon
    INRA INA PG UPS CNRS, Station de Génétique Végétale, 91190 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Genetics 168:2169-85. 2004
    ..Results suggest that the combination of meta-analysis within a species of interest and synteny-based projections from a related model plant can be an efficient strategy for identifying new candidate genes for trait variation...
  13. ncbi QTL studies reveal little relevance of chilling-related seedling traits for yield in maize
    Jörg Leipner
    Institute of Plant Sciences, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 2, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
    Theor Appl Genet 116:555-62. 2008
    ..However, a high chilling tolerance of the seedling seemingly had an insignificant or small negative effect on the yield...
  14. ncbi Natural variation in Ghd7 is an important regulator of heading date and yield potential in rice
    Weiya Xue
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Centre of Plant Gene Research Wuhan, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
    Nat Genet 40:761-7. 2008
    ..Natural mutants with reduced function enable rice to be cultivated in temperate and cooler regions. Thus, Ghd7 has played crucial roles for increasing productivity and adaptability of rice globally...
  15. ncbi Are there associations between grain-filling rate and photosynthesis in the flag leaves of field-grown rice?
    Erik H Murchie
    Robert Hill Institute, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    J Exp Bot 53:2217-24. 2002
    ..Hence in these field experiments Rubisco accumulated to a level in excess of photosynthetic requirements, serving as a store of nitrogen for grain filling...
  16. ncbi [Mapping QTLs controlling vascular bundle and panicle-related traits from Yuanjiang common wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.)]
    Yan Hui Jing
    Deptartment of Plant Genetics and Breeding, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
    Yi Chuan Xue Bao 32:178-82. 2005
    ..The directions of their additive effects were consistent, which explained the genetic basis of significant correlation of their phenotypic characters. All the information suggested parallel evolution relationship among these traits...
  17. pmc Genotype-environment interactions at quantitative trait loci affecting inflorescence development in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Mark C Ungerer
    Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
    Genetics 165:353-65. 2003
    ..High-resolution mapping will be necessary to distinguish between the alternative explanations of pleiotropy and tight linkage among multiple genes...
  18. ncbi Advances in maize genomics: the emergence of positional cloning
    Esteban Bortiri
    Plant Gene Expression Center, USDA ARS, and Plant and Microbial Biology Department, University of California, Berkeley, 800 Buchanan Avenue, Albany, California 94710, USA
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 9:164-71. 2006
    ..In fact, a chromosomal walk is usually much faster than the more traditional method of gene isolation in maize by transposon tagging...
  19. ncbi Evaluation of the central properties of several Hypericum species from the Canary Islands
    Begoña Prado
    Departamento de Farmacologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de La Laguna, c Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s n, 38071, La Laguna, Tenerife, Espana
    Phytother Res 16:740-4. 2002
    ..The observations suggest that the infusions of these Hypericum species possess antidepressant activity in mice, without inducing muscle relaxation, anticholinergic and sedative properties...
  20. ncbi Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium from Croatia and France
    Fabien Juteau
    Planta Med 69:158-61. 2003
    ..As they contain no thujone, antimicrobial screening was performed on samples of French origin and showed that A. absinthium oil inhibited the growth of both tested yeasts (Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. chevalieri)...
  21. ncbi Hydroxyl radical and hypochlorous acid scavenging activity of small centaury (Centaurium erythraea) infusion. A comparative study with green tea (Camellia sinensis)
    P Valentao
    CEQUP Serviço de Farmacognosia, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
    Phytomedicine 10:517-22. 2003
    ..Green tea exhibited a dual effect at the hydroxyl radical scavenging assay, stimulating deoxyribose degradation at lower dosages...
  22. ncbi Effect of triterpenoids isolated from the floral spikes of Betula platyphylla var. japonica on P-glycoprotein function
    Michiko Sekiya
    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, Niigata, Japan
    Planta Med 73:1558-62. 2007
    ..In addition, compounds 13 and 20 showed a weak inhibitory activity of P-gp ATPase. These results suggested that MDR reversing effects of compounds 13 and 20 are partly involved in inhibition of P-gp ATPase...
