doping in sports

Summary

Summary: Illegitimate use of drugs for a desired effect in competitive sports; includes humans and animals.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Self-admitted behavior and perceived use of performance-enhancing vs psychoactive drugs among competitive athletes
    M Uvacsek
    Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:224-34. 2011
  2. ncbi Effects of androgenic-anabolic steroids in athletes
    Fred Hartgens
    Department of Surgery, Outpatient Clinic Sports Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, and Sports Medicine Center Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Sports Med 34:513-54. 2004
  3. ncbi Bayesian detection of abnormal values in longitudinal biomarkers with an application to T/E ratio
    Pierre Edouard Sottas
    Swiss Laboratory for Doping Analyses, Universite de Lausanne, Chemin des Croisettes 22, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Biostatistics 8:285-96. 2007
  4. ncbi Doping test results dependent on genotype of uridine diphospho-glucuronosyl transferase 2B17, the major enzyme for testosterone glucuronidation
    Jenny Jakobsson Schulze
    Clinical Pharmacology C1 68, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:2500-6. 2008
  5. ncbi Doping in sport: a review of elite athletes' attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge
    Jaime Morente-Sánchez
    Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, c Carretera Alfacar s n, 18011, Granada, Spain
    Sports Med 43:395-411. 2013
  6. ncbi Annual banned-substance review: analytical approaches in human sports drug testing
    Mario Thevis
    Center for Preventive Doping Research Institute of Biochemistry, German Sport University Cologne, Germany
    Drug Test Anal 4:2-16. 2012
  7. ncbi Current implementation and future of the Athlete Biological Passport
    Pierre Edouard Sottas
    World Anti Doping Agency, Avenue de Rhodanie 54, 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Bioanalysis 4:1645-52. 2012
  8. ncbi Clenbuterol - regional food contamination a possible source for inadvertent doping in sports
    S Guddat
    Institute of Biochemistry and Center of Preventive Doping Research, German Sport University Cologne, Germany
    Drug Test Anal 4:534-8. 2012
  9. ncbi A novel method utilising markers of altered erythropoiesis for the detection of recombinant human erythropoietin abuse in athletes
    R Parisotto
    Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, P O Box 176, Belconnen ACT 2616, Australia
    Haematologica 85:564-72. 2000
  10. ncbi Marijuana as doping in sports
    Daniel R Campos
    Laboratory of Analytical Toxicology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, CEP 05508 900, Sao Paulo, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 580, B13B, Brazil
    Sports Med 33:395-9. 2003

Research Grants

  1. STUDENT ATHLETE DRUG SURVEILLANCE TRIAL
    Linn Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
  2. NEGLECT AND SPATIAL REPRESENTATIONS
    Anjan Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2002
  3. Assessment of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug Use
    Thomas Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2008
  4. Risk Factors for Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Abuse
    HARRISON POPE; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. ARRAY SCREENING FOR LESCH NYHAN DISEASE
    Theodore Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
  6. GENE TRANSFER TO THE VASCULAR ENDOTHELIUM
    Theodore Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2003
  7. GENETIC ABBERATIONS IN HPRT DEFICIENCY
    Theodore Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. Metabolism and Pharmacogenetics in MDMA-Induced Toxicity
    Rafael de la Torre; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. CONCEPTS AND LANGUAGE
    Anjan Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2006
  10. Neurosteroids and Smith-Lemli-Optiz Syndrome
    Cedric Shackleton; Fiscal Year: 2005

Detail Information

Publications244 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Self-admitted behavior and perceived use of performance-enhancing vs psychoactive drugs among competitive athletes
    M Uvacsek
    Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:224-34. 2011
    ..The reasons for elevated in-group projection are discussed, along with the potential application of this phenomenon in doping epidemiology studies...
  2. ncbi Effects of androgenic-anabolic steroids in athletes
    Fred Hartgens
    Department of Surgery, Outpatient Clinic Sports Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, and Sports Medicine Center Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Sports Med 34:513-54. 2004
    ..AAS-induced increment of muscle tissue can be attributed to hypertrophy and the formation of new muscle fibres, in which key roles are played by satellite cell number and ultrastructure, androgen receptors and myonuclei...
  3. ncbi Bayesian detection of abnormal values in longitudinal biomarkers with an application to T/E ratio
    Pierre Edouard Sottas
    Swiss Laboratory for Doping Analyses, Universite de Lausanne, Chemin des Croisettes 22, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Biostatistics 8:285-96. 2007
    ..Mild assumptions make the model interesting for other areas of forensic toxicology...
  4. ncbi Doping test results dependent on genotype of uridine diphospho-glucuronosyl transferase 2B17, the major enzyme for testosterone glucuronidation
    Jenny Jakobsson Schulze
    Clinical Pharmacology C1 68, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:2500-6. 2008
    ..The large variation in testosterone glucuronide (TG) excretion and its strong association with a deletion polymorphism in the uridine diphospho-glucuronosyl transferase (UGT) 2B17 gene challenge the accuracy of the T/E ratio test...
  5. ncbi Doping in sport: a review of elite athletes' attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge
    Jaime Morente-Sánchez
    Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, c Carretera Alfacar s n, 18011, Granada, Spain
    Sports Med 43:395-411. 2013
    ..Studies should also examine possible geographical and cultural differences in attitudes towards doping...
  6. ncbi Annual banned-substance review: analytical approaches in human sports drug testing
    Mario Thevis
    Center for Preventive Doping Research Institute of Biochemistry, German Sport University Cologne, Germany
    Drug Test Anal 4:2-16. 2012
    ..This review surveys new and/or enhanced procedures and techniques of doping analysis together with information relevant to doping controls that has been published in the literature between October 2010 and September 2011...
  7. ncbi Current implementation and future of the Athlete Biological Passport
    Pierre Edouard Sottas
    World Anti Doping Agency, Avenue de Rhodanie 54, 1007 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Bioanalysis 4:1645-52. 2012
    ..Recent advances in proteomics and metabolomics show the huge potential of the ABP...
  8. ncbi Clenbuterol - regional food contamination a possible source for inadvertent doping in sports
    S Guddat
    Institute of Biochemistry and Center of Preventive Doping Research, German Sport University Cologne, Germany
    Drug Test Anal 4:534-8. 2012
    ..1-8.8%), accuracy (89.5-102.5%) and mean recovery (81.4%). Clenbuterol was detectable in 22 (79%) of the analyzed samples, indicating a general food contamination problem despite an official clenbuterol prohibition in China for livestock...
  9. ncbi A novel method utilising markers of altered erythropoiesis for the detection of recombinant human erythropoietin abuse in athletes
    R Parisotto
    Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, P O Box 176, Belconnen ACT 2616, Australia
    Haematologica 85:564-72. 2000
    ..Existing tests cannot readily differentiate between exogenous and endogenous EPO. Therefore the aim of our study was to investigate possible indirect detection of r-HuEPO use via blood markers of altered erythropoiesis...
  10. ncbi Marijuana as doping in sports
    Daniel R Campos
    Laboratory of Analytical Toxicology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, CEP 05508 900, Sao Paulo, Av Prof Lineu Prestes 580, B13B, Brazil
    Sports Med 33:395-9. 2003
    ....
  11. ncbi The athlete biological passport
    Pierre Edouard Sottas
    Swiss Laboratory for Anti Doping Analyses, Chemin des Croisettes, 1066 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Clin Chem 57:969-76. 2011
    ..In elite sports, the growing availability of doping substances identical to those naturally produced by the human body seriously limits the ability of drug-testing regimes to ensure fairness and protection of health...
  12. ncbi Urinary excretion of exogenous glycerol administration at rest
    Karsten Koehler
    Institute of Biochemistry, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany
    Drug Test Anal 3:877-82. 2011
    ..Even though there were significant reductions in haemoglobin and haematocrit after 2.5 h, the plasma expansion by glycerol appeared rather marginal in comparison to placebo...
  13. ncbi Comparative analysis of substance use in ballet, dance sport, and synchronized swimming: results of a longitudinal study
    Natasa Zenic
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia
    Med Probl Perform Art 25:75-81. 2010
    ..In conclusion, a strong anti-doping campaign within the studied arts is suggested, focusing on the health-related problems of SU&M...
  14. ncbi Prevalence of blood doping in samples collected from elite track and field athletes
    Pierre Edouard Sottas
    Swiss Laboratory for Doping Analyses, Epalinges, Switzerland
    Clin Chem 57:762-9. 2011
    ..Since 2001, the international governing body for athletics has implemented a blood-testing program to detect altered hematological profiles in the world's top-level athletes...
  15. ncbi Analysis of non-hormonal nutritional supplements for anabolic-androgenic steroids - results of an international study
    H Geyer
    Institute of Biochemistry, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany
    Int J Sports Med 25:124-9. 2004
    ..01 micro g/g up to 190 micro g/g. The administration of supplements containing nandrolone prohormones adding up to a total uptake of more than 1 micro g resulted in positive doping results for norandrosterone for several hours...
  16. pmc Nutritional supplement practices in UK junior national track and field athletes
    A Nieper
    UK Athletics, Crystal Palace, Ledrington Road, Norwood, SE19 2BB, UK
    Br J Sports Med 39:645-9. 2005
    ..Information was sought on the prevalence and type of supplement used, the reasons for use, knowledge of supplements, and sources of information...
  17. ncbi Doping in fitness sports: estimated number of unreported cases and individual probability of doping
    Perikles Simon
    University of Tuebingen, Department of Sports Medicine, General Internal Medicine V, Tuebingen, Germany
    Addiction 101:1640-4. 2006
    ..In this study we applied an alternative interview technique to assess more accurately unreported cases of doping in fitness centres...
  18. ncbi Health and doping in elite-level cycling
    V Lentillon-Kaestner
    Institute of Sport Sciences of the University of Lausanne ISSUL, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences SSP, High Pedagogic School of Lausanne HEP VD, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 22:596-606. 2012
    ..There is a need to implement more effective preventive programs to change athletes' attitudes toward doping and its health risks...
  19. ncbi Randomized response estimates for doping and illicit drug use in elite athletes
    Heiko Striegel
    Medical Clinic, Department of Sports Medicine, University of Tubingen, Silcherstrasse 5, Tubingen, Germany
    Drug Alcohol Depend 106:230-2. 2010
    ..This can be attributed to the problem of implementing questionnaires and surveys to get reliable epidemiological estimates of deviant or illicit behaviour...
  20. pmc Methodological considerations regarding response bias effect in substance use research: is correlation between the measured variables sufficient?
    Andrea Petroczi
    Kingston University, Faculty of Science, School of Life Sciences, Penrhyn Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 2EE, UK
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 6:1. 2011
    ....
  21. pmc Long-term psychiatric and medical consequences of anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse: a looming public health concern?
    Gen Kanayama
    Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital Harvard Medical School, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 98:1-12. 2008
    ..The senior members of this population are now entering middle age; they represent the leading wave of a new type of aging former substance abusers, with specific medical and psychiatric risks...
  22. ncbi Doping use among young elite cyclists: a qualitative psychosociological approach
    V Lentillon-Kaestner
    Institute of Sport and Physical Education Sciences, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:336-45. 2010
    ..This study could help to improve prevention and help to detect doping, as it is clear that doping behaviors begin at the amateur level...
  23. ncbi Ergogenic aids: a review of basic science, performance, side effects, and status in sports
    John M Tokish
    US Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA
    Am J Sports Med 32:1543-53. 2004
    ..An understanding of these products is essential for the sports medicine practitioner to provide sound, safe advice to the athlete...
  24. ncbi High-sensitivity chemiluminescence immunoassays for detection of growth hormone doping in sports
    Martin Bidlingmaier
    Medizinische Klinik Innenstadt, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
    Clin Chem 55:445-53. 2009
    ..We developed and validated selective immunoassays for isoform analysis with potential utility for screening and confirmation in doping tests...
  25. pmc Drug use in English professional football
    I Waddington
    University College Chester, UK
    Br J Sports Med 39:e18; discussion e18. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi Popular ergogenic drugs and supplements in young athletes
    Ryan Calfee
    Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Pediatrics 117:e577-89. 2006
    ..This article summarizes the current literature regarding these ergogenic substances and details their use, effects, risks, and legal standing...
  27. ncbi Anabolic steroid use in weightlifters and bodybuilders: an internet survey of drug utilization
    Paul J Perry
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, and the College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1112, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 15:326-30. 2005
    ..Prior reports of anabolic steroid use suggest polypharmacy and high doses of injectable agents...
  28. ncbi Doping and supplementation: the attitudes of talented young athletes
    A J Bloodworth
    School of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 22:293-301. 2012
    ..The study offers an insight into young athletes' attitudes toward specific forms of performance enhancement, and the strength of their beliefs in the face of a tempting hypothetical scenario...
  29. ncbi Stability of hemoglobin mass during a 6-day UCI ProTour cycling race
    Laura A Garvican
    Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia
    Clin J Sport Med 20:200-4. 2010
    ....
  30. ncbi Analytical aspects in doping control: challenges and perspectives
    Flavia Badoud
    School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva and Lausanne, 20 Bd d Yvoy, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
    Forensic Sci Int 213:49-61. 2011
    ..Finally, indirect approaches will be discussed in the context of anti-doping, in which recent advances are aimed to examine the biological response of a doping agent in a holistic way...
  31. ncbi Pumping iron, risking infection? Exposure to hepatitis C, hepatitis B and HIV among anabolic-androgenic steroid injectors in Victoria, Australia
    Campbell Aitken
    The Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research, P O Box 254, Fairfield, 3078, Victoria, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 65:303-8. 2002
    ..To measure exposure to the hepatitis C and B viruses and HIV among Victorian steroid injectors and evaluate associations between exposure and risk behaviour, and report other characteristics of the study group...
  32. ncbi Comparison of different liquid chromatography stationary phases in LC-HRMS metabolomics for the detection of recombinant growth hormone doping control
    Fanny Boyard-Kieken
    Laboratoire des Courses Hippiques, Verrières le Buisson, France
    J Sep Sci 34:3493-501. 2011
    ..The chromatographic column the most adapted for the detection of new biomarkers of GH administration has been used to set up a relevant statistical model based on the analysis of more than hundred biological samples...
  33. ncbi Doping in sports in ancient and recent times
    Andrea A Conti
    Dipartimento di Area Critica Medico Chirurgica, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
    Med Secoli 22:181-90. 2010
    b>Doping in sports is the use of forbidden techniques and/or the assumption of prohibited substances by athletes in order to increase physical performances...
  34. ncbi Plasticizers excreted in urine: indication of autologous blood transfusion in sports
    Núria Monfort
    Bioanalysis Research Group, IMIM Hospital del Mar Research Institute, the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    Transfusion 52:647-57. 2012
    ..This study evaluates DEHP metabolites in urine for detecting autologous blood transfusion...
  35. ncbi Combating drug use in competitive sports. An analysis from the athletes' perspective
    H Striegel
    Medical Clinic and Policlinic, Department of Sports Medicine, University of Tuebingen, Tubingen, Germany
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 42:354-9. 2002
    ..Therefore, further improvement of anti-doping measures can only be achieved through the inclusion and active participation of the athletes themselves...
  36. ncbi Drugs in sport - the role of the physician
    R T Dawson
    Drugs In Sport Clinic and User s Support DISCUS, Adderstone House, Dene Road, Rowlands Gill, Tyne and Wear, NE39 1DU, UK
    J Endocrinol 170:55-61. 2001
    ..For the elite athlete, what price a gold medal that is tarnished by deceit? Its value then can only lie with the sponsors and politicians, for they can no longer claim to be sportsmen, only entertainers...
  37. pmc Accidental breaches of the doping regulations in sport: is there a need to improve the education of sportspeople?
    S J Somerville
    The John Kelso Practice, Park Medical Centre, Ball Hay Road, Leek ST13 6QR, UK
    Br J Sports Med 39:512-6; discussion 516. 2005
    ..To identify educational needs of elite sportspeople with respect to the doping laws...
  38. ncbi Detection of autologous blood doping with adaptively evaluated biomarkers of doping: a longitudinal blinded study
    Torben Pottgiesser
    Department of Sports Medicine and the Center for Transfusion Medicine, University Hospital of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Transfusion 51:1707-15. 2011
    ..The purpose therefore was to evaluate the performance of this adaptive model for the detection of autologous blood transfusions in a longitudinal blinded setting...
  39. ncbi Second-generation blood tests to detect erythropoietin abuse by athletes
    Christopher J Gore
    Australian Institute of Sport, Adelaide, SA 5022, Australia
    Haematologica 88:333-44. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to re-analyse our existing database to develop models with heightened sensitivity, using wherever possible blood parameters measurable with appropriate standards of analytical performance...
  40. ncbi The anti-doping hot-line, a means to capture the abuse of doping agents in the Swedish society and a new service function in clinical pharmacology
    Ann Charlotte Eklöf
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Huddinge University Hospital, 14185 Stockholm, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 59:571-7. 2003
    ..Abuse of doping agents appears to be a new public health problem that needs detection, medical care and prevention...
  41. ncbi Detection of EPO doping and blood doping: the haematological module of the Athlete Biological Passport
    Yorck Olaf Schumacher
    Med Universitaetsklinik Sports Medicine, Freiburg, Germany
    Drug Test Anal 4:846-53. 2012
    ....
  42. ncbi Prevalence of illicit drug use among the Italian athlete population with special attention on drugs of abuse: a 10-year review
    Sabina Strano Rossi
    Laboratorio Antidoping, Federazione Medico Sportiva Italiana, Rome, Italy
    J Sports Sci 29:471-6. 2011
    ..However, due to the particular population studied, it must be considered an underestimation of the phenomenon among elite athletes with respect to the general population...
  43. ncbi Detecting autologous blood transfusions: a comparison of three passport approaches and four blood markers
    J Mørkeberg
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:235-43. 2011
    ..Because autologous blood transfusions can be an acute practice with blood withdrawal and reinfusion within a few days, Hbmass seems to be the only option for revealing this practice...
  44. ncbi Gene doping in sports
    Mehmet Unal
    Department of Sport Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey
    Sports Med 34:357-62. 2004
    ..This paper reviews the current status of gene doping and candidate performance enhancement genes, and also the use of gene therapy in sports medicine and ethics of genetic enhancement...
  45. ncbi Growth hormone doping in sports: a critical review of use and detection strategies
    Gerhard P Baumann
    Partnership for Clean Competition, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80919, USA
    Endocr Rev 33:155-86. 2012
    ....
  46. ncbi A third generation approach to detect erythropoietin abuse in athletes
    Ken Sharpe
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Haematologica 91:356-63. 2006
    ..We investigated whether comparing an athlete's hematologic values against his or her own historical baseline rather than population-derived thresholds enhanced the ability to detect blood doping...
  47. ncbi Screening for recombinant human erythropoietin using [Hb], reticulocytes, the OFF(hr score), OFF(z score) and Hb(z score): status of the Blood Passport
    Andreas Bornø
    Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Rigshospitalet, Section 7652, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Eur J Appl Physiol 109:537-43. 2010
    ..However, 42% of our rHuEpo-injected subjects were not detected. It should be emphasised that the test frequency in real world anti-doping is far less than the present study, and hence the detection rate will be lower...
  48. ncbi Illicit drugs and cardiac arrhythmias in athletes
    Francesco Furlanello
    Arrhythmias and Electrophysiology Center, Department of Cardiology, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milan, Italy
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 14:487-94. 2007
    ....
  49. ncbi Substance use and misuse among professional ballet dancers
    Damir Sekulic
    University of Split, Split, Croatia
    Subst Use Misuse 45:1420-30. 2010
    ..Results suggest that there is evident need for more specific medical and/or psychological services in professional ballet. The study's limitations are noted...
  50. ncbi Beliefs and social norms about ephedra onset and perceived addiction among college male and female athletes
    Ronald J Peters
    Prairie View A and M University, Department of Health and Human Performance, Prairie View, Texas 77030, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:125-35. 2005
    ..Female athletes were more concerned with their appearance. These findings are important in determining the early extent to which addiction is self-identified...
  51. ncbi Philosophy on steroids: why the anti-doping position could use a little enhancement
    Brent M Kious
    UCLA Department of Philosophy, UCLA Medical Scientist Training Program, UCLA Center for Society and Genetics, 321 Dodd Hall, 405 Hilgard, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1451, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 29:213-34. 2008
    ..In this article, I review a number of arguments in support of that claim, but show that they are not conclusive, suggesting that we do not have good reasons for thinking that doping is wrong...
  52. ncbi Definition and outcome of a curriculum to prevent disordered eating and body-shaping drug use
    Diane L Elliot
    J Sch Health 76:67-73. 2006
    ..These findings illustrate the utility of a structured process to define curriculum content, and the program's positive results also confirm the sport team's potential as a vehicle to effectively deter health-harming behaviors...
  53. ncbi The use of dietary supplements and medications by Canadian athletes at the Atlanta and Sydney Olympic Games
    Shih Han Susan Huang
    University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ontario, Canada
    Clin J Sport Med 16:27-33. 2006
    ..To learn more about the prevalence of dietary supplement and medication use by Canadian athletes in the Olympic Games in Atlanta 1996 and Sydney 2000...
  54. pmc Use of beta2 agonists in sport: are the present criteria right?
    J Naranjo Orellana
    Centro Andaluz de Medicina del Deporte, Sevilla, Spain
    Br J Sports Med 40:363-6; discussion 366. 2006
    ..The regulations for doping control prohibit the use of beta2 agonist bronchodilators (salbutamol, salmeterol, formoterol, and terbutaline) unless the subject follows the procedure known as abbreviated therapeutic use exemption (ATUE)...
  55. pmc Virtue or pretense? Looking behind self-declared innocence in doping
    Andrea Petroczi
    School of Life Sciences, Kingston University London, Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e10457. 2010
    ....
  56. ncbi Analysis of anabolic steroids in human hair using LC-MS/MS
    Nawed Deshmukh
    School of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Kingston University, London, UK
    Steroids 75:710-4. 2010
    ..Owing to the wide detection window, this approach may also offer an alternative approach for out-of-competition testing...
  57. ncbi Adverse health effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids
    Jan van Amsterdam
    Laboratory for Health Protection Research GBO, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, P O Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 57:117-23. 2010
    ..Based on the scores for acute and chronic adverse health effects, the prevalence of use, social harm and criminality, AAS were ranked among 19 illicit drugs as a group of drugs with a relatively low harm...
  58. ncbi Predictors of the use of performance-enhancing substances by young athletes
    Claude Goulet
    Department of Physical Education, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
    Clin J Sport Med 20:243-8. 2010
    ..To document the use of performance-enhancing substances (PES) by young athletes and to identify associated factors...
  59. pmc The use of anabolic androgenic steroids and polypharmacy: a review of the literature
    Tonya Dodge
    Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 114:100-9. 2011
    ..A review of the literature was conducted to examine the relationship between the use of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use and the use of other drugs...
  60. ncbi Can we consider religiousness as a protective factor against doping behavior in sport?
    Jelena Rodek
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Split, Croatia
    J Relig Health 48:445-53. 2009
    ..Both of these findings should be extensively studied in future investigations...
  61. ncbi The steroids/sports supplements connection: pragmatism and sensation-seeking in the attitudes and behavior of JHS and HS students on Long Island
    C Roger Rees
    Dept of Health Studies, Physical Education, and Human Performance Science, Adelphi University, Garden City, New York 11530, USA
    J Drug Educ 38:329-49. 2008
    ....
  62. pmc A mediation analysis of the ATHENA intervention for female athletes: prevention of athletic-enhancing substance use and unhealthy weight loss behaviors
    Krista W Ranby
    Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 1104, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 34:1069-83. 2009
    ....
  63. ncbi Medicine and science in the fight against doping in sport
    D H Catlin
    Anti Doping Research Institute, 3873 Grand View Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90066, USA
    J Intern Med 264:99-114. 2008
    The fight against doping in sports commenced as a result of the death of a Danish cyclist during the Rome Olympic Games in 1960...
  64. ncbi Use of doping agents, particularly anabolic steroids, in sports and society
    Folke Sjöqvist
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet 371:1872-82. 2008
    ..The prevention of misuse of doping agents should include random doping analyses, medical follow-ups, pedagogic interventions, tougher legislation against possession of AAS, and longer disqualifications of athletes who use AAS...
  65. pmc Erythropoietin and blood doping
    N Robinson
    Swiss Laboratory for Doping Analyses, Institute of Legal Medicine, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Br J Sports Med 40:i30-4. 2006
    To outline the direct and indirect approaches in the fight against blood doping in sports, the different strategies that have been used and are currently being used to fight efficiently against blood doping are presented and discussed.
  66. ncbi Medication use in athletes selected for doping control at the Sydney Olympics (2000)
    Brian Corrigan
    NSW Institute of Sport, Concord Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Clin J Sport Med 13:33-40. 2003
    ....
  67. ncbi Sports drug testing--an analyst's perspective
    Graham J Trout
    Australian Sports Drug Testing Laboratory, Australian Government Analytical Laboratories, Sydney, Australia
    Chem Soc Rev 33:1-13. 2004
    ..The contest between those who wish to cheat and those who wish to maintain fair play in sport is an ongoing one...
  68. ncbi Sport, health and drugs: a critical re-examination of some key issues and problems
    Dag Vidar Hanstad
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Perspect Public Health 129:174-82. 2009
    ..The paper concludes with an examination of some aspects of anti-doping policies within sport and it is suggested that a more imaginative approach to athlete education is needed to prevent the misuse of drugs...
  69. pmc Incongruence in doping related attitudes, beliefs and opinions in the context of discordant behavioural data: in which measure do we trust?
    Andrea Petroczi
    School of Life Sciences, Kingston University London, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e18804. 2011
    ..Social psychology research on doping and outcome based evaluation of primary anti-doping prevention and intervention programmes have been dominated by self-reports. Having confidence in the validity and reliability of such data is vital...
  70. ncbi Qualitative evidence of a primary intervention point for elite athlete doping
    Jason Mazanov
    School of Business, Northcott Drive, Canberra ACT 2600, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 14:106-10. 2011
    ..The second is to delay access to financial sponsorship (beyond living expenses) until retirement, with monetary gains (e.g. prize money) deposited into an account where penalties are debited if the athlete is caught doping...
  71. ncbi Towards an empirical model of performance enhancing supplement use: a pilot study among high performance UK athletes
    J Mazanov
    School of Business, University of New South Wales, ACT, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 11:185-90. 2008
    ..The relationship between knowledge of testing procedures and supplement use suggested further research is needed to see whether this is a positive or negative effect of detection-based doping deterrence activity...
  72. ncbi Predicting future anabolic-androgenic steroid use intentions with current substance use: findings from an internet-based survey
    Matthew Dunn
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia
    Clin J Sport Med 19:222-7. 2009
    ..To explore how current substance use, including the use of sports supplements and illicit drugs, may impact upon a person's future intentions to use anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS)...
  73. ncbi A longitudinal investigation of the Drive for Muscularity Scale: predicting use of performance enhancing substances and weightlifting among males
    Dana Litt
    The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, United States
    Body Image 5:346-51. 2008
    ..The MBI subscale failed to predict either changes in PES use or weightlifting behavior. Implications and directions for future research are discussed...
  74. ncbi Dietary supplementation of high-performance Canadian athletes by age and gender
    Kelly Anne Erdman
    Faculty of Kinesiology, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Clin J Sport Med 17:458-64. 2007
    ..To determine dietary supplementation practices and opinions, preferred means for dietary supplement (DS) education, and antidoping opinions among elite Canadian athletes varying in age and gender...
  75. pmc Potentially harmful advantage to athletes: a putative connection between UGT2B17 gene deletion polymorphism and renal disorders with prolonged use of anabolic androgenic steroids
    Nawed Deshmukh
    School of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Kingston University, London, UK
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 5:7. 2010
    ..This report postulates the association of deletion polymorphism in the UGT2B17 gene with the occurrence of renal disorders on chronic exposure to AAS...
  76. ncbi Substance use and misuse among Slovenian table tennis players
    Miran Kondric
    University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sport, Gortanova 11 Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Subst Use Misuse 45:543-53. 2010
    ..In conclusion, we strongly suggest permanent SU&M educational programs for table tennis athletes as well as for their coaches and physicians...
  77. ncbi Clean Olympians? Doping and anti-doping: the views of talented young British athletes
    Andrew Bloodworth
    Department of Philosophy, History and Law, School of Health Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, United Kingdom
    Int J Drug Policy 21:276-82. 2010
    ....
  78. ncbi Sport nutritional supplements: quality and doping controls
    C Ayotte
    INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Pointe-Claire, QC
    Can J Appl Physiol 26:S120-9. 2001
    ..The combination of the GC/MS and the GC/C/IRMS offers a powerful tool to discriminate between the natural and synthetic origin of the urinary steroids...
  79. ncbi Medication use by athletes during the Athens 2004 Paralympic Games
    C Tsitsimpikou
    Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece
    Br J Sports Med 43:1062-6. 2009
    ..To examine the use of food supplements and pharmaceutical preparations by elite Paralympic athletes...
  80. ncbi The use of drugs and nutritional supplements in top-level track and field athletes
    Philippe Tscholl
    Fédération Internationale de Football Association FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre F MARC, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Sports Med 38:133-40. 2010
    ..High use of medication and nutritional supplements has been reported in several sports...
  81. ncbi Social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users
    C H Wiefferink
    TNO Quality of Life, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Health Educ Res 23:70-80. 2008
    ..Preventive interventions should focus on influencing personal norms and social processes...
  82. ncbi General practitioners knowledge, practice and training requirements in relation to doping in sport
    C B Woods
    School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin 9
    Ir Med J 102:8-10. 2009
    ..There was overwhelming support for further training among GPs, although the most appropriate method of providing training is complex and requires strategic planning...
  83. ncbi Abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids and related substances in sport and exercise
    Michael S Bahrke
    Human Kinetics, 1607 North Market Street, Champaign, Illinois 61825 5076, USA
    Curr Opin Pharmacol 4:614-20. 2004
    ..However, research demonstrates that DHEA supplementation does not increase serum testosterone concentrations or increase strength in men, and may acutely increase testosterone levels in women, thus producing a virilizing effect...
  84. ncbi Outcomes of a prospective trial of student-athlete drug testing: the Student Athlete Testing Using Random Notification (SATURN) study
    Linn Goldberg
    Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland Oregon 97239 3098, USA
    J Adolesc Health 41:421-9. 2007
    ..To assess the effects of random drug and alcohol testing (DAT) among high school athletes...
  85. ncbi Philosophy on steroids: a reply
    Oskar MacGregor
    Department of Philosophy, History and Law in Healthcare, School of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA28PP, UK
    Theor Med Bioeth 31:401-10. 2010
    Brent Kious has recently attacked several arguments generally adduced to support anti-doping in sports, which are widely supported by the sports medicine fraternity, international sports federations, and international governments...
  86. ncbi [Doping in sports]
    F Pirnay

    Rev Med Liege 56:265-8. 2001
    ..The extreme viscosity of the blood leads to a risk of vascular thromboses and high blood pressure and accentuates greatly and sometimes even fatally the possibility of brachycardia which is common with sportsmen...
  87. ncbi Cannabis use to enhance sportive and non-sportive performances among French sport students
    Fabrice Olivier Lorente
    UPRES EA 3285 Department of Physiology and IFR 107 Marey, 163, Avenue de Luminy, case 910 Faculty of Sport Sciences Marseilles, University of the Mediterranean, Marseilles, France
    Addict Behav 30:1382-91. 2005
    ..We have studied cannabis use to enhance both sportive and non-sportive performance among French sport university students...
  88. ncbi Doping in sport: a review of medical practitioners' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs
    Susan H Backhouse
    Carnegie Research Institute, Leeds Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
    Int J Drug Policy 22:198-202. 2011
    ..This paper examines the evidence on medical practitioners' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs towards doping in sport...
  89. pmc Human growth hormone abuse in male weightlifters
    Brian P Brennan
    Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts 02478, USA
    Am J Addict 20:9-13. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that among young male weightlifters, illicit HGH use has become a common form of substance abuse, frequently associated with both AAS dependence and classical substance dependence. ..
  90. ncbi [Doping: epidemiological studies]
    P Laure
    Presse Med 29:1365-72. 2000
    ..Particularly difficult problems are related to the definitions of sports players and the drugs involved as well as the often illicit nature of drug use...
  91. pmc Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence? Insights from animals and humans
    Ruth I Wood
    Department of Cell and Neurobiology, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 1333 San Pablo Street, BMT 401, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Front Neuroendocrinol 29:490-506. 2008
    ..In humans, AAS abuse is associated with prescription opioid use. In animals, AAS overdose produces symptoms resembling opioid overdose, and AAS modify the activity of the endogenous opioid system...
  92. ncbi A high-throughput multicomponent screening method for diuretics, masking agents, central nervous system (CNS) stimulants and opiates in human urine by UPLC-MS/MS
    John Olof Thorngren
    Doping Control Laboratory, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden
    J Mass Spectrom 43:980-92. 2008
    ..The report can also be processed automatically using an application software, which interpret the data and indicate if there is a suspicious sample. One 96-well plate can be analyzed within 16 h...
  93. pmc Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport
    J Savulescu
    Uehiro Chair of Practical Ethics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Br J Sports Med 38:666-70. 2004
  94. pmc Pharmacology of anabolic steroids
    A T Kicman
    King s College London, Drug Control Centre, Department of Forensic Science and Drug Monitoring, London, UK
    Br J Pharmacol 154:502-21. 2008
    ....
  95. ncbi Postoperative course and anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse -- a case report
    M Medras
    Department of Sports Medicine, University of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland
    Anaesthesia 60:81-4. 2005
    ..It remains unclear whether anabolic steroids should be given to patients with a history of abuse of these drugs who are to undergo surgery. We report on a fatal outcome following surgery in a 48-year-old weight lifter...
  96. ncbi Performance characteristics of a carbon isotope ratio method for detecting doping with testosterone based on urine diols: controls and athletes with elevated testosterone/epitestosterone ratios
    R Aguilera
    UCLA Olympic Analytical Laboratory, Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USA
    Clin Chem 47:292-300. 2001
    ..Carbon isotope ratio methods are used in doping control to determine whether urinary steroids are endogenous or pharmaceutical...
  97. ncbi The world anti-doping program and the primary care physician
    Richard L Hilderbrand
    United States Anti Doping Agency, 1330 Quail Lake Loop, Suite 260, Colorado Springs, CO 80906, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 54:701-11, x-xi. 2007
    ..In addition, the procedures for the proper preparation and submission of TUE requests are presented along with the manner in which the requests are considered by the Therapeutic Use Exemption Committees...
  98. ncbi delta13C-values of endogenous urinary steroids
    Ulrich Flenker
    Institute of Biochemistry, German Sport University Cologne, Carl Diem Weg 6, 50933 Cologne, Germany
    Steroids 73:408-16. 2008
    ..Several factors turned out to exert significant influence on the delta(13)C-values of urinary steroids. These encompass the identity of the steroid itself, sex, oral contraception, travels, and physical activity...
  99. ncbi New strategies for doping control
    Giuseppe Lippi
    Istituto di Chimica e Microscopia Clinica, Universita di Verona, Verona, Italy
    J Sports Sci 26:441-5. 2008
    b>Doping in sports is commonplace. The prevention of harm to the athlete, the guarantee of fair play, and a level playing field for all competitors are the basis of the current anti-doping strategies...
  100. doi Doping: a paradigm shift has taken place in testing
    Pierre Edouard Sottas
    Nature 455:166. 2008
  101. pmc Football and doping: study of African amateur footballers
    P F M Ama
    National Institute of Youth and Sports, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Br J Sports Med 37:307-10. 2003
    ..To investigate use and awareness of lawful and unlawful substances by amateur footballers in Yaounde, Cameroon...

Research Grants17

  1. STUDENT ATHLETE DRUG SURVEILLANCE TRIAL
    Linn Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Study findings will assist school districts and education agencies evaluate, guide, and implement future drug prevention policy decisions. ..
  2. NEGLECT AND SPATIAL REPRESENTATIONS
    Anjan Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  3. Assessment of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug Use
    Thomas Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Risk Factors for Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Abuse
    HARRISON POPE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  5. ARRAY SCREENING FOR LESCH NYHAN DISEASE
    Theodore Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..3. filter and chip array screening can identify individual genes and patterns of genes whose expression is modulated by HPRT expression. ..
  6. GENE TRANSFER TO THE VASCULAR ENDOTHELIUM
    Theodore Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, we propose to characterize the biodistribution of these targeted vectors by sensitive fluorescence methods and correlate vector attachment with sites of endothelial-specific gene expression. ..
  7. GENETIC ABBERATIONS IN HPRT DEFICIENCY
    Theodore Friedmann; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We also plan to determine the biochemical and neurotransmitter effects of genetic correction of these functions by gene transfer techniques. ..
  8. Metabolism and Pharmacogenetics in MDMA-Induced Toxicity
    Rafael de la Torre; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A study will compare MDMA toxicity when co-adminsitered with the MRP1 inhibitor probenecid. ..
  9. CONCEPTS AND LANGUAGE
    Anjan Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will have theoretical implications for models of conceptual development and reasoning and practical implications for the treatment of aphasic patients. ..
  10. Neurosteroids and Smith-Lemli-Optiz Syndrome
    Cedric Shackleton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..All studies will require high sensitivity steroid analysis by chemical ionization (CI) GC/MS and HPLC/MS. ..
  11. NO AND EXERCISE VASODILATION IN HUMAN HYPERLIPIDEMIA
    Michael Joyner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Data from these patient- oriented studies have implications related to understanding the contribution of endothelial function in a variety of common diseases. ..
  12. Nuclease-Resistant Aptamers to Botox and Anthrax Toxins
    John Bruno; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Such reagents could also be used in environmental biosensors or diagnostic test kits for detection of BOTOX and anthrax toxins in body fluids or environmental samples. ..
  13. Nuclease-Resistant Aptamers for Anthrax Opsonization
    John Bruno; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Such shielded aptamers could even be used in inhalers to enhance alveolar macrophage phagocytosis. ..
  14. CENTENARIAN OFFSPRING AND CONTROL FOR LONGITUDINAL STUDY
    Thomas Perls; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Our fifth aim is to continue our efforts in ascertaining and recruiting families highly clustered for longevity, in collecting phenotype data, and in establishing cell lines. ..
  15. Gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer with EI and CI
    Cedric Shackleton; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., malondialdehyde) and markers of DNA damage (incorporation of uracil). Dr Kuypers has several projects on the red cell membrane, which require profiling of fatty acids using EI GC/MS. ..
  16. SMITH-LEMLI-OPITZ SYNDROME STEROIDOGENESIS
    Cedric Shackleton; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, if ring B dehydrosteroids are produced, is the ratio of the individual dehydrometabolites to corresponding conventional metabolites related to the dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol ratio and clinical severity? ..
  17. Spatial language: Developmental and Neural Studies
    ANJAN K CHATTERJEE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our goal is to establish points of convergence in this aspect of spatial cognition across cognitive linguistics, developmental psychology, functional neuroimaging and neuropsychology. ..