plasmodesmata

Summary

Summary: Membrane-like channels of cytoplasm connecting adjacent plant cells. Plasmodesmata connect through pores in the CELL WALL and associate with the CYTOSKELETON machinery. They are essential for intercellular transport and communication.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Limitations on geminivirus genome size imposed by plasmodesmata and virus-encoded movement protein: insights into DNA trafficking
    Robert L Gilbertson
    Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture and Enviromental Sciences, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Plant Cell 15:2578-91. 2003
  2. pmc Nodule initiation involves the creation of a new symplasmic field in specific root cells of medicago species
    Arnaud Complainville
    Institut des Sciences du Végétal Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 91198 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Plant Cell 15:2778-91. 2003
  3. ncbi Plasmodesmal targeting and intercellular movement of potato mop-top pomovirus is mediated by a membrane anchored tyrosine-based motif on the lumenal side of the endoplasmic reticulum and the C-terminal transmembrane domain in the TGB3 movement protein
    J Tilsner
    Plant Pathology Programme, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, DD2 5DA, UK
    Virology 402:41-51. 2010
  4. ncbi Opportunities and successes in the search for plasmodesmal proteins
    Christine Faulkner
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK
    Protoplasma 248:27-38. 2011
  5. pmc Roles for rice membrane dynamics and plasmodesmata during biotrophic invasion by the blast fungus
    Prasanna Kankanala
    Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA
    Plant Cell 19:706-24. 2007
  6. pmc Callose synthesis in higher plants
    Xiong Yan Chen
    Division of Applied Life Science BK21 and WCU program, Graduate School of Gyeongsang National University, Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Environmental Biotechnology National Core Research Center, Jinju, Korea
    Plant Signal Behav 4:489-92. 2009
  7. ncbi Plasmodesmata paradigm shift: regulation from without versus within
    Tessa M Burch-Smith
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:239-60. 2012
  8. ncbi Plasmodesmata - membrane tunnels with attitude
    Andrew J Maule
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 14:683-90. 2011
  9. pmc A subclass of plant heat shock cognate 70 chaperones carries a motif that facilitates trafficking through plasmodesmata
    Koh Aoki
    Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:16342-7. 2002
  10. ncbi Callose deposition in the phloem plasmodesmata and inhibition of phloem transport in citrus leaves infected with "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus"
    Eun Ji Koh
    Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Protoplasma 249:687-97. 2012

Detail Information

Publications230 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Limitations on geminivirus genome size imposed by plasmodesmata and virus-encoded movement protein: insights into DNA trafficking
    Robert L Gilbertson
    Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture and Enviromental Sciences, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Plant Cell 15:2578-91. 2003
    ..In plants, plasmodesmata serve as the conduit for this phenomenon, and viruses have evolved to use this pathway for the spread of ..
  2. pmc Nodule initiation involves the creation of a new symplasmic field in specific root cells of medicago species
    Arnaud Complainville
    Institut des Sciences du Végétal Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 91198 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Plant Cell 15:2778-91. 2003
    ..Furthermore, Medicago truncatula transgenic plants expressing a viral movement protein showed increased nodulation. Hence, the establishment of this symplasmic field may be a critical element for the control of nodule organogenesis...
  3. ncbi Plasmodesmal targeting and intercellular movement of potato mop-top pomovirus is mediated by a membrane anchored tyrosine-based motif on the lumenal side of the endoplasmic reticulum and the C-terminal transmembrane domain in the TGB3 movement protein
    J Tilsner
    Plant Pathology Programme, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, DD2 5DA, UK
    Virology 402:41-51. 2010
    ..triple gene block protein (TGB3) of potato mop-top pomovirus and its role in assisted targeting of TGB2 to plasmodesmata (PD)...
  4. ncbi Opportunities and successes in the search for plasmodesmal proteins
    Christine Faulkner
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK
    Protoplasma 248:27-38. 2011
    The proteinaceous composition of plasmodesmata (PDs) is a puzzle for which pieces have proven particularly difficult to find...
  5. pmc Roles for rice membrane dynamics and plasmodesmata during biotrophic invasion by the blast fungus
    Prasanna Kankanala
    Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA
    Plant Cell 19:706-24. 2007
    ..This and additional evidence strongly suggest that IH co-opt plasmodesmata for cell-to-cell movement...
  6. pmc Callose synthesis in higher plants
    Xiong Yan Chen
    Division of Applied Life Science BK21 and WCU program, Graduate School of Gyeongsang National University, Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Environmental Biotechnology National Core Research Center, Jinju, Korea
    Plant Signal Behav 4:489-92. 2009
    ..In this mini-review, we highlight recent progress in understanding callose biosynthesis and degradation and discuss the future challenges of unraveling the mechanism(s) by which callose synthase operate...
  7. ncbi Plasmodesmata paradigm shift: regulation from without versus within
    Tessa M Burch-Smith
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:239-60. 2012
    ..To overcome this, plants have evolved channels called plasmodesmata that provide cytoplasmic continuity between each cell and its immediate neighbors...
  8. ncbi Plasmodesmata - membrane tunnels with attitude
    Andrew J Maule
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 14:683-90. 2011
    b>Plasmodesmata are doors in the rigid cell wall...
  9. pmc A subclass of plant heat shock cognate 70 chaperones carries a motif that facilitates trafficking through plasmodesmata
    Koh Aoki
    Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:16342-7. 2002
    b>Plasmodesmata establish a pathway for the trafficking of non-cell-autonomously acting proteins and ribonucleoprotein complexes...
