phlebovirus

Summary

Summary: A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE comprising many viruses, most of which are transmitted by Phlebotomus flies and cause PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER. The type species is RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS.

Top Publications

  1. Liu Y, Li Q, Hu W, Wu J, Wang Y, Mei L, et al. Person-to-person transmission of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012;12:156-60 pubmed publisher
    ..No person who contacted the index patient during the same period, but were not exposed to the index patient blood, had got illness. We concluded that SFTSV can be transmitted from person to person through contacting patient's blood...
  2. Gowen B, Ennis J, Sefing E, Wong M, Jung K, Turner J. Extended protection against phlebovirus infection conferred by recombinant adenovirus expressing consensus interferon (DEF201). Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012;56:4168-74 pubmed publisher
    Punta Toro virus (PTV; Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus) is related to Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a pathogenic agent which causes severe disease in humans and livestock primarily in the sub-Saharan region of Africa...
  3. CIufolini M, Maroli M, Guandalini E, Marchi A, Verani P. Experimental studies on the maintenance of Toscana and Arbia viruses (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1989;40:669-75 pubmed
    ..Transovarially infected females were able to transmit TOS virus by bite to a susceptible vertebrate. Venereal infection of P. perniciosus females mated to males transovarially infected with TOS virus was seen...
  4. Schwarz T, Gilch S, Schätzl H. A recombinant Toscana virus nucleoprotein in a diagnostic immunoblot test system. Res Virol. 1998;149:413-8 pubmed
    ..No cross-reactivity was detected. The rTOS N protein is useful as an antigen for immunoblot assays, and will enable more laboratories to perform TOS antibody diagnosis...
  5. Batieha A, Saliba E, Graham R, Mohareb E, Hijazi Y, Wijeyaratne P. Seroprevalence of West Nile, Rift Valley, and sandfly arboviruses in Hashimiah, Jordan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000;6:358-62 pubmed
    ..Our study is the first documentation of West Nile and sandfly viruses in Jordan and calls attention to the possible health hazards of living close to wastewater treatment plants and their effluent channels...
  6. Sun Y, Liang M, Qu J, Jin C, Zhang Q, Li J, et al. Early diagnosis of novel SFTS bunyavirus infection by quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay. J Clin Virol. 2012;53:48-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical diagnosis is urgently needed to differentiate the disease from other infections...
  7. Xu B, Liu L, Huang X, Ma H, Zhang Y, Du Y, et al. Metagenomic analysis of fever, thrombocytopenia and leukopenia syndrome (FTLS) in Henan Province, China: discovery of a new bunyavirus. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002369 pubmed publisher
    ..A phylogenetic analysis further showed that, although closely related to Uukuniemi virus of the Phlebovirus genus, this virus was distinct...
  8. Valassina M, Meacci F, Valensin P, Cusi M. Detection of neurotropic viruses circulating in Tuscany: the incisive role of Toscana virus. J Med Virol. 2000;60:86-90 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate the incisive role of the RNA viruses as the cause of meningitis, and overall the relevance of Toscana virus...
  9. Liu D, Tesh R, Travassos da Rosa A, Peters C, Yang Z, Guzman H, et al. Phylogenetic relationships among members of the genus Phlebovirus (Bunyaviridae) based on partial M segment sequence analyses. J Gen Virol. 2003;84:465-73 pubmed
    Viruses in the Phlebovirus genus of the family Bunyaviridae cause clinical syndromes ranging from a short, self-limiting febrile illness to fatal haemorrhagic fever...
  10. Navarro Marí J, Gómez Camarasa C, Pérez Ruiz M, Sanbonmatsu Gámez S, Pedrosa Corral I, Jimenez Valera M. Clinic-epidemiologic study of human infection by Granada virus, a new phlebovirus within the sandfly fever Naples serocomplex. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013;88:1003-6 pubmed publisher
    Granada virus (GRV), a new phlebovirus within the Naples serocomplex, has been recently described in phlebotomine sandflies from Spain...

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Detail Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Liu Y, Li Q, Hu W, Wu J, Wang Y, Mei L, et al. Person-to-person transmission of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012;12:156-60 pubmed publisher
    ..No person who contacted the index patient during the same period, but were not exposed to the index patient blood, had got illness. We concluded that SFTSV can be transmitted from person to person through contacting patient's blood...
  2. Gowen B, Ennis J, Sefing E, Wong M, Jung K, Turner J. Extended protection against phlebovirus infection conferred by recombinant adenovirus expressing consensus interferon (DEF201). Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012;56:4168-74 pubmed publisher
    Punta Toro virus (PTV; Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus) is related to Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a pathogenic agent which causes severe disease in humans and livestock primarily in the sub-Saharan region of Africa...
