flowering tops

Summary

Summary: Tops of plants when in flower, including the stems, leaves and blooms.

Top Publications

  1. Kojima S, Takahashi Y, Kobayashi Y, Monna L, Sasaki T, Araki T, et al. Hd3a, a rice ortholog of the Arabidopsis FT gene, promotes transition to flowering downstream of Hd1 under short-day conditions. Plant Cell Physiol. 2002;43:1096-105 pubmed
    ....
  2. Razavi S, Nejad Ebrahimi S. Chemical composition, allelopatic and cytotoxic effects of essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of Crambe orientalis L. from Iran. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:1492-8 pubmed publisher
    Crambe orientalis L. (Brassicaceae), a perennial herb, is indigenous to Iran. The essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of the plant were evaluated by GC-MS. Our results showed that while 2-methyl-5-hexenitrile (19...
  3. Fleischer T, Ameade E, Sawer I. Antimicrobial activity of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum. Fitoterapia. 2003;74:130-2 pubmed
    The ethanolic extracts of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum showed varying degrees of activity against a wide range of pathogenic bacteria...
  4. Babb S, Muehlbauer G. Genetic and morphological characterization of the barley uniculm2 (cul2) mutant. Theor Appl Genet. 2003;106:846-57 pubmed
    ..Finally, to facilitate future positionally cloning of cul2, we positioned cul2 on chromosome 6(6H) of the barley RFLP map...
  5. Afifi F, Aburjai T. Antiplatelet activity of Varthemia iphionoides. Fitoterapia. 2004;75:629-33 pubmed
    ..Volatile oil and the alcoholic extract did not exhibit any anti-platelet activity. Structures of the isolated compounds (1)-(4) were determined by spectroscopic methods (UV, IR, MS, (1)H-NMR). ..
  6. Wade M, McCauley D. Paternal leakage sustains the cytoplasmic polymorphism underlying gynodioecy but remains invasible by nuclear restorers. Am Nat. 2005;166:592-602 pubmed
    ..Paternal leakage enhances the stability of joint cytonuclear polymorphism by reducing the chance that a CMS allele is lost by drift. ..
  7. Lu X, He Y, Chen M, Tian S, Bai S. Daylength responses of various morphogenetic events after panicle initiation in late japonica rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica). Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2008;10:365-73 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings lay a foundation for future investigations into how potentially common photoperiodic signalling system(s) are integrated with diversified developmental events. In addition, we discussed the essential nature of PGMS rice. ..
  8. Spring O, Zipper R, Conrad J, Vogler B, Klaiber I, da Costa F. Sesquiterpene lactones from glandular trichomes of Viguiera radula (Heliantheae; Asteraceae). Phytochemistry. 2003;62:1185-9 pubmed
    ..All compounds were detected in glandular trichomes, which were micromechanically collected from the anther appendages and analyzed by HPLC. Structure identification was performed by NMR and MS techniques. ..
  9. Patil S, Dayanand A. Optimization of process for the production of fungal pectinases from deseeded sunflower head in submerged and solid-state conditions. Bioresour Technol. 2006;97:2340-4 pubmed
    ..Under optimum conditions, maximum production of exo-pectinase was 34.2U/g in SSF and endo-pectinase was 12.6U/ml in SmF. ..
  10. Shitsukawa N, Takagishi A, Ikari C, Takumi S, Murai K. WFL, a wheat FLORICAULA/LEAFY ortholog, is associated with spikelet formation as lateral branch of the inflorescence meristem. Genes Genet Syst. 2006;81:13-20 pubmed
    ..As development of floret proceeds, the WFL transcripts were detectable in the developing palea, but not in other floral organs, suggesting that WFL may play a novel role in developing palea in the wheat floret. ..

Detail Information

Publications97

  1. Kojima S, Takahashi Y, Kobayashi Y, Monna L, Sasaki T, Araki T, et al. Hd3a, a rice ortholog of the Arabidopsis FT gene, promotes transition to flowering downstream of Hd1 under short-day conditions. Plant Cell Physiol. 2002;43:1096-105 pubmed
    ....