  10. ncbi Callose deposition in the phloem plasmodesmata and inhibition of phloem transport in citrus leaves infected with "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus"
    Eun Ji Koh
    Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Protoplasma 249:687-97. 2012
    ..b>Plasmodesmata pore units (PPUs) connecting companion cells and sieve elements were stained with a callose-specific dye in ..
  11. pmc Formation of complexes at plasmodesmata for potyvirus intercellular movement is mediated by the viral protein P3N-PIPO
    Taiyun Wei
    Southern Crop Protection and Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, London, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS Pathog 6:e1000962. 2010
    Intercellular transport of viruses through cytoplasmic connections, termed plasmodesmata (PD), is essential for systemic infection in plants by viruses...
  12. pmc Plasmodesmal-associated protein kinase in tobacco and Arabidopsis recognizes a subset of non-cell-autonomous proteins
    Jung Youn Lee
    Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Plant Cell 17:2817-31. 2005
    ..in plants involves the trafficking of macromolecules through specialized intercellular organelles, termed plasmodesmata. This exchange of proteins and RNA is likely regulated, and a role for protein phosphorylation has been ..
  13. pmc Class 1 reversibly glycosylated polypeptides are plasmodesmal-associated proteins delivered to plasmodesmata via the golgi apparatus
    Guy Sagi
    Department of Plant Sciences, George S Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Plant Cell 17:1788-800. 2005
    ..walls of etiolated maize (Zea mays) seedlings and is recognized by an antiserum previously reported to label plasmodesmata and the Golgi, was cloned, sequenced, and found to be a class 1 reversibly glycosylated polypeptide ((C1)RGP)...
  14. pmc Class VIII myosins are required for plasmodesmatal localization of a closterovirus Hsp70 homolog
    Dror Avisar
    Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Cordley Hall 2082, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Virol 82:2836-43. 2008
    ..yellows virus (BYV) functions in virion assembly and cell-to-cell movement and is autonomously targeted to plasmodesmata in association with the actomyosin motility system (A. I. Prokhnevsky, V. V. Peremyslov, and V. V. Dolja, J...
  15. pmc In vivo quantification of cell coupling in plants with different phloem-loading strategies
    Johannes Liesche
    Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Copenhagen, DK 1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Plant Physiol 159:355-65. 2012
    ..and apoplasmic loading strategies have been defined in different plant taxa based on the abundance of plasmodesmata between mesophyll and phloem...
  16. pmc Phloem loading in two Scrophulariaceae species. What can drive symplastic flow via plasmodesmata?
    Olga V Voitsekhovskaja
    Albrecht von Haller Institute for Plant Sciences, Plant Biochemistry, 37077 Goettingen, Germany
    Plant Physiol 140:383-95. 2006
    ..barclaiana, apoplastic phloem loading is an indispensable mechanism and that symplastic entrance of solutes into the phloem may occur by mass flow. The conditions favoring symplastic mass flow into the phloem are discussed...
  17. ncbi Quantification of plant cell coupling with three-dimensional photoactivation microscopy
    J Liesche
    Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Microsc 247:2-9. 2012
    Plant cells are directly connected by plasmodesmata that form channels through the cell wall and enable the intercellular movement of cytosolic solutes, membrane lipids and signalling molecules...
  18. pmc Overexpression of Arabidopsis plasmodesmata germin-like proteins disrupts root growth and development
    Byung Kook Ham
    Department of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Plant Cell 24:3630-48. 2012
    ..of non-cell-autonomous proteins (NCAPs), including numerous transcription factors, move cell to cell through plasmodesmata (PD)...
  19. ncbi Plasmodesmata and intercellular transport of viral RNA
    C Hofmann
    Institut de Biologie Moleculaire des Plantes, Laboratoire propre du CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UPR 2357 conventionné avec l Université Louis Pasteur Strasbourg 1, 12 rue du Général Zimmer, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
    Biochem Soc Trans 35:142-5. 2007
    ..of informational protein and RNA macromolecules through cytoplasmic bridges in the plant cell wall known as plasmodesmata. Viruses exploit this route for the spread of infection and are used as a model to study the mechanisms by ..
  20. ncbi A plasmodesmata-associated beta-1,3-glucanase in Arabidopsis
    Amit Levy
    Department of Plant Sciences, George S Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Plant J 49:669-82. 2007
    ..A proteomic analysis of an Arabidopsis thaliana plasmodesmata (Pd)-rich fraction identified a beta-1,3-glucanase as present in this fraction...
  21. pmc Peeking into pit fields: a multiple twinning model of secondary plasmodesmata formation in tobacco
    Christine Faulkner
    Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JH, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 20:1504-18. 2008
    In higher plants, plasmodesmata (PD) are major conduits for cell-cell communication. Primary PD are laid down at cytokinesis, while secondary PD arise during wall extension...
  22. ncbi Intracellular trafficking of Potato leafroll virus movement protein in transgenic Arabidopsis
    Florian Vogel
    Friedrich Alexander Universitat Erlangen Nurnberg, Staudtstrasse 5, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
    Traffic 8:1205-14. 2007
    ..MP17 localizes to secondary branched plasmodesmata (PD) in source but not to simple PD in sink tissues, where MP17 is believed to be degraded by proteolysis...