  3. CIufolini M, Maroli M, Guandalini E, Marchi A, Verani P. Experimental studies on the maintenance of Toscana and Arbia viruses (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1989;40:669-75 pubmed
    ..Transovarially infected females were able to transmit TOS virus by bite to a susceptible vertebrate. Venereal infection of P. perniciosus females mated to males transovarially infected with TOS virus was seen...
  4. Schwarz T, Gilch S, Schätzl H. A recombinant Toscana virus nucleoprotein in a diagnostic immunoblot test system. Res Virol. 1998;149:413-8 pubmed
    ..No cross-reactivity was detected. The rTOS N protein is useful as an antigen for immunoblot assays, and will enable more laboratories to perform TOS antibody diagnosis...
  5. Batieha A, Saliba E, Graham R, Mohareb E, Hijazi Y, Wijeyaratne P. Seroprevalence of West Nile, Rift Valley, and sandfly arboviruses in Hashimiah, Jordan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2000;6:358-62 pubmed
    ..Our study is the first documentation of West Nile and sandfly viruses in Jordan and calls attention to the possible health hazards of living close to wastewater treatment plants and their effluent channels...
  6. Sun Y, Liang M, Qu J, Jin C, Zhang Q, Li J, et al. Early diagnosis of novel SFTS bunyavirus infection by quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay. J Clin Virol. 2012;53:48-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical diagnosis is urgently needed to differentiate the disease from other infections...
  7. Xu B, Liu L, Huang X, Ma H, Zhang Y, Du Y, et al. Metagenomic analysis of fever, thrombocytopenia and leukopenia syndrome (FTLS) in Henan Province, China: discovery of a new bunyavirus. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002369 pubmed publisher
    ..A phylogenetic analysis further showed that, although closely related to Uukuniemi virus of the Phlebovirus genus, this virus was distinct...
  8. Valassina M, Meacci F, Valensin P, Cusi M. Detection of neurotropic viruses circulating in Tuscany: the incisive role of Toscana virus. J Med Virol. 2000;60:86-90 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate the incisive role of the RNA viruses as the cause of meningitis, and overall the relevance of Toscana virus...
  9. Liu D, Tesh R, Travassos da Rosa A, Peters C, Yang Z, Guzman H, et al. Phylogenetic relationships among members of the genus Phlebovirus (Bunyaviridae) based on partial M segment sequence analyses. J Gen Virol. 2003;84:465-73 pubmed
    Viruses in the Phlebovirus genus of the family Bunyaviridae cause clinical syndromes ranging from a short, self-limiting febrile illness to fatal haemorrhagic fever...
  10. Navarro Marí J, Gómez Camarasa C, Pérez Ruiz M, Sanbonmatsu Gámez S, Pedrosa Corral I, Jimenez Valera M. Clinic-epidemiologic study of human infection by Granada virus, a new phlebovirus within the sandfly fever Naples serocomplex. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013;88:1003-6 pubmed publisher
    Granada virus (GRV), a new phlebovirus within the Naples serocomplex, has been recently described in phlebotomine sandflies from Spain...
  11. Giorgi C, Accardi L, Nicoletti L, Gro M, Takehara K, Hilditch C, et al. Sequences and coding strategies of the S RNAs of Toscana and Rift Valley fever viruses compared to those of Punta Toro, Sicilian Sandfly fever, and Uukuniemi viruses. Virology. 1991;180:738-53 pubmed
    ..strategies of the S RNAs of two viruses, Toscana (TOS) and the M12 derivative of Rift Valley fever ZH-548 (RVF, Phlebovirus genus, Bunyaviridae) have been determined from cDNA clones and compared to the previously published sequences ..
  12. Chastel C, Bailly Choumara H, Bach Hamba D, Le Lay G, Legrand M, Le Goff F, et al. [Tick-transmitted arbovirus in Maghreb]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 1995;88:81-5 pubmed
    ..maritimus ticks parasitizing marine birds, and one from Tunisia, Tunis (Phlebovirus), from Argas reflexus hermanni infesting domestic pigeons...
  13. Cohen D, Zaide Y, Karasenty E, Schwarz M, LeDuc J, Slepon R, et al. Prevalence of antibodies to West Nile fever, sandfly fever Sicilian, and sandfly fever Naples viruses in healthy adults in Israel. Public Health Rev. 1999;27:217-30 pubmed
    ..It is suspected that some of the cases of nonspecific febrile illnesses in Israel may in fact be either WNF or SFF...