  2. Razavi S, Nejad Ebrahimi S. Chemical composition, allelopatic and cytotoxic effects of essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of Crambe orientalis L. from Iran. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:1492-8 pubmed publisher
    Crambe orientalis L. (Brassicaceae), a perennial herb, is indigenous to Iran. The essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of the plant were evaluated by GC-MS. Our results showed that while 2-methyl-5-hexenitrile (19...
  3. Fleischer T, Ameade E, Sawer I. Antimicrobial activity of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum. Fitoterapia. 2003;74:130-2 pubmed
    The ethanolic extracts of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum showed varying degrees of activity against a wide range of pathogenic bacteria...
  4. Babb S, Muehlbauer G. Genetic and morphological characterization of the barley uniculm2 (cul2) mutant. Theor Appl Genet. 2003;106:846-57 pubmed
    ..Finally, to facilitate future positionally cloning of cul2, we positioned cul2 on chromosome 6(6H) of the barley RFLP map...
  5. Afifi F, Aburjai T. Antiplatelet activity of Varthemia iphionoides. Fitoterapia. 2004;75:629-33 pubmed
    ..Volatile oil and the alcoholic extract did not exhibit any anti-platelet activity. Structures of the isolated compounds (1)-(4) were determined by spectroscopic methods (UV, IR, MS, (1)H-NMR). ..
  6. Wade M, McCauley D. Paternal leakage sustains the cytoplasmic polymorphism underlying gynodioecy but remains invasible by nuclear restorers. Am Nat. 2005;166:592-602 pubmed
    ..Paternal leakage enhances the stability of joint cytonuclear polymorphism by reducing the chance that a CMS allele is lost by drift. ..
  7. Lu X, He Y, Chen M, Tian S, Bai S. Daylength responses of various morphogenetic events after panicle initiation in late japonica rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica). Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2008;10:365-73 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings lay a foundation for future investigations into how potentially common photoperiodic signalling system(s) are integrated with diversified developmental events. In addition, we discussed the essential nature of PGMS rice. ..
  8. Spring O, Zipper R, Conrad J, Vogler B, Klaiber I, da Costa F. Sesquiterpene lactones from glandular trichomes of Viguiera radula (Heliantheae; Asteraceae). Phytochemistry. 2003;62:1185-9 pubmed
    ..All compounds were detected in glandular trichomes, which were micromechanically collected from the anther appendages and analyzed by HPLC. Structure identification was performed by NMR and MS techniques. ..
  9. Patil S, Dayanand A. Optimization of process for the production of fungal pectinases from deseeded sunflower head in submerged and solid-state conditions. Bioresour Technol. 2006;97:2340-4 pubmed
    ..Under optimum conditions, maximum production of exo-pectinase was 34.2U/g in SSF and endo-pectinase was 12.6U/ml in SmF. ..
  10. Shitsukawa N, Takagishi A, Ikari C, Takumi S, Murai K. WFL, a wheat FLORICAULA/LEAFY ortholog, is associated with spikelet formation as lateral branch of the inflorescence meristem. Genes Genet Syst. 2006;81:13-20 pubmed
    ..As development of floret proceeds, the WFL transcripts were detectable in the developing palea, but not in other floral organs, suggesting that WFL may play a novel role in developing palea in the wheat floret. ..
  11. Dong C, Hu X, Tang W, Zheng X, Kim Y, Lee B, et al. A putative Arabidopsis nucleoporin, AtNUP160, is critical for RNA export and required for plant tolerance to cold stress. Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26:9533-43 pubmed
    ..Our study suggests that Arabidopsis AtNUP160 is critical for the nucleocytoplasmic transport of mRNAs and that it plays important roles in plant growth and flowering time regulation and is required for cold stress tolerance. ..
  12. Matsunaga S. Sex chromosome-linked genes in plants. Genes Genet Syst. 2006;81:219-26 pubmed
    ..However, more detailed studies will be required to help explain the basis for the fact that heteromorphic sex chromosomes in angiosperms are large. ..