  23. ncbi Plasmodesmata viewed as specialised membrane adhesion sites
    Jens Tilsner
    Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JH, UK
    Protoplasma 248:39-60. 2011
    A significant amount of work has been expended to identify the elusive components of plasmodesmata (PD) to help understand their structure, as well as how proteins are targeted to them...
  24. ncbi Plasmodesmata: the battleground against intruders
    Jung Youn Lee
    Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Delaware Biotechnology Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19711, USA
    Trends Plant Sci 16:201-10. 2011
    b>Plasmodesmata are intercellular channels that establish a symplastic communication pathway between neighboring cells in plants...
  25. ncbi Lights at the end of the tunnel: new views of plasmodesmal structure and function
    Xianfeng Morgan Xu
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 13:684-92. 2010
    b>Plasmodesmata (PDs), tiny channels connecting neighboring plant cells, play big roles in the transport of metabolites, viral movement, cell fate specification and development...
  26. pmc Remorin, a solanaceae protein resident in membrane rafts and plasmodesmata, impairs potato virus X movement
    Sylvain Raffaele
    Laboratoire de Biogenese Membranaire, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5200, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux 33076, France
    Plant Cell 21:1541-55. 2009
    ..We have used imaging and biochemical approaches and in situ labeling to demonstrate that REM clusters at plasmodesmata and in approximately 70-nm membrane domains, similar to lipid rafts, in the cytosolic leaflet of the plasma ..
  27. ncbi Plasmodesmata: gateways to local and systemic virus infection
    Yoselin Benitez-Alfonso
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 23:1403-12. 2010
    As channels that provide cell-to-cell connectivity, plasmodesmata are central to the local and systemic spread of viruses in plants...
  28. ncbi Transport of TMV movement protein particles associated with the targeting of RNA to plasmodesmata
    Adrian Sambade
    Department of Integrative Virology, Institut de Biologie Moleculaire des Plantes, Laboratoire propre du CNRS UPR 2357 conventionné avec l Université Louis Pasteur Strasbourg 1, 12 rue du Général Zimmer, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
    Traffic 9:2073-88. 2008
    The cell-to-cell movement of Tobacco mosaic virus through plasmodesmata (PD) requires virus-encoded movement protein (MP)...
  29. ncbi Plant viral movement proteins: agents for cell-to-cell trafficking of viral genomes
    William J Lucas
    Section of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Virology 344:169-84. 2006
    ..spread throughout their hosts using a number of pathways, the most common being movement cell to cell through plasmodesmata (PD), unique intercellular organelles of the plant kingdom, and between organs by means of the vascular system...
  30. ncbi Cell-to-cell communication via plasmodesmata during Arabidopsis embryogenesis
    Insoon Kim
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, 111 Koshland Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 8:593-9. 2005
    ..This pathway utilizes cell-to-cell communication via plasmodesmata. Plasmodesmata span the walls between neighboring plant cells...
  31. pmc Plasmodesmata during development: re-examination of the importance of primary, secondary, and branched plasmodesmata structure versus function
    Tessa M Burch-Smith
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Protoplasma 248:61-74. 2011
    b>Plasmodesmata (PD) structure and function vary temporally and spatially during all stages of plant development. PD that originate during, or post, cell division are designated as primary or secondary according to classical terminology...
  32. pmc Replication and trafficking of a plant virus are coupled at the entrances of plasmodesmata
    Jens Tilsner
    Biomedical Sciences Research Complex, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST, Scotland, UK
    J Cell Biol 201:981-95. 2013
    Plant viruses use movement proteins (MPs) to modify intercellular pores called plasmodesmata (PD) to cross the plant cell wall...
  33. pmc Plasmodesmata formation and cell-to-cell transport are reduced in decreased size exclusion limit 1 during embryogenesis in Arabidopsis
    Min Xu
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:5098-103. 2012
    In plants, plasmodesmata (PD) serve as channels for micromolecular and macromolecular cell-to-cell transport. Based on structure, PD in immature tissues are classified into two types, simple and branched (X- and Y-shaped) or twinned...
  34. ncbi The role of callose deposition along plasmodesmata in nematode feeding sites
    Julia Hofmann
    Institute of Plant Protection, Department of Applied Plant Sciences and Plant Biotechnology, BOKU University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 23:549-57. 2010
    ..Here, we present data on the distribution of plasmodesmata in cell walls of syncytia and giant cells induced by cyst and root-knot nematodes...
  35. ncbi Diffusion of anionic and neutral GFP derivatives through plasmodesmata in epidermal cells of Nicotiana benthamiana
    Svetlana Dashevskaya
    Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Protoplasma 234:13-23. 2008
    b>Plasmodesmata (Pd) are trans-wall membrane channels that permit cell-to-cell transport of metabolites and other small molecules, proteins, RNAs, and signaling molecules...
  36. ncbi The cytoskeleton in plasmodesmata: a role in intercellular transport?
    Rosemary G White
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Division of Plant Industry, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    J Exp Bot 62:5249-66. 2011
    Actin and myosin are components of the plant cell cytoskeleton that extend from cell to cell through plasmodesmata (PD), but it is unclear how they are organized within the cytoplasmic sleeve or how they might behave as regulatory ..