  23. ncbi Preparative purification of the major anti-inflammatory triterpenoid esters from Marigold (Calendula officinalis)
    M Hamburger
    Institute of Pharmacy, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Semmelweisstrasse 10, Jena D 07743, Germany
    Fitoterapia 74:328-38. 2003
    ..During the work-up of the faradiol esters, accompanying minor compounds of the triterpene ester fraction were purified and identified by spectroscopic means as maniladiol 3-O-laurate and myristate...
  24. ncbi Rosmarinic acid from Zataria multiflora tops and in vitro cultures
    A Mohagheghzadeh
    Department of Pharmacognosy, Shiraz Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz, Iran
    Fitoterapia 75:315-21. 2004
    ..The results indicated that cultures of Z. multiflora biosynthesize RA (55-355 mg/100 g dry wt.) and the highest accumulation were reached on MT media containing NAA 2 mg/l...
  25. ncbi Regulation of flowering time by FVE, a retinoblastoma-associated protein
    Israel Ausin
    Departamento de Genética Molecular de Plantas, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Campus de la Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Nat Genet 36:162-6. 2004
    ..Our data provide genetic evidence of a new developmental function of these conserved proteins and identify a new genetic mechanism in the regulation of flowering...
  26. pmc Hypergravity stimulus enhances primary xylem development and decreases mechanical properties of secondary cell walls in inflorescence stems of Arabidopsis thaliana
    Izumi Nakabayashi
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Toyama University, Toyama, 930 8555, Japan
    Ann Bot 97:1083-90. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to examine effects of hypergravity stimulus on morphology and development of primary xylem vessels and on mechanical properties of isolated secondary wall preparations in inflorescence stems of arabidopsis...
  27. ncbi Reduction in the number of infective Trichinella spiralis larvae in mice by use of homeopathic drugs
    Nirmal C Sukul
    Department of Zoology, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 12:202-5. 2005
    ..We have observed that in material doses, the homeopathic drug Podophyllum also has nematotoxic properties. We have also observed that homeopathic potency can influence the water permeability of cells...
  28. ncbi Cytotoxic lignans from Larrea tridentata
    Joshua D Lambert
    Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 164 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
    Phytochemistry 66:811-5. 2005
    Six lignans, including the cyclolignan 3,4'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxy-6,7'-cyclolignan, were isolated from the flowering tops of Larrea tridentata...
  29. ncbi Chromatographic performance of a new polar poly(ethylene glycol) bonded phase for the phytochemical analysis of Hypericum perforatum L
    Federica Pellati
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via G Campi 183, 41100 Modena, Italy
    J Chromatogr A 1088:205-17. 2005
    ..St. John's Wort) flowering tops, herbal medicinal products and dietary supplements. A fast and reliable method was developed...
  30. ncbi Effect of light on hypericins contents in fresh flowering top parts and in an extract of St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
    A Poutaraud
    National Institute of Agronomic Research, Colmar, France
    Planta Med 67:254-9. 2001
    ..The flowering tops of St...
  31. ncbi Microwave-assisted extraction of coumarin and related compounds from Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pallas as an alternative to Soxhlet and ultrasound-assisted extraction
    Emanuela Martino
    Department of Territorial Ecology and Enviroment University of Pavia, Via s Epifanio, 14 27100 Pavia, Italy
    J Chromatogr A 1125:147-51. 2006
    ..closed system have been investigated to determine the content of coumarin, o-coumaric and melilotic acids in flowering tops of Melilotus officinalis. The extracts were analyzed with an appropriate HPLC procedure...
  32. ncbi Chemical composition and antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antifungal activities of the essential oil of Achillea ligustica all
    Carlo I G Tuberoso
    Dipartimento di Tossicologia, Universita di Cagliari, Via Ospedale 72, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 53:10148-53. 2005
    The chemical composition of the essential oil from flowering tops of Achillea ligustica All. was studied...
  33. ncbi The flavonoid-rich fraction of Coreopsis tinctoria promotes glucose tolerance regain through pancreatic function recovery in streptozotocin-induced glucose-intolerant rats
    Teresa Dias
    i Med UL Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Av Prof Gama Pinto, 1649 003 Lisbon, Portugal
    J Ethnopharmacol 132:483-90. 2010
    Infusions of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. flowering tops have been used traditionally in Portugal to control hyperglycaemia and a previous study revealed that daily administration of the infusion during a 3-week period promoted the recovery ..