  13. Toma C, Ollivier E, Delmas F, DiGiorgio C, Balansard G. [Anti-leishmaniasis activity of some extracts isolated from Nigella damascena (Ranunculaceae)]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2007;111:285-9 pubmed
    ..In these countries the seeds are venerated by all the Muslim people and thus they are quoted in the Koran for their therapeutic effects...
  14. McSteen P, Malcomber S, Skirpan A, Lunde C, Wu X, Kellogg E, et al. barren inflorescence2 Encodes a co-ortholog of the PINOID serine/threonine kinase and is required for organogenesis during inflorescence and vegetative development in maize. Plant Physiol. 2007;144:1000-11 pubmed
    ..We provide further support that bif2, and by analogy PID, is required for initiation of both axillary meristems and lateral primordia. ..
  15. Penin A, Chub V, Ezhova T. [The principles of data formalization for building the genetic-morphological model of shoot development in flowering plants]. Ontogenez. 2002;33:421-8 pubmed
    ..Each variant of the module structure corresponds to specific pattern of genes activity. Such integration of the data on genetic and structural aspects of morphogenesis can form a basis for mathematical modeling of plant development. ..
  16. Ochogavía A, Seijo J, Gonzalez A, Podio M, Duarte Silveira E, Machado Lacerda A, et al. Characterization of retrotransposon sequences expressed in inflorescences of apomictic and sexual Paspalum notatum plants. Sex Plant Reprod. 2011;24:231-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that these elements could be participating in regulatory pathways related to apomixis and sexuality...
  17. Yang J, Zhang J, Wang Z, Liu K, Wang P. Post-anthesis development of inferior and superior spikelets in rice in relation to abscisic acid and ethylene. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:149-60 pubmed
    ..A higher ratio of ABA to ethylene in rice spikelets is required to maintain a faster grain-filling rate. ..
  18. Dirlewanger E, Quero García J, Le Dantec L, Lambert P, Ruiz D, Dondini L, et al. Comparison of the genetic determinism of two key phenological traits, flowering and maturity dates, in three Prunus species: peach, apricot and sweet cherry. Heredity (Edinb). 2012;109:280-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide a basis for the identification of genes involved in flowering and maturity dates that could be used to develop cultivar ideotypes adapted to future climatic conditions...
  19. Vrijdaghs A, Goetghebeur P, Muasya A, Caris P, Smets E. Floral ontogeny in ficinia and isolepis (cyperaceae), with focus on the nature and origin of the gynophore. Ann Bot. 2005;96:1247-64 pubmed
    ..The gynophore in Ficinia originates as a hypogynous stalk, from which the typical gynophore lobes develop. The gynophore is not homologous with the perianth. ..
  20. Luo R, YAO X, Liu X, Zhang Y, Ying X. Evaluation of the Nitric Oxide and Nitrite Scavenging Capability, N-Nitrosamine Formation Inhibitory Activity, and Optimization of Ultrasound-Assisted Aqueous Two-Phase System Extraction of Total Saponins from Coreopsis tinctoria Flowering Tops by Re. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    Coreopsis tinctoria flowering tops (CTFs) is a popular health product as herbal tea or as a traditional medicinal herb that is rich in saponins and exerts substantial biological activity...
  21. Leipner J, Jompuk C, Camp K, Stamp P, Fracheboud Y. QTL studies reveal little relevance of chilling-related seedling traits for yield in maize. Theor Appl Genet. 2008;116:555-62 pubmed publisher
    ..However, a high chilling tolerance of the seedling seemingly had an insignificant or small negative effect on the yield. ..
  22. Rueda E, Dezar C, Gonzalez D, Chan R. Hahb-10, a sunflower homeobox-leucine zipper gene, is regulated by light quality and quantity, and promotes early flowering when expressed in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Physiol. 2005;46:1954-63 pubmed
    ..We propose that Hahb-10 functions in a signalling cascade(s) that control(s) plant responses to light quality and quantity, and may also be involved in gibberellin transduction pathways. ..