  37. ncbi Cellular pathways for viral transport through plasmodesmata
    Annette Niehl
    Institut de Biologie Moleculaire des Plantes du CNRS, Universite de Strasbourg, 12 rue du Général Zimmer, 67084, Strasbourg, France
    Protoplasma 248:75-99. 2011
    Plant viruses use plasmodesmata (PD) to spread infection between cells and systemically...
  38. ncbi Missing links? - The connection between replication and movement of plant RNA viruses
    Jens Tilsner
    Biomedical Sciences Research Complex, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Virol 2:705-11. 2012
    ..the aid of viral movement proteins (MPs) that transport infectious genomes through intercellular pores called plasmodesmata (PD). MPs are able to accomplish RNA trafficking independent of virus infection...
  39. pmc Closure of plasmodesmata in maize (Zea mays) at low temperature: a new mechanism for inhibition of photosynthesis
    Anna Bilska
    Department of Plant Biochemistry and Physiology, Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, Radzikow, 05 870 Błonie, Poland
    Ann Bot 106:675-86. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the slowing of maize photosynthesis at low temperature is related to ultrastructural changes in the plasmodesmata between KM and BS as well as BS and vascular parenchyma (VP) cells.
  40. pmc Regulation of solute flux through plasmodesmata in the root meristem
    Heidi L Rutschow
    Physics Department, Simon s Rock College, Great Barrington, Massachusetts 01230, USA
    Plant Physiol 155:1817-26. 2011
    b>Plasmodesmata permit solutes to move between cells nonspecifically and without having to cross a membrane. This symplastic connectivity, while straightforward to observe using fluorescent tracers, has proven difficult to quantify...
  41. pmc ANK, a host cytoplasmic receptor for the Tobacco mosaic virus cell-to-cell movement protein, facilitates intercellular transport through plasmodesmata
    Shoko Ueki
    Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA
    PLoS Pathog 6:e1001201. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that ANK represents a host cellular receptor exploited by MP to aid viral movement by gating PD through relaxation of their callose sphincters...
  42. ncbi Cell-to-cell trafficking of RNA and RNA silencing through plasmodesmata
    Tae Kyung Hyun
    Department of Biochemistry, Division of Applied Life Science BK21 program, Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, 660 701, South Korea
    Protoplasma 248:101-16. 2011
    b>Plasmodesmata (PD) are plasma membrane-lined cytoplasmic channels that cross the cell wall and establish symplasmic continuity between neighboring cells in plants...
  43. ncbi Formation of protein complexes containing plant virus movement protein TGBp3 is necessary for its intracellular trafficking
    Elena A Shemyakina
    Department of Virology, Biological Faculty, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
    Biochimie 93:742-8. 2011
    ..integral membrane protein essential for intracellular transport of other TGB proteins and viral genomic RNA to plasmodesmata. TGBp3 targeting to plasmodesmata-associated sites is believed to involve an unconventional mechanism which ..
  44. ncbi Selective trafficking of non-cell-autonomous proteins mediated by NtNCAPP1
    Jung Youn Lee
    Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Science 299:392-6. 2003
    In plants, cell-to-cell communication is mediated by plasmodesmata and involves the trafficking of non-cell-autonomous proteins (NCAPs)...
  45. pmc Plasmodesmal receptor-like kinases identified through analysis of rice cell wall extracted proteins
    Yeonhwa Jo
    Division of Applied Life Science BK21 program, Environmental Biotechnology National Core Research Center, Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, 660 701, Republic of Korea
    Protoplasma 248:191-203. 2011
    In plants, plasmodesmata (PD) are intercellular channels that function in both metabolite exchange and the transport of proteins and RNAs. Currently, many of the PD structural and regulatory components remain to be elucidated...
  46. ncbi Potato virus X TGBp1 induces plasmodesmata gating and moves between cells in several host species whereas CP moves only in N. benthamiana leaves
    Amanda R Howard
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
    Virology 328:185-97. 2004
    ..Microinjection experiments indicated that TGBp1 gates plasmodesmata in Nicotiana tabacum leaves...
  47. ncbi Regulation of short-distance transport of RNA and protein
    Jae Yean Kim
    Division of Applied Life Science, Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Environmental Biotechnology National Core Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660 701, Korea
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 8:45-52. 2005
    ..b>Plasmodesmata (PD), intercellular cytoplasmic channels, have a central role in cell-cell trafficking of regulatory proteins ..
  48. pmc Super-resolution imaging of plasmodesmata using three-dimensional structured illumination microscopy
    Jessica Fitzgibbon
    Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JR, United Kingdom
    Plant Physiol 153:1453-63. 2010
    ..structured illumination microscopy (3D-SIM) to obtain subdiffraction ("super-resolution") images of plasmodesmata (PD) expressing a green fluorescent protein-tagged viral movement protein (MP) in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)...
  49. pmc Loss of the plant DEAD-box protein ISE1 leads to defective mitochondria and increased cell-to-cell transport via plasmodesmata
    Solomon Stonebloom
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:17229-34. 2009
    Plants have intercellular channels, plasmodesmata (PD), that span the cell wall to enable cell-to-cell transport of micro- and macromolecules...
  50. pmc Identification of an interactor of cadmium ion-induced glycine-rich protein involved in regulation of callose levels in plant vasculature
    Shoko Ueki
    Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794 5215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:12089-94. 2005
    ..Therefore, GrIP and cdiGRP represent sequentially acting factors in a biochemical pathway that regulates callose accumulation in the plant vasculature...