  34. ncbi Anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective properties of Hypericum richeri oil extracts
    Gordana Zdunic
    Institute for Medicinal Plant Research Dr Josif Pancic, Tadeusa Koscuska 1, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
    Nat Prod Commun 5:1215-8. 2010
    Oil extracts of flowering tops of Hypericum richeri Vill. prepared in three different ways were evaluated for chemical composition, and anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective activities...
  35. pmc Cannabis use by children and young people
    P A McArdle
    Fleming Nuffield Unit, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Brudon Terrace, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 3AE, UK
    Arch Dis Child 91:692-5. 2006
    A popular internet site describes cannabis as "a leafy plant, the leaves and flowering tops (buds) of which may be either smoked or eaten...
  36. pmc Towards a functional-structural plant model of cut-rose: simulation of light environment, light absorption, photosynthesis and interference with the plant structure
    Gerhard Buck-Sorlin
    Biometris, Wageningen UR, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Ann Bot 108:1121-34. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study is to cover selected aspects of the cut-rose system using functional-structural plant modelling (FSPM), in order to better understand processes contributing to produce quality and quantity...
  37. ncbi Characterization of retrotransposon sequences expressed in inflorescences of apomictic and sexual Paspalum notatum plants
    Ana Claudia Ochogavía
    Laboratorio Central de Investigaciones, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Parque Villarino, S2125ZAA, Zavalla, Santa Fe, Argentina
    Sex Plant Reprod 24:231-46. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that these elements could be participating in regulatory pathways related to apomixis and sexuality...
  38. ncbi Immunohistochemical and quantitative analysis of ghrelin in Syzygium aromaticum
    Suleyman Aydin
    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Firat Hormones Research Group, Firat University Hospital, Elazig, Turkey
    Cell Biol Int 35:437-41. 2011
    ..persica. The evolutionary role of this peptide hormone in plants and animals suggests that they have evolved in a more similar way than previously thought...
  39. ncbi [Intercellular signaling in fertilization processes of flowering plants]
    Tetsuya Higashiyama
    Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 53:1267-74. 2008
  40. ncbi Developmental anatomy and morphology of the ovule and seed of heliconia (heliconiaceae, zingiberales)
    D G Simão
    Departamento de Botanica, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Caixa Postal 199, 13506 900 Rio Claro, SP, Brazil
    Plant Biol (Stuttg) 8:143-54. 2006
    ..Most of these characteristics are shared with other Zingiberales, although the derivation of the operculum from the funicle and the formation of the main mechanical layer by the endocarp are unique to the Heliconiaceae...
  41. ncbi Modulation of apoptosis in mice treated with Echinacea and St. John's wort
    Giulia Di Carlo
    Department of Experimental Pharmacology, University of Naples Federico II, via D Montesano 49, 80131 Naples, Italy
    Pharmacol Res 48:273-7. 2003
    ....
  42. pmc Genetic analysis of early flowering mutants in Arabidopsis defines a class of pleiotropic developmental regulator required for expression of the flowering-time switch flowering locus C
    Hua Zhang
    Programs in Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Genetics 164:347-58. 2003
    ..We suggest that VIP3 and other members of this gene class could represent a previously unrecognized flowering mechanism...
  43. ncbi Take a cold flower
    Richard Amasino
    Nat Genet 36:111-2. 2004
  44. ncbi A genetic link between cold responses and flowering time through FVE in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Hyoun Joung Kim
    Kumho Life and Environmental Science Laboratory, 1 Oryong dong, Puk Gu, Gwangju 500 712, Korea
    Nat Genet 36:167-71. 2004
    ..Dual roles of FVE in regulating the flowering time and the cold response may have an evolutionary advantage for plants by increasing their survival rates...
  45. ncbi SUPERWOMAN1 and DROOPING LEAF genes control floral organ identity in rice
    Nobuhiro Nagasawa
    Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    Development 130:705-18. 2003
    ..Based on genetic and molecular results, we postulate a model of stamen and carpel specification in rice, with DL as a novel gene controlling carpel identity and acting mutually and antagonistically to the class B gene, SPW1...