  23. Kawakami A, Yoshida M, Van den Ende W. Molecular cloning and functional analysis of a novel 6&1-FEH from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) preferentially degrading small graminans like bifurcose. Gene. 2005;358:93-101 pubmed publisher
    ..The results strongly suggest that this unique FEH might play an important role in the degradation of branched, low DP wheat graminan (like bifurcose) in wheat crowns in the high fructan content season...
  24. Zapata P, Tucker G, Valero D, Serrano M. Quality parameters and antioxidant properties in organic and conventionally grown broccoli after pre-storage hot water treatment. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:1140-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, organic broccoli maintained higher concentrations of bioactive compounds (ascorbic acid and phenolics) and antioxidant potential during storage than conventional broccoli, with higher potential health beneficial effects. ..
  25. Wardlaw I. Interaction between drought and chronic high temperature during kernel filling in wheat in a controlled environment. Ann Bot. 2002;90:469-76 pubmed
    ....
  26. Li H, Wang T, Shi Y, Fu J, Song Y, Wang G, et al. Isolation and characterization of induced genes under drought stress at the flowering stage in maize (Zea mays). DNA Seq. 2007;18:445-60 pubmed
    ..The present work provided a valuable starting point for further elucidation of the roles played by these genes/gene products in drought tolerance in maize. ..
  27. Locatelli A, Federizzi L, Milach S, Wight C, Molnar S, Chapados J, et al. Loci affecting flowering time in oat under short-day conditions. Genome. 2006;49:1528-38 pubmed
    ....
  28. Kouzi S, Nuzum D. Arnica for bruising and swelling. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2007;64:2434-43 pubmed
  29. Yan C, Zhou J, Yan S, Chen F, Yeboah M, Tang S, et al. Identification and characterization of a major QTL responsible for erect panicle trait in japonica rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2007;115:1093-100 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrated that H90 could be used for marker-aided selection for the PE trait in breeding and in the cloning of qPE9-1. ..
  30. Murchie E, Yang J, Hubbart S, Horton P, Peng S. Are there associations between grain-filling rate and photosynthesis in the flag leaves of field-grown rice?. J Exp Bot. 2002;53:2217-24 pubmed
    ..Hence in these field experiments Rubisco accumulated to a level in excess of photosynthetic requirements, serving as a store of nitrogen for grain filling. ..
  31. van der Fels Klerx H, Olesen J, Madsen M, Goedhart P. Climate change increases deoxynivalenol contamination of wheat in north-western Europe. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012;29:1593-604 pubmed publisher
    ..Using predictive models on a more local scale could be helpful to assist other monitoring measures to safeguard food safety in the wheat supply chain. ..
  32. Chen Y, Guo Q, Zhu Z, Zhang L. Changes in bioactive components related to the harvest time from the spicas of Prunella vulgaris. Pharm Biol. 2012;50:1118-22 pubmed publisher
    ..vulgaris has been used as traditional medicine in China for over a hundred years. To our best knowledge, no study has been conducted to determine the influence of harvesting time on concentrations of bioactive compounds of P. vulgaris...
  33. Doust A. Architectural evolution and its implications for domestication in grasses. Ann Bot. 2007;100:941-50 pubmed
    ..Increasingly, exploring the phylogenetic context of the crop grasses will suggest new ways to identify and create combinations of morphological traits that will best suit our future needs. ..
  34. Kanrar S, Onguka O, Smith H. Arabidopsis inflorescence architecture requires the activities of KNOX-BELL homeodomain heterodimers. Planta. 2006;224:1163-73 pubmed
    ....
  35. Trombetta D, Occhiuto F, Perri D, Puglia C, Santagati N, De Pasquale A, et al. Antiallergic and antihistaminic effect of two extracts of Capparis spinosa L. flowering buds. Phytother Res. 2005;19:29-33 pubmed
    ..The different mechanisms of action of CAP-H and CAP-C may be related to a difference in the extraction procedure and, thus, in their qualitative[sol ]quantitative chemical profile...
  36. Smith H, Campbell B, Hake S. Competence to respond to floral inductive signals requires the homeobox genes PENNYWISE and POUND-FOOLISH. Curr Biol. 2004;14:812-7 pubmed
    ..These studies establish a link between the competence to receive floral inductive signals and restructuring of the SAM during floral evocation. ..
  37. Ping Y, Yu T, Liu Y, Zhu Y. [Genomic context of nucleus influences mitochondrial gene expression of HL-type rice]. Yi Chuan. 2004;26:186-8 pubmed
    ..Many different fragments are obtained from hybrids, but not from sterile line or remainder line. According to the results, it is concluded that there are extensive effects of nuclear background on mitochondrial gene expression. ..
  38. Juteau F, Jerkovic I, Masotti V, Milos M, Mastelic J, Bessiere J, et al. Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium from Croatia and France. Planta Med. 2003;69:158-61 pubmed
    ..As they contain no thujone, antimicrobial screening was performed on samples of French origin and showed that A. absinthium oil inhibited the growth of both tested yeasts (Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. chevalieri). ..
  39. Sawa M, Kay S. [Molecular mechanism by which plant determines flowering timing with circadian clock]. Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso. 2008;53:739-46 pubmed
  40. Darbah J, Kubiske M, Nelson N, Oksanen E, Vapaavuori E, Karnosky D. Effects of decadal exposure to interacting elevated CO2 and/or O3 on paper birch (Betula papyrifera) reproduction. Environ Pollut. 2008;155:446-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The evidence from this study indicates that elevated CO(2) may have a largely positive impact on forest tree reproduction and regeneration while elevated O(3) will likely have a negative impact...
  41. Ren M, Chen Q, Li L, Zhang R, Guo S. Functional analysis of a reproductive organ predominant expressing promoter in cotton plants. Sci China C Life Sci. 2005;48:452-9 pubmed
    ..The results showed that the arf1 promoter was a typical reproductive organ-specific promoter. Hopefully, the arf1 promoter can be a regulatory element for designing cotton reproductive organs with desired characteristics...
  42. Mathews S, Burleigh J, Donoghue M. Adaptive evolution in the photosensory domain of phytochrome A in early angiosperms. Mol Biol Evol. 2003;20:1087-97 pubmed
    ..The episode of selection occurred very early in the history of flowering plants, suggesting that innovation in phyA may have given the first angiosperms some adaptive advantage...
  43. Maurel K, Sakr S, Gerbe F, Guilliot A, Bonhomme M, Rageau R, et al. Sorbitol uptake is regulated by glucose through the hexokinase pathway in vegetative peach-tree buds. J Exp Bot. 2004;55:879-88 pubmed
    ..These results represent the first steps towards a better understanding of polyol transport control in plants...
  44. Vacher C, Kossler T, Hochberg M, Weis A. Impact of interspecific hybridization between crops and weedy relatives on the evolution of flowering time in weedy phenotypes. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e14649 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to gain insight into the impact of interspecific hybridization between transgenic plants and weedy relatives on the evolution of the weedy phenotype...
  45. Prado B, Rabanal R, Sánchez Mateo C. Evaluation of the central properties of several Hypericum species from the Canary Islands. Phytother Res. 2002;16:740-4 pubmed
    ..The observations suggest that the infusions of these Hypericum species possess antidepressant activity in mice, without inducing muscle relaxation, anticholinergic and sedative properties...
  46. Wu J, Yang X, Wang H, Li H, Li L, Li X, et al. The introgression of chromosome 6P specifying for increased numbers of florets and kernels from Agropyron cristatum into wheat. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;114:13-20 pubmed
    ..The increased number of florets and kernels within a spike of the wheat-A. cristatum hybrids thus was controlled by gene(s) located on A. cristatum chromosome 6P...
  47. Hamburger M, Adler S, Baumann D, Förg A, Weinreich B. Preparative purification of the major anti-inflammatory triterpenoid esters from Marigold (Calendula officinalis). Fitoterapia. 2003;74:328-38 pubmed
    ..During the work-up of the faradiol esters, accompanying minor compounds of the triterpene ester fraction were purified and identified by spectroscopic means as maniladiol 3-O-laurate and myristate...
  48. Olesen J, Børgesen C, Elsgaard L, Palosuo T, Rötter R, Skjelvåg A, et al. Changes in time of sowing, flowering and maturity of cereals in Europe under climate change. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012;29:1527-42 pubmed publisher
    ..There were considerable differences in predicted timing of sowing, flowering and maturity between the two climate model projections applied...
  49. Soltis D, Bell C, Kim S, Soltis P. Origin and early evolution of angiosperms. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1133:3-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Variation in spatial expression of floral regulators may control major differences in floral morphology between basal angiosperms and eudicot models...
  50. Nakabayashi I, Karahara I, Tamaoki D, Masuda K, Wakasugi T, Yamada K, et al. Hypergravity stimulus enhances primary xylem development and decreases mechanical properties of secondary cell walls in inflorescence stems of Arabidopsis thaliana. Ann Bot. 2006;97:1083-90 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to examine effects of hypergravity stimulus on morphology and development of primary xylem vessels and on mechanical properties of isolated secondary wall preparations in inflorescence stems of arabidopsis...
  51. Vujanovic V, Hamel C, Yergeau E, St Arnaud M. Biodiversity and biogeography of Fusarium species from northeastern North American asparagus fields based on microbiological and molecular approaches. Microb Ecol. 2006;51:242-55 pubmed
    ..proliferatum in asparagus fields is proposed. Intraspecific molecular differences in F. proliferatum and F. oxysporum were detected in the EF-1 alpha sequences and compared with well-characterized strains of North America...
  52. Hennig L, Taranto P, Walser M, Schonrock N, Gruissem W. Arabidopsis MSI1 is required for epigenetic maintenance of reproductive development. Development. 2003;130:2555-65 pubmed
    ..Efficient formation of heterochromatin, but not methylation of centromeric DNA repeats, depends on AtMSI1 presence demonstrating a key role of AtMSI1 in maintenance of chromatin structure...
  53. Horvath D, Anderson J, Chao W, Foley M. Knowing when to grow: signals regulating bud dormancy. Trends Plant Sci. 2003;8:534-40 pubmed
    ..Epigenetic-like regulation of endodormancy suggests a possible role for chromatin remodeling similar to that known for the vernalization responses during flowering...
  54. Capasso R, Borrelli F, Aviello G, Capasso F, Izzo A. Inhibitory effect of the herbal antidepressant St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) on rat gastric motility. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2008;376:407-14 pubmed publisher
    ..interactions, in the present study we evaluated the effect of a standardized extract prepared from the flowering tops of Hypericum perforatum (SJW extract) on rat gastric motility...
  55. Xu F, Chen X, Yang Z, Jin P, Wang K, Shang H, et al. Maintaining quality and bioactive compounds of broccoli by combined treatment with 1-methylcyclopropene and 6-benzylaminopurine. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:1156-61 pubmed publisher
    ....
  56. Azhaguvel P, Komatsuda T. A phylogenetic analysis based on nucleotide sequence of a marker linked to the brittle rachis locus indicates a diphyletic origin of barley. Ann Bot. 2007;100:1009-15 pubmed
    ..Barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare) cultivation started between 9500 and 8400 years ago, and was a major part of ancient agriculture in the Near East. The brittle rachis is a critical trait in the domestication process...
  57. Aydin S, Dagli A, Ozkan Y, Kendir Y, Sahin I, Aksoy A, et al. Immunohistochemical and quantitative analysis of ghrelin in Syzygium aromaticum. Cell Biol Int. 2011;35:437-41 pubmed publisher
    ..persica. The evolutionary role of this peptide hormone in plants and animals suggests that they have evolved in a more similar way than previously thought...
  58. Fernandez L, Le Cunff L, Tello J, Lacombe T, Boursiquot J, Fournier Level A, et al. Haplotype diversity of VvTFL1A gene and association with cluster traits in grapevine (V. vinifera). BMC Plant Biol. 2014;14:209 pubmed publisher
    ..subsp. vinifera) its nucleotide diversity was characterized and association analyses among detected sequence polymorphisms and phenology and cluster traits was carried out...
  59. Ohsako T, Yamane K, Ohnishi O. Two new Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species, F. gracilipedoides and F. jinshaense from Yunnan, China. Genes Genet Syst. 2002;77:399-408 pubmed
    ..gilesii. In the clade of F. capillatum, F. gracilipes, F. gracilipedoides and F. rubifolium, the breakdown of self-incompatibility accompanying genome duplication seems to have occurred twice independently...
  60. Baranska M, Schulz H, Rosch P, Strehle M, Popp J. Identification of secondary metabolites in medicinal and spice plants by NIR-FT-Raman microspectroscopic mapping. Analyst. 2004;129:926-30 pubmed
    ..Due to the intense curcumin bands in the Raman spectrum of curcuma root, the distribution of this dyeing substance can be clearly determined; highest concentration of curcumin was observed on the core of the root...
  61. Rebocho A, Bliek M, Kusters E, Castel R, Procissi A, Roobeek I, et al. Role of EVERGREEN in the development of the cymose petunia inflorescence. Dev Cell. 2008;15:437-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest a key role for EVG in the diversification of inflorescence architectures and reveal an unanticipated link between the proliferation and identity of meristems...
  62. Guedon Y, Heuret P, Costes E. Comparison methods for branching and axillary flowering sequences. J Theor Biol. 2003;225:301-25 pubmed
    ..The proposed approach is illustrated by examples corresponding to different plant species and different biological or agronomic objectives...
  63. Tamaki S, Shimamoto K. [Florigen in rice]. Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso. 2007;52:1884-9 pubmed
  64. Shinada K, Tagashira M, Watanabe H, Sopapornamorn P, Kanayama A, Kanda T, et al. Hop bract polyphenols reduced three-day dental plaque regrowth. J Dent Res. 2007;86:848-51 pubmed
    ..05). These findings suggested that HBP, delivered in a mouthrinse, successfully reduced dental plaque regrowth in humans...
  65. Sekiya M, Kashiwada Y, Nabekura T, Kitagawa S, Yamagishi T, Yokozawa T, et al. Effect of triterpenoids isolated from the floral spikes of Betula platyphylla var. japonica on P-glycoprotein function. Planta Med. 2007;73:1558-62 pubmed
    ..In addition, compounds 13 and 20 showed a weak inhibitory activity of P-gp ATPase. These results suggested that MDR reversing effects of compounds 13 and 20 are partly involved in inhibition of P-gp ATPase...
  66. Kim H, Lee J, Hwang H, Engelmann F. Cryopreservation of garlic germplasm collections using the droplet-vitrification technique. Cryo Letters. 2007;28:471-82 pubmed
    ..These findings will strongly facilitate the conservation and international exchange of Allium germplasm...
  67. Zhang H, Ransom C, Ludwig P, van Nocker S. Genetic analysis of early flowering mutants in Arabidopsis defines a class of pleiotropic developmental regulator required for expression of the flowering-time switch flowering locus C. Genetics. 2003;164:347-58 pubmed
    ..We suggest that VIP3 and other members of this gene class could represent a previously unrecognized flowering mechanism...
  68. Giorgi A, Madeo M, Speranza G, Cocucci M. Influence of environmental factors on composition of phenolic antioxidants of Achillea collina Becker ex Rchb. Nat Prod Res. 2010;24:1546-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Achillea collina can be considered as a very good source of bioactive phenolic compounds, and growing it at high altitude may constitute an effective way to significantly enhance its quality for both medicinal and nutritional uses...
  69. Chardon F, Virlon B, Moreau L, Falque M, Joets J, Decousset L, et al. Genetic architecture of flowering time in maize as inferred from quantitative trait loci meta-analysis and synteny conservation with the rice genome. Genetics. 2004;168:2169-85 pubmed
    ..Results suggest that the combination of meta-analysis within a species of interest and synteny-based projections from a related model plant can be an efficient strategy for identifying new candidate genes for trait variation...
  70. Bortiri E, Jackson D, Hake S. Advances in maize genomics: the emergence of positional cloning. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2006;9:164-71 pubmed
    ..In fact, a chromosomal walk is usually much faster than the more traditional method of gene isolation in maize by transposon tagging...
  71. Kuusk S, Sohlberg J, Long J, Fridborg I, Sundberg E. STY1 and STY2 promote the formation of apical tissues during Arabidopsis gynoecium development. Development. 2002;129:4707-17 pubmed
    ..STY1 and STY2 are members of a small gene family, and encode proteins with a RING finger-like motif. Double mutant analyses indicate that STY1 genetically interacts with SPATULA and possibly also with CRABS CLAW...
  72. Nostro A, Cannatelli M, Marino A, Picerno I, Pizzimenti F, Scoglio M, et al. Evaluation of antiherpesvirus-1 and genotoxic activities of Helichrysum italicum extract. New Microbiol. 2003;26:125-8 pubmed
    The antiherpes virus-1 and genotoxic activities of diethyl ether extract from flowering tops of Helichrysum italicum (Compositae) were investigated...
  73. Barazesh S, McSteen P. Hormonal control of grass inflorescence development. Trends Plant Sci. 2008;13:656-62 pubmed publisher
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    ..Stems and leaves produced only very small amounts of essential oil (< 0.05%). Besides monoterpenes, these oils contained also E-nerolidol (5-22%), spathulenol (up to 18%), dodecanal (up to 7.5%) and caryophyllene oxide (up to 7%)...
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    ..The higher grain yield of Minghui 63 homozygote as compared to the heterozygote suggested that Minghui 63 homozygote at qSPP7 in hybrid rice could further improve its yield...
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    ..Our data provide genetic evidence of a new developmental function of these conserved proteins and identify a new genetic mechanism in the regulation of flowering...
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    ..Results imply that insecticide applications during the preheading stage are likely ineffective and that monitoring efforts during the milk and soft dough stages of panicle development should be intensified...
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    ..Ethephon treatments significantly delayed flowering and have potential to be used in commercial production schemes of summer-to-autumn flowering chrysanthemum in outdoor conditions...
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    ..The directions of their additive effects were consistent, which explained the genetic basis of significant correlation of their phenotypic characters. All the information suggested parallel evolution relationship among these traits...
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    ..Additional results indicated that three Rh-ACSs genes were differentially associated with flower opening and senescence as well as wounding..
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    ..We propose that these changes in flowering time and branch architecture constitute a general developmental response to pathogen infection that may affect tolerance of and/or resistance to disease...
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    ....
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    ..This indicates that LFY and AP1 promote floral development not only by positively regulating genes activated in flower development, but also by repressing AGL24, a promoter of inflorescence fate...
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    ..Finally, the effect of operating conditions in different drying processes on the content of bioactive compounds in broccoli should be investigated in a greater depth...
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    ..Clustered by the PHRAP program, 967 contigs and 1,343 singlets were obtained. Blast search showed that 179 contigs and 227 singlets (totally 1,066 ESTs) had homologues in GenBank and 3,621 ESTs were novel...
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    ..One possibility may be to study the species distribution of fungal communities and their changes during the oats cultivation period in more detail...
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    ..The aim of the present study is to cover selected aspects of the cut-rose system using functional-structural plant modelling (FSPM), in order to better understand processes contributing to produce quality and quantity...
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    ..Our data reveal roles for AGL42, AGL71 and AGL72 in the floral transition, demonstrate their genetic interactions with SOC1 and suggest that their roles differ in the apical and axillary meristems...
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