  51. pmc Two plant-viral movement proteins traffic in the endocytic recycling pathway
    Sophie Haupt
    Programme of Cell to Cell Communication, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 17:164-81. 2005
    ..Both proteins increased the size exclusion limit of plasmodesmata, and TGB3 accumulated at plasmodesmata in the absence of TGB2...
  52. ncbi Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) replicase and movement protein function synergistically in facilitating TMV spread by lateral diffusion in the plasmodesmal desmotubule of Nicotiana benthamiana
    Dana Guenoune-Gelbart
    Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 21:335-45. 2008
    Virus spread through plasmodesmata (Pd) is mediated by virus-encoded movement proteins (MPs) that modify Pd structure and function...
  53. pmc High-throughput viral expression of cDNA-green fluorescent protein fusions reveals novel subcellular addresses and identifies unique proteins that interact with plasmodesmata
    Nieves Medina Escobar
    Programme of Cell to Cell Communication, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 15:1507-23. 2003
    ..In a subsequent screen of >20,000 infection foci, 12 fusion proteins were identified that localized to plasmodesmata, a subcellular structure for which very few protein components have been identified...
  54. pmc Cucumber mosaic virus movement protein severs actin filaments to increase the plasmodesmal size exclusion limit in tobacco
    Shengzhong Su
    State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Department of Plant Sciences, College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    Plant Cell 22:1373-87. 2010
    ..proteins (MPs) enable viruses to pass through cell walls by increasing the size exclusion limit (SEL) of plasmodesmata (PD)...
  55. doi Plasmodesmata
    Patricia Zambryski
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, Koshland Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Curr Biol 18:R324-5. 2008
  56. ncbi Biology of callose (β-1,3-glucan) turnover at plasmodesmata
    Raul Zavaliev
    Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
    Protoplasma 248:117-30. 2011
    ..The deposition and degradation of callose at the neck region of plasmodesmata (Pd) is one of the cellular control mechanisms regulating Pd permeability during both abiotic and biotic ..
  57. pmc Arabidopsis synaptotagmin SYTA regulates endocytosis and virus movement protein cell-to-cell transport
    Jennifer D Lewis
    Department of Plant Pathology and Plant Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2491-6. 2010
    ..regulates endosome recycling and movement protein (MP)-mediated trafficking of plant virus genomes through plasmodesmata. SYTA localizes to endosomes in plant cells and directly binds the distinct Cabbage leaf curl virus (CaLCuV) ..
  58. ncbi The Intra- and intercellular movement of Melon necrotic spot virus (MNSV) depends on an active secretory pathway
    Ainhoa Genoves
    Instituto Biologia Molecular y Celular de Plantas, Universidad Politecnica, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia CSIC, Avenida de los Naranjos s n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 23:263-72. 2010
    ..ER) at motile Golgi apparatus (GA) stacks that actively tracked the actin microfilaments, and at the plasmodesmata (PD)...
  59. pmc Evidence for unidirectional flow through plasmodesmata
    Nynne Meyn Christensen
    Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JR, United Kingdom
    Plant Physiol 150:96-104. 2009
    ..a unique secretory structure in which the basal trichome cell is connected to the epidermis by numerous plasmodesmata (PD)...
  60. ncbi Immunodetection and fluorescent microscopy of transgenically expressed hordeivirus TGBp3 movement protein reveals its association with endoplasmic reticulum elements in close proximity to plasmodesmata
    E N Gorshkova
    Department of Virology and A N Belozersky Institute of Physico Chemical Biology, Moscow State University, Moscow 119899, Russia
    J Gen Virol 84:985-94. 2003
    ..pairs of opposing discrete structures that co-localized with callose, indicating their association with the plasmodesmata-enriched cell wall fields...
  61. pmc The constitutive expression of Arabidopsis plasmodesmal-associated class 1 reversibly glycosylated polypeptide impairs plant development and virus spread
    Raul Zavaliev
    Department of Plant Sciences, George S Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    J Exp Bot 61:131-42. 2010
    ..Basal callose levels around plasmodesmata (Pd) of leaf epidermal cells in transgenic plants are higher than in WT...
  62. ncbi Macromolecular transport and signaling through plasmodesmata
    Manfred Heinlein
    Botanical Institute, University of Basel, Hebelstrasse 1, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    Int Rev Cytol 235:93-164. 2004
    b>Plasmodesmata (Pd) are channels in the plant cell wall that in conjunction with associated phloem form an intercellular communication network that supports the cell-to-cell and long-distance trafficking of a wide spectrum of endogenous ..
  63. ncbi Role of plant virus movement proteins
    Michael Taliansky
    Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, DD2 5DA, UK
    Methods Mol Biol 451:33-54. 2008
    ..the form of virions or nucleic acid protein complexes) moves intracellularly from the sites of replication to plasmodesmata (PD, plant-specific intercellular membranous channels), the virus then transverses the PD to spread ..
  64. ncbi Proteomic identification of putative plasmodesmatal proteins from Chara corallina
    Christine R Faulkner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Proteomics 5:2866-75. 2005
    b>Plasmodesmata are channels that bridge the cell walls of plant cells, allowing regulated transport of molecules between neighbouring cells...
  65. ncbi A dual switch in phloem unloading during ovule development in Arabidopsis
    Dagmar Werner
    Lehrstuhl Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie, Universitat Erlangen Nurnberg, Staudtstrasse 5, 91058, Erlangen, Germany
    Protoplasma 248:225-35. 2011
    ..Assimilates are unloaded either symplastically through plasmodesmata or apoplastically by specific transport proteins...