  46. ncbi Isolation and characterization of induced genes under drought stress at the flowering stage in maize (Zea mays)
    Hui yong Li
    College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    DNA Seq 18:445-60. 2007
    ..The present work provided a valuable starting point for further elucidation of the roles played by these genes/gene products in drought tolerance in maize...
  47. pmc Architectural evolution and its implications for domestication in grasses
    Andrew Doust
    University of Missouri St Louis, 1 University Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63121, USA
    Ann Bot 100:941-50. 2007
    ..Increasingly, exploring the phylogenetic context of the crop grasses will suggest new ways to identify and create combinations of morphological traits that will best suit our future needs...
  48. ncbi Seed and agronomic QTL in low linolenic acid, lipoxygenase-free soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) germplasm
    Yarmilla Reinprecht
    Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    Genome 49:1510-27. 2006
    ..Linolenic acid and lipoxygenase loci did not overlap yield QTL, suggesting that it should be possible to develop high-yielding lines resistant to oxidative degradation by marker-assisted selection (MAS)...
  49. ncbi Chemical composition, plant genetic differences, and antifungal activity of the essential oil of Helichrysum italicum G. Don ssp. microphyllum (Willd) Nym
    Alberto Angioni
    Dipartimento di Tossicologia, Universita di Cagliari, Via Ospedale 72, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 51:1030-4. 2003
    ..The maximum yields were 0.18 and 0.04% (v/w) for flowering tops and stems, respectively...
  50. ncbi Daylength measurements by rice plants in photoperiodic short-day flowering
    Takeshi Izawa
    National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Int Rev Cytol 256:191-222. 2007
    ..In this chapter, we discuss the molecular mechanisms responsible for short-day flowering in rice in comparison with long-day flowering in Arabidopsis...
  51. ncbi Sex chromosome-linked genes in plants
    Sachihiro Matsunaga
    Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan
    Genes Genet Syst 81:219-26. 2006
    ..However, more detailed studies will be required to help explain the basis for the fact that heteromorphic sex chromosomes in angiosperms are large...
  52. pmc ZmPIN1a and ZmPIN1b encode two novel putative candidates for polar auxin transport and plant architecture determination of maize
    Nicola Carraro
    Dipartimento di Agronomia Ambientale e Produzioni Vegetali, Università degli Studi di Padova Agripolis Viale dell Università 16, 35020 Legnaro
    Plant Physiol 142:254-64. 2006
    ..We conclude that BIF2 is important for PIN organization and could play a role in the establishment of polar auxin fluxes in maize inflorescence, indirectly modulating the process of axillary meristem formation and development...
  53. ncbi [Florigen in rice]
    Shojiro Tamaki
    Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 52:1884-9. 2007
  54. ncbi An aryldihydronaphthalene lignan with a novel type of ring system and further new lignans from linum perenne L
    Thomas J Schmidt
    Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie und Phytochemie IPBP, Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat Munster, Munster, Germany
    Planta Med 73:1574-80. 2007
    ..The occurrence of aryldihydronaphthalenes in the genus Linum or the Linaceae has not been reported before...
  55. ncbi Composition of the essential oils from Peucedanum cervaria and P. alsaticum growing wild in the urban area of Vienna (Austria)
    Remigius Chizzola
    Institute ofApplied Botany and Pharmacognosy, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, A 1210 Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, Austria
    Nat Prod Commun 7:1515-8. 2012
    ..Stems and leaves produced only very small amounts of essential oil (< 0.05%). Besides monoterpenes, these oils contained also E-nerolidol (5-22%), spathulenol (up to 18%), dodecanal (up to 7.5%) and caryophyllene oxide (up to 7%)...
  56. ncbi Maintaining quality and bioactive compounds of broccoli by combined treatment with 1-methylcyclopropene and 6-benzylaminopurine
    Feng Xu
    College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR China
    J Sci Food Agric 93:1156-61. 2013
    ....
  57. ncbi Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) extract inhibits obesity in mice fed a high-fat diet over the long term
    Maho Sumiyoshi
    Division of Functional Histology, Department of Functional Biomedicine, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon City, Ehime 791 0295, Japan
    Br J Nutr 109:162-72. 2013
    ..Various fractions of the hop extract inhibited lipid accumulation and PPARγ expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Hop extracts might be useful for preventing obesity and glucose intolerance caused by a HF diet...