  14. Jiao Y, Zeng X, Guo X, Qi X, Zhang X, Shi Z, et al. Preparation and evaluation of recombinant severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus nucleocapsid protein for detection of total antibodies in human and animal sera by double-antigen sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:372-7 pubmed publisher
    ....
  15. Magurano F, Nicoletti L. Humoral response in Toscana virus acute neurologic disease investigated by viral-protein-specific immunoassays. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1999;6:55-60 pubmed
    The Toscana virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Phlebovirus) is the only sandfly-transmitted virus that demonstrates neurotropic activity...
  16. Palacios G, Tesh R, Travassos da Rosa A, Savji N, Sze W, Jain K, et al. Characterization of the Candiru antigenic complex (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus), a highly diverse and reassorting group of viruses affecting humans in tropical America. J Virol. 2011;85:3811-20 pubmed publisher
    The genus Phlebovirus of the family Bunyaviridae consists of approximately 70 named viruses, currently assigned to nine serocomplexes (species) based on antigenic similarities...
  17. Pan H, Hu J, Liu S, Shen H, Zhu Y, Wu J, et al. A reported death case of a novel bunyavirus in Shanghai, China. Virol J. 2013;10:187 pubmed publisher
    ....
  18. Nicoletti L, Verani P, Caciolli S, CIufolini M, Renzi A, Bartolozzi D, et al. Central nervous system involvement during infection by Phlebovirus toscana of residents in natural foci in central Italy (1977-1988). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1991;45:429-34 pubmed
    Central nervous system (CNS) involvement was detected during infection caused by the sand fly-transmitted Phlebovirus Toscana...
  19. Fisher A, Tesh R, Tonry J, Guzman H, Liu D, Xiao S. Induction of severe disease in hamsters by two sandfly fever group viruses, Punta toro and Gabek Forest (Phlebovirus, Bunyaviridae), similar to that caused by Rift Valley fever virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003;69:269-76 pubmed
    ..hamsters inoculated subcutaneously with either of two sandfly fever group viruses, Punta Toro and Gabek Forest (Phlebovirus, Bunyaviridae), developed a fulminating fatal illness characterized by hepatic and splenic necrosis and ..
  20. Liu L, Guan X, Xing X, Shen X, Xu J, Yue J, et al. [Epidemiologic analysis on severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome in Hubei province, 2010]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2012;33:168-72 pubmed
    ..To identify the epidemic characteristics and risk factors of an emerging infectious disease-severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in Hubei province...
  21. Zhao G, Krishnamurthy S, Cai Z, Popov V, Travassos Da Rosa A, Guzman H, et al. Identification of novel viruses using VirusHunter--an automated data analysis pipeline. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e78470 pubmed publisher
    ..Further sequence analysis demonstrated that the viruses were novel members of the Phlebovirus and Orbivirus genera...
  22. Liu Y, Wu B, Paessler S, Walker D, Tesh R, YU X. The pathogenesis of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus infection in alpha/beta interferon knockout mice: insights into the pathologic mechanisms of a new viral hemorrhagic fever. J Virol. 2014;88:1781-6 pubmed publisher
    Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) is a newly discovered Phlebovirus causing an emerging hemorrhagic fever in East Asia, with reported case fatality rates up to 30%...
  23. Schwarz T, Jager G, Gilch S, Nitschko H. Nested RT-PCR for detection of sandfly fever virus, serotype Toscana, in clinical specimens, with confirmation by nucleotide sequence analysis. Res Virol. 1995;146:355-62 pubmed
    ..RT-PCR and nested PCR are useful for laboratory diagnosis and studies of the molecular epidemiology of TOS infection...
  24. Gowen B, Wong M, Jung K, Sanders A, Mitchell W, Alexopoulou L, et al. TLR3 is essential for the induction of protective immunity against Punta Toro Virus infection by the double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), poly(I:C12U), but not Poly(I:C): differential recognition of synthetic dsRNA molecules. J Immunol. 2007;178:5200-8 pubmed
    ..We conclude that TLR3 is essential to the induction of antiviral activity elicited by poly(I:C(12)U), which does not appear to be recognized by the cytosolic sensor of poly(I:C), melanoma differentiation-associated gene-5. ..
  25. Bichaud L, Piarroux R, Izri A, Ninove L, Mary C, De Lamballerie X, et al. Low seroprevalence of sandfly fever Sicilian virus antibodies in humans, Marseille, France. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011;17:1189-90 pubmed publisher
    ..The low seroprevalence rate observed in this study suggests that SFSV is not likely to be of major medical importance in the Marseille area...