  66. ncbi Ultrastructural study of plasmodesmata in the brown alga Dictyota dichotoma (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae)
    Makoto Terauchi
    Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060 0810, Japan
    Planta 236:1013-26. 2012
    b>Plasmodesmata are intercellular bridges that directly connect the cytoplasm of neighboring cells and play a crucial role in cell-to-cell communication and cell development in multicellular plants...
  67. ncbi Plasmodesmata: intercellular tunnels facilitating transport of macromolecules in plants
    Friedrich Kragler
    Department II, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Wissenschaftspark Golm, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476, Potsdam, Germany
    Cell Tissue Res 352:49-58. 2013
    In plants, intercellular structures named plasmodesmata (PD) form a continuous cytoplasmic network between neighboring cells...
  68. pmc LYM2-dependent chitin perception limits molecular flux via plasmodesmata
    Christine Faulkner
    John Innes Centre and The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7UH, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:9166-70. 2013
    ..the Arabidopsis homolog of a rice chitin receptor-like protein, mediates a reduction in molecular flux via plasmodesmata in the presence of chitin...
  69. pmc Salicylic acid regulates Plasmodesmata closure during innate immune responses in Arabidopsis
    Xu Wang
    Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Delaware Biotechnology Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA
    Plant Cell 25:2315-29. 2013
    ..of pathogenesis-related genes1-dependent SA pathway in conjunction with the regulator of plasmodesmal gating Plasmodesmata-located protein5...
  70. ncbi Gated communities: apoplastic and symplastic signals converge at plasmodesmata to control cell fates
    Yvonne Stahl
    Institute of Developmental Genetics, Heinrich Heine University, D 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Exp Bot 64:5237-41. 2013
    ..with each other either by symplastic transport of diverse non-cell autonomous signalling molecules via plasmodesmata (PDs) or by endo- and exocytosis of signalling molecules via the extracellular apoplastic space...
  71. pmc Specific targeting of a plasmodesmal protein affecting cell-to-cell communication
    Carole L Thomas
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 6:e7. 2008
    b>Plasmodesmata provide the cytoplasmic conduits for cell-to-cell communication throughout plant tissues and participate in a diverse set of non-cell-autonomous functions...
  72. pmc Loss of INCREASED SIZE EXCLUSION LIMIT (ISE)1 or ISE2 increases the formation of secondary plasmodesmata
    Tessa M Burch-Smith
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, Koshland Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Curr Biol 20:989-93. 2010
    b>Plasmodesmata (PD) transport developmentally important nucleic acids and proteins between plant cells. Primary PD form during cell division and are simple, linear channels...
  73. ncbi Callose deposition at plasmodesmata is a critical factor in restricting the cell-to-cell movement of Soybean mosaic virus
    Wenlong Li
    College of Life Science, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001, Hebei, People s Republic of China
    Plant Cell Rep 31:905-16. 2012
    ..In the incompatible combination, callose deposition at the plasmodesmata (PD) was clearly visible at the sites of inoculation but viral RNA of coat protein (CP-RNA) was not detected ..
  74. pmc Plasmodesmata dynamics are coordinated by intracellular signaling pathways
    Jacob O Brunkard
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, United States
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 16:614-20. 2013
    Membrane-lined channels called plasmodesmata (PD) connect the cytoplasts of adjacent plant cells across the cell wall, permitting intercellular movement of small molecules, proteins, and RNA...
  75. ncbi Imaging plasmodesmata
    Karen Bell
    Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JR, UK
    Protoplasma 248:9-25. 2011
    At only 50 nm in diameter, plasmodesmata (PD) are below the limit of resolution of conventional light microscopy. Consequently, much of our current interpretation of the substructure of PD is derived from transmission electron microscopy...
  76. pmc Plasmodesmata distribution and sugar partitioning in nitrogen-fixing root nodules of Datisca glomerata
    Maria Schubert
    Albrecht von Haller Institut fur Pflanzenwissenschaften, Biochemie der Pflanze, Georg August Universitat Gottingen, Justus von Liebig Weg 11, Gottingen, Germany
    Planta 233:139-52. 2011
    ..processes is increased in comparison to roots, specifically in infected cells which develop many secondary plasmodesmata. Invertase activities are dramatically reduced in nodules as compared to roots, indicating that here the main ..
  77. pmc An Arabidopsis GPI-anchor plasmodesmal neck protein with callose binding activity and potential to regulate cell-to-cell trafficking
    Clare Simpson
    John Ines Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7UH, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 21:581-94. 2009
    b>Plasmodesmata (Pds) traverse the cell wall to establish a symplastic continuum through most of the plant...
  78. ncbi Inhibitors of myosin, but not actin, alter transport through Tradescantia plasmodesmata
    Janine E Radford
    Department of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic, 3800, Australia
    Protoplasma 248:205-16. 2011
    Actin and myosin are components of plasmodesmata, the cytoplasmic channels between plant cells, but their role in regulating these channels is unclear...
  79. ncbi The plasmodesmatal transport pathway for homeotic proteins, silencing signals and viruses
    Roberto Ruiz-Medrano
    Department of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, CINVESTAV IPN, Mexico DF 07360, Mexico
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 7:641-50. 2004
    ..b>Plasmodesmata (PD) form a cytoplasmic network throughout the plant body and provide the means of symplasmic cell-to-cell ..