  58. ncbi Statistical analysis of agronomical factors and weather conditions influencing deoxynivalenol levels in oats in Scandinavia
    M Lindblad
    National Food Administration, PO Box 622, SE 751 26 Uppsala, Sweden
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 29:1566-71. 2012
    ..One possibility may be to study the species distribution of fungal communities and their changes during the oats cultivation period in more detail...
  59. ncbi Supra-optimal expression of the cold-regulated OsMyb4 transcription factor in transgenic rice changes the complexity of transcriptional network with major effects on stress tolerance and panicle development
    Myoung Ryoul Park
    School of Biology and Ecology, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 33:2209-30. 2010
    ..Because of its upstream position in the network hierarchy, OsMyb4 functions quantitatively and pleiotrophically. Supra-optimal expression causes misexpression of alternative targets with costly trade-offs to panicle development...
  60. ncbi Reproductive cross-talk: seed development in flowering plants
    Moritz K Nowack
    Department of Botany III, University Group at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, University of Cologne, Max Delbrück Laboratory, Carl von Linne Weg 10, 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Biochem Soc Trans 38:604-12. 2010
    ..Moreover, recently isolated mutants affecting plant reproduction have allowed a genetic dissection of seed development, and revealed that the embryo plays a previously unrecognized yet important role in co-ordinating seed development...
  61. ncbi The pharmacologic and clinical effects of medical cannabis
    Laura M Borgelt
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 33:195-209. 2013
    ..Medical cannabis or medical marijuana, a leafy plant cultivated for the production of its leaves and flowering tops, is a schedule I drug, but patients obtain it through cannabis dispensaries and statewide programs...
  62. ncbi Origin and early evolution of angiosperms
    Douglas E Soltis
    Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1133:3-25. 2008
    ..Variation in spatial expression of floral regulators may control major differences in floral morphology between basal angiosperms and eudicot models...
  63. pmc Population growth rates: issues and an application
    H Charles J Godfray
    NERC Centre for Population Biology and Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1307-19. 2002
    ....
  64. ncbi Fine mapping of a major quantitative trait loci, qSSP7, controlling the number of spikelets per panicle as a single Mendelian factor in rice
    Y Z Xing
    National Center of Plant Gene Research, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China
    Theor Appl Genet 116:789-96. 2008
    ..The higher grain yield of Minghui 63 homozygote as compared to the heterozygote suggested that Minghui 63 homozygote at qSPP7 in hybrid rice could further improve its yield...
  65. ncbi Cryopreservation of garlic germplasm collections using the droplet-vitrification technique
    Haeng Hoon Kim
    National Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, RDA, Suwon 441 707, Korea
    Cryo Letters 28:471-82. 2007
    ..These findings will strongly facilitate the conservation and international exchange of Allium germplasm...
  66. ncbi Arabidopsis inflorescence architecture requires the activities of KNOX-BELL homeodomain heterodimers
    Siddhartha Kanrar
    Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, Center for Plant Cell Biology, University of California, Riverside, 3121 Batchelor Hall, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Planta 224:1163-73. 2006
    ....
  67. ncbi Antimicrobial activity of Centaurea diffusa
    M I Skliar
    Catedra de Farmacognosia, Departamento de Biologia, Bioquimica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur, San Juan 670, 8000 Bahia Blanca, Argentina
    Fitoterapia 76:737-9. 2005
    ..The methanol soluble fraction of the aqueous extract obtained from the dry heads of Centaurea diffusa demonstrated antimicrobial activity in twelve evaluated microorganisms...
  68. ncbi Sorbitol uptake is regulated by glucose through the hexokinase pathway in vegetative peach-tree buds
    Karine Maurel
    UMR 547 PIAF Université Blaise Pascal, 24 avenue des Landais, F 63177 Aubière Cedex, France
    J Exp Bot 55:879-88. 2004
    ..These results represent the first steps towards a better understanding of polyol transport control in plants...
  69. ncbi Endophytic yeasts and filamentous fungi associated with southern Brazilian apple (Malus domestica) orchards subjected to conventional, integrated or organic cultivation
    Valdirene Camatti-Sartori
    Universidade de Caxias do Sul UCS, Instituto de Biotecnologia CP 1352, Caxias do Sul RS, Brasil, 95001 970
    J Basic Microbiol 45:397-402. 2005
    ..It is suggested that some isolates may be used as indicators of the different management systems...
  70. ncbi Repression of AGAMOUS-LIKE 24 is a crucial step in promoting flower development
    Hao Yu
    Division of Biology 156 29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nat Genet 36:157-61. 2004
    ..This indicates that LFY and AP1 promote floral development not only by positively regulating genes activated in flower development, but also by repressing AGL24, a promoter of inflorescence fate...
  71. pmc A developmental response to pathogen infection in Arabidopsis
    Tonia M Korves
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, 1101 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Plant Physiol 133:339-47. 2003
    ..We propose that these changes in flowering time and branch architecture constitute a general developmental response to pathogen infection that may affect tolerance of and/or resistance to disease...
  72. ncbi thick tassel dwarf1 encodes a putative maize ortholog of the Arabidopsis CLAVATA1 leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase
    Peter Bommert
    Institut fur Entwicklungsbiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Gyrhofstrasse 17, D 50923 Köln, Germany
    Development 132:1235-45. 2005
    ..td1 maps in the vicinity of quantitative trait loci that affect seed row number, spikelet density and plant height. We discuss the possible selection pressures on td1 during maize domestication...
  73. ncbi Antiallergic and antihistaminic effect of two extracts of Capparis spinosa L. flowering buds
    Domenico Trombetta
    Department Farmaco Biologico, School of Pharmacy, University of Messina, Contrada Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy
    Phytother Res 19:29-33. 2005
    ..The different mechanisms of action of CAP-H and CAP-C may be related to a difference in the extraction procedure and, thus, in their qualitative[sol ]quantitative chemical profile...
  74. ncbi Antioxidant activity of Centaurium erythraea infusion evidenced by its superoxide radical scavenging and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity
    P Valentao
    CEQUP Serviço de Farmacognosia and CEQUP Serviço de Toxicologia, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade do Porto, R Aníbal Cunha 164, 4050 047 Porto, Portugal
    J Agric Food Chem 49:3476-9. 2001
    ..erythraea flowering tops. Superoxide radical scavenging activity was assayed using enzymatic (xanthine/xanthine oxidase) and ..
  75. ncbi Herbal drug quality and phytochemical composition of Hypericum perforatum L. affected by ash yellows phytoplasma infection
    Renato Bruni
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Sez Biologia Vegetale e Orto Botanico, Universita degli Studi di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11A, 43100 Parma, Italy
    J Agric Food Chem 53:964-8. 2005
    Qualitative/quantitative phytochemical variations were observed in dried flowering tops of cultivated Hypericum perforatum L. cv...
  76. ncbi Modelling mycotoxin formation by Fusarium graminearum in maize in The Netherlands
    E D van Asselt
    RIKILT Institute of Food Safety, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 230, 6700 AE Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 29:1572-80. 2012
    ..It is expected that the current model can be used to estimate the effect of projected climate change on trends in deoxynivalenol and zearalenone levels in the coming years...
  77. ncbi An overview of health-promoting compounds of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) and the effect of processing
    Andrea Mahn
    Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Food Sci Technol Int 18:503-14. 2012
    ..Finally, the effect of operating conditions in different drying processes on the content of bioactive compounds in broccoli should be investigated in a greater depth...
  78. ncbi [Hydroxycinnamic acid levels of various batches from mugwort flowering tops]
    D Fraisse
    Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, Faculte de Pharmacie, 28, Place Henri Dunant, F 63000 Clermont Ferrand
    Ann Pharm Fr 61:265-8. 2003
    Dried flowering tops of 24 harvested batches (Artemisia vulgaris: 13; Artemisia verlotiorum: 11) and 12 batches of mugwort from commercial origin were examined...
  79. ncbi Changes in time of sowing, flowering and maturity of cereals in Europe under climate change
    J E Olesen
    Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, Blichers alle 20, DK 8830 Tjele, Denmark
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 29:1527-42. 2012
    ..There were considerable differences in predicted timing of sowing, flowering and maturity between the two climate model projections applied...
  80. ncbi Phenolic constituents of Knautia arvensis aerial parts
    Jaroslaw Moldoch
    Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute, ul Czartoryskich 8, 24 100 Pulawy, Poland
    Nat Prod Commun 6:1627-30. 2011
    ..Compounds 1, 3-5 and 8 are reported for the first time in Knautia arvensis...
  81. ncbi Changes in bioactive components related to the harvest time from the spicas of Prunella vulgaris
    Yuhang Chen
    Institute of Chinese Medicinal Materials, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China
    Pharm Biol 50:1118-22. 2012
    ..vulgaris has been used as traditional medicine in China for over a hundred years. To our best knowledge, no study has been conducted to determine the influence of harvesting time on concentrations of bioactive compounds of P. vulgaris...
  82. pmc Comprehensive gene expression analysis of the NAC gene family under normal growth conditions, hormone treatment, and drought stress conditions in rice using near-isogenic lines (NILs) generated from crossing Aday Selection (drought tolerant) and IR64
    Mohammed Nuruzzaman
    Plant Genome Research Unit Agrogenomics Research Center, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences NIAS, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Mol Genet Genomics 287:389-410. 2012
    ..These results provide a useful reference for the cloning of candidate genes from the specific subgroup for further functional analysis...
  83. pmc The E3 ubiquitin ligase HOS1 regulates Arabidopsis flowering by mediating CONSTANS degradation under cold stress
    Jae Hoon Jung
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    J Biol Chem 287:43277-87. 2012
    ..We propose that the HOS1-CO module contributes to the fine-tuning of photoperiodic flowering under short term temperature fluctuations, which often occur during local weather disturbances...
  84. ncbi The Arabidopsis SOC1-like genes AGL42, AGL71 and AGL72 promote flowering in the shoot apical and axillary meristems
    Carmen Dorca-Fornell
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26, 20133 Milano, Italy
    Plant J 67:1006-17. 2011
    ..Our data reveal roles for AGL42, AGL71 and AGL72 in the floral transition, demonstrate their genetic interactions with SOC1 and suggest that their roles differ in the apical and axillary meristems...
  85. ncbi Cytoprotective effect of Coreopsis tinctoria extracts and flavonoids on tBHP and cytokine-induced cell injury in pancreatic MIN6 cells
    Teresa Dias
    i Med UL Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    J Ethnopharmacol 139:485-92. 2012
    corrected] Coreopsis tinctoria flowering tops infusion is traditionally used in Portugal for treating the symptoms of diabetes...
  86. ncbi Lamiridosins, hepatitis C virus entry inhibitors from Lamium album
    Hongjie Zhang
    Program for Collaborative Research in the Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    J Nat Prod 72:2158-62. 2009
    Phytochemical study of the aqueous extract of the flowering tops of Lamium album led to identification of the antiviral iridoid isomers lamiridosins A and B (1, 2)...
  87. ncbi Antiplatelet activity of Varthemia iphionoides
    Fatma U Afifi
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
    Fitoterapia 75:629-33. 2004
    ..Volatile oil and the alcoholic extract did not exhibit any anti-platelet activity. Structures of the isolated compounds (1)-(4) were determined by spectroscopic methods (UV, IR, MS, (1)H-NMR)...
  88. pmc Interaction between drought and chronic high temperature during kernel filling in wheat in a controlled environment
    Ian F Wardlaw
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Ann Bot 90:469-76. 2002
    ....
  89. ncbi New triterpene esters from flowerheads of Arnica lonchophylla
    Thomas J Schmidt
    Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie der Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Planta Med 70:967-77. 2004
    ..Eur.), A. chamissonis ssp. foliosa and A. angustifolia ssp. attenuata. A search for sesquiterpene lactones in the flowers of A. lonchophylla resulted in the identification of small amounts of helenalin and 11alpha,13-dihydrohelenalin...
  90. ncbi [Effects of increasing surface ozone concentration on spikelet formation of hybrid rice cultivars]
    Kai fang Yang
    Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 20:609-14. 2009
    ..It was suggested that corresponding measures should be adopted to mitigate the detrimental effects of ozone on the spikelet differentiation to minimize yield loss under increasing surface ozone concentration...
  91. ncbi Flavonoid characterization and antioxidant activity of hydroalcoholic extracts from Achillea ligustica All
    Carlo Ignazio Giovanni Tuberoso
    Dipartimento di Tossicologia, University of Cagliari, Via Ospedale 72, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 50:440-8. 2009
    Ethanolic extracts of Achillea ligustica All. (Asteraceae) flowering tops were evaluated...
  92. ncbi Biochemical composition and physicochemical properties of broccoli flours
    Olga N Campas-Baypoli
    Departamento de Biotecnologia y Ciencias Alimentarias, Instituto Tecnologico de Sonora, Obregon, Sonora, Mexico
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 60:163-73. 2009
    ..Broccoli flours prepared in this study are good source of nutrients and could be utilized as dietary supplements...
  93. ncbi Role of EVERGREEN in the development of the cymose petunia inflorescence
    Alexandra B Rebocho
    Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology, Graduate School of Experimental Plant Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Dev Cell 15:437-47. 2008
    ..Our data suggest a key role for EVG in the diversification of inflorescence architectures and reveal an unanticipated link between the proliferation and identity of meristems...
  94. ncbi STY1 and STY2 promote the formation of apical tissues during Arabidopsis gynoecium development
    Sandra Kuusk
    Department of Physiological Botany, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Villavagen 6, S 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Development 129:4707-17. 2002
    ..STY1 and STY2 are members of a small gene family, and encode proteins with a RING finger-like motif. Double mutant analyses indicate that STY1 genetically interacts with SPATULA and possibly also with CRABS CLAW...
  95. pmc Ehd1, a B-type response regulator in rice, confers short-day promotion of flowering and controls FT-like gene expression independently of Hd1
    Kazuyuki Doi
    Plant Breeding Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
    Genes Dev 18:926-36. 2004
    ..Microarray analysis further revealed a few MADS box genes downstream of Ehd1. Our results indicate that a novel two-component signaling cascade is integrated into the conserved pathway in the photoperiodic control of flowering in rice...
  96. ncbi Variation explained in mixed-model association mapping
    G Sun
    Department of Agronomy, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA
    Heredity (Edinb) 105:333-40. 2010
    ....
  97. ncbi Competence to respond to floral inductive signals requires the homeobox genes PENNYWISE and POUND-FOOLISH
    Harley M S Smith
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Curr Biol 14:812-7. 2004
    ..These studies establish a link between the competence to receive floral inductive signals and restructuring of the SAM during floral evocation...
  98. ncbi The Arabidopsis repressor of light signaling SPA1 acts in the phloem to regulate seedling de-etiolation, leaf expansion and flowering time
    Aashish Ranjan
    Botanical Institute, Cologne Biocenter, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Development 138:1851-62. 2011
    ..SPA1 action in the phloem may also result in mechanical stimuli that affect cell elongation and cell division in other tissues...
  99. ncbi Total flavonoid content in varieties of Calendula officinalis L. originating from different countries and cultivated in Estonia
    Ain Raal
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Nat Prod Res 25:658-62. 2011
    ..There appeared to be no conclusive relationship between the total flavonoid content and the colour of ligulate and tubular florets of C. officinalis...
  100. ncbi Methoxylated xanthones in the quality control of small centaury (Centaurium erythraea) flowering tops
    Patrícia Valentão
    CEQUP Serviço de Farmacognosia, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade do Porto, R Anibal Cunha, 4050 047 Porto, Portugal
    J Agric Food Chem 50:460-3. 2002
    ..The methodology developed was applied to twelve samples, and in all of them, nine xanthones were identified and quantified. This methodology can be considered complimentary to the one proposed by the European Pharmacopoeia...
  101. ncbi [Genomic context of nucleus influences mitochondrial gene expression of HL-type rice]
    Yi Ping
    College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    Yi Chuan 26:186-8. 2004
    ..Many different fragments are obtained from hybrids, but not from sterile line or remainder line. According to the results, it is concluded that there are extensive effects of nuclear background on mitochondrial gene expression...