  26. Qu B, Qi X, Wu X, Liang M, Li C, Cardona C, et al. Suppression of the interferon and NF-κB responses by severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus. J Virol. 2012;86:8388-401 pubmed publisher
    ..It is caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV), a novel Phlebovirus in family Bunyaviridae...
  27. Kaneko M, Maruta M, Shikata H, Asou K, Shinomiya H, Suzuki T, et al. Unusual presentation of a severely ill patient having severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2017;11:27 pubmed publisher
    Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome is an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel phlebovirus belonging to the family Bunyaviridate...
  28. Jia Z, Wu X, Wang L, Li X, Dai X, Liang M, et al. Identification of a candidate standard strain of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus for vaccine quality control in China using a cross-neutralization assay. Biologicals. 2017;46:92-98 pubmed publisher
    Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is caused by a phlebovirus of the Bunyaviridae family, which is designated as SFTS virus (SFTSV). To our knowledge, no efficient SFTSV vaccine exists...
  29. Drake M, Brennan B, Briley K, Bart S, Sherman E, Szemiel A, et al. A role for glycolipid biosynthesis in severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus entry. PLoS Pathog. 2017;13:e1006316 pubmed publisher
    ..This virus, named severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), represents a new group within the Phlebovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae...
  30. Di Bonito P, Nicoletti L, Mochi S, Accardi L, Marchi A, Giorgi C. Immunological characterization of Toscana virus proteins. Arch Virol. 1999;144:1947-60 pubmed
    The genome of Toscana virus (Bunyaviridae family, Phlebovirus genus) consists of three single stranded RNA segments (L, M, S), with negative polarity...
  31. Guo Y, Liu B, Ding Z, Li G, Liu M, Zhu D, et al. Distinct Mechanism for the Formation of the Ribonucleoprotein Complex of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus. J Virol. 2017;91: pubmed publisher
    ..Combined with previous studies, the structure of TSWV N helps to build a complete picture of the bunyavirus-encoded N family and reveals a close evolutionary relationship between orthobunyavirus, phlebovirus, hantavirus, and tospovirus.
  32. Simons J, Persson R, Pettersson R. Association of the nonstructural protein NSs of Uukuniemi virus with the 40S ribosomal subunit. J Virol. 1992;66:4233-41 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, NSs was found neither in virions nor in nucleocapsids isolated from infected cells. In vivo labeling with 32Pi indicated that NSs is not phosphorylated. The possible function of NSs is discussed in light of these results. ..
  33. Verani P, CIufolini M, Nicoletti L. Arbovirus surveillance in Italy. Parassitologia. 1995;37:105-8 pubmed
    ..Viruses have been isolated from mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies and vertebrates (birds, rodents, humans). For some of them an association with human disease has been demonstrated. ..
  34. Garry C, Garry R. Proteomics computational analyses suggest that the carboxyl terminal glycoproteins of Bunyaviruses are class II viral fusion protein (beta-penetrenes). Theor Biol Med Model. 2004;1:10 pubmed
    ..analyses indicate that the carboxyl terminal glycoprotein (Gc) encoded by Sandfly fever virus (SAN), a phlebovirus, has a significant amino acid sequence similarity with envelope protein 1 (E1), the class II fusion protein of ..
  35. Jia B, Yan X, Chen Y, Wang G, Liu Y, Xu B, et al. A scoring model for predicting prognosis of patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005909 pubmed publisher
    ..This model may aid the physicians to immediately initiate prompt treatment to block the rapid development of the illness and reduce the fatality of SFTS patients...
  36. Stefan C, Chase K, Coyne S, Kulesh D, Minogue T, Koehler J. Development of real-time reverse transcriptase qPCR assays for the detection of Punta Toro virus and Pichinde virus. Virol J. 2016;13:54 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we developed and characterized two real-time RT-qPCR assays for PICV and PTV by optimizing assay conditions and measuring the limit of detection (LOD) and performance in multiple clinical matrices...
  37. Smee D, Morris J, Barnard D, Van Aerschot A. Selective inhibition of arthropod-borne and arenaviruses in vitro by 3'-fluoro-3'-deoxyadenosine. Antiviral Res. 1992;18:151-62 pubmed
    ..The results of these studies indicate 3'F3'dAdo is a selective inhibitor of most of the viruses tested and should be a promising candidate for in vivo evaluations. ..
  38. Sidwell R, Huffman J, Barnard D, Smee D, Warren R, Chirigos M, et al. Antiviral and immunomodulating inhibitors of experimentally-induced Punta Toro virus infections. Antiviral Res. 1994;25:105-22 pubmed
    ..The active immunomodulators were significantly effective when therapy was initiated as late as 48 h after virus inoculation, at a time when clinical signs of the PTV disease were being manifested in the animal. ..
  39. Hornak K, Lanchy J, Lodmell J. RNA Encapsidation and Packaging in the Phleboviruses. Viruses. 2016;8: pubmed publisher
    ..Within the family Bunyaviridae, the Phlebovirus genus includes several important human and animal pathogens, including Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), severe ..
  40. Yun S, Park S, Park S, Choi W, Jeong H, Choi Y, et al. Molecular genomic characterization of tick- and human-derived severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus isolates from South Korea. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005893 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the genetic and evolutionary characteristics shared between tick- and human-derived Korean SFTSV strains are still limited...
  41. Cui L, Ge Y, Qi X, Xu G, Li H, Zhao K, et al. Detection of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus by reverse transcription-cross-priming amplification coupled with vertical flow visualization. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:3881-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The entire procedure, from specimen processing to result reporting, can be completed within 2 h. The simplicity and nearly instrument-free platform of the RT-CPA-VF assay make it practical for point-of-care testing. ..
  42. Zhan J, Wang Q, Cheng J, Hu B, Li J, Zhan F, et al. Current status of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome in China. Virol Sin. 2017;32:51-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The main epidemic period was from May to July, with a peak in May. Thus, SFTS reminds a significant public health problem, and development of prophylactic vaccines and effective antiviral drugs will be highly needed. ..
  43. Brennan B, Rezelj V, Elliott R. Mapping of Transcription Termination within the S Segment of SFTS Phlebovirus Facilitated Generation of NSs Deletant Viruses. J Virol. 2017;91: pubmed publisher
    SFTS phlebovirus (SFTSV) is an emerging tick-borne bunyavirus that was first reported in China in 2009...
  44. Ayhan N, Alten B, Ivovic V, Dvorák V, Martinkovic F, Omeragic J, et al. Direct evidence for an expanded circulation area of the recently identified Balkan virus (Sandfly fever Naples virus species) in several countries of the Balkan archipelago. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:402 pubmed publisher
    Recently, Balkan virus (BALKV, family Phenuiviridae, genus Phlebovirus) was discovered in sand flies collected in Albania and genetically characterised as a member of the Sandfly fever Naples species complex...
  45. Jiao L, Ouyang S, Liang M, Niu F, Shaw N, Wu W, et al. Structure of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus nucleocapsid protein in complex with suramin reveals therapeutic potential. J Virol. 2013;87:6829-39 pubmed publisher
    ..The inhibitory effect of Suramin on SFTSV replication was confirmed in Vero cells. Therefore, a common Suramin-based therapeutic approach targeting SFTSV-N and its homologs could be developed for containing phleboviral outbreaks...
  46. Chen S, Matsuoka Y, Compans R. Assembly and polarized release of Punta Toro virus and effects of brefeldin A. J Virol. 1991;65:1427-39 pubmed
    ..It was also found that the release of PTV virions is polarized, occurring exclusively from the basolateral surfaces of the polarized Vero C1008 epithelial cell line. ..
  47. Watts D, MacDonald C, Bailey C, Meegan J, Peters C, McKee K. Experimental infection of Phlebotomus papatasi with sand fly fever Sicilian virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1988;39:611-6 pubmed
    ..These results confirm a vertebrate-sand fly-vertebrate transmission cycle for SFS virus, and demonstrate that horizontal transmission may contribute to the maintenance of this virus in nature. ..
  48. Ibrahim S, Aitichou M, Hardick J, Blow J, O Guinn M, Schmaljohn C. Detection of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Hanta, and sandfly fever viruses by real-time RT-PCR. Methods Mol Biol. 2011;665:357-68 pubmed publisher
    ..The SFSV assay missed three positive samples and cross-reacted with one of 48 negative samples, resulting in 95% sensitivity at LOD of 5 PFU and 98% specificity. ..
  49. Charley P, Wilusz C, Wilusz J. Identification of phlebovirus and arenavirus RNA sequences that stall and repress the exoribonuclease XRN1. J Biol Chem. 2018;293:285-295 pubmed publisher
    ..assays to demonstrate that the 3'-terminal portion of the nucleocapsid (N) mRNA of Rift Valley fever virus, a phlebovirus of the Bunyaviridae family, also can effectively stall and repress XRN1...
  50. Yun S, Lee W, Ryou J, Yang S, Park S, Roh J, et al. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus in ticks collected from humans, South Korea, 2013. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:1358-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks have been considered the SFTSV vector. However, we detected the virus in H. longicornis, Amblyomma testudinarium, and Ixodes nipponensis ticks, indicating additional potential SFTSV vectors. ..