  80. ncbi Tunneling nanotubes: a new route for the exchange of components between animal cells
    Hans Hermann Gerdes
    Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Jonas Lies vei 91, Bergen 5009, Norway
    FEBS Lett 581:2194-201. 2007
    ....
  81. pmc Reciprocal phosphorylation and glycosylation recognition motifs control NCAPP1 interaction with pumpkin phloem proteins and their cell-to-cell movement
    Ken Ichiro Taoka
    Section of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Plant Cell 19:1866-84. 2007
    ..findings are consistent with the hypothesis that a phosphorylation-glycosylation recognition motif functions to control the binding of a specific subset of phloem NCAPs to NCAPP1 and their subsequent transport through plasmodesmata.
  82. ncbi At-4/1, an interactor of the Tomato spotted wilt virus movement protein, belongs to a new family of plant proteins capable of directed intra- and intercellular trafficking
    Martina Paape
    University of Rostock, Biology Institute, Albert Einstein Str 3, 18059 Rostock, Germany
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 19:874-83. 2006
    ..encoded NSm movement protein facilitates cell-to-cell spread of the viral genome through structurally modified plasmodesmata. NSm has been utilized as bait in yeast two-hybrid interaction trap screenings...
  83. ncbi Plasmodesmata - bridging the gap between neighboring plant cells
    William J Lucas
    Department of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Trends Cell Biol 19:495-503. 2009
    Land plants have developed highly sophisticated intercellular channels called plasmodesmata (PD) that mediate the cell-to-cell trafficking of signaling molecules, including non-cell autonomous proteins (NCAPs) and RNAs...
  84. ncbi Unusual electron-dense dome associates with compound plasmodesmata in the embryo-suspensor of genus Sedum (Crassulaceae)
    Małgorzata Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno
    Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology, University of Gdansk, Kładki 24 St, Gdansk, Poland
    Protoplasma 247:117-20. 2010
    b>Plasmodesmata ensure the continuity of cytoplasm between plant cells and play an important part in the intercellular communication and signal transduction. During the development of the suspensor of both Sedum acre L...
  85. pmc Redox states of plastids and mitochondria differentially regulate intercellular transport via plasmodesmata
    Solomon Stonebloom
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Plant Physiol 158:190-9. 2012
    Recent studies suggest that intercellular transport via plasmodesmata (PD) is regulated by cellular redox state...
  86. pmc Organelle-nucleus cross-talk regulates plant intercellular communication via plasmodesmata
    Tessa M Burch-Smith
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:E1451-60. 2011
    We use Arabidopsis thaliana embryogenesis as a model system for studying intercellular transport via plasmodesmata (PD)...
  87. ncbi High resolution scanning electron microscopy of plasmodesmata
    Sarah Brecknock
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Macleay Building, A12, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Planta 234:749-58. 2011
    ..occurs between neighbouring plant cells through functionally and structurally dynamic channels called plasmodesmata (PD)...
  88. ncbi Anti-tropomyosin antibodies co-localise with actin microfilaments and label plasmodesmata
    Christine R Faulkner
    School of Biological Sciences, Macleay Building A12, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Eur J Cell Biol 88:357-69. 2009
    ..In plants, both actin and myosin have been localised to plasmodesmata, and thus it is likely that other actin-binding proteins are also associated with plasmodesmata structure or ..
  89. ncbi Plasmodesmata: dynamic regulation and role in macromolecular cell-to-cell signaling
    Manfred Heinlein
    Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH 4058, Basel, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 5:543-52. 2002
    ..significance of intercellular RNA and protein trafficking in plant development, confirming the role of plasmodesmata (PD) in the mediation and control of intercellular communication via macromolecules...
  90. ncbi Cell-to-cell transport through plasmodesmata in tree callus cultures
    Ana Pina
    Unidad de Fruticultura, CITA DGA, Avda de Montañana 930, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
    Tree Physiol 29:809-18. 2009
    ..the uncaged fluorescein could be traced as it was spreading cell-to-cell revealing the existence of functional plasmodesmata. This set of experiments was performed within the 'stock' partner in callus fusions ('callus grafts') as well ..
  91. pmc High-throughput fluorescent tagging of full-length Arabidopsis gene products in planta
    Guo Wei Tian
    Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5215, USA
    Plant Physiol 135:25-38. 2004
    ....
  92. ncbi Targeting of TMV movement protein to plasmodesmata requires the actin/ER network: evidence from FRAP
    Kathryn M Wright
    Programme of Plant Pathology, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK
    Traffic 8:21-31. 2007
    ..by which fluorescent-protein-tagged movement protein (MP) of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is targeted to plasmodesmata (PD)...
  93. pmc INCREASED SIZE EXCLUSION LIMIT 2 encodes a putative DEVH box RNA helicase involved in plasmodesmata function during Arabidopsis embryogenesis
    Ken Kobayashi
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Plant Cell 19:1885-97. 2007
    ..ise2 embryos contain branched as well as simple plasmodesmata (PD) compared with wild-type embryos, which only contain simple PD...
  94. pmc A plasmodesmata-localized protein mediates crosstalk between cell-to-cell communication and innate immunity in Arabidopsis
    Jung Youn Lee
    Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA
    Plant Cell 23:3353-73. 2011
    b>Plasmodesmata (PD) are thought to play a fundamental role in almost every aspect of plant life, including normal growth, physiology, and developmental responses...
  95. pmc Intracellular targeting of a hordeiviral membrane-spanning movement protein: sequence requirements and involvement of an unconventional mechanism
    Mikhail V Schepetilnikov
    Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Cordley Hall 2082, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Virol 82:1284-93. 2008
    ..TGBp3 is thought to direct other viral MPs and genomic RNA to peripheral bodies located in close proximity to plasmodesmata. We used the ectopic expression of green fluorescent protein-fused TGBp3 in epidermal cells of Nicotiana ..
  96. ncbi Plant viruses spread by diffusion on ER-associated movement-protein-rafts through plasmodesmata gated by viral induced host beta-1,3-glucanases
    Bernard L Epel
    Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Semin Cell Dev Biol 20:1074-81. 2009
    Plant viruses spread cell-to-cell by exploiting and modifying plasmodesmata, coaxial membranous channels that cross cell walls and interlink the cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum and plasma-membranes of contiguous cells...
  97. ncbi Plasmodesmata: structure, function and biogenesis
    Andrew J Maule
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 11:680-6. 2008
    b>Plasmodesmata remain one of the outstanding mysteries in plant biology. In providing conduits for the exchange of small and large, informational molecules they are central to the growth, development and defence of all higher plants...
  98. ncbi Plasmodesmata as a supracellular control network in plants
    William J Lucas
    Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 5:712-26. 2004
    ..b>Plasmodesmata, the intercellular organelles of the plant kingdom, establish an effective pathway for local and long-distance ..
  99. ncbi Dynamics of plasmodesmal connectivity in successive interfaces of the cambial zone
    Katrin Ehlers
    Institute of General Botany, Justus Liebig University, Senckenbergstrasse 17, 35390 Giessen, Germany
    Planta 231:371-85. 2010
    Frequency, density and branching of plasmodesmata were counted in successive tangential and transverse walls in the cambial zone of tomato stems in order to examine development of the plasmodesmal network in a chronological order...
  100. pmc Subdomains for transport via plasmodesmata corresponding to the apical-basal axis are established during Arabidopsis embryogenesis
    Insoon Kim
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, 111 Koshland Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:11945-50. 2005
    ..Here we demonstrate that another pathway, cell-to-cell communication through plasmodesmata (PD), is regulated during apical-basal pattern formation...
  101. ncbi Development of a quantitative tool for measuring changes in the coefficient of conductivity of plasmodesmata induced by developmental, biotic, and abiotic signals
    O Liarzi
    Department of Plant Sciences, George S Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Protoplasma 225:67-76. 2005
    ..In plants, symplasmic cell-to-cell communication is provided by plasmodesmata (Pd), coaxial membranous tunnels that span cell walls interconnecting adjacent cytoplasms...

Research Grants12

  1. ANALYSIS OF CELL-CELL CONTACT SITES IN ARABIDOPSIS
    David Ehrhardt; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The cell-type and subcellular localization patterns are consistent with the cell-cell channels called plasmodesmata, organelles for which there is very little molecular or genetic information...
  2. Analyses of two RNA helicases that affect intercellular transport via plasmodesma
    Patricia C Zambryski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    b>Plasmodesmata (PD) are membrane-lined channels that span the plant cell wall, linking the cytoplasm between adjacent plant cells...
  3. Control of Macromolecular Traffic Through Plasmodesmata
    VITALY H CITOVSKY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These connections, termed tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) in mammals and plasmodesmata (Pd) in plants, are subverted by invading pathogens for their movement between the host cells...
  4. Synaptotagmin A and C in virus movement and plant development
    Asako Uchiyama; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..that SYTA regulates plant virus cell-to-cell movement, and plant cell macromolecular trafficking, through, plasmodesmata via an endocytic recapture pathway...
  5. REGULATION OF PROTEIN TOBACCO MOSAIC VIRUS RNA COMPLEXES
    Vitaly Citovsky; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..to form complexes with the genomic TMV RNA and target them to and through plant intercellular connections, the plasmodesmata. Thus, these complexes represent a pool of viral RNA molecules destined for cell-to-cell transport and ..
  6. "Analyses of two genes that affect plasmodesmata structure and function"
    Patricia Zambryski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    b>Plasmodesmata (PD) are membrane-lined channels that span the plant cell wall, linking the cytoplasm between adjacent plant cells...
  7. Synaptotagmin function in virus movement and plant development
    Sondra G Lazarowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Plant virus movement proteins transport viral genomes across the cell wall by altering plasmodesmata, transwall pores that connect adjacent plant cells...
  8. Characterization of a virus-activated RNA-induced silencing complex(RISC)
    HERMAN SCHOLTHOF; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Second, since virus infections produce high amounts of small RNAs (i.e. siRNAs); they represent useful model systems towards improving new strategies for therapeutic administration of high dosages of siRNAs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Chromatin remodeling in Arabidopsis development
    Jennifer Pfluger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus, Arabidopsis is an advantageous model system to enable the study of ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes throughout development. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Receptor-mediated signaling regulating stem cell fate
    Steven Clark; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of these experiments will provide major steps forward in understanding these key developmental processes. ..
  11. Intracellular targeting of RNAs in virus infection
    Roger Beachy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..As the system being used involves a virus model system, the knowledge gained by this research may lead to novel therapies and transgenic approaches to control virus replication and disease